(c) Copyright 2000 - 2015
Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D.
All rights reserved
Aloha website readers! If you are new to this website you should probably scroll down near the bottom of this long page, below the line, to see which of 11 basic areas is of most interest; and if you are new to the study of Hawaiian sovereignty, start with the "General Introduction." Items in the introduction are arranged in the order most likely to be useful for someone just starting to think carefully about Hawaiian sovereignty. This website has about 975 items about Hawaiian sovereignty issues, including scholarly essays, legal documents, compilations of news reports, political diatribes, etc. where each item ranges from a few pages to several hundred pages in length. Everything on this website including new items can be found in one or more of the 11 MAJOR SECTIONS LISTED AT THE BOTTOM, BELOW THE LONG LIST OF "NEW ITEMS."
For those already familiar with this website, the most important hot topics and new items are listed first.
Here is an internal search engine allowing you to find all pages on this website which discuss the topic you're interested in. Anytime you want to use the search engine, return to this front page.**** IMPORTANT BOOK: "Hawaiian Apartheid -- Racial Separatism and Ethnic Nationalism in the Aloha State" by Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. 302 pages. See cover, detailed table of contents, and entire Chapter 1, plus information on how to order the book; at http://tinyurl.com/2a9fqa
***** THE MOST IMPORTANT HOT TOPIC IS THE EFFORT TO CREATE A HAWAIIAN TRIBE AND GET FEDERAL RECOGNITION FOR IT THROUGH A BILL IN CONGRESS OR ACTION INSIDE THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION. The Hawaiian government reorganization bill is also known as the AKAKA BILL. This legislation was killed in the 106th, 107th, 108th, 109th, 110th, 111th, and 112th Congresses from 2000-2012 thanks to the hard work of many people of all races in Hawaii and throughout the United States. Senator Akaka has retired and Senator Inouye died. But their replacements, Brian Schatz and Mazie Hirono, have both pledged to push the Akaka bill. Both House members have also pledged to support it. On May 3, 2011 the state legislature passed a bill to begin creating a state-recognized tribe, which can proceed without federal recognition and might also help smooth the path for federal recognition. Note "new item" #350. The latest strategy is to get the Obama administration to do bureaucratic hocus-pocus or issue an Executive Order to recognize a Hawaiian tribe. Note "new item" #367.
FOR EXTENSIVE COVERAGE OF CONGRESSIONAL ACTION ON THE AKAKA BILL, ACTIVITY INSIDE THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION, AND HAWAII LEGISLATURE ACTION ON LOCALIZED VERSIONS OF THE AKAKA BILL TO CREATE A STATE-RECOGNIZED TRIBE, INCLUDING ALL SIGNIFICANT NEWS REPORTS AND COMMENTARIES, SEE:
"History of efforts to create a Hawaiian tribe during the 114th Congress (January 2015 through December 2016), including efforts to create a state-recognized tribe and efforts to get federal recognition through administrative rule changes, executive order, or Congressional legislation" at:
"History of the Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill in the 113th Congress (January 2013 through December 2014)" at:
FOR A FIVE PARAGRAPH SUMMARY OF WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE AKAKA BILL, INCLUDING EXTENSIVE DOCUMENTATION OF ALL THE MAIN POINTS, SEE:
For those who want to know about the author of this website: "Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. Who is Ken Conklin? What does he look like and sound like? What is his background? What does he believe in? Why did he come to Hawaii? Why does he pick on ethnic Hawaiians?" The answers are at:
NEW ITEMS AND RECENT IMPROVEMENTS: NEWEST ITEMS ON TOP (WITH HIGHEST NUMBER).
(383) Book review of James L. Haley, CAPTIVE PARADISE: A history of Hawaii (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1st ed., November 2014)
(382) Book review of Francis Boyle: "Restoring the Kingdom of Hawaii: The Kanaka Maoli Route to Independence"
(381) Voter Recommendations for Hawaii General Election November 4, 2014; with special attention to Hawaiian sovereignty
(380) The 7 best testimonies against the Department of Interior proposal to create a Hawaiian tribe and give it federal recognition
(379) Testimony of Kenneth Conklin to Department of Interior opposing attempt to create Hawaiian tribe and give it federal recognition through administrative rule-making -- 14 sections totaling 100 pages, in pdf format
(378) Department of Interior attempt to create a Hawaiian tribe and give it federal recognition through administrative rule-making -- Federal Register Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and how to find all submitted written testimony
(377) 4 U.S. Senators letter to Secretary of Interior Sally Jewell objecting to administrative rulemaking to create a Hawaiian tribe; on official stationery with signatures.
(376) Voter Recommendations for Hawaii Primary Election August 9, 2014
(375) Why it's important to defeat Neil Abercrombie for a second term as Governor of Hawaii
(374) Stop Appeasing Hawaii's Racial Separatists
(373) Building a Hawaiian tribe through actions of the state legislature: May 2014 progress report (Roll Commission failure to follow the requirements of enabling legislation Act 195; identity theft of 87,000 names from earlier racial registries; enrollment of minor children; legislative hearing as cheerleader rather than oversight enforcer; and more issues)
(372) Honoring Hawaii's only President, Sanford B. Dole, on his 170th Birthday, April 23, 2014
(371) Dialog -- Ian Lind vs. Mark Umi Perkins regarding whether it is proper to poke fun at pretenders to the non-existent Hawaiian throne, whether Hawaii remains an independent nation, and other arcane topics
(370) A series of Hawaiian sovereignty public forums in 2014 -- A small group of independence activists uses deceptive advertising to make a one-sided propaganda circus seem to be an open and honest discussion, tells falsehoods about Hawaii history as though they are true, and allows no rebuttal.
(369) Why businesses, labor unions, and community groups in Hawaii should oppose state and/or federal recognition of a phony "Native Hawaiian" tribe -- letter to Hawaii Coalition Against Legalized Gambling, and commentary in Honolulu Star-Advertiser, as examples
(368) On January 10, 2014 a letter was sent to more than 150 leaders of Indian tribes on the U.S. mainland. The letter describes how federal recognition of a phony "Native Hawaiian" tribe would have bad consequences for the genuine tribes, and asks them to express opposition to executive action when speaking to officials in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Interior, and White House.
(367) The most effective way to get a gambling casino in Hawaii is to create a Hawaiian tribe and get it federally recognized by the Obama administration. But the genuine tribes on the mainland might help us stop that.
(366) Keanu Sai's Hawaiian history fantasies underlying his adventures with the International Criminal Court, the community of diplomats, and the Hawaii mortgage market. Disproving the alleged Liliuokalani Assignment, and the alleged Executive Agreement of Restoration
(365) The Lili'uokalani Cult -- A scary but true Halloween story. Hawaiian secessionists try to inspire winners for 21st Century battles by conjuring the ghosts of 19th Century losers.
(364) My testimony on marriage equality, October 24, 2013
(363) "I have a dream" -- for Hawaii, 50 years later (Recalling Martin Luther King's speech, and how his dream applies to Hawaii in 2013)
(362) Some jurisdictional conflicts if a Native Hawaiian tribe gets federal recognition, as shown by actual mainland examples from the last week of July 2013
(361) The trouble with the Kana'iolowalu racial registry
(360) Rebuttal to maiden speech by U.S. Senator Brian Schatz (D,HI) on June 11, 2013 pleading for federal recognition for a phony Akaka tribe
(359) Can Akaka tribe be recognized by bureaucratic fiat? Issues raised in report by the Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Interior regarding arbitrary and capricious granting of recognition to the "Tejon Indian Tribe" in 2011 by Larry Echo Hawk, who was then Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs.
(358) Correcting some of the errors in Niklaus Schweizer's history of Prince Kuhio and the Royal Hawaiian Band.
(357) Racial entitlement bills in the 2013 Hawaii legislature
(356) U.S. apology resolution 20th anniversary -- A resolution was introduced in the Hawaii legislature to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the U.S. apology resolution; and testimony was offered to the Hawaii legislature in the form of a substitute resolution explaining that the apology resolution is filled with falsehoods, has produced bad consequences, and should be repealed.
(355) Minorities at University of Hawaii: Which ethnic groups are underrepresented in the student population? Which one is hugely overrepresented? Why does it matter?
(354) Ethnic Hawaiians Disproportionately Incarcerated? Not!
(353) "Defend Hawaii" T-shirts feature AR-15 assault rifles
(352) Silver linings around the 2012 election clouds -- A few happy consequences for Hawaii conservatives flowing from the defeat of Republicans Lingle, Djou, Crowley, and Romney
(351) Hawaii voter recommendations for 2012 to oppose racial separatism -- President, U.S. Senate, U.S. House (D1,D2), OHA trustees(5), state legislature. Extensive details about how aggressively Lingle and Djou have pushed the Akaka bill and racial entitlements.
(350) Why the new Akaka bill is the worst one yet: bad for the people of Hawaii, bad for the genuine Indian tribes, bad for the entire U.S. It authorizes casinos in Hawaii and on the mainland; worsens racial balkanization in America by redefining "tribe" in the Constitution to mean "indigenous"; abandons protections for Hawaii's people that were in previous versions; grants federal recognition to a tribe not yet created.
