History Research Location Contact

 

Saguaro Research

Native Peoples In the Signal Hill Picnic Area of Tucson West, petroglyphs attest to the fact that the prehistoric Hohokam of the Tucson Basin lived and hunted in the region. Unlike their Hohokam neighbors to the north near Phoenix, the cultures of the Tucson Basin used floodwater farming, growing their crops close to stream banks.

The Papago and Tohono O'odham of the region continue to harvest Saguaro fruit in the area,as did their ancestors, to make jam, syrup and ceremonial wine

Saguaro East

Saguaro East, also called Rincon Mountain District, encompasses an aging saguaro forest at the foot of the majestic Rincon Mountains, as well as an exceptional variety of other desert plant communities. The park is open daily.

Exploration & Settlement

Hispanic, Mexican, and Anglo settler sporadically arrived in the Tucson Basin and from the 1600s on, but in the mid-1800s, overgrazing of grasslands, mining for copper and large-scale clearing of land for homes destroyed the habitat of many desert plants and animals. Subsequent flooding and erosion killed many native species and allowed scrub to take over. With the designation of the Monument and elimination of grazing, these habitats have begun to restore themselves, but urbanization of Tucson remains a threat to this wilderness.