Attacullaculla was known also as Ukwaneequa or Chuconnunta. The English translation of his name was Little Carpenter. He lived in Chota.
In 1735 Attakullaculla was among the five delegated chiefs to travel to England where they pledged allegiance to King George. In a newspaper article dated September 23rd to 30th in American Indian History these five Cherokee were escorted by Sir Alexander Cuming to England to meet King George II. The Cherokees signed articles of friendship and commerce with representatives of the British Crown. Oukanaekah, later named Attacullaculla or the Little Carpenter became Principle Cheif. The Indians delighted the English residents and had their own eyes broadly opened to the attributes and strengths of white civilization. When they returned home, the English traders and officials made the most of this and over the next twenty years carefully destroyed the Cherokees by offering to help whenever the Cherokees needed it.
In 1757, Attakullaculla was instrumental in persuading the Governor of South Carolina to construct Fort London to strengthen England's control over the area and to encourage more trade between the Cherokee and the Eastern coastal towns. He also invited at this time several more traders to set up headquarters in Chota and to take Cherokee wives. John the Trader Watts was one of these Traders who would later become the husband of one of Attacullaculla's daughters.
He was a Peace Chief. During times of Peace the Chiefs wore white. The war council was composed of additional chiefs and only sat on the council during times of war. During times of war the chiefs wore Red. Thus the color white symbolized peace and the color red symbolized war. Attakullaculla was one of the few Cherokee leaders who depended not on words but on actions. He commanded respect because of his courage and fighting ability. In 1755 he lead five hundred warriors to a decisive victory at Taliwa over the Creeks.
Children of GHI-GO-NE-II and CAPT. WATTS aka John the Trader are:
JOHN WATTS, b. Abt. 1750; d. 1808.
MALACHI WATTS, b. Abt. 1751.
NANCY WATTS, b. Abt. 1752.
GARRETT ZACHARIAS W ATTS, b. January 08, 1756.
HENRY WATTS, b. Abt. 1760.
BENJAMIN WATTS, b. Abt. 1763.
UNACATA WATTS, b. Abt. 1765.
ELIZABETH WATTS, b. Abt. 1770.
John Watts The Trader & interpreter who was appointed by Gov. Dinwiddie of Virgina. He lived with the Chicamauga Cherokee family of Attacullaculla, in the Cherokee peace town of Chota. He worked Oct. 13-20, 1770 for a meeting between principal Cherokee Chiefs and John Stuart about a boundary line with Virginia. (Gage Papers #5317 137:10) In April 29, 1771 a letter from Alexander Cameron to John Stuart about a Mar. 4, 1771 meeting which mentioned that John Watts was deceased! (Gage Papers #5295 102) John Watts was first hired by Christian Quest, grandfather of Sequoyah, to work for the Virginia Land Company. He was known as a Virginia Trader; they worked out of Charleston, SC. In 1754.
He worked Oct. 13-20, 1770 for a meeting between principal Cherokee Chiefs and John Stuart about a boundary line with Virginia. (Gage Papers #5317 137:10) In April 29, 1771 a letter from Alexander Cameron to John Stuart about a Mar. 4, 1771 meeting which mentioned that John Watts was deceased! (Gage Papers #5295 102) John Watts was first hired by Christian Quest, grandfather of Sequoyah, to work for the Virginia Land Company. He was known as a Virginia Trader; they worked out of Charleston, SC. In 1754.
JOHN WATTS (GHI-GO-NE-II , ATTAKULLAKULLA , MOYTOY 1) was born Abt. 1750, and died 1808.
Notes for JOHN WATTS:
Aka Young Tassel and Tahlonteskee later to become Chief John Watts.
Children of JOHN WATTS and Keo? are:
JOHN Jacob (OOSTOOLI) WATTS, b. 1789.
JOSEPH N. WATTS, b. Abt.