(349) Republican and Democrat 2012 national and state party platforms regarding the Akaka bill and Hawaiian racial entitlements
(348) Census 2010 Native Hawaiian data -- some political implications for the Akaka bill, Act 195 state recognized tribe, and the Hawaiian grievance industry racial victimhood allegations
(347) Absentee voting: the negatives greatly outweigh the positives
(346) Why it's important to defeat Lingle and Djou for U.S. Senate and House in November 2012
(345) Akaka bill through the backdoor in Fall 2012 ?
(344) State of Hawaii enacts legislation in 2012 to transfer to OHA land in Kakaako valued at $200 Million. But is this land transfer legally permissible and morally righteous?
(343) Updated June 2012: Abusive disparate treatment of ethnic Hawaiians by the judiciary and the criminal justice system? Rebuttal to a report by the Hawaiian grievance industry
(342) Forcing the name of a person or place to be Hawaiianized through transliteration of its sound following Hawaiian grammatical rules or conceptual translation of its meaning into Hawaiian vocabulary
(341) Putting Haiku Valley, Kaneohe, Under Racial Control
(340) Book Review of William M. Morgan Ph.D., PACIFIC GIBRALTAR: U.S. - JAPANESE RIVALRY OVER THE ANNEXATION OF HAWAII, 1885-1898
(339) Malia Hill, senior policy analyst, Grassroot Institute of Hawaii, major essay describing what's in the Akaka bill and why it's dangerous.
(338) Kenneth R. Conklin -- Scholarly publications and teaching positions from 1962 through 1992, and description of some life experiences which influenced the growth of the spiritual and philosophical viewpoint running through his work. 43 publications are listed, including 32 available for download. Includes some details of his work as a professor at three universities, and as a high school teacher.
(337) 32 scholarly articles by Ken Conklin published from 1966 to 1985 are now available for download.
(336) Bringing Mainland Tribal Troubles to Hawaii: 13 news reports from mainland USA from October through December 2011 illustrating some of the troubles that will come to Hawaii if the Akaka bill passes or if a state-recognized tribe is established.
(335) Hawaii public opinion about racial entitlements and the Akaka bill
(334) Corboy: Hawaii lawsuit against racial discrimination in property tax rates
(333) The politics of digitizing Hawaiian language newspapers (from 1834-1948)
(332) New Akaka Bill Stealth Strategy is Actually Old. Inouye stealth maneuver of October 2011 is nearly identical to Inouye stealth maneuver of ten years ago (insert Akaka bill as a one-sentence rider deep inside a huge appropriations bill)
(331) Hawaii News Media Reporting Falsehoods as Though They are Commonly Accepted Facts (Examples: Akaka bill stealth maneuver is normal procedure for tribal recognition; Liliuokalani was deposed by a group of Americans in a coup; others)
(330) "NATIVE OF OWHYHEE" FEATURE FILM ON 'OLELO TV. It's available now "on demand" to anyone throughout the world, and will be broadcast at least 4 times on TV in Honolulu. The film describes how Hawaiian natives at Yale invited the missionaries who came in 1820, and the cooperative blending of cultures which resulted.
(329) First time on the internet, an academic article from 1980: Kenneth R. Conklin, "The Pedagogical Cultivation of Crisis as an Aid to Personal and Cultural Self-Realization," FOCUS ON LEARNING, VII, 2 (1980), pp. 7-18.
(328) Ken Conklin Ph.D. vs. Keanu Sai Ph.D. -- Dialog regarding a theory that Hawaii Queen Liliuokalani and U.S. President Grover Cleveland had executive agreements, still binding today, which would require the U.S. to disgorge Hawaii and recognize its continuing sovereign independence
(327) Let's use the fiscal crisis to eliminate federal and state racial entitlement programs. Funding for shovel-ready jobs can come from scalpel-ready cuts.
(326) So-called executive agreements between Hawaii Queen Liliuokalani and U.S. President Grover Cleveland -- the new Hawaiian history scam by Keanu Sai
(325) Presidential candidate Ron Paul appoints senior advisor with Hawaii expertise. Bruce Fein, expert on Constitutional and international law, strongly opposes Akaka bill.
(324) OHA is a state government agency despite its assertions to the contrary. It must disclose its income, budget, and expenditures. OHA, the new Act 195 state recognized tribe, and any future federally recognized Akaka tribe are government-created agencies and therefore must all comply with the 15th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
(323) Was there widespread, significant, organized opposition to Hawaii statehood by ethnic Hawaiians during the 1950s?
(322) Governor Ben Cayetano's Statehood Day message on August 16, 2002 near the end of his final year in office expresses his appreciation for the diversity of our people, his strong support for unity and equality, and his pride that we are part of the United States.
(321) Reducing the requirement for four years of social studies in Hawaii public schools
(320) Racial set-asides of land, money, and political power -- how Act 195 will move Hawaii toward New Zealand and Fiji
(319) Updated: Neighbors Living Under Different Laws -- Example of State Sex Offender Registry
(318) Gearing up for the divorce -- Klub Kanaka greedily looks ahead to property division and alimony from the State of Hawaii
(317) Professor William B. Allen, former Chairman of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, explains how Federal Indian Law violates the civil rights of tribal members
(316) History of modern Hawaii as taught in Hawaii schools
(315) Dr. Sun Yat-sen and his views about Hawaiian sovereignty
(314) Hawaii begins to create a state-recognized tribe. SB1520 passed the legislature on May 3, 2011. Why did they do it? What happens now?
(313) HR258 and HCR293 in the Hawaii legislature of 2011 -- A resolution to rip the Treaty of Annexation out of the hand of President McKinley in his statue in front of McKinley High School
(312) HCR107 in the Hawaii legislature of 2011 -- A resolution establishing a joint legislative investigating committee to investigate the status of two executive agreements entered into in 1893 between United States President Grover Cleveland and Queen Liliuokalani of the Hawaiian Kingdom, called the Liliuokalani assignment and the agreement of restoration.
(311) S.66, the Native Hawaiian Health Care Improvement bill in the 112th Congress -- Reauthorizing an ineffective but socially dangerous pork-barrel waste of taxpayer dollars
(310) Governor Abercrombie's scurrilous and unnecessary lie that an 1896 law made it illegal to teach IN Hawaiian language, or illegal to teach Hawaiian language itself
(309) Hawaiian Language as a Political Weapon
(308) January 2011 new law in Arizona prohibits using public school ethnic studies courses to incite racial hatred and anti-Americanism. How a weekly Hawaiian-language newspaper column illustrates the need to bring this law to Hawaii.
(307) Using Hawaiian language as a political weapon by demanding that the names of places and streets must be Hawaiian -- historical background and 4 case studies: Thurston Ave.(Kamakaeha), Barbers Point (Kalaeloa), Dillingham Military Reservation (Kawaihapai), Fort Barrette Road (Kualakai).
(306) How Christmas Came to Hawaii
(305) The role of Alaska Native Corporations in pushing the Akaka bill
(304) Akaka bill now being attached to "must-pass" legislation despite Akaka and Inouye previously deploring such a maneuver.
(303) Principles for judging federal earmarks and local pork
(302) Helping foreign diplomats understand the history of U.S. sovereignty in Hawaii and the legitimacy of the relationship between their nations and Hawaii. [Lawsuit against U.S. by a Hawaiian independence activist seeks to add foreign nations as defendants]
(301) Can dead people vote in Hawaii? You betcha!
(300) Empowering the blank votes
(299) Hawaii Voter Recommendations for November 2010 regarding Governor, U.S. Senator, U.S. Congressional Districts 1 and 2, and Five Positions on the Board of Trustees of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs
(298) Abusive disparate treatment of ethnic Hawaiians by the judiciary and the criminal justice system? Rebuttal to a report by the Hawaiian grievance industry released September 28, 2010. Detailed analysis of scientific and political issues raised by the report.
(297) Opposing the Akaka bill -- lecture notes by Ken Conklin, and 68 minutes of video. Church of the Crossroads, Sunday September 12, 2010.
(296) Violence and threats of violence to push demands for Hawaiian sovereignty -- past, present, and future (major updates)
(295) Akaka bill maneuvers coming up from September through December 2010
(294) July 4 is a triple holiday for Hawaii -- 1776, 1894, 1960
(293) Book review of "Ka Puuwai Hamama -- Volunteer Spirit" Numerous historical falsehoods are quoted and disproved. The author/publisher is urged to recall the book as a defective product poisonous to the souls of innocent readers.
(292) Treaty of Annexation between the Republic of Hawaii and the United States of America (1898).
(291) Kamehameha Day 2010 -- What Kamehameha hath joined together, let not Akaka rip asunder
(290) How Hawaiian racial entitlements take away rights from private and government landowners in ways unique among the 50 states
(289) Ethnic Hawaiian government officials have a severe conflict of interest regarding the Akaka bill. If the Akaka bill passes then no ethnic Hawaiian should represent the state or counties in deciding how to divide land and jurisdiction between the state and the tribe. Therefore no ethnic Hawaiian should be elected or appointed to high office this year or in any future year until the bill is abandoned, for fear the bill will pass.
