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The oldest pair of ice skates


            The oldest pair of ice skates in the year 3,000 b.c. was found at the bottom of a lake in Switzerland.  The skates were made from the leg bones of large animals, holes were bored at each end of the bone and leather straps were used to tie the skates on.  Around the 14th Century, the Dutch started using wooden platform skates with flat iron bottom runners. The skates were attached to the skater's shoes with leather straps.  Around 1500, the Dutch added a narrow metal double edged blade, making the poles a thing of the past, as the skater could now push and glide with his feet.  In 1865, Jackson Haines, a famous American skater, developed the two plate all metal blade. The blade was attached directly to Haines' boots.  The first artificial ice rink was built in 1876, at Chelsea, London, England and was named the Glaciarium. 


The oldest skate on earth may be the “horse-bone,” from the bronze Age which Herr Geheimrat Friedel recently exhibited at a meeting of the Brandenburgia Union.  Picture down below.  



During the fourteenth and up to the middle of the nineteenth century the skate was composed of a wooden sole to which was attached, in earlier days, a runner of bronze or iron, and in later days of steel. This was called the early blade skate. Picture down below.



The Germans in the year 1800 had created an ice skate that was a

 longer blade, from 3/32in. to 1/8in. wide, with the inner edge sharpened about half a millimeter higher than the outer edge.  Picture down below.


Also extend the whole length of the foot, for formerly it reached only to the middle of the heel and instead of the customary “spike,” a screw three-quarters of an inch long was used for the heel. This was the “Balancing,” also called the “Tournament” skate, which had a symmetrically formed round blade at the toe and heel.  This was in the early 19th centery.  Picture down below.  This was the English skate. 




About 1860 the New York Skating Club adopted a skate, which was made entirely out of metal, and attached to the foot automatically without the aid of straps or other fastenings.  It was made entirely out of iron or steel, and for the heel fastening an oval plate was used, with a rectangular gripper; the front part of the skate was then fastened tight to the skating boot by means of clamps.  Picture down below. 


About the year 1880 the Norwegian racers, amongst them the well-known figure skaters, Carl Werner and Axel Paulsen of Christiania, constructed a skate, which was made of two thin metal tubes with the blade rather more than a sixteenth of an inch wide.  The narrow metal plates of this skate were screwed on and frequently even sewn on to the sole of the skating boot.  Picture below.


For the latter purpose there are ordinary metal skates of several systems in use, but with lengthened blade and full rounded runner at the toe in order to surmount the more easily small unevenness on the ice.  This was about in the year 1910.  Picture below.


The modern ice skates we use today figure, hockey, or even a speed skate were around since 1925.


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