Not found among the popular history of America or among the tribal icons presented by today's inheritors of the "Five Civilized Tribes" are the patriotic icons of the traditional Native leadership. Traditional conservative Indians opposing their peoples new and corrupted forms of government, include, Tecumseh /Tecumseh, Pucsinwah, Chiksika, and Black Fish, - (Shawnee); Tsiyogunisi -Dragging Canoe and John Watts- (Chickamauga Cherokees), Little Turtle - (Miami), Apothe Yahol
The two main Chickamauga Chiefs, Dragging Canoe, (Tsiyogunisi) and John Watts were relatives of Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Kaiyatahee and, it is speculated, they may have been advised to leave the Nation so as not to draw the Cherokee Nation's residents farther into a full scale war with the Americans.
On the last day of September 1792, a group of warriors led by Chickamauga Chief John Watts, attacked Buchanan's Station, near present day Nashville. The force consisted of "Chickamauga's, Creeks, Shawnees, and a few Cherokees." (Malone.pg.43) In this attack on Buckhannon's station, was, Tecumseh, his Shawnee warriors and his Potowatomi allies. Once again, the recounting of the battle provides evidence that the Chickamauga's were a political entity and military force independent of the Cherokee Nation, and were even considered a different group of Indians by the federal officials, and subsequent historians. Though this military action against the United States took the form of a "declared war", it was unsuccessful. The attack did succeed in advancing the inter tribal alliance that supported the cause of the traditionalist Cherokees and their allies.
Unfortunately, not only were the Chickamauga unable to make a significant change in United States Indian policy, they were soon to lose their land under an agreement by the Cherokee Nation. "The might of the United States, and particularly the Tennessee's, proved to great, however, and the Chickamauga were forced to surrender after their towns were destroyed." (Perdue, pg.36) With the raid on the home of John Sevier in 1794, a well-known "Indian fighter" in the Tennessee territory, the Chickamauga war was reduced to a relatively low number of white-Indian skirmishes.
The ending of formal hostilities marked an end to the military might of the Chickamauga Indians and under the leadership of Chief John Watts, the Chickamauga became successful planters and their villages functioned as agricultural towns. "Some chose to move west, but most decided to try to live in peace with white Americans."(Perdue, pg.36) Many others chose to caste their fate with the Virginia Cherokee and their Shawnee allies and settled among the "Virginias" and in the "Ohio frontier".
The Chickamauga proper, with the ending of the war and the final treaty in 1798, became an equal partner, with the Creeks and the Cherokee Nation in the federal government's civilization program. This program provided agricultural implements and livestock that the Chickamauga learned to manage in becoming civilized. The Americans that had once feared the warriors of the Chickamauga, now, respected the leadership of Chief Watts and the Chickamauga's ability to adapt to their new situation as demonstrated by Governor Blount when he said that Chief John Watts was "unquestionably the most leading character of his Nation."(Malone, pg.56) The Chickamauga became welcomed as peaceful allies of the United States, and actually served, with a contingent of warriors from the Cherokee Nation, in the expedition against the "red stick" Creeks in 1813-1814. However, their service in the military service of the United States made little change in the implementation of the United States policy regarding eastern Indians. By the close of the second half of the 19th century, the land base of the Chickamauga had been ceded away by the Cherokee Nation under two treaties.
In 1823, a branch of the mission was opened in Willstown, the seat of the Chickamauga governance and political power. Under the leadership of Chickamauga Chiefs, John Watts, the Chickamauga were able to adequately develop their reservations and to participate in both white and Cherokee society. (Brown, pg.467)
Their position as an autonomous unit, outside of the normal responsibilities of the State of Alabama and the Cherokee Nation council, helped the Chickamauga survive as a separate community during this time of political upheaval before the removal.
Wurteh, Doublehead's sister and Sequoyah's mother (also the mother of Robert Benge), was born in the Chickamauga commerce capital at Burnside KY, she meets Nathaniel Gist from over the mountains, they remove themselves to Tennessee and there Sequaoyah is born in Tennessee. (Later life of Sequoyah) Sequoyah is George Gist (Guess). Sequoyahs lineage is deeply rooted in the Chickamaugans.
General Colbert married two daughters of Doublehead. The 'town site' at the Forks of the Piney and Duck Rivers became known as Council's Bend and is located in Hickman County Tennessee. For a time Principal Chief General Colbert and his son-in-law War Chief Samuel Seely resided there which was near the second agency built at Pigeon Roost in 1825.