(288) Honolulu City Council resolution proposed in April 2010 to support the Akaka bill, and detailed testimony against it, and a proposed substitute resolution opposing the Akaka bill
(287) Webpage debunking the claim that Hawaiian language was illegal, has been improved with photos of a Kingdom banknote of 1879 almost entirely in English, Kingdom coin of 1883 entirely in English, and article by Thomas Sowell explaining why German became the dominant language in Eastern Europe and English became the dominant language in Scotland
(286) St. Patricks Day 2010: Honouring a Hawaiian King who declared it as his official birthday, and modern Irishmen who are leaders in the sport of surfing.
(285) Avatar movie, white messiah syndrome, and Hawaiian sovereignty
(284) Tenth anniversary of U.S. Supreme Court decision in Rice v. Cayetano. The February 23, 2000 decision in Hawaii's most important civil rights lawsuit spurred a decade of additional civil rights lawsuits against government and private race-based programs, and prompted racial separatists to seek protection for those programs through the Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill (Akaka bill) now pending in Congress.
(283) Pure Hawaiians, Impure Hawaiians, and Weeds -- Dialog between J. Arthur Rath III and Kenneth R. Conklin regarding the approaching extinction of Hawaiians with 100% native blood.
(282) The role of religion in Hawaiian history and sovereignty. How the ancient native Hawaiian religion is being revived to serve the political goal of establishing race-based sovereignty. How the native religion and Christian religion shaped culture and politics in the Kingdom of Hawaii. Compilation of selected webpages and books.
(281) Akaka bill passed both its committees in mid-December 2009 by means of stealth maneuvers. The Senate committee passed a radical and dangerous new version which is opposed by Hawaii's Governor and Attorney General. Links are provided to the text of House and Senate versions, important letters from Governor Lingle and two Hawaii race-based institutions, and news reports.
(280) Zogby poll of Hawaii citizens released December 15, 2009 shows majority oppose Akaka bill and want a referendum on the general election ballot before Congress considers it.
(279) Race on birth certificates in Hawaii in 2009! The State of Hawaii requires birth certificates to list the races of the mother and father (if he is known). The state government backed down, at least a little bit, only after a federal civil rights lawsuit was filed by parents demanding issuance of a race-free certificate. The liberal parents blasted the state policy in an internet essay, but later tried to erase the essay for fear it might damage social justice racial entitlement programs in Hawaii.
(278) Akaka Bill Committee Actions for December 16 and December 17, 2009. Markup will be done. Significant changes possible. Committee vote seems likely.
(277) Attorney Paul M. Sullivan's updated 65-page monograph analyzing the Akaka bill point by point, including cartoons by Daryl Cagle
(276) People of Hawaii -- Tear down this wall! Disband the evil empire!
(275) How the Obama Family Will Benefit from the Caucasian Government Reorganization Act of 2040
(274) Saint Damien, the Leprosy Colony on Molokai, Hawaiian Sovereignty, and the Akaka Bill. Sovereign monarchs of the Hawaiian Kingdom badly abused the victims of leprosy. Today Damien, the patron saint of Native Hawaiians, would not be allowed to join the Akaka tribe.
(273) Civil Union and Marriage. [not related to Hawaiian sovereignty]
(272) Feds to Hawaii: We did the crime, now you do the time. Two unfunded federal mandates single out Hawaii: Micronesian healthcare and Akaka bill.
(271) Anti-Caucasian Racial Hate Crimes in Hawaii -- Southern Poverty Law Center brings the issue to national awareness in a flawed but valuable Intelligence Report article.
(270) Dialog: Would the Akaka bill be a win/win solution to reconcile ethnic Hawaiian grievances in a way that restores harmony among all Hawaii citizens, or would it be a zero sum game where ethnic Hawaiians take money, land, and political power at the expense of everyone else?
(269) U.S. Commission on Civil Rights letter to Congressional leaders August 28, 2009 blasting the Akaka bill: calling it unconstitutional, racially divisive, setting a bad precedent, and contrary to the multiracial polity of the Hawaiian Kingdom. On official stationery signed by Commissioners.
(268) Hawaii golden jubilee (50th anniversary of statehood) included ripping the 50th star off the U.S. flag and burning it. Congress must not pass the Akaka bill because it would empower anti-American secessionists.
(267) Hawaii Statehood -- straightening out the history-twisters. A historical narrative defending the legitimacy of the revolution of 1893, the annexation of 1898, and the statehood vote of 1959.
(266) Hawaii's Most Important Civil Rights Issues -- An attorney who is a member of the Hawaii State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights publishes his recommendations to the Chairman and members of the USCCR identifying the most important civil rights issues in Hawaii in 2009 and looking forward.
(265) Three of Conklin's old scholarly essays have now been added to the previous collection: (a) "The Three-Year BA.: Boon or Bust?"; (b) "Using Determinants and Computers to Recognize Dependent and Inconsistent Linear Systems"; (c) "The Aesthetic Dimension of Education in the Abstract Disciplines" translated into Mandarin Chinese. Also one new essay August 1, 2009 not about Hawaiian sovereignty: (d) "Abortion and Civil Rights"
(264) Dialogs with a racist -- Bringing to public awareness the explicit, enthusiastic, and unapologetic racism of Trisha Kehaulani Watson, a featured blogger on the public website of the largest circulation newspaper in Hawaii
(263) Dialog: Is it possible to oppose the Akaka bill for unique reasons that do not attack the sovereignty of Indian tribes in general? The essay in item #262 is placed as a response to two essays from 2007 and 2009 published in Indian Country Today.
(262) The Akaka bill can be rejected for reasons that do not attack the legitimacy of the genuine Indian tribes.
(261) BOOK REVIEW OF Aran Alton Ardaiz, Hawaii -- The Fake State (A Manifesto and Expose of a Nation in Captivity). Hawaiian Islands, Truth Of God Ministry, 2008. [review includes a well-documented narrative of major events leading to statehood, to rebut the book's claims that the state is illegitimate]
(260) Akaka Bill Hearing: Video of entire hearing and Written Testimony by Invited Witnesses in the U.S. House Committee on Natural Resources on June 11, 2009
(259) What Kamehameha hath joined together, let not Akaka rip asunder
(258) The Claim of Ethnic Superiority in Comprehension and Reasoning -- Sotomayor's assertion was mild compared with what passes for normal in Hawaii
(257) Akaka Bill Shell Game, May 2009 -- 3 versions are now active in both the House and Senate, but which is the real one?
(256) OHA takes leadership in bringing together Hawaiian secessionists and helping them with Hawaii government money.
(255) The Crown Lands of Hawaii -- Book by Professor Jon Van Dyke, book review by attorney Paul M. Sullivan, and links to some related materials available on the internet.
(254) Taxpayers Unite! Hold Hawaiian Sovereignty Tax Dodgers Accountable. (In honor of Tax Day 2009)
(253) New version of Akaka bill introduced March 25, 2009 -- multiple layers of deception
(252) Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole -- Just how princely was he? (Kuhio was absent from his nation for many years on an adventure trip during the crucial period in the late 1890s leading to annexation; and he filed a lawsuit in 1915 to have Liliuokalani declared mentally incompetent so he could steal her Waikiki lands she had set aside for her Childrens Trust)
(251) JONAH KUHIO KALANIANAOLE v. LILIUOKALANI, Supreme Court of Hawaii, 23 Haw. 457; 1916. (Court-approved syllabus and complete text of ruling)
(250) Open letter to President Obama regarding the Akaka bill (Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill)
(249) Audios and videos opposing the Akaka bill. A series of hard-hitting one-minute audio messages oppose the Akaka bill, accompanied by corresponding YouTube videos and transcripts.
(248) Akaka bill deja vu (Groundhog Day). The new Akaka bill introduced February 4, 2009 is identical to the one from 2000-2001. It strips away all protections inserted in multiple amendments since then. This webpage describes what many of those protections were and why they are important.
(247) Kahana Valley Giveaway - Just More of the Same. (includes a reminder of recent giveaways of State of Hawaii lands to racially exclusionary institutions of the Evil Empire)
(246) Ceded lands issues in the Hawaii Legislature, 2009
(245) Legislation in Hawaii in 2009 to declare ethnic Hawaiians as an indigenous people
(244) Asian Settler Colonialism [Hawaii] -- book review. [whether Hawaii citizens of Asian ancestry have a duty to subordinate themselves to ethnic Hawaiians and help throw off the yoke of American colonialism.]
(243) Office of Hawaiian Affairs -- Watching the Moves It Makes in 2009 to Expand the Evil Empire.
(242) Some important issues for the Hawaii Legislature in 2009. Stop the giveaway. Just say no.
(241) The Economic Impact of the Akaka Bill: Unintended Consequences for Hawaii (report of a major study by the Beacon Hill Institute, Dept. of Economics, Suffolk University, Boston, Mass.)
(240) The Hawaii Annexation Resolution (1898) and the Hawaii Apology Resolution (1993) -- Do they have the force of law?
(239) Hawaiian Sovereignty, Zionism, and Governor Lingle -- Lingle's main motive for supporting the Akaka bill, OHA, race-based entitlements, and Kamehameha Schools' racially exclusionary admissions policy is her strong support for Zionism and her belief that the Hawaiian sovereignty movement is comparable to the struggle to establish and maintain a Jewish nation of Israel.
(238) Diplomatic, military, and economic threats to Hawaii security -- Foreign enemies of the U.S. are increasing their involvement in Pacific island affairs while local Hawaiian sovereignty activists are undermining the U.S. military and seeking international support for secession
(237) Hawaiian Kingdom land scams make a big return in 2008 [FBI investigating mortgage scam involving issuance of Hawaiian Kingdom bonds.
