From the History of
This map is from http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nycoloni/schenmp.html.
The numbers represent the land assigned to the
various patrons. I am related to the Van Slyck family
that owned Van Slyck’s
Some of the
Pieter Janse Boorsboom, brick maker
Arent Andriese Bratt
Philip Hendrickse Brouwer, brewer
Reyer Schermerhorn – One of 1684 Patentees
Teunise Cornelise Swart
Robert Livingston wrote:
This sad story should not pass from our
memory but remain engraved on it and we should grieve over our sins rather than
bewail our loss, for it is clearly shown that when the measure of our
iniquities is full, we are cut down and almost exterminated, of which the
present smoking ruins of houses and barns bear ample witness before the eyes of
our few remaining people. As to the causes of this bloody war, which they
pretend originated with us, jealousy arising from the trading of our
people...seems to be the principal one, for the Indians, that is to say, the
Five Nations, were very friendly disposed toward us. The French begrudged us
this and therefore made every effort to make them hostile to us.... The
French...invited several Indians to come into the[ir]...fort to be entertained...but they met with a
different reception, for as soon as they entered the fort they were bound
securely and carried off to Cubeck [
The bloodthirsty people [the French and
their Indian allies], then, to accomplish their evil purpose, according to
their own statement made the journey from
The women and children fled mostly into
the woods, almost naked and there many froze to death.... Oh, we poor,
miserable people, how we were scattered during that dreadful night, the husband
being separated from his wife and the children from both, one hiding for 2 or 3
days in the woods and in swampy and marshy land, where God in His mercy
nevertheless did not forget them....
The rest, then, who escaped the bloody
sword, were condemned to be prisoners, but here again God's guiding hand
clearly appears, for many sorrowful women and children and some old men, seeing
this dreadful journey ahead of them, which meant practically death, doubtless
offered up their prayers to God, who from the depths of their woe granted them
delivery.... Considering that the old men and children and also the women would
be a hindrance to them in their flight, they [the French and their allies]
discharged them from their place of confinement to the great joy of all....
In all as many as 60 people have been murdered by these fiends and 40 houses and 22 barns, all filled with cattle, have been almost completely destroyed.
There is more information about the Massacre at:
Many of my ancestors suffered during
this massacre. Many died, others were taken to
"In which is set
forth the horrid cruellties practised
by the French and Indians on the night
of the 8th of last February. The which I did compose last night, in the space of one hour,
and am now writing the morning of Fryday, June 12, 1690. W.W."
God prosper long our King and Queen,
Our lives safeties all,
A sad misfortune once there did
From forth the woods of
The Frenchmen tooke their way
The people of
To captivate and slay.
They march'd for dais
All thro' the deepest snow
And on dismal Winter Night
They strucke the Cruel Blow.
The lightsome sun that rules the Day
Had gone down in the West;
And eke the drowsy Villagers
Had sought and found
They thought They were in Safetie all,
And dreampt not of the Foe;
But att They all awoke,
For They were in their pleasant Beddies,
And soundelie sleeping, when
Each door was sudden open broke
By six or seven Men.
The Men and Women, Younge Olde,
And weke the Girls and Boys,
All started up in great Affright,
Att the alarming Noise.
They then were murther'd in their Beddes,
Without shame or remorse;
And soon the Floores and Streets were strew'd
With many a bleeding corse.
The Village soon began to Blaze
Which shew'd the horrid sight--
But, O, I scarce can Beare to Tell
The Mis'ries of that Night.
They threw the Infants in the Fire,
The Men they did not spare;
but killed All which they could find
Tho' Aged or tho' Fair.
O Christe! In the still air,
It sounded dismally,
The Women's Prayers and the loud screams
Of their great Agony.
Methinks as if I hear them now
All ringing in my ear;
The Shrieks and Groanes and Woefull sighs,
They utter'd in their Fear
But some ran off to
And told the dolefull Tale;
Yett tho' We gave our cheerful aid,
It did not much avail.
And we were horribly afraid,
And shook with Terror, when
They told us that the Frenchmen were
More than a Thousand Men.
The news came on the Sabbath morn
Just att the Break of Day,
and with a companie of Horse
I galloped away
But soone We found the French were gone
With all their great Booty;
And then their Trail We did pursue
As was our true Dutye.
Our soldiers fell upon their Reare,
And killed twenty-five,
Our Young Men were so much enrag'd
They took scarce One alive.
D'Aillebout Then did commande,
Which were but Theevish Rogues,
Else why did they consent and goe
With Bloodye Indian Dogges?
The Which you just have redde;
I wish that it may stay on earth,
Long after I am dead
Walter Wilie -
(So it shall Mr. Wilie, and may you rest in peace.)
THE FOLLOWING ARE THE NAMES OF THOSE KILLED AND TAKEN CAPTIVE ON THAT NIGHT.
In addition to the soldiers in the fort those recorded as being killed in the massacre were: Myndert Wemp, Jan Dirkse Van Eps and three children, Barent Janse Van Ditmars and his son, Cornelis, Andries Arentse Bradt and one child,
Maria Viele (wife of Douw Aukes), two children, Mary Aloff
(wife of Cornelis Viele,
Jr.) Sweer Teunises
Van Velsen, his wife, Antje
Janse Spoor, Hendrick Meese Vrooman, Bartholomew Vrooman (father and brother of Adam), Gerrit
Marcellis, wife and child, Robert Hesselingh,
Sander Van Brakel, Jan Roeloffse,
The following are recorded as having been taken prisoners:
Isaac Swits and son Cornelis, Johannes
Teller, John Wemp (son of Myndert
Wemp, above), Symon,
Abraham, Philip, Dyrck and Claas
Groot, all five sons of Symon
Groot Sr. Jan Baptist Van Eps son of Jan Dirkse Van Eps, Albert and Johannes Vedder,
sons of Harmon Vedder, Arnout
Janse, Barent Vrooman, so of Adam. Claas son of Harmens Van de Bogart.
Most of the captives were returned to the valley from one to seven years
was gathered from tradition then floating about among the aged people of that day, with