The daughter of Doublehead and sister of Cornblossom marries the high leader of the Chickasaws called George Colbert and because of this an unbreakable strong bonded alliance is formed between the KY Chickasaws, Chickamauga Cherokee of KY and northern Tennessee, and the southern KY Cumberland River Shawnee (the northern Shawnee and KY Shawnee sometimes conflicted in their loyalties to the KY Chickamauga Cherokee: Their bond was the resistance their separation was territorial boundary's above the KY Cumberland River into central KY). This alliance resistance movement struck terror into the invading early settlers of southern, central, and eastern Kentucky and northern Tennessee. Some special small bands of upper Creeks would join under the father of Red Eagle then later the mighty Creek leader Red Eagle himself provided a link to gunpowder and arms and some few elite Creek warriors from the south. The new Americans referred to these Creeks as Redsticks. After the Yahoo Falls massacre of 1810 this resistance movement would ally friendship with the northern Miami in the Tecumseh Wars and send a force of Chickamauga Cherokee under KY Chickamaga leader Gilala of the KY Cumberland River area to aid Tecumseh while in the meantime an underground railroad is formed out of Alabama and Georgia. The KY Chickasaws, southern KY Cumberland River Shawnee, and Chickamauga Cherokee tradtionals isolate themselves after the Yahoo Falls massacre of 1810. To survive among the invasion of more settlers the traditionals used the term: Black Cuttaway.
Black Cutsaway or Cutswah referred to the Chickamaugans who remained there, descendants of Cutsawah, and to save theirselves had to become literal black slaves to the settlers.
The Watts in Tennesse that were enrolled were the children of Bark of Chota. Bark of Chota was a son of Chief John Watts. All of Bark of Chota's children were not even enrolled!
The Watts on the Removal Roll did not register into the Cherokee Nation in OK because of political reasons. Their efforts to save themselves failed. The John Jacob Watts Family of Izard & Washington Co., AR and the John Watts Family of Izard & Marion Co., AR had members massacred during the Civil War because Chief John Watts was involved in Treaties that ceded Cherokee land to the USA in the 1790's.
Chief John Watts also known as Little Tassle after his Uncle Old Tassle (meaning the top of corn) was a war chief of the Cherokee about the time of the Revolution. His father was John the Trader appointed by Gov. Dinwiddie of Virgina. He was also an interpreter and lived with the indians in Chota. His wife was sister to a group of Chiefs including Old Tassle, Double Head, and Pumpkin Boy. Her sister was Wurtha, mother of Sequoia. He and another uncle Dragging Canoe succedded from the tribe because they were giving away land in treaties. See Old Frontiers by JP Brown
Jacob Watts & John Watts families of Izard Co., AR 1840 Census are descendants of the Chief John Watts, per letter mailed to Gov. John Sevier of Tennessee on Oct. 17, 1789. (Draper papers #5866 11 DD 84a) John Watts Family of Searcy Co., AR 1840, 1850, & 1860 are descendants of Garrett Watts.
Old Bark of Chota, a son of Chief John Watts d. 1825 in Monore Co., TN. Paper work is in deed book dated: 11 & 12 Dec. 1825. His widow was: Tah noo na kah tah hie of the Cherokee Nation. His heirs were: (1) Choa Nuna or Jenny (2) Cataba John (3) Mink Watts (4) Doubletree Wats (5) Fork Tail Wats, (6) Nelly (7) Cho ko ha the lawful widow of Tah Cluntah or Overtaken: they all were of the Cherokee Nation.
Old Bark of Chota was granted a reservation ca. 1818 in Monore Co., TN for as long as he lived!
Bark and Sequoia did art work together. Bark drew horses. Bark discussed that it would be great if they could write down Cherokee History and Stories. Sequoia was given credit for devising the Cherokee syllabaryIn Brown's "Annual of Tennessee" a John Watts, Jr. is mention. Checking on the widow of Chief John Watts.
Hard Mush another son of Chief John Watts migrated early west of Mississippi River and served as a Chief of the Cherokee
Chickamauga's before resettlement in 1830's. Hard Mush was killed on Canadian River in OK about 1834 fighting the Osage.