(236) Looking ahead to 2009 -- The Akaka bill and Hawaiian racial separatism in view of election results from November 4, 2008
(235) Dialog: Leon Siu vs. Ken Conklin regarding the U.S. Supreme Court ceded lands lawsuit (and the significance of the apology resolution)
(234) Iolani Palace and the Golden Jubilee of Hawaii Statehood. The Palace was the Capitol of the Republic of Hawaii (1894-1898), Territory of Hawaii (1898-1959), and State of Hawaii (1959-1968), where the transition to Statehood took place in 1959. But the state government is now prohibiting use of the Palace for jubilee celebration due to threats from secessionists and concerns for political correctness.
(233) Selling the Ceded Lands -- The Hawaii Supreme Court ruled that the State cannot sell ceded lands without permission from ethnic Hawaiians; but the State appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court which agreed to decide the case.
(232) Honolulu mayoral debate September 9, 2008 shows the power of OHA and the danger of the Akaka bill
(231) Vicious Tita Threatens Palace Management, DLNR Chair Thielen, and the Public
(230) Hawaii King Akahi Nui -- His coronation at Iolani Palace in 1998 and how he fits in with others claiming power
(229) Proposed new rules for Iolani Palace and grounds -- testimony to DLNR offered by Ken Conklin in honor of Statehood Day, August 15, 2008
(228) Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. Who is Ken Conklin? What does he look like and sound like? What is his background? What does he believe in? Why did he come to Hawaii? Why does he pick on ethnic Hawaiians?
(227) Obama vs. McCain on the Akaka Bill -- Words, Actions, Hypocrisy and Waffling
(226) July 4 double holiday for Hawaii -- 1776 and 1894 (including some internet links to important documents of the Republic of Hawaii)
(225) Lies told on the U.S. Senate Floor by Senators Inouye and Dorgan Regarding the Akaka Bill
(224) The Aloha Spirit -- what it is, who possesses it, and why it is important
(223) Insurrection (not mere protest) attempted at Iolani Palace on April 30, 2008, by so-called Hawaiian Kingdom Government
(222) The Goebbels Award For Outstanding Use of Media for Propaganda Disguised As Fact -- Honolulu Star-Bulletin Wednesday April 23 2008, page 2 (The newspaper falsely stated that President Grover Cleveland signed a proclamation in 1894 that set April 30th as a day of prayer and remembrance for Queen Liliuokalani and the overthrown monarchy of Hawaii; and the newspaper refused to publish a correction despite being given proof of falsehood).
(221) INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION OF THE REPUBLIC OF HAWAII -- Emperors, Kings, Queens, Princes, and Presidents of at least 19 foreign nations personally signed formal letters of diplomatic recognition de jure, received by the Republic of Hawaii between July 1894 and January 1895. Photographs of the letters are available along with a discussion of their historical importance and implications for statehood, Akaka bill, and ceded lands.
(220) Broken Rainbow: Hawaii's Racial Separatism Threatens America's Fundamental Principles
(219) KUROIWA V. LINGLE -- Lawsuit filed April 3, 2008 seeking to dismantle the Office of Hawaiian Affairs of the State of Hawaii.
(218) 4-page flyer, poking fun at Hawaii Legislature for passing a resolution in 2007 which assumed that an April Fools joke from 1894 was actually true. The joke was sarcasm against President Grover Cleveland in the form of a fake proclamation by Cleveland calling for a national day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer in repentance for the U.S. role in overthrowing Liliuokalani.
(217) PRICE OF APOLOGY: CLINTON, OBAMA, AND THE HAWAIIAN QUID PRO QUO
(216) Anti-American rhetoric by Obama's pastor is accepted as normal in Hawaii
(215) Abdication document signed by ex-queen Liliuokalani, January 24, 1895 formally giving up the throne and swearing her allegiance to the Republic of Hawaii
(214) Republic of Hawaii Constitution adopted July 4, 1894
(213) Office of Hawaiian Affairs -- Watching the Moves It Makes in 2008 to Expand the Evil Empire (acquiring huge parcels of land; building a headquarters for its tribal nation; considering purchase of a TV station; making a settlement with Governor Lingle on ceded land back rent; taking control of Haiku Valley; demanding racial control and royalties for bioprospecting on public and private lands, etc.).
(212) Bovine flatulence -- Zero Shibai blog Kau Inoa cartoons (Overthrow victim, Kau Manua, Cow Inoa) cause OHA chair Haunani Apoliona to have a cow.
(211) Should race or religion be used as a basis for granting, prohibiting, or otherwise restricting access to certain public lands of the state of Hawaii? Testimony of Ken Conklin for the Halawa-Luluku Interpretive Development Project, January 22, 2008.
(210) Improved for 2008: Office of Hawaiian Affairs -- Watching the Moves It Makes to Expand the Evil Empire (acquiring huge parcels of land, building a headquarters for the "nation", considering purchase of a TV station, etc.)
(209) The Most Important Issue Facing the Hawaii Legislature for 2008 -- Testimony by Ken Conklin for the Kaneohe Town Meeting of January 10, 2008.
(208) B.J. Penn, famous ultimate fighter, beats up a police officer and then OHA makes him the star of a Kau Inoa commercial glorifying violence and racism.
(207) Malia Craver Kau Inoa TV/radio commercials late 2007 -- Hawaiian and English transcripts and commentary. Also a Dennis Kamakahi commercial.
(206) Hawaii Bioprospecting -- Hearings by the Temporary Advisory Committee on Bioprospecting (late 2007), and testimony by Ken Conklin
(205) Hawaii State Senate Education Committee informational briefing on charter schools, November 29, 2007, including testimony by Ken Conklin
(204) Day v. Apoliona: Lawsuit against OHA by native Hawaiians with high blood quantum gets resurrected by U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in August 2007. A motion to intervene was filed in November 2007 by a group of 6 plaintiffs with no Hawaiian native blood seeking to protect the rights of a million Hawaii citizens to share in the ceded lands trust.
(203) OHA published a 67-page document suddenly on November 13, 2007 which tried to smear the Hawaii Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights just two days before a scheduled public meeting. The document also tried to twist history to support the Akaka bill and tried to discredit earlier testimony opposing the bill. Civil rights activists rushed to produce a rebuttal to the OHA document one day later.
(202) Rumble in the U.S. House: History of the Akaka bill H.R.505, October 18-31, 2007. Full text of floor debate from Congressional Record; and yeas and nays from House Clerk on 4 roll-call votes. Followup news reports and commentary.
(201) Akaka bill -- U.S. House of Representatives Republican Study Committee official statement of October 24, 2007
(200) Akaka bill -- President George W. Bush issued a formal statement on October 22, 2007 on official stationery strongly opposing the Akaka bill and saying that his senior advisors recommend he should veto it if it reaches his desk.
(199) Gerald Horne: "The White Pacific -- U.S. Imperialism and Black Slavery in the South Seas after the Civil War." Analysis of the Hawaii-focused portions of this book.
(198) Akaka bill -- major testimony presented to the Hawaii Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights during August and September 2007
(197) Hawaii Statehood Day August 17, 2007 -- Holiday hijacked by Hawaiian sovereignty activists for celebration of 125th anniversary of Iolani Palace; Zero celebration of Statehood
(196) Akaka bill -- Testimony of Ken Conklin submitted August 17, 2007 for a hearing by the Hawaii Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
(195) Lawsuit against OHA by native Hawaiians with high blood quantum (Day v. Apoliona).
(194) 37-minute interview of Ken Conklin is the first program placed on a new internet radio website.
(193) OHA Racist Kau Inoa TV Commercials -- transcripts and analysis; plus background information about how the Kau Inoa program fits into strategy for the Akaka bill, and how much OHA has spent on lobbying
(192) Hawaiian Bones -- Rites For the Dead vs. Rights Of the Living
(191) Hawaii Advisory Committee to U.S. Commission on Civil Rights -- New members appointed July 13, 2007; Its history of supporting racial supremacy 1996-2006
(190) OHA Brand-Recognition Commercials -- Big Bucks for Self-Promotion by a Government Agency With an Evil Agenda
(189) Tribal sovereignty helps vote-count fraud succeed in changing the outcome of federal, state, and local elections
(188) Grassroot Institute of Hawaii -- A June 8, 2007 attempt by Kamehameha Schools and OHA, led by Hawaiian sovereignty secessionists, to intimidate GRIH
(187) Akaka Bill Testimony Pro and Con, 110th Congress, May 2007 (plus access to 2000-2006 testimony and hundreds of major publications in opposition)
(186) Testimony opposing S.310 (Akaka Bill) by Ken Conklin for May 3, 2007 hearing of the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. Includes addendum responding to testimony of Hawaii Attorney General Bennett.
(185) "Twisting History -- 2006 Reverend Kaleo Patterson knowingly uses fake Grover Cleveland proclamation from 1894, cites it as fact, and uses it as basis for a media blitz calling for a national day of prayer for restoration of Native Hawaiians and repentance for overthrow of monarchy. 2007 Patterson pushes resolution through Hawaii legislature citing joke proclamation as real."
