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jm.gif (932 bytes)   ALPANA    


Alpana, in mithilanchal, is done, invariably, with a flowing liquid of rice paste. Rice is allowed to soak for 3-4 hours and then it is ground to a fine paste on grinding stone (mixer). It is made into liquid of flowing consistency by adding water. Four fingers of right hand are dipped in this liquid and using the middle and ring fingers lines are drawn 3-4 inches at a time. Main lines are always double due to use of two fingers. decorative lines and dots are made with one finger. Vermilion is applied to the drawings by a helper in course of drawing.

We plan to include alpana for all occasions of festivities, some of them are given below:

Satyanarain pooja    Chhatihar    Mundan
  Akshararambh    Upnayan   Kohbar   Vivah   Devotthan Ekadashi

Panchdal Aripan

This Alpana is used mostly for Bhagwati puja such as (Chhatihar) Shasthi, Gauri, Shree(Laxmi), Saraswati etc.
Five leaves and two feet are essential. The two decorative feet inside are generally drawn as two triangles with five dots each (see next alpana)


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Ashtdal Aripan

This Alpana is used for Dev puja such as Satyanarayan puja, Anant Chaturdashi, Devotthan puja etc.
The Alpana is made up of eight straight lines joined with eight curved lines and decorated by arches dots etc. Eight symbols (Shankh, Chakra, Gada, Padma, Kripan, Damaroo, Pash and Trishu are essential)


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Khorha Aripan

Khoraha Aripan is used for Aksra-arambh and Aavyudayik Shraddha in Matrika puja where a whole banana leaf is spread over the Alpana.


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This Alpana is for Purhar Patil, two colored earthen pots kept on all auspicious occasions. It is also used for Mauhak in marriages.


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Unlike other alpanas, this Aripan, like Rangolo, is drawn with dry
(a) powdered rice for white,
(b) powdered rice and turmeric for yellow, and
(c) powdered rice and vermillion for red

This is actually a rangoli made by colored whole or powdered rice. An 18 X 18 grid is sketched on a cloth and colored rice is spread to form the figure as shown. This can be drawn in any auspicious occasion but forms an essential part in Ekadashi-udypan or any such ceremonies.





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