COUNTY, ILLINOIS MILITARY DATABASE
Remember our Clark County patriots. Some lie in national cemeteries. Some sleep in hometown graves. Some never made it home. But all have something in common. They made the ultimate sacrifice to protect our country, our freedom and our quality of life.
ALABAMA REGIMENTS (UNION)
1st Alabama Cavalry
Emrich, George W. (Clark Co.) also a member of the 2d IL Arty. Rank at enlistment: Sergeant. Company E. 8/13/1863. Transferred, Glendale, MS, from 2nd Illinois Artillery. 11/22/1863 on detached service recruiting.
Info from 1st Alabama Cavalry, United States Volunteers.
Fishback, Oliver H. (Clark Co.) also a member of the 2d IL Arty. Age: 21. 2nd Lieutenant, Company L, tranferred to Company F, 1/17/1864. Enlisted, Camp Davies, MS. Appointed 2nd Lieutenant from Sergeant, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery. 6/7/1864 Mustered in Memphis, TN. 8/18/1865 Sick in Hospital, Carlinville, IL.
Info from 1st Alabama Cavalry, United States Volunteers.
History of the 1st Alabama Cavalry
During most of its operational life, the 1st Alabama was part of the 16th Corps, Union Army of the Tennessee. In its early months, the unit filled traditional cavalry roles of the time: scouting, raiding, reconaissance, flank guard and screening the army on the march. It fought mostly in actions associated with those missions: actions no less deadly for being small. Names on the regiment's battle flag such as Nickajack Creek, Vincent's Crossroads and Cherokee Station among others, were hardly known at the time and are all but forgotten today. But there are better known places too, such as Streight's Raid through north Alabama; and battles at Dalton, Resaca and Kenesaw Mountain in the Atlanta campaign. Men of the 1st fell on many fields in their country's service.
By the time Sherman's forces entered Atlanta in late 1864, the "1st's" reputation was secure. One general called the Alabama troops "invaluable...equal in zeal to anything we discovered in Tennessee." And Major General John Logan, commanding the 15th Army Corps in Sherman's forces, praised the troopers as "the best scouts I ever saw, and (they) know the country well from here to Montgomery." General Sherman, knowing the value of his Alabama troops as soldiers and symbols of the loyal South, chose them as his escort on the march from Atlanta to the sea.
The honor of guarding the Army's commander, however, did not keep the 1st Alabama Cavalry from the line of fire. On 10 March 1865, soon after entering North Carolina, the 1st was embroiled in its hardest fight. At Monroe's Crossroads the regiment was surprised in its camp by the dawn attack of Confederate cavalry under Generals Joseph Wheeler and Wade Hampton. The official report said that "a bloody hand-to-hand conflict" followed, lasting more than three hours. Only the timely appearance of a section of field artillery enabled the hard-pressed Alabamians to drive the Confederates from their camp and hold them off until help came.
When the smoke cleared, the Third Brigade of Judson Kilpatrick's Union cavalry division, including the 1st and two other regiments, about 800 men, had routed 5,000 Confederates. The rebels lost 103 dead and many more wounded at a cost to the Federals of 18 dead, 70 wounded and 105 missing. A potential disaster had become a clear cut victory. A few weeks later, the 1st was present at the surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate army and "Sherman's March" was at last complete.
When the 1st Alabama Cavalry (U.S.V.) mustered out for good on 20 October 1865 only 397 men remained with the colors. In three years' service the regiment lost 345 men killed in action, died in prison, of disease or other non-battle causes; 88 became POWs and 279 deserted. There is no accurate count of wounded.
1st Alabama Siege Artillery (African Descent)
Story, William R. (Clark Co.) TRANSFERRED 1 December 1864, to 1st U.S. colored heavy artillery, Cpt., Co. M. He was also a captain in the 11th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry (Old Organization). Prior to this, he was an artificer in the 2d IL Arty, Battery B.
History of the 1st Alabama Siege Artillery
1st Regiment Siege Artillery (African Descent) Organized at LaGrange, LaFayette and Memphis, Tenn., and Corinth, Miss., June 20, 1863. Attached to District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, Dept. Tennessee, to November, 1863. Post of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864. Fort Pickering, District of Memphis, Tenn., 5th Division, 16th Army Corps, to April, 1864.
Served as Garrison at Corinth, Miss., until January, 1864, and at Fort Pickering, Memphis, Tenn., until March, 1864. 4 Cos., "A," "B," "C" and "D," Garrison at Fort Pillow, Tenn., and participated in the Massacre at that Post April 12, 1864.
History of the 1st U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery
Organized at Knoxville, Tenn., February 20, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee, to March, 1866.
SERVICE.-Duty at Knoxville, Tenn., till January, 1865. Operations against Wheeler in East Tennessee August 15-25, 1864. Operations in Northern Alabama and East Tennessee January 31-April 24, 1865. Stoneman's operations from East Tennessee into Southwestern Virginia and Western North Carolina February to April. At Greenville and in District of East Tennessee till March, 1866. Mustered out March 31, 1866.
History of the 11th Regiment Infantry (Old)
Organized at Fort Smith, Ark., December 19, 1863, to March 3, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to January, 1865. Colored Brigade, 7th Corps, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Corps, to April, 1865.
SERVICE.--Post and garrison duty at Fort Smith, Ark., until November, 1864. Action at Fort Smith August 24. Moved to Little Rock, Ark., November, 1864. Action at Boggs' Mill January 24, 1865. Duty at Little Rock and at Lewisburg, Ark., until April, 1865. Consolidated with 112th and 113th to form new 113th U.S. Colored Troop April 22, 1865.