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Native Hawaiian Population Is More Than 400,000 According to U.S. Census 2000 (See Spreadsheet for State-by-State Numbers)


The question is: In April of the year 2000, how many people in the United States checked the box for "Native Hawaiian" on their Census forms? The Census form put the question this way: "Now choose one or more races for each person. Which race or races does each person consider himself/herself to be?"

One of the 15 boxes that could be checked was "Native Hawaiian." People could check more than one box (as many as they wished). People could choose to check only one box if they felt they identified primarily with just one race. In Hawai'i, some ethnic Hawaiian activists waged a campaign to ask ethnic Hawaiians to check only that one box, ignoring all their other racial heritages, in order to maximize the apparent numbers of "pure" Hawaiians.

Nearly all Hawaiian racial entitlement programs, including the "Native Hawaiian" recognition bill, offer benefits to anyone who has even one drop of "Native Hawaiian" blood. We need to know how many people claimed to have Hawaiian blood, whether or not they also claimed to have other racial heritages. Thus, the question is: How many people checked the "Native Hawaiian" box in the race question of U.S. Census 2000?

On December 14, 2001 the Census Bureau finally released the report on Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. It is called "The Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Population: 2000". On page 8 it states that 401,000 people reported themselves as being at least part Hawaiian. This report can be found at:
http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-14.pdf

To find the answer half a year earlier, and to see how many Hawaiians there were in each state, it was necessary to go to to the U.S. Census Bureau website and do some deep digging. The results of that digging are in the spreadsheet below, after this brief summary and commentary. Following the spreadsheet are step-by-step instructions to permit anyone who wants to verify this information to go directly to the Census Bureau website and dig it out for themselves.

The number of Native Hawaiians is much larger than previously expected. If this phony "tribe" is given federal recognition, they would be larger than any real tribe. Their benefits will be enormous at the expense of U.S. taxpayers, as they compete against genuine tribes for limited funds.

Nationwide, 401,920 people checked the box for being Native Hawaiian. Of those, 239,655 live in Hawai'i and the remaining 162,265 live in other states, including 60,048 in California. A spreadsheet downloaded from the Census website shows the state-by-state breakdown.

All 401,920 of these people would be eligible for membership in the Native Hawaiian nation that would be created by the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill H.R.617 and S.746. In addition, there are probably tens of thousands of other people (especially outside Hawai'i) who did not check the "Native Hawaiian" box because of their low blood quantum or because they identify more closely with their other racial heritages. Anyone with a drop of Native Hawaiian blood might be expected to step forward to claim government entitlements offered to them through this legislation, even though they did not check the box on the Census form. A newer version of the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill, S.1783, was introduced in December 2001. That bill seems to have a blood quantum requirement that might reduce the number of people who would qualify for membership in the "nation." However, simple analysis reveals that there would be virtualy no difference in population: See
http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/AkakaS1783Differences.html

So-called "Native Hawaiians" are prospering under U.S. sovereignty. Their population has multiplied ten-fold in the 100 years from the first U.S. Census of Hawai'i in the Annexation year 1900 (only 40,000 then) until the most recent Census 2000 (400,000 now). Approximately 40% of people who have Hawaiian blood now live in parts of the United States outside Hawai'i; and additional ethnic Hawaiians live in other countries (not included in these figures). Clearly, "Native Hawaiians" have no problem living as American citizens, fully assimilated into mainstream culture and pursuing their dreams wherever they feel they are most likely to succeed.

Two additional points about the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill: (1) Authors of the bill tried to assuage concerns of some Senators that this huge new "tribe" would be the 400 pound gorilla in competing for funding for Indian programs. There is a provision in the revised bill stating that Native Hawaiians would not automatically qualify for programs administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. However, programs for Native Hawaiians would still be managed through the Department of Interior and would therefore have an inevitable effect on the availability of funds for genuine tribes. Furthermore, it is doubtful whether such a restriction against Native Hawaiians would stand up under court scrutiny: Native Hawaiian organizations are already arguing in legal briefs that they are entitled to be treated equally with Indian tribes. (2) Authors of the bill tried to assuage fears that the new tribe might try to use the Indian Gaming Act to open gambling casinos. There is a provision in the latest version of the bill that "Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed as an authorization for the Native Hawaiian governing entity to conduct gaming activities under the authority of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.". That language provides no real comfort because it only prohibits the new Native Hawaiian entity from using the IGRA to force Hawai'i to allow Native Hawaiians to open a casino, despite Hawai'i law making all forms of gambling illegal. But if Hawaii sometime decides to legalize even one mild form of gaming -- for example church bingo -- then Native Hawaiians, being a "tribe," would be able to bootstrap that church bingo into a full-blown casino. That's what happened in Connecticut which now has the world's largest casino. Furthermore, regardless of what happens in Hawai'i, the bill might make it possible for the large numbers of Hawaiians living in other states to organize their own governing entities, exercise sovereignty, purchase "tribal" land and open casinos. And as noted above regarding participation in BIA programs: Native Hawaiians, once recognized, would probably claim in court that they must be treated equally with other recognized tribes and therefore the restriction on their use of IGRA would be nullified.

