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2013 League Rules


2013  RULES

1.	General

a.	All regular-season series consist of four games.

b.	The home team designated on the season’s schedule (section 16) is the home team for the first two games in each series; the visiting team in the first two games is the home team in the final two games.

c.	For each game played, the team batting first must announce its starting pitcher first.  Starting lineups are developed after the other team announces its pitcher.  The team batting first must announce its lineup first.

d.	Games may be played in any sequence except:

(1)	Intradivision games scheduled for the season’s second half may not be played until all league games scheduled for the first half are played (note: it is permissible to play six intradivision games against an opponent in each half of the season; when this is done, the last two first half games and the first two second half games are considered to be part of the same series).

(2)	An equal number of interdivision games must be played in each half of the season.

e.	All advanced and optional rules announced by APBA are used, except:

(1)	As modified by these league rules.

(2)	Ballpark and wind effects.

(3)	All board results “Z ball or ZZ ball” are played as “Z ball 2 or ZZ ball 2”.

f.	Managers should insure that the newest playing boards issued by APBA are used by both teams.  If two sets of boards are inadvertently and actively used during a series, and a discrepancy between the boards is noted, the newest boards in use during that series prevail.


2.	Use of Basic, Master, and Computer Games

a.	The Master Game is used for all games unless both managers agree to use the Basic or Computer game.

b.	When using the Computer Game:

(1)	The home team in each game is responsible for insuring that a scorecard, adequate for continuing the game with the Master Game if necessary, is maintained.

(2)	Base stealing may be attempted only in circumstances under which it is permitted in the Master Game.

3.	Use of pitchers

a.	A different pitcher must start each game of a four-game series.

b.	Starting pitchers must pitch at least five innings unless they allow four runs, or are forced by injury or ejection to leave the game.

c.	None of the four starters in any series may relieve in that series.  Exception: a pitcher with a dual starting/relieving grade may start in a playoff series if he has not relieved in the previous two games within that series.

d.	Relief pitcher limitations

(1)	Basic and Master Game

(a)	Relief pitchers may pitch a maximum of four innings per four-game series at their regular grade.  If they pitch beyond four innings, their grade is reduced to “1” following their twelfth out in the series.

(b)	A pitcher with a starting grade who has not started a game during a given series may pitch any number of innings in relief in his first appearance in that series.  If he pitches four or more innings in that appearance, he may not pitch again during the series.  Unless he has a dual starting/relieving grade, however, he may not receive a grade increase against the first batter he faces when entering a game after an inning has begun.  If he does have a dual starting/relieving grade, his grade reverts from the relieving to the starting grade (if this is a reduction) after he pitches his twelfth out of the game; otherwise, his regular grade is used throughout his appearance (unless advanced or reduced per normal APBA rules).  Exception: in a playoff series, a pitcher with a starting grade is not restricted by this rule if he has not pitched in the two previous playoff games.

(2)	Computer Game – relief pitchers must be removed from the game when reduced by section 3d(1).

e.	A three-man pitching rotation may be used for playoff series.

f.	The four-inning relief pitcher restrictions described in section 3d are changed to three innings in best-of-three playoff series, and seven innings in best-of-seven playoff series.

g.	Players whose first listed defensive position on their card is pitcher cannot attempt to steal a base unless forced to do so by the playing boards.  When they are a runner on first base the hit-and-run play may not be attempted.

4.	Use of non-pitchers

a.	Players may be used only at defensive positions indicated on their cards.  They may not voluntarily be removed from a game if the move would require the use of a defensive player unrated at the position he would assume.

b.	When appropriate defensive substitutions for vacant positions are unavailable due to injury or ejection, any non-pitcher may be used.  In the Master Game, always consult Fielding Three for defensive plays by such substitutes.

c.	Defensive position changes are not permitted unless accomplished via substitutions.  Examples:

(1)	A left fielder may not exchange positions with a center fielder.

(2)	A left fielder may be replaced by a bench substitute.

(3)	The left fielder in section 4c(2) may move to another position since a bench substitute replaced him.

(4)	A second baseman and shortstop may not exchange positions at the same time an outfield substitution is made because the substitution in no way affects the second baseman and shortstop.

d.	Players rated J-3 or J-4 must be rested as follows:

(1)	Players rated J-3 may appear in a maximum of two games in a best-of-three series, three games in a four-game series, and six games in a best-of-seven series.

(2)	Players rated J-4 may appear in a maximum of two games in a four-game or best-of-three series, and four games in a best-of-seven series.

5.	Pitching grade advancements

a.	A relief pitcher with a dual starting/relieving grade advances whenever the total consecutive innings he has pitched entitle him to advancement under his starter’s grade.  This advancement occurs after reverting from his relieving to his starting grade per section 3d(1)(b).

b.	The count of consecutive innings pitched begins at the start of each inning.

c.	Relief pitchers are eligible for first-batter five-point increases if the batter they face is not the first batter of a half inning.