(184) "Setting Shapiro Straight on Statehood and Iolani Palace"
(183) "Hawaiian Apartheid -- Racial Separatism and Ethnic Nationalism in the Aloha State" (a new book by Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. 302 pages. See cover, detailed table of contents, and entire Chapter 1, plus information on how to order the book; at http://tinyurl.com/2a9fqa
(182) "Killing Aloha" -- The 'Akaka Bill' is wrong for Native Hawaiians, wrong for the State of Hawai'i and wrong for the United States. Here's why. A section-by-section analysis of the bill (S.310/H.R.505 in the 110th Congress)" by Honolulu attorney Paul M. Sullivan
(181) "Kamehameha School Racially Exclusionary Admissions Policy, and Tax-Exempt Status" -- The U.S. Supreme Court has been asked to review the 8-7 en banc decision of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals that upheld kamehameha's racially exclusionary admissions policy. See complete history of this case, plus news reports and commentaries.
(180) Road Rage or Racial Hate Crime? (Thinking carefully about an actual incident of racial violence in February 2007, and how such violence can be used as a political tool to bolster demands for Hawaiian sovereignty)
(179) Violence and threats of violence to push demands for Hawaiian sovereignty -- past, present, and future
(178) Akaka Warns: The Natives Are Restless (Schoolyard Bully Wants Your Lunch Money)
(177) Akaka Bill and Ethnic Hawaiian Entitlements -- Dialog -- Jere Krischel vs. OHA Chair Haunani Apoliona and others, January 2007
(176) Was Liliuokalani Really Like Martin Luther King and Mahatma Gandhi? What really happened in the 1893 overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy?
(175) How Thanksgiving Came to Hawaii
(174) Nutgrass Network Conspiracy -- OHA trustees put forward a conspiracy theory to attack civil rights activists who dare to oppose their nutty, racist agenda
(173) Unconquerable Rebel: Robert W. Wilcox and Hawaiian Politics, 1880-1903 by Ernest Andrade, Jr. -- notes taken by Ken Conklin on topics of importance regarding current Hawaiian sovereignty issues
(172) Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. -- Scholarly Articles Published Before He Came Permanently To Hawaii
(171) Statehood Day and Queen's Birthday, 2006 -- Which Is More Appropriate To Celebrate At Iolani Palace (Or At All)?
(170) Hawaii Statehood Day 2006 -- Celebration at Old Territorial Capitol Building (Iolani Palace) Disrupted by Hawaiian Ethnic Nationalist Wannabe-Terrorists
(169) Ethnic Hawaiian Institutional Establishment Attacks Ed Case as Anti-Hawaiian -- Opportunity for Case to Step Forward to Oppose Akaka Bill
(168) Office of Hawaiian Affairs -- Watching the Moves It Makes to Expand the Evil Empire (acquiring huge parcels of land, building a headquarters for the "nation", considering purchase of a TV station, etc.)
(167) Native Hawaiian Businesses Booming -- U.S. Census Bureau report issued June 2006 shows that Native Hawaiians (and other Pacific islanders) are creating new businesses at triple the rate of other ethnic groups (and they are doing so without federal recognition of an Akaka tribe).
(166) KKK -- Klub Kanaka -- Office of Hawaiian Affairs confidential memo of June 2006 outlining OHA plans for setting up Hawaiian apartheid regime following failure of the Akaka bill
(165) Akaka/Inouye Plan B -- Upcoming Consolation Prize --The Hawaii Racial Entitlements Protection Act of 2006
(164) AKAKA BILL CLOTURE PETITION FILED JUNE 6, 2006; DEBATED JUNE 7, DEFEATED JUNE 8. TRANSCRIPTS, YEAS AND NAYS, NEWS AND COMMENTARIES
(163) Bush Administration "Strongly Opposes Passage" of the Akaka Bill -- Department of Justice letter to U.S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist on June 7, 2006
(162) Akaka Bill Endorsements by Ethnic Spokespersons
(161) Akaka Bill -- OHA flier "The Time is Now" mass-mailed May-June 2006 -- Comments and Corrections
(160) Akaka Bill Survey by Grassroot Institute of Hawaii released May 23, 2006
(159) What Does the United States Owe to Native Hawaiians? Two reports commissioned by Congress (Morgan 1894 and NHSC 1983) contain the answers, which are directly applicable to the Akaka bill
(158) U.S. Commission on Civil Rights -- Report Opposing the Akaka bill
(157) Akaka Bill -- Roundup of Evidence Showing Most Hawaii People and Most Ethnic Hawaiians Oppose It
(156) Twisting History -- Reverend Kaleo Patterson Cites 112 Year Old Joke as Fact And Launches Media Blitz -- National Day of Prayer set for April 30, 2006 to support ethnic Hawaiian economic and political causes, based on fake 1894 proclamation attributed to President Grover Cleveland
(155) Native Hawaiian Well-Being Statistics -- Suggestions for Improving How Data Are Gathered and Analyzed to Make Them More Useful for Scientific Study and Remedial Programs
(154) PROTECTING CIVIL RIGHTS IN HAWAI'I -- Testimony by Ken Conklin to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights regarding the Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill, S.147 and H.R.309 (Akaka bill)
(153) Iolani Palace Rockpile -- Religious Shrine Or Political Symbol? (Vandalism raises questions)
(152) Akaka Bill Dialogs (collection of several series of published articles where supporters and opponents engage each other)
(151) Akaka Bill Dialog -- Robert K. Fukuda vs. Oswald K. Stender
(150) THE MORGAN REPORT -- OFFICIAL U.S. SENATE REPORT OF 1894 REGARDING THE OVERTHROW OF THE HAWAIIAN MONARCHY. 808 pages of historical documents and testimony under oath in open hearings under cross-examination. BLOWS A BIG HOLE IN THE TWISTED HISTORY IN THE APOLOGY RESOLUTION OF 1993 AND THE AKAKA BILL. Morgan Report website released to the public on January 17, 2006 in honor of the 113th anniversary of the Hawaiian revolution. Please visit http://morganreport.org
(149) Forbes Cave Controversy (12/22/05) -- A Nexus of Religion, Politics, and Law
(148) "Newsweek" 11-28-05 Reports Karl Rove Connection with Patton Boggs $400,000 Contract with OHA to Lobby for Akaka Bill
(147) Current Status of the Akaka Bill, Mid-November 2005 -- Stealth Tactics Ahead?
(146) Hawaii State Legislature Hearings on How to Circumvent Court Decisions Unfavorable to OHA and Kamehameha Schools, October 2005
(145) Federal Recognition Denied to Two Indian Groups in Connecticut on October 12, 2005 -- Implications for the Akaka Bill
(144) Akaka Bill Amendment Formally Introduced in Senate by Conservative Republican Senator Brownback of Kansas on September 28, 2005 (Why did media ignore this for a week? Why did Senator Akaka not yet officially introduce his own alleged revision of Akaka bill published on his Senate website 3 weeks previously accompanied by great publicity?)
(143) Native Hawaiian Population To Double by 2050 -- Lilikala Says Use Population Bomb to Blow Up Current Non-Native Majority
(142) Akaka Bill Controversy Draws Congressional Attention to Illegal "Native Hawaiian" Entitlements -- House Republican Study Committee Proposes Killing $40 Million Per Year
(141) Hawaiian victimhood claims -- what are they, why are they being asserted, and how can the bad statistics be explained?
(140) Stryker Brigade Lawsuit -- Ethnic Hawaiian Activists Use A Religious Legend To Claim Racial Supremacy in Political Power -- Long-Range Attempt to Push the Military (and the United States) Out of Hawai'i (updated & improved)
(139) Akaka Bill: Replacing Democracy and Individual Rights With "Indigenous" Communal (Group) Rights
(138) Charles Reed Bishop, philanthropist who donated far more money to found Kamehameha School than the value of the land donated by his wife (Bernice Pauahi Bishop)
(137) Hawaii Statehood Day 2005 -- No Celebration on Any Island, But An Anti-Statehood Attempted Rally on Maui
(136) Anti-American Hawaiian activist protesters -- photos and links to explanatory webpages
(135) Kamehameha 9th Circuit Decision: the "Big Picture" and Some Brush-Strokes (demolishing Hawai'i's wall of apartheid one brick at a time)
(134) Map of Hawaiian islands showing some of the lands likely to be demanded by an Akaka tribe, where different laws would prevail and businesses might operate exempt from taxes and regulation.
(133) Kamehameha Schools 2005 -- 9th Circuit Court of Appeals Rules Against Racially Exclusionary Admissions Policy; Response from the Schools and the Community. Also, deeper analysis and news coverage since 2000
(132) Neighbors Living Under Different Laws -- Example of State Sex Offender Registry
(131) Akaka bill hearing before the U.S. House Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, in Washington D.C., on Tuesday July 19, 2005. Audio tapes available for downoad.
(130) Akaka Bill -- Three Important Articles Opposing It, Published July 15, 2005 Just Before Senate Consideration of the Bill -- Authors Bruce Fein, Ed Meese, Todd Gaziano, Brian McNicoll
(129) The Hawaiian Grievance Industry -- Panhandling for Race-Based Handouts and Political Power
(128) Bush administration objections to Akaka bill -- complete letter on official stationery from Assistant Attorney General of the United States, William Moschella, to Chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, John McCain, identifying major objections to the Akaka bill.