John Watts had a daughter killed in 1793 as revenge for his role in the Battle of Nashville. John Watts's himself had been thigh shot. It took him three months to recover.
A John Watts signed Cherokee Treaties in OK 1849/50 even though he was not on the Cherokee Rolls.
John Jacob and Emily Ross Watts
Jacob was born in 1789 in North Carolina. He married Emily Ross who was born in South Carolina in 1792.
Jacob Watts & John Watts families of Izard Co., AR 1840 Census are descendants of Chief John Watts, Chickamauga per letter mailed to Gov. John Sevier of Tennessee on Oct. 17, 1789.
Emily was an adopted daughter of Chief John Ross of the Cherokee Nation. A story is passed through the family about this. Emily as a young girl around the age of twelve, was captured by the Creek Indians. The date of Jacob and Emily's marriage is...1822. In Lawrence County Tennesse. In 1837 before the forced removal of the Cherokee Nation....Jacob and Emily had six sons. They volunteered for the march to the indian territory at Taleqhah Ok. This was before the forced march. Emmanuael...their first son who was next in my line.... was fourteen at that time. During this march, to the indian territory the family stopped on the "Trail Where they Cried" so that Emily could bear another child. This area is just south of what is now called Mountain Home Arkansas. Instead of going on to Taleqhah.....they moved to the south side of the White River...in a town now called Calico Rock. They stayed in that area until 1848....when they moved to Washington County Arkansas. James Watts was the son born on "The Trail Where They Cried". Emily had beautiful long red hair. She was scalped and stomach slit open, at the hands of an angry Cherokee. She was left for dead but, she hid in a tree and emerged three days later. It is called revenge of the clans for John Watts signing the 1796 Treaty ceding Cherokee Land to the USA. Some of the family has been in denial ever since the Civil War saying they would slit their wrist and let every drop of Indian blood drain out because of what happen to Emily at the hands of the disgruntled Cherokee indian.
Emmanuel and Sarah Sally Langston Watts
Emmanuel was born in 1822. He married married Sarah (Sally) Langston in Izard County, Arkansas. Sarah was born in Arkansas in 1821. They were married in 1843 . They lived in a cabin just south of the White River. He grew corn and Sarah was known widely around...for her tied-lace dollies. She raised the cotton and carded and spun the thread for these. They had ten children.The third being my gr gr/grandfather. His name was Jacob Scott. Emmanuel died at the age of 38 in 1860 and is buried at the Katy Cemetary near Calico Rock. Sarah died in December 1918 at the age of 98....in West Plains Missourri.
Jacob Scott Watts and Tabatha Misonheimer Watts
Jacob Scott Watts my great great grandfather. Born on Christmas day in 1847. He married Tabetha Misonheimer born in 1848 in Wild Cherry, Arkansas in 1868-69.
When Jacob Scott was a boy ...he took his corn to the Benbrooks Mill at Piney Creek. That is where Jacob Scott and Tabatha met. They had seven children. The first child being Sammuel. Jacob died July 5, 1924. Tabatha in 1912. Both buried at Smiths Chapel in Wild Cherry Arkansas.
Sammuel and Jeanette Sheldon Watts
Sammuel my great grandfather was born in 1870 near Calico Rock Arkansas. He married Jeanette Shelton who was born Oct. 13, 1877. On December 6, 1893 Sammuel and Jeantette were married in Fulton Co. Arkansas. They lived in Calico Rock and later moved to Benton Arkansas. They had eight children. The seventh being my grandmother Edith. They are both buried in Benton at the Rosemont Cemetary.
Edith Watts and Walt Hayes
Edith Watts my grandmother was born in Calico Rock on Feb. 22, 1913. She married my pawpaw Walt Hayes who was born on August 11, 1909 in Benton Arkansas. Date of Marriage I haven't located yet. But they married in Calico Rock Arkansas. They had three children the second being my mother.
Thelma Hayes and Virgil Chrestman
My mother and father. Thelma Lee Hayes born December 15, 1932. My father Virgil Chrestman born Sept. 17, 1930. They had four children. I was the fourth. They are still presently living.