6.	Designated hitters

a.	Designated hitters are used at all times.

b.	Any plate appearance by a pitcher whose primary defensive position is pitcher, is recorded as a strikeout.

7.	Hit-and-run

a.	For hit-and-run purposes in the Basic Game, players with double hitting columns and no 11 in the first column are considered to have a 10 in the first column if they have at least one 11 in the second column.

b.	When play result “13” occurs on a hit-and-run attempt in the Master Game, score the play as a strikeout and a stolen base attempt.

8.	Injuries

a.	Injuries are effective for half the period determined by applying appropriate J ratings.  When fractions of games are obtained in these calculations, round up to the higher number.  Example: a 17-game injury is effective for nine league games.

b.	An injured player is considered injured only in games against the team he was playing when injured.

c.	Regular season injuries are disregarded for playoff series.

d.	Playoff injuries are disregarded after a series ends.

9.	Trading

a.	Trading is permitted between the end of the playoffs and noon (EDT), July 1, of the following season.

b.	At all times during the season, team rosters must contain at least 22 active players (inactive players are those roster players without a current card).  There is no upper limit on roster players.

c.	Draft choices may be traded, but only those for the next draft.

d.	Trades must be reported by both teams to the President by the trading deadline (section 9a).

e.	Trades become effective when notification is received by league members in the weekly newsletter, is posted on the league web site, or is communicated via e-mail from the President or his designate.  Exceptions:

(1)	Games between teams that have made trades may be played with the traded players on their new teams before notification is received.

(2)	Trades executed during the period between the President’s issuance of the “Draft Sequence” and the conduct of the draft become effective at the draft’s completion, even if  posted on the league web site before the draft..

10.	Rainouts

a.	A rainout incurred before a game becomes official is disregarded.

b.	A game rained out after it is official is terminated.  Exceptions: a rainout is disregarded if an official game is tied, or if a suspended game results.

11.	Draft

a.	The draft is conducted on the Sunday morning nearest March 15 each year.

b.	Each team is permitted to protect any player on its roster, including inactive players.

c.	The number of draft choices each team owns is determined by subtracting its number of protected players from 26.

d.	Only players issued current, non-XB and non-XC cards are eligible to be drafted.  When APBA issues more than 22 current cards per team (excluding XB and XC cards), J-4 players may not be drafted.

e.	The draft sequence is based upon team winning percentages in the previous regular season.

(1)	In the first round, non-playoff teams draft first through sixth in order of decreasing won-lost percentage.  Playoff teams draft seventh through eleventh in order of increasing won-lost percentage.

(2)	In subsequent rounds, non-playoff teams draft first through sixth in order of increasing won-lost percentage.  Playoff teams draft seventh through eleventh in order of increasing won-lost percentage.

(3)	The only exception to the above is that the league champion drafts twelfth in all rounds, regardless of record.

(4)	Ties are broken in favor of the team with the higher number of wins in competition with the other tied team(s) during the regular season.  If that outcome is even, a dice roll is employed to break ties.

(a)	For playoff teams, the result is applied to all rounds of the draft.

(b)	For non-playoff teams, the team winning the tiebreaker chooses to draft before the team losing the tiebreaker, in either the first round or in all subsequent rounds.

f.	After teams have drafted the allotted number of players, each team has the opportunity to exchange any drafted or protected player for any undrafted player.  The sequence of selection is the same as that in section 11e(2).  Any player released during this exchange is eligible to be chosen by any other team in its turn.  The exchange proceeds in sequence until no team wishes to make any further exchange.

12.	Playoffs

a.	In each series, teams alternate between “home” and “visitor”; the team with the higher regular season winning percentage is “home” in the first game (ties are broken by dice roll).  Exception: first place teams are always “home” when playing non-first place teams.  Other variations are permitted if agreed to by both managers.

b.	Ties

(1)	Two-way ties for first or third place are broken by a best-of-three series.

(2)	Three-way ties for first or third place are broken by best-of-three series as follows:

(a)	One team receives a bye, determined by best record against the other two tied teams (first priority); best record within division (second priority); or coin flip (third priority).

(b)	The other two teams play.  They alternate between “home” and “visitor”; the “home” advantage is determined by the same sequence as in section 12b(2)(a).

(c)	The winner of the previous series plays the team with the bye; the “bye” team is the visiting team in all games.  This series winner is the division champion (if the three-way tie had been for first place), or the third place team (if the tie had been for third place).

(3)	A three-way tie for second place is broken by the sequence in section 12b(2), except:

(a)	The team receiving the bye is the team with the worst record when applying the section 12b(2)(a) criteria.

(b)	The loser of the first series plays the team with the bye; the “bye” team is the home team in all games.  The first series winner is the second place team, and the second series winner is the third place team.

c.	The second and third place teams in each division meet in a best-of-seven series.

d.	The winners of the first series play the first place team in the other division in a best-of-seven semifinal series.

e.	The semifinal winners meet in a best-of-seven championship series.

f.	If the championship series is played between teams from both divisions, the site is in the division that wins the most interdivision games during the regular season.