(127) "Forced assimilation may hurt Hawaiians" -- A typical combination of junk history and junk science fueling the Hawaiian grievance industry
(126) Akaka Bill Scientific Survey Report July 5, 2005 -- 67% OPPOSED out of 1696 who responded when 10,000 were called -- 45% feel strongly enough to hold it against politicians who support this bill. (Survey expanded to all 290,000 Hawai'i households reported similar results July 15.)
(125) 4th of July in Hawai'i 2005 -- Patriotism or What? (secessionist thrust of newspaper letters and editorials)
(124) U.S. Senate Republican Policy Committee 13-page report on the Akaka bill entitled: "S.147 Offends Basic American Values -- Why Congress Must Reject Race-Based Government for Native Hawaiians."
(123) Constitutional law expert Bruce Fein published a booklet opposing the Akaka bill: "Hawaii Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand." It's of special interest to scholars because it analyzes the apology resolution of 1993 as well as the provisions of the Akaka bill. The booklet can be downloaded in pdf format; and can also be seen as published in the Congressional Record.
(122) Kamehameha vs. Akaka -- Kamehameha unified Hawai'i 200 years ago; Akaka bill's main purpose is to divide Hawai'i (includes history of Kamehameha Day holiday, newspaper advertisement comparing Kamehameha's unification of a multiracial Hawai'i against divisiveness of Akaka bill)
(121) Akaka bill -- would it be a unifying force for Hawai'i if it passes? The Akaka bill -- building a bridge to the Nineteenth Century.
(120) Ken Conklin -- Personal background and anecdotes showing why the Akaka bill would be harmful to the unity of Hawai'i
(119) Ethnic Hawaiians Refusing to Sign Up on a Racial Registry -- Only 18,000 out of 400,000 ethnic Hawaiians signed up after 17 months of intense advertising and community outreach
(118) Religious Expression by Government Officials -- Is Hawai'i Becoming a Theocracy (May, 2005)?
(117) Racism in the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement (with special focus on anti-white racism)
(116) Hawaii Legislature Informational Briefing Regarding the Akaka Bill by U.S. Senators Inouye and Akaka, and U.S. Representatives Abercrombie and Case, on March 31, 2005 (Hawaiian language, Christian prayer, Legislature's failure to perform due dilligence)
(115) The Akaka Bill And Secession: The Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill (Akaka bill) is seen by its supporters as a step toward total independence for all of Hawai'i
(114) April 15 Is Income Tax Day -- But Not For Everyone
(113) Bruce Fein -- 3 published articles opposing Akaka bill inserted into Congressional Record by Senator Kyl on March 17, 2005 as Senator Kyl reaffirms his opposition to the bill
(112) Documents submitted by Laakea Suganuma and the Royal Hawaiian Academy of Traditional Arts for the NAGPRA Review Committee hearing in Honolulu in March 2005 regarding the dispute over artifacts from Kawaihae Cave (Forbes Cave)
(111) Akaka Bill Public Opinion Poll of March 2005; and Previous Scientific Surveys
(110) Attorney Hayden Burgess, alias Poka Laenui, Hawaiian sovereignty independence activist, supports the Akaka bill as a way of getting federal money while continuing to seek Independence.
(109) Testimony of Professor Rubellite Kawena Kinney Johnson (highly esteemed native Hawaiian kupuna) opposing S.147, Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill, delivered to U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs for hearing on March 1, 2005
(108) Some Testimony in Opposition to the Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization bill in the 109th Congress (S.147 and H.R.309), including a roundup of testimony from previous years, and published articles opposing the bill
(107) AKAKA BILL: A series of new or updated webpages were created toward the end of January 2005. The Akaka bill was introduced in both the Senate and the House of the 109th Congress on January 25, 2005. The bill numbers are S.147 and H.R.309. Full text of the bill is provided, along with a history of the bill in the 109th Congress that will be continuously updated. Honolulu attorney Paul M. Sullivan has updated his 61-page point-by-point analysis of the Akaka bill, including cartoons by Daryl Cagle. Speeches were given by Senators Akaka and Inouye, and Representatives Abercrombie and Case; and entered into the Congressional Record. Those speeches contain numerous historical, legal, and moral errors, along with misleading rhetoric. Professor Conklin used his red pen to make corrections and comments on those speeches. Conklin also did some "thinking out of the box" in a separate essay by proposing some serious amendments to make the bill less awful (given its purpose of creating racial separatism).
(106) Dr. Martin Luther King and Queen Lili'uokalani
(105) Book Review: Noenoe Silva, "Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism
(104) Akaka bill "debate": Hawai'i Attorney General Mark Bennett vs. Burgess, Conklin, and Fein Re Constitutionality of Hawaiian Recognition Bill
(103) Akaka bill "debate": The Washington Times newspaper, series of 3 articles focusing on issues of concern nationwide, written by constitutional law attorneys and activists pro and con
(102) The word "'ohana" is only about 50 years old. The cultural concept it names has been cobbled together from ancient customs that varied widely from place to place. Today's concept was invented for political purposes. "'Ohana" is a buzzword, neither historically authentic nor descriptive of current practices.
(101) John Philip "Pilipo" Souza -- state income tax evasion by a man with no Hawaiian native ancestry claiming to be a native-born subject of the still-living Kingdom of Hawai'i
(100) The myth of the shredded Hawaiian flag -- a false claim that the Hawaiian flag removed from ‘Iolani Palace on annexation day August 12, 1898 was cut up into pieces distributed to the annexationists as souvenirs of their victory over the Hawaiian people
(99) Hawaiian Epistemology and Education -- A claim that anyone with a drop of Hawaiian native blood has genetically and culturally encoded unique ways of knowing and learning; and therefore ethnic Hawaiian children (and other ethnic minorities to a lesser degree) have special needs for uniquely tailored curriculum and instructional methods
(98) Analysis of the terms "culture", "Native Hawaiian" and "oral history" -- Comments on NASA's Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Outrigger Telescopes Project by Honolulu attorney Paul M. Sullivan
(97) Mauna Ala (Royal Mausoleum) -- History, Mystery, Ghost Stories, and A Claim of Continuing Hawaiian Sovereign Territory
(96) Red-Shirt Pro-Apartheid March of September 6, 2004 -- "Die Jugend Marschiert"
(95) "Polynesian" Voyaging -- Political Agenda, Ethnic Dominance, Cultural Authenticity, and Blood Nationalism. An extended book review of Ben Finney, "Sailing in the Wake of the Ancestors: Reviving Polynesian Voyaging"
(94) Substantial upgrade of the Arakaki2 lawsuit webpage to include major briefs filed by plaintiffs and by defendants OHA, SCHHA, The United States, The State of Hawai'i and DHHL, and Hui Kako'o ‘Aina Ho'opulapula.
(93) Stryker Brigade Lawsuit -- Ethnic Hawaiian Activists Use A Religious Legend To Claim Racial Supremacy in Political Power -- Long-Range Attempt to Push the Military (and the United States) Out of Hawai'i
(92) Hawai'i's Fifth Column: Anti-Americanism in the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement
(91) The Treason Question -- Would you help a foreign enemy of the United States by committing espionage or sabotage against the United States in return for that country recognizing Hawai'i as an independent nation and/or pressing the case for Hawaiian independence at the United Nations?
(90) One America, One Hawai'i -- Democrat Vice Presidential Candidate John Edwards' Speech at the National Convention Complaining about Two Americas and Calling for Unity and Equality in One America -- Implications for Hawai'i
(89) OHA and DHHL Cost to State of Hawai'i Treasury: $1 Billion to Date. Estimate for Next Ten Years: $2 Billion More at the Current Expenditure Rate. See Spreadsheets On This Webpage for Details.
(88) Indigenous Intellectual Property Rights -- The General Theory, and Why It Does Not Apply in Hawai'i
(87) How President Dobelle Politicized the University of Hawai'i Regarding Hawaiian Sovereignty
(86) Analogy of the Stolen House and its mutation, Analogy of the Stolen Car
(85) Local Pride -- How It Is Different in Hawai'i From Elsewhere; How "Local People" Get to be "American Idols"; The Role of the Aloha Spirit in Local Pride
(84) Racial Supremacy Government Policies Worldwide, Compared To Hawaiian Sovereignty Proposals
(83) Fiji and Hawai'i Compared -- Racial Supremacy By Law in Fiji Resembles What Hawaiian Sovereignty Activists Are Seeking (both Akaka bill and independence proposals)
(82) ARAKAKI #2 (ARAKAKI V. LINGLE) -- Phase 2: 9th Circuit Court of Appeals -- Legal Documents and News Events From February 2004 to Now
(81) Three Choices For Hawai'i's Future: Akaka Bill vs. Independence vs. Unity and Equality
(80) Department of Education Breakup And OHA's Evil Agenda In Supporting It. Includes a subpage about the "weighted student formula."
(79) Hawai'i Bioprospecting Bill -- The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly (a bill to regulate biological research on public lands is a trojan horse for Hawaiian racial supremacy in land use policy)
(78) St. Patrick's Day was chosen by King Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III to be his "official birthday." But why did neither he nor anybody else know his actual biological birthdate?
(77) Haole Collective Guilt for Hawaiian Grievances and Pain -- major essay book review of "Then There Were None" by Martha H. Noyes (based on Elizabeth Lindsey Buyers TV docudrama)
(76) Golden Anniversary of Hawai'i's Great Statehood Petition of 1954 -- 120,000 Signatures Gathered in 2 Weeks On a Petition for Statehood for Hawai'i
(75) Native Hawaiian Bank -- How Bumpy Kanahele and Activists Seeking Reparations for Slavery are Blackmailing Bank of America as it Seeks to Merge With FleetBoston
(74) Akaka bill, Alaska Oil money, Native Alaskan Corporations, Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement, Drilling in the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge, Gambling Casinos, and Alaska Senator Ted Stevens -- How They're All Related
(73) U.S. Office of Native Hawaiian Relations Established January 2004; stealth technique of passing Akaka bill by hiding one piece at a time inside huge bills on unrelated topics.
(72) Arakaki #2 lawsuit to abolish OHA and DHHL as unconstitutional: Webpage updated with summary and newspaper articles following the dismissal of the case. The dismissal will be appealed to the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco.
(71) WHY ALL AMERICA SHOULD OPPOSE S.344 AND H.R.665, THE HAWAIIAN RECOGNITION BILL. A short summary of the most important arguments against the bill for year 2004, and a lengthy set of "footnotes" leading to webpages explaining those points.
(70) MAUNA KEA -- How the telescope campus serves the spiritual essence of this sacred place. A Hawaiian creation story, and the legends of the gods, help us understand why the best telescopes in the world should be welcome here. Updated January 2004 with news articles and testimony from environmental impact statement hearings forced by OHA lawsuit against NASA
(69) Should Judge Sandra Simms Be Retained in Office for Another 10 Years? Speak Out Now Or For 10 Years Hold Your Nose
(68) "Kahana: How the Land Was Lost" by Robert H. Stauffer. major essay book review
(67) Sanford Ballard Dole -- Elected Legislator and Appointed Supreme Court Justice of the Kingdom of Hawai'i; President of the Provisional Government and of the Republic of Hawai'i; Governor of the Territory of Hawai'i, and Presiding Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Territory of Hawai'i
(66) Red-Shirt Pro-Apartheid March of November 2003 -- A Clear Attempt to Intimidate Federal Judges and the General Public
(65) Whose Land Is It? Hawaiian Spirituality, Kingdom Law, and Modern Law All Support Racial Equality
(64) Red-Shirt Pro-Apartheid March of September 2003 and Follow-Up Newspaper Articles
(63) Full-Page Advertisement in Honolulu Advertiser October 23, 2003 Asking President Bush to Oppose the Akaka Bill (And Published Articles Regarding Governor Linda Lingle's Lobbying of President Bush During His Visit)
(62) RELIGION AND ZEALOTRY IN THE HAWAIIAN SOVEREIGNTY MOVEMENT -- HOW RELIGIOUS MYTHS ARE USED TO SUPPORT POLITICAL CLAIMS FOR RACIAL SUPREMACY IN HAWAI'I
(61) Noenoe Silva Tenure Decision by the Political Science Department at the University of Hawai'i, Manoa, Fall 2003
(60) Senator Jon Kyl of Arizona -- Complete text of his letter to voters explaining his reasons for opposing the Akaka bill (also includes links to the Sensenbrenner and Craig letters from 2001)
(59) Playing Favorites -- Da Punahele Race
(58) Native Hawaiian Opposition to the Native Hawaiian Recognition Bill
(57) Hawaiian Nationalism, Chicano Nationalism, Black Nationalism, Indian Tribes, and Reparations - Akaka Bill Sets a Precedent for Balkanizing and Dismembering America
(56) The Forbes Cave Artifacts Controversy: The official findings and recommendations of the NAGPRA National Review Committee from the May 9-11 meeting in St. Paul, MN.; released August 20, 2003
(55) The Business Community in Relation to Hawaiian Sovereignty -- What Effects Has the Sovereignty Movement Already Had on Hawai'i Businesses? What Effect Would The Akaka Bill Have On Business? How Hawaiians-Only Programs Are Big Business and How They Lobby for the Akaka Bill. What Marketing Strategies is OHA Using to Sell the Bill?
(54) The Sovereignty Biz -- OHA's Marketing of the Akaka Bill through Lobbying and Advertising
(53) Disastrous effects of the Akaka bill on local businesses and communities
(52) Disastrous effects of the Akaka bill on the democratic and constitutional rights of ethnic Hawaiians
(51) Henry Opukaha'ia (Obookiah), native Hawaiian travels to Yale University in 1809, converts to Christianity, and persuades divinity students to come to Hawai'i as missionaries in 1820.
(50) The student body at the University of Hawai'i has a significantly higher percentage of ethnic Hawaiians than would be expected by their proportion of the state's population, while Caucasians and ethnic Chinese are significantly under-represented minorities. Therefore, race-based tuition-waivers and affirmative action recruitment to promote diversity at UH would be far more appropriate for Caucasians and ethnic Chinese than for ethnic Hawaiians.
(49) Honolulu attorney Patrick W. Hanifin died June 14 at age 48. A webpage describes his work on behalf of unity, equality, and aloha for all. Included are his scholarly and legal writings on Hawaiian history, racial entitlements, and Akaka bill; testimony to federal agencies; newspaper publications.
(48) The Native Hawaiian Recognition bill (aka Akaka bill) is pork barrel ethnic politics at its worst. The primary purpose of the bill is to protect racial entitlement programs which otherwise will be ruled unconstitutional by the courts. Hawai'i's political power structure, and wealthy ethnic Hawaiian institutions, are willing to splinter Hawai'i's rainbow because of greed for money, land, and power.
(47) The "Perfect Title" scam. How Keanu Sai disrupted the land title and mortgage banking system for more than a year; how he established himself as Regent pro-tem of the Hawaiian Kingdom and made big bucks doing title searches and filing warranty deeds at the Bureau of Conveyances
(46) NAGPRA (Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act) as applied to Hawai'i -- Mokapu, Honokahua, Bishop Museum Ka'ai; Providence Museum Spear Rest; Forbes Cave Artifacts; the Hui Malama organization. FEDERAL INVESTIGATION OF THE FORBES CAVE ARTIFACTS CONTROVERSY AT MEETING OF NAGPRA REVIEW COMMITTEE IN ST. PAUL MINNESOTA MAY 9-11.
(45) Connecticut Senators Dodd and Lieberman, and Attorney General Blumenthal, oppose having more (phony) tribes recognized. Blumenthal's letter to Senator Inouye describes the bad consequences of tribal recognitions for states and local communities. Hawai'i Legislators should listen to the voices of experience. Connecticut newspaper article exposes nepotism between important Inouye advisor (Zell) and attorney representing a tribe seeking recognition.
(44) Hawai'i Statehood -- a resolution introduced in the Legislature on March 13, 2003 reviews the 110 year history of Hawai'i's struggle for Statehood and our pride in being the 50th State, despite independence activists seeking to rip the 50th star off our flag.
(43) Affirmative action leads to racial entitlements followed by balkanization and demands for independent sovereignty. Hawai'i is a case study where racial entitlement programs have created an extreme form of identity politics leading to balkanization and demands for a race-based separate government (Native Hawaiian Recognition bill)
(42) Hawaiian Racial Entitlement and Sovereignty Legislation, State of Hawai'i Legislature, Regular Session of 2003. An assemblage of bills and resolutions to give big bucks to OHA, to re-define the ceded lands and their revenues, to establish an apartheid school system, to support the Akaka bill, etc.; and testimony in opposition by H. William Burgess, Kenneth R. Conklin, and Paul M. Sullivan
(41) There are more than 160 racially exclusionary government entitlement programs benefitting only ethnic Hawaiians, in addition to private programs. These programs are valued in the Billions of dollars. The purpose of the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill is to protect these programs against court challenges that they are unconstitutional. HERE IS A LIST OF A GREAT MANY OF THESE RACIAL ENTITLEMENT PROGRAMS, WITH DOLLAR VALUES FOR SOME OF THEM.
(40) Ethnic Hawaiians and Non-Hawaiians Rank Priorities Similarly -- Education, Health, Housing, Environment Are Far More Important Than Native Hawaiian Rights, Racial Entitlements, and Ethnic Hawaiian Nationhood.
(39) The main reasons offered in support of the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill are either false or irrelevant. The bill's primary focus is racial separatism. The purpose is to protect racial entitlement programs from legal challenges, and to establish a separate apartheid government inside the State of Hawai'i restricted to ethnic Hawaiians. Supporters of the bill say it is not about race -- they say its purpose is to protect indigenous rights, self-determination, and cultural preservation; but careful study shows that is false. Claims about illegal overthrow of the monarchy, illegal annexation, and the apology bill raise the specter of secession but are not relevant to support a bill for establishment of tribal status for ethnic Hawaiians as a political entity inside the United States.
(38) On-line petition opposing the Native Hawaiian Recognition Bill. Ethnic Hawaiians and non-Hawaiians are working together to protect unity and equality. A link is provided to allow any U.S. citizen to sign this petition.
(37) Update regarding Arakaki#1 lawsuit: 9th Circuit Court of Appeals unanimously upholds District Court Judge Gillmor's ruling that Hawai'i cannot impose any racial restriction on candidacy for trustee of Office of Hawaiian Affairs
(36) The ceded lands belong to all Hawai'i's people; and there should be no allocation of ceded lands or revenues to racially exclusionary institutions. Historical, legal, and moral analysis; extensive documentation.
(35) Chapter 9 of Thurston Twigg-Smith's famous book "Hawaiian Sovereignty: Do the Facts Matter?" discusses the history of land ownership in Hawai'i. The entire chapter is copied here, courtesy of the author.
(34) Bellows Air Force Station environmental impact statement from 1995. Sovereignty activists presented their usual arguments that ethnic Hawaiians have a racial group right to own the ceded lands or to control land-use policy, based on the alleged illegality of the overthrow, annexation, and Statehood, plus the 1993 apology bill. All such claims were totally rejected with extensive historical and legal analysis.
(33) Core Attitudes of Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement -- Racial Separatism, Ethnic Nationalism, Anti-Americanism, Racial Supremacy
(32) Professor Haunani-Kay Trask: Some Speeches and Writings Illustrating the Anti-American and Anti-White Attitudes of the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement. Includes her racism letter to university student Joey Carter from 1990, her televised comments expressing pleasure at the attempted intimidation of an intellectual opponent in an attempt to suppress academic freedom at the university in 2002, and her racism speech at 'Iolani Palace in 2002 opposing bill #53 (mandatory lease-to-fee conversion for condominiums).
(31) Text and Analysis of Bush Administration Actions and Statements on Native Hawaiian Recognition Bill: December 6, 2001 Dept. of Interior Markup of S.746; September 6, 2002 statement by Secretary of Interior Gail Norton
(30) University of Hawai'i and Hawaiian Sovereignty -- A Case Study in Political Correctness Run Amok. This is a story of academic freedom trampled: intimidation against offering a "politically incorrect" course; past and present threats of violence against "politically incorrect" professors, staffers, and students; a public university harnessed by its recently hired President to serve political goals of racial separatism and ethnic nationalism.
(29) HAWAI'I STATEHOOD. On August 16, 2002 Governor Cayetano issued a formal statement affirming Hawai'i's pride in being the 50th state, and the enduring commitment of our people to unity, equality, and aloha for all. The Governor's statement can be seen here, together with a lengthy list of the positive steps toward Hawai'i Statehood spanning 110 years, from 1849-1959. See also two competing resolutions in the Legislature of 2002, one pro-Statehood and one anti-Statehood.
(28) Was Hawaiian language ever illegal in Hawai'i? Was Hawaiian language illegal in the schools? The truth about this malicious claim.
(27) Kamehameha School plans to use Hawaiian culture as a vehicle for ethnic nation-building, while also partnering with selected public schools.
(26) Andy Anderson, candidate for Democrat nomination for Governor, has a lengthy and very controversial position paper on Hawaiian sovereignty which he has circulated among the activists but has not posted on his website. His position paper is posted here for public scrutiny, and criticized.
(25) Is Kamehameha School Actually Going to Be Desegregated? The School's July 11 2002 decision, to admit a non-Hawaiian, is placed into the context of the decades-long racially exclusionary admissions policy.
(24) THE HONOR ROLL: Senators Still In the U.S. Senate Who Voted "No" On the Apology Bill in 1993. They should easily understand why S.746 Native Hawaiian Recognition bill must be defeated.
(23) Anti-American 4th of July Hawaiian Sovereignty Rally at 'Iolani Palace, July 4, 2002
(22) The Progeny of Rice v. Cayetano: A Panel Discussion at University of Hawai'i Law School, And The Journal Articles It Spawned (Discussing The Lawsuits Following After and Based Upon Rice v. Cayetano)
(21) Pride and Prejudice -- What It Means To Be Proud of a Person, Group, Nation, or Race; Racial Profiling, Racial Prejudice, and Racial Supremacy
(20) SOVEREIGNTY FRAUDS AND CON GAMES -- upgraded and expanded: Hague arbitration, Ahupua'a Restoration Council of He'eia, Income tax evasion, Hawaiian Kingdom treasury bonds, etc.
(19) MAKUA -- military training vs. Hawaiian Sovereignty -- Using environmental concerns and cultural preservation as ploys to force the U.S. military out of Makua and eventually to force the U.S. out of Hawai'i (testimony submitted to scoping hearings for Makua live fire training environmental impact statement)
(18) MAUNA KEA -- How the telescope campus serves the spiritual essence of this sacred place. A Hawaiian creation story, and the legends of the gods, help us understand why the best telescopes in the world should be welcome here.
(17) Aloha For All -- Political Activity in the Legislature and in State Regulatory Agencies, Year 2002. A resolution introduced, testimony opposing 3 OHA bills and 1 education bill, DLNR testimony regarding a NASA telescope project on Mauna Kea.
(16) ARAKAKI V. CAYETANO -- also known informally as ARAKAKI #2 -- A multiethnic group of 16 Hawai'i citizens file suit March 4, 2002 challenging the Constitutionality of both the Office of Hawaiian Affairs and the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act. This large webpage includes a press release, timeline of the ceded lands dispute, and major legal documents filed in the Arakaki #2 lawsuit.
(15) PUBLIC EDUCATION FOR ETHNIC NATION-BUILDING IN HAWAI'I: Hawaiian language immersion schools; Hawaiian culture charter schools; a proposed law to create a separate public school system explicitly controlled by racially-defined Native Hawaiians; all these things placed in context of the purpose of education, public schools vs. private schools, voucher systems, the charter school movement, and the history of education in Hawai'i.
(14) Hawai'i Statehood: The History of the Struggle to Achieve Statehood, and Current Challenges
(13) Ethnic cleansing of historical holidays from the multiracial Hawaiian Kingdom, and hijacking of American holidays for ethnic Hawaiian purposes;
(12) Nepotism, Sole-Source Contracting, and Corruption -- How OHA, Hawaiian Homelands, and Kamehameha School/Bishop Estate Make Rich Hawaiians Even Richer at Everyone Else's Expense, and how this is related to the new version of the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill;
(11) New S.1783 version of Native Hawaiian Recognition bill introduced December 7, 2001 -- full text, analysis of new content, and dishonorable stealth tactics in the Senate;
(10) Hawaiians as Mascots: Why there is emotional but irrational support for racial separatism and ethnic nationalism;
(9) Ceded Lands Decision by the Hawai'i Supreme Court;
(8) Updated Info on Akaka Bill, including Spreadsheet showing 400,000 Native Hawaiians' states of residence;
(7) The Ceded Lands Case;
(6) Sovereignty Restoration Day and Rev. Dr. Gerrit Judd;
(5) Makua Valley military training vs. Hawaiian Sovereignty;
(4) New point-by-point analysis of the latest version of the Native Hawaiian Recognition bill by attorney Paul M. Sullivan;
(3) Sovereignty frauds and con-games -- the Hague arbitration; the Ahupua'a Restoration Council of He'eia;
(2) The State of Hawai'i appeal of the Arakaki decision to the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals;
(1) From the Na'au -- thoughtful responses to a series of controversial newspaper diatribes by sovereignty activist Alani Apio
(383) Book review of James L. Haley, CAPTIVE PARADISE: A history of Hawaii (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1st ed., November 2014)
Aloha! Below are 11 basic topics. Click on the topic that interests you, and you will find links to all related items. Many items are included in more than one topic. This website has about 950 independent essays or legal documents about Hawaiian sovereignty issues. Each item can be individually bookmarked with its own URL (internet address). Some of these items are informal and fairly short, while others are lengthy legal articles with hundreds of footnotes.
General Introduction to Sovereignty Issues for Newcomers
Historical Issues: Overthrow, Annexation, Indigenous Status, etc.
Reparations: Does the U.S. Owe Anything to Ethnic Hawaiians?
Land Issues: "Stolen Lands," Ceded Lands, Gathering Rights
Federal Recognition: The Native Hawaiian Recognition bill (The Akaka Bill), Indian Tribe Recognition, etc.
For Lawyers and Law Students: Formal, lengthy, heavily-footnoted essays including articles from law journals; legal briefs and court decisions; and some less formal discussions of legal issues. All items included here are used for other topics above; but they are gathered here because they have a legal focus.
The role of religion in Hawaiian history and sovereignty. How the ancient native Hawaiian religion is being revived to serve the political goal of establishing race-based sovereignty. How the native religion and Christian religion shaped culture and politics in the Kingdom of Hawaii. Compilation of selected webpages and books.
The Business Community in Relation to Hawaiian Sovereignty -- What Effects Has the Sovereignty Movement Already Had on Hawai'i Businesses? What Effect Would The Akaka Bill Have On Business? How Hawaiians-Only Programs Are Big Business and How They Lobby for the Akaka Bill. What Marketing Strategies is OHA Using to Sell the Bill?
Ken Conklin's Candidacy for OHA Trustee, Fall 2000
RECENT ESSAYS BY KEN CONKLIN ABOUT TOPICS NOT PRIMARILY FOCUSED ON HAWAIIAN SOVEREIGNTY
32 SCHOLARLY ESSAYS BY KEN CONKLIN PUBLISHED IN ACADEMIC JOURNALS BEFORE HE CAME PERMANENTLY TO HAWAII