Fishing can be done in fresh water or salt water.
Fresh water fishing takes place in lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams.
Fish in these waters include trout, bass, and many other species. They range in size, from fish as small as 5 lb bluegills to as large as 100 lb king salmon.
Salt water fishing occurs in oceans, estuaries, and tidal rivers.
found in these waters tend to be larger than average freshwater fish.
They include snappers, bonefish, striped bass, and tuna. Fish as
large as 150 lb sailfish and tarpon, and 500 lb marlin,
The three most favored methods of fishing in both salt and fresh water are:
all three methods, a fisher chooses a rod, a reel, and line of an
appropriate weight and strength.
has walked, waded, or boated to an area where fish are found, he or
she casts the bait, lure, or fly into the water and then reels it in.
the fish is not to be kept for food, an angler will examine it for a
few moments (always keeping it underwater), unhook it, and release it.
best fishing occurs in spring and fall, when fish are most active,
either searching for prey or reproducing.
other factors influence fishing.
Fishing Hot Spots
fish will hide around cover.
Vary the retrieve speed to make the lure look more realistic.
Fish concentrate in key areas in the water. Fishermen call these honey holes. Below are some examples of places you may locate while fishing. You could stumble upon your own honey hole.
BEDS - Bass, bluegills, walleye, pike and muskies all love
weeds growing in the water. Weed beds provide protection and
food. The weeds are also home to minnows, crayfish, frogs, or
shrimp that the larger fish feed on. Weeds filter the water
from impurities and add oxygen for the fish to breath.
AND ROCKS - Wood (sunken trees, stumps, dock pilings, etc.)
and rocks are found in most fresh water or saltwater fishing
holes. Fish lurk around these types of cover for shelter and
for ambushing prey. The slimy coating, or algae, that grows on
this cover attracts minnows and smaller fish.
MOUTH - The area where a river or creek flows into a larger
body of water can be excellent for fishing. The flowing water
carries the food to the waiting fish. For many fish species,
the river acts as their spawning grounds (reproduce). The fish
will hold in this are in the Spring until the time is right to move
upstream. Temperature differences between the river and the
large body of water meet in this location, creating a perfect
temperature condition for many fish.
DROP-OFFS - Better known as a sudden depth change. These areas provide fish with a simple way to move from deep water to shallow water, or vice versa. This area can be a good place to find pike, muskies, bass and many saltwater fish far from shore.
Bait and fish tend to hold to an edge or ledge (under water) as food gathers in these areas.
Best lures: spinnerbait, spoon, plastic worm, and jig and pig.
Piers - Piers and various other types of structure, offer protection for all types of fish. Structure with weeds will also attract bait fish, which in turn attract larger fish.
Outside of Bends - Bends in a lake offer more shoreline and if there is a current, will carry fish.
Bends in a river offer fish an opportunity to get out of the current and wait for bait to come to them.
Underwater Weeds - Weeds offer food and protection for smaller fish. The smaller fish attract the larger ones.
Coves - Coves offer more shoreline, protection from wind to fish. Whenever possible, coves should be fished!
Treat coves and narrows as you would a point. After all, a cove is just the opposite of a point.
Lily Pads - Lily Pads are another great spot because bait fish eat the insects and proteins on the lilly pads. For this reason, larger fish are attracted to these areas. Lily pads also offer protection in the form of shade.
Boulders - Large boulders offer protection for all types of fish.
They also offer ambush areas as baitfish usually take cover in the rocks.
Shade - On hot days, try the shade. Fish may find this a more comfortable environment.
Overhangs - Overhanging tree limbs offers fish protection and shade.
Be sure to fish these areas well!!!
Cliffs - Cliffs offer deep water and protection
Sheer cliffs will probably continue down into the water. This causes the deep water against the cliff.
Points - Points are great ambush areas. Work both sides and the tip of these.
Points act as barriers to wind and current.
Steep banks-Expect to find deeper water towards the shore. Banks may also offer cover in forms such as rocks and weeds. Look at the bank to get a good idea of what's under the water.
Islands are good spots to fish because they offer cover and ambush areas for predators.
Be sure to fish around the entire island to see if they're concentrating on one side. Use that information to guide you in fishing other structure.
When is the Best Time to Go Fishing?
CATFISH: Mid-April to mid-October. June and July are best.
CRAPPIE: March to May
LARGEMOUTH BASS: March to June
STRIPED BASS: All year...especially November to February and June to September
SUNFISH: May to June
TROUT: November to December and mid-February to mid-April
WALLEYE: Mid-Feruary to mid April
WHITE BASS: Mid-March to May
When you arrive at the water, don;t just start fishing in the first place you find!
Some spots will be more likely to attract fish to feed than others.
of water like rivers and even lakes have moving water.
It pays to remember that water is a three dimensional object. Fish often are found to swim in the calm water right next to a crease, facing in the direction of the water flow. This is so that they can conserve energy and pick up any food that is brought past them in the fast flow.
try casting near the crease when fishing.
you have found a promising site,
your bait out using the technique in How
you see the bobber move, or feel a tug on the line or your bobber
After you set the hook, keep the line tight and your rod tip up. Slowly reel in the fish until you can pick it up with your hand.
you need to decide what to do with the fish.
it large enough to keep? Will it be used for food?
now ready to go fishing!!!!
you havie any hints, suggestions, techniques or anything that you
would like to share
have me put onto this web page,