13.	Rules changes

a.	A three-member Rules Committee screens all proposed rules changes and determines which to recommend to the league.  A permanent Rules Committee chairman is elected by league membership.  The other members are appointed by the President, and serve two-year staggered terms.

b.	A two-thirds affirmative vote is required to adopt rules changes recommended by the Rules Committee.

c.	A unanimous affirmative vote is required to adopt rules changes not submitted to, or recommended by, the Rules Committee.

d.	Each team is allotted one vote.  Teams with more than one manager must divide their vote equally among their managers.

e.	Rules changes are considered at the league’s draft.  Approved changes become effective the next calendar year.  Exception: approved changes 
become effective immediately if so agreed by unanimous vote.

f.	The Rules Committee currently consists of Paul McGowan (chairman), Karl Hasselbarth, and Tim Haller.

14.	President replacement

a.	The President’s term of office is indefinite.

b.	Prior to August 1, league members desiring a new President must so notify the Rules Committee chairman.  If four or more notifications are received, the chairman announces through the weekly newsletter that he will conduct an election at the league’s September meeting.

c.	At the September meeting, nominations are made by secret ballot.  Anyone who has been a league member for at least one calendar year as of September 1 is eligible for election.

d.	A “primary” secret ballot is held to identify the two most popular candidates.  These individuals then leave the meeting while the remaining members discuss their strengths and weaknesses.

e.	A final vote among all league members is held to choose a new President (or, possibly, to re-elect the previous one).  If a new President is elected, he takes office at the close of the current season’s playoffs.

f.	If the President vacates his office under any circumstances other than those described in section 14b, the Rules Committee chairman becomes interim President until the election process of sections 14c through 14e can be effected.

15.	Miscellaneous

a.	Errors made when referring to the playing boards may not be corrected after the dice roll for the next batter.

b.	The defensive manager may decline to have his catcher throw on any stolen base attempt.

c.	All second column hitting numbers are always hits.

d.	Teams must play a series with a maximum of 26 active players.  When both teams exceed 26, the team designated as home team in section 16 must announce its active roster first. 

e.	In the Master Game with a runner on third base and play result 6 from a player with double columns, observe the playing board result as literally indicated: play result 6 (regardless of the column from which it is derived) is changed to play result 5.

f.	Corrections of card or Master Game symbol errors are utilized in the Basic and Master Games provided the corrections are acknowledged by APBA.  Recognized corrections become effective when notification is received by league members in the weekly newsletter.

g.	First half interdivision games are played in Baltimore on the first Sunday in May.  Second half games are played in Washington on the first Sunday after Labor Day.

h.	Report game results and updated statistics to Roy Langhans by mail, e-mail, or telephone.

i.	League telephone calls are not permitted after 9 PM except to Bart Haller, Roy Langhans, Ted McDonald, Paul McGowan, and Leon Uzarowski (all 10 PM).


16. Schedule

                                                        APRIL                      MAY                 JUNE              AUGUST             SEPTEMBER        OCT.  

Series number	 ――→	  1      2      3      4      5      6      7      8      9    10    11    12    13    14    15    16    17    18    19    20    21

 #1 Trailblazers            	  3      6      5      6      2      4      5      3      9      7    12      6      2      4      2    10    11     8       4      3      5

#2 Blizzard			  4      3      6      3      1      5      6      4    11    12      9      3      1      5      1      8      7    10      5      4      6

#3 Bohs			  1      2      4      2      5      6      4      1    10    11      7      2      5      6      5      9      8    12      6      1      4    

#4 OldBays			  2      5      3      5      6      1      3      2    12      8    11      5      6      1      6      7    10      9      1      2      3

#5 Exit				  6      4      1      4      3      2      1      6      8      9    10      4      3      2      3    11    12      7      2      6      1

#6 Rumrunners		  5      1      2      1      4      3      2      5      7    10      8      1      4      3      4    12      9     11      3      5      2

#7 Warriors    			  9    12    11    12      8    10    11      9      6      1      3    12      8    10      8      4      2      5     10      9    11

#8 Rebels			10      9    12      9      7    11    12    10      5      4      6      9      7    11      7      2      3      1     11    10    12

#9 Big News 			  7      8    10      8    11    12    10      7      1      5      2      8    11    12    11      3      6      4     12      7    10

#10 Pylons			  8    11      9    11    12      7      9      8      3      6      5    11    12      7    12      1      4      2      7       8      9

#11 Blues			12    10      7    10      9      8      7    12      2      3      4    10      9      8      9      5      1      6      8     12      7

#12 Roughriders		11      7      8      7    10      9      8    11      4      2      1      7    10      9    10      6      5      3      9     11      8      

note:  Underlining indicates series for which teams listed in left column are home teams; e.g., teams #3, #4, #6, #9, #10, and #12 are home for series 1.  First half of season ends with se