Information and Research Sites
Fascist Political Figures in the News
Jean Marie Le Penn
UK--British National Party (BNP)--believes in throwing out non-white
immigrants from UK. Also supports protectionist economic policies and
the death penalty. Anti-abortion but not particularly clerical. Large
proportion of members have criminal or hooligan backgrounds. Just won 3
local councillors gaining an average of 18% per seat contested (in 68
France--National Front (FN)--wants to expel non-white immigrants from
France. Believes in "national preference", that is to say, preference
to native-born French for jobs, housing, and welfare services.
Anti-abortion and pro-Catholic Church (includes a Catholic theocratic
element alongside fascist, republican, and regionalist elements).
Pro-death penalty, even for drug dealers. Opposes gun control. Has
roots in the 1950s Poujadiste movement and the 60s movement against
decolonising Algeria. In the 1980s was fiercely anti-Communist and
allied itself with free trade, NATO, Reagan and Thatcher. Now it is
fiercely anti-American and anti-NATO, favouring high tariffs.
France--National Republican Movement (MNR)--split from FN when the
intelligent deputy to Le Pen, Bruno Megret, tried to make a coup for
power. Policies almost identical to FN except slightly more Gaullist
and stresses anti-Islam over anti-USA.
Italy--National Alliance (AN)--composed of the majority faction of the
MSI (Italian Social Movement) which was openly neo-fascist. The leader
Gianfranco Fini moved from fascist to "social right" to total pawn of
Berlusconi. Party now works within all international liberal
institutions and has their total respect. Should no longer be
considered fascist at all.
Italy--Northern League (LN)--wants independence for Padania (north
Italy). Was at its founding, like the FN, for neoliberal economics and
extremely anti-communist. In fact, it identified with the European
Liberal Democrat group in the European Parliament. Its leader, Umberto
Bossi, once mocked Gianfranco Fini by likening him to Mussolini. Has
since become a fierce opponent of globalisation and opposed NATO bombing
of Serbia. Immigraton, not taxes, is now their biggest issue. LN is
now more fascist than National Alliance.
Italy--Italian Social Movement (MSI)--this party is fascist in any
sense of the word, and openly so. Led by Pino Rauti, head of the
minority faction of the old MSI who did not go along with the
liquidation plans of Fini. Intellectual fascist. You should study this
for your website. Very neat propaganda posters as well. Party believes
in a statist, corporativist economy with high social welfare and high
tariffs combined with a strong family life (abortion is a big issue) and
law and order. Not very successful electorally though.
Switzerland--Swiss Peoples Party (SVP)--should not really be considered
fascist. Sometimes called extreme right today because it is led by a
billionaire, Hans Blocher, who hates the EU, UN, and immigration. But
otherwise it is in the Alpine national-liberal tradition (which was
comfortable with the Nazis but not ideologically fascist).
Austria--Freedom Party (FPOe)--similar to SVP but leader more
outspoken. Larger social element to policies which sometimes take a
corporativist approach. Yet the party still officially commits itself
Germany--Republicans (REP), German Peoples Union (DVU), and National
Democratic Party (NPD)--I wrote these parties in descending order of
loyalty to the current constitution. Otherwise, policies broadly
fascist. They believe in a statist, protected economy with social
welfare for ethnic Germans, they are anti-abortion, pro-family,
anti-immigration, anti-civil liberties. Support base is very low except
among young working class where it is strong. Sometimes win spots in
state parliaments. German State trying to ban NPD because many
skinheads represent them in marches.
Germany--Schill Party for Law and Order--New party set up by a man
named Schill to run in local elections in Hamburg. He got 19% of the
vote by surprise, defeating the Social Democrat government. Decided to
take the party national. Got 4.9% in Saxony-Anhalt, barely missing the
quota for seats. All about law and order, little else is known.
Belgium--Flemish Bloc (VB)--Vlaams Blok is much like FN and LN in
evolution of policies. Wants independence for Flanders. It has now 16%
of the vote in Flanders (including 33% in Antwerp) and close to 30% in
Flemish parts of Brussels. It has a sister party in the French area,
the National Front (FN), which is not as successful.
Holland--List Pim Fortuyn (LPF)--just won 17% of votes in Holland. NOT
FASCIST AT ALL. Called "extreme right" for anti-immigration,
anti-Islam, anti-crime bend. Otherwise very liberal, in fact, Pim
Fortuyn was openly gay. He hated Islam because it is anti-gay and
offends Dutch liberal values. Leader of party is now a black immigrant.
May be in new Dutch coalition government.
Norway--Progress Party (Frp)--called extreme right once again for
anti-immigrant policies but again it is not fascist. The party was
founded as a libertarian group that wanted to eliminate income tax.
Though that is still a stated goal, they now want to increase spending
on health care and pensions as populist ploys for gaining votes. Leader
is pro-EU and pro-free trade whereas most Norwegians are not. Very
successful, 15% of vote.
Denmark--Danish Peoples Party (DFP)--split from Progress Party which
was similar to Norway's Frp but more anti-EU. DFP's main issue is
Muslim immigration. This set the agenda for the last election at which
DFP came in third with 13% and kingmaker, determining the new
government. Party is anti-EU and relatively conservative for Danes in
moral/religious issues. Wants law and order and protection of welfare
state for Danes first. Also wants to cut taxes (a holdover from the
Poland--Self-Defence of the Polish Republic (S)--led by outlandish
politician, Andrzej Lepper. Agrarian party which hates the EU. Wants
to protect farmers. Pro-Catholic and nationalist. Lepper styles
himself as a peasant with a pitchfork driving the parasitic
Poland--League of Polish Families (LPR)--fiercely Catholic nationalist
party that hates the EU. Will serve, with S, as backbone of "No" camp
in Polish EU referendum to come. Nevertheless it is pro-Western,
identifying with Reagan and Thatcher.
Slovakia--Slovak National Party (SNS)--anti-EU, formerly backed Meicar
government hated by the West (along with the communist Workers Party).
Croatia--Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ)--nationalistic
conservative, made pariahs toward end of reign of former prime minister
Tudjman. Propagated war against Bosnia, and then, against Serbia.
Croatia had many fascist elements of life at this time. Many Nazi
sympathisers (Germany supported Croats against Serbs in WW2).
Serbia--Serb Radical Party (SRS)--believes in the return of traditional
Serb monarchy. Led paramilitary rebels in Bosnia during Bosnian war.
Usually supported Miloshevich government while criticising it heavily.
Policies are rather fascist though sometimes (national-) liberally
oriented in economics. Could make weak argument also for Serb Socialist
Party (SSS) as fascist group, at least in mid-90s. Supports a Greater
Serbia (including montenegro, all of bosnia, some of croatia)
Hungary--Hungarian Justice and Life League (MIEP)--Christian-oriented
nationalist group for a Greater Hungary (Transylvania, Vojvodinia, part
of Slovakia--all where Magyars settled). Many Calvinists in the
leadership. Leader, Csurka, made fascist salute at election debate in
98. Fell out of parliament in 2002 with 4.4% of vote.
Rumania--Greater Romania Party (PRM)--Believes in Greater Romania.
Charismatic leader, Vadim Tudor was poet for socialist dictator
Ceausescu. Wants to expel Hungarians and Gypsies. Party paper
sometimes anti-Semitic. Supports Christian Church. Pro-Western in
geopolitics but not so pro-EU.