The substantially larger number of Native Hawaiians than previously believed also calls into question the victimology statistics, where Native Hawaiian activists claim that their ethnic group is over-represented in negative social indicators such as poverty, incarceration, alcoholism, drug abuse, family dysfunction, etc.

The information on this spreadsheet when viewed on the Census website is entitled, "Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Alone or in Combination with One or More Other Races." It can be found on the Census website, www.census.gov, under American Fact Finder, Summary File 1, PCT10. Complete step-by-step directions for finding the Census spreadsheet are listed under the improved spreadsheet below.

The spreadsheet below is EXTREMELY WIDE. To see all the data, use the scroll bar at the bottom of your screen to scroll to the right.

NATIVE HAWAIIAN AND OTHER PACIFIC ISLANDER ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH ONE OR MORE OTHER RACES

  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ BA BB
1

 

TOTAL

Hawaii

AL

AK

AZ

AR

CA

CO

CT

DE

DC

FL

GA

ID

IL

IN

IA

KS

KY

LA

ME

MD

MA

MI

MN

MS

MO

MT

NE

NV

NH

NJ

NM

NY

NC

ND

OH

OK

OR

PA

RI

SC

SD

TN

TX

UT

VT

VA

WA

WV

WI

WY

PR

2

Total Native Hawaiian and Other

903,630

295,030

3,233

5,751

13,756

3,204

226,927

10,419

4,101

675

808

24,378

9,906

2,974

11,987

4,468

2,245

3,182

3,218

3,340

805

6,279

8,784

7,434

5,949

1,977

6,807

1,104

1,757

16,811

784

10,171

3,137

28,862

8,793

479

7,170

5,264

16,414

8,919

1,798

3,884

569

4,673

29,588

22,678

311

10,173

43,808

911

4,390

626

2,919

3

Pacific Islander categories tallied

                                                                                                         
4

Polynesian:

585,057

276,846

1,239

4,500

8,026

1,027

128,796

5,827

1,249

217

327

7,957

3,635

1,858

4,207

2,165

1,056

1,508

1,370

1,320

414

2,148

2,212

3,060

2,441

798

3,460

696

751

11,701

358

2,467

1,812

6,216

3,871

231

3,076

2,677

8,980

3,327

424

1,574

328

2,220

13,207

20,021

145

3,990

25,675

412

1,693

374

1,168

5

Native Hawaiian

401,920

239,655

833

1,878

4,906

718

60,048

3,990

781

140

231

5,285

2,183

1,139

2,506

1,402

699

997

845

850

243

1,475

1,356

2,058

1,526

505

1,620

529

543

8,264

266

1,501

1,261

3,758

2,390

132

1,989

1,932

6,366

2,051

311

1,056

207

1,302

7,775

3,642

76

2,795

13,507

264

1,143

233

758

6

Samoan

133,680

28,184

376

2,172

1,874

280

49,804

1,440

406

68

82

1,981

1,305

445

1,539

653

274

435

467

436

149

567

747

858

767

275

1,661

131

179

2,178

86

858

450

2,218

1,335

91

958

623

1,770

1,102

103

469

82

837

3,668

6,470

66

1,050

10,607

128

483

94

399

7

Tongan

36,846

5,988

11

326

954

8

15,252

227

18

3

2

312

28

173

43

52

34

29

21

5

4

22

41

68

71

9

55

17

8

919

0

18

27

56

62

5

33

50

582

81

1

11

34

25

1,371

8,655

1

41

1,029

8

20

30

6

8

Other Polynesian

12,611

3,019

19

124

292

21

3,692

170

44

6

12

379

119

101

119

58

49

47

37

29

18

84

68

76

77

9

124

19

21

340

6

90

74

184

84

3

96

72

262

93

9

38

5

56

393

1,254

2

104

532

12

47

17

5

9

Micronesian:

115,482

12,622

875

464

2,602

1,255

36,458

2,193

455

140

115

4,086

2,458

494

1,640

817

531

728

716

647

139

1,242

892

1,226

574

422

1,351

170

512

2,385

147

1,218

580

2,974

2,127

129

1,234

1,386

3,607

1,138

324

887

113

1,073

6,240

761

61

2,291

9,799

179

658

112

235

10

Guamanian or Chamorro

92,845

4,221

804

387

2,101

370

33,849

1,867

412

132

104

3,549

2,173

386

1,496

732

293

565

616

584

123

1,108

812

1,007

483

381

761

141

439

2,090

118

1,135

534

2,746

1,828

69

1,117

966

1,668

1,037

314

745

104

962

5,410

348

53

2,045

8,597

156

573

100

234

11

Other Micronesian

22,637

8,401

71

77

501

885

2,609

326

43

8

11

537

285

108

144

85

238

163

100

63

16

134

80

219

91

41

590

29

73

295

29

83

46

228

299

60

117

420

1,939

101

10

142

9

111

830

413

8

246

1,202

23

85

12

1

12

Melanesian:

14,156

503

9

15

80

7

10,200

52

22

4

12

119

47

16

68

20

15

31

13

13

7

56

44

40

41

6

53

11

6

109

2

40

10

393

20

0

44

19

435

38

11

10

6

27

143

145

1

57

1,110

3

21

2

0

13

Fijian

13,581

459

8

11

75

5

10,104

42

18

4

4

91

40

15

57

12

6

25

11

9

2

37

31

30

14

4

44

11

5

106

1

34

5

340

16

0

24

6

426

19

10

7

6

12

117

143

0

40

1,083

2

8

2

0

14

Other Melanesian

575

44

1

4

5

2

96

10

4

0

8

28

7

1

11

8

9

6

2

4

5

19

13

10

27

2

9

0

1

3

1

6

5

53

4

0

20

13

9

19

1

3

0

15

26

2

1

17

27

1

13

0

0

15

Other Pacific Islander

12,598

58

270

34

155

243

1,324

166

92

42

26

739

821

71

326

165

52

57

220

377

37

240

218

368

97

244

260

28

40

82

39

340

68

987

466

6

339

141

179

401

22

371

7

242

1,054

43

15

422

309

55

135

14

91

16

Other Pacific Islander,

176,337

5,001

840

738

2,893

672

50,149

2,181

2,283

272

328

11,477

2,945

535

5,746

1,301

591

858

899

983

208

2,593

5,418

2,740

2,796

507

1,683

199

448

2,534

238

6,106

667

18,292

2,309

113

2,477

1,041

3,213

4,015

1,017

1,042

115

1,111

8,944

1,708

89

3,413

6,915

262

1,883

124

1,425

17

not specified

                                                                                                         





Thanks to attorneys H. William Burgess and Patrick W. Hanifin, who used their computer skills and brainpower to download the spreadsheet from the Census website, rearrange it so the Hawai'i column is listed first for the convenience of Hawai'i readers, create a new column for totals, and verify that all the numbers were correct.

Special thanks to the U.S. Census Bureau. After several fruitless attempts to get this information over a period of several months, one of my requests was finally forwarded to an expert staff member who knows the data inside out, and who took the time to explain how to find what was needed. Unfortunately, the helpful expert prefers to remain un-named in this acknowledgment. The procedure whereby anyone can find the original spreadsheet on the Census Bureau website is provided below. Stopping along the way at any of the steps in the procedure will allow more leisurely browsing through massive amounts of valuable Census statistics. Of course, any blame for how the data are interpreted on this website rests solely with the website author, Ken Conklin, whose e-mail address appears at the end. He will forward any reasonable requests for information to the Census expert who helped him, and who can then choose whether to take time out from a very busy schedule to respond.

==================


HOW TO GET THE CENSUS INFORMATION IN THE SPREADSHEET FROM THE CENSUS WEBSITE

Sorry this process is so complicated. When the spreadsheet finally appears on the internet, it appears to have a URL that could be copied and saved for later clicking. However, that URL is only temporary; it will not work as a permanent reference.

Go to U.S. Census home page www.census.gov

In the column on the left, click on American Fact Finder. American Fact Finder can also be reached directly at www.factfinder.gov

Click on Summary File 1 (about half-way down the page).

Scroll down below the list of states and click on "detailed tables"

This will bring up a form. Under the 3d bullet point, click on "All States."

Click "Add".

Click "Next". This will bring up another form.

Under the first bullet point (Search), click on "Show all tables". This will bring up a long list of tables.

Scroll down the list (a VERY long way down!) and click on PCT10.

Click "Add".

Click "Show Table". This brings up the table giving the data state-by-state but there is no total column.

To download the table to your computer: Click "Print/Download" near the top of the screen.

Click "Download."

In the box that pops up, click on "OK."

After the table downloads, save it.

Call up your spreadsheet program (e.g. Excel).

Call the downloaded table into your spreadsheet program. Caution -- this may work successfully with Microsoft "Excel" spreadsheet software of the correct vintage, but might not work with other types of spreadsheet software. It depends whether your own spreadsheet can handle "imports" and whether your software is compatible with that used by the Census Bureau.

Add a column summing the state-by-state data to get the totals for the 50 states (plus D.C. and Puerto Rico).


================================

You may now


SEE INFORMAL, INTRODUCTORY MATERIAL ABOUT HAWAIIAN SOVEREIGNTY

or

SEE MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE AKAKA BILL

or

GO BACK TO OTHER TOPICS ON THIS WEBSITE

Email: Ken_Conklin@yahoo.com