**"Out of nothing I have created a strange new universe."**

*Janos
Bolyai, on the creation of a non-Euclidean geometry*

# Geometry

*[Gr.,=earth measuring], *

Branch of mathematics

concerned with the properties of and relationiships between

points, lines, planes, and figures

and with generalizations of these concepts.

## History:

In 1637, Rene Descartes showed how numbers can be used to describe points in a
plane or in space and to express geometric relations in algebraic form, thus
founding
analytic geometry, of which
algebraic geometry is a further development. The problem of
representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface was solved by
Gaspard Monge, who invented
descriptive geometry for this purpose in the late 18th cent.
differential geometry, in which the concepts of the calculus are
applied to curves, surfaces, and other geometrical objects, was founded by
Monge and C. F. Gauss in the late 18th and early 19th cent. The modern period
in geometry begins with the formulation of
projective geometry by J. V. Poncelet (1822) and of
non-Euclidean geometry by N. I. Lobachevsky (1826) and Janos Bolyai
(1832). Another type of non-Euclidean geometry was discovered by Georg Riemann
(1854), who also showed how the various geometries could be generalized to any number
of dimensions.

## Simple Basic Concept:

Points

|--> Lines

|--> Planes

|--> Space

## Links:

College-Level Geometry

Introduction
to Geometry

An Introduction to
Projective Geometry (for computer vision)

## Comments

If you have any feedback, you can

email me