Ghana has a tropical climate moderate temperatures, constant breeze and
clear, continuous sunshine most of the year. Temperature range is 21° - 32°C
in the shouth and 24° - 38°C in the north.
Beautiful, Unspoilt Sandy Beaches
Along the length of its Atlantic Coast are miles and miles of palm fringed
golden beaches, many of which sport historic forts and castles built in the
15th to 18th centuries by Europeans trading in gold and slaves.
African-Americans and other visitors often pause and ponder on these
monuments to a bygone era.
There are rains between April and July and the dry season occurs from
October to March. July to November are the "greenest" months while the sunny
beaches provide a warm welcome for visitors from the winter cold in Europe
and North America.
Ghana is a healthy country and tourist areas are adequately provided with
health facilities - yellow fever vaccination is required and visitors should
take a preventative dose of malaria tablets.
A Rich and Unique Culture
hinterland of Ghana offers some of the best of the sights and sound which
attract tourists to Africa: tropical forests and savannah; wildlife parks;
the culture of ancient black kingdoms like Ashanti; traditional African
village scapes; goldmines; cocoa farms; cultural festivals; tropical fruits
and herbal plants; African dishes, costumes and music.
For art, antique and souvenir collectors Ghana tempts with an array of
"Africana" in woodcarving, gold , silver, leather, colourful "kente" cloth,
traditional African wear, beads and strawcraft.
Getting around is easy. English is the official language and is widely
spoken. Some major Ghanaian languages are: Twi, Ga, Fante, Hausa, Dagbani,
Ewe and Nzema. There is a good road network as well as domestic air
services. An interesting and unusual mode of transport is by boat on the
vast Lake Volta.
There is a nationwide network of excellent State Transport Corporation
buses; airconditioned tourist buses are also for hire. One of the most
attractive aspects of Ghanaian cultural life is that of the colourful
festivals and durbars which are held in all parts of the country from April
diverse in nature, the festivals have a common purpose and features. Through
these festivals people remember their past leaders and ask for help and
protection. Lastly, festivals are held in order to purify the whole state so
that the people can enter the new year with confidence and hope.
Thousands of people including foreigners from all walks of life, travel all
over the country to witness the festivals. All told, the festivals have the
effect of creating in the people a feeling of pride in their cultural
heritage and spiritual affinity. When you are at a festival, try and visit a
home. The famous hospitality of the Ghanaian, his warmth, friendliness as
well as the distinctive charm of the Ghanaian housewife are best experienced
by a guest in a Ghanaian home on festive occasions.
Check carefully on dates of festivals. Important ones include Dipo Puberty
Rites (Krobo Odumase); Bakatue (Elmina, Central Region); Homowo (Greater
Accra Region); Odwira (Akwapim, Eastern Region); Akwasidae (Kumasi, Ashanti
Region) and Hogbetsotso (Volta Region). There are many others.
Historic Forts, Castles and Monuments
Ghana's golden coastline along the Gulf of Guinea is unique in Africa for
the number of ancient forts and castles built by the various European
nations - initially by the Portuguese and later by the Swedish, Dutch,
Danish, British and Prussians.
In fact there are the remains of over one hundred such castles and forts in
Ghana. Two which are a visitor's "must" are the earliest at Elmina,
completed by the Portuguese in 1482 and Cape Coast Castle dating from 1652.
The size and strength of these buildings need to be seen to be appreciated -
try to view them from the sea or beach as well as the land approach.
Cape Coast Castle also houses the West African Historical Museum and was
actually the seat of government until the capital was moved to Accra in
Ghana Museums and Monuments Board is legally responsible for protecting
Ghana's cultural heritage and looks after a number of traditional buildings,
many in and near Kumasi in the Ashanti region as well as historic mosques,
walls and palaces in the Northern and two Upper Regions.
Each of Ghana's ten regions has buildings and sites of interest to the
discerning visitor. Care should be taken to plan itineraries in advance.
Professional advice is available from representatives of the Ghana Tourist
Board and registered travel agencies.
Fascinating Wildlife and Vegetation
has varied plant and wildlife system ranging from dense tropical rain forest
in the southwest through deciduous forest in the center to dry savannah
country in the north where the effects of the Harmattan winds are felt from
Nothern Ghana is a particularly interesting area of the country well worth
the effort to visit and contains the Mole National Park, 140km southwest of
Tamale which is the largest and most developed of the wildlife sanctuaries.
Antelope, monkeys, elephant, lion and leopard are among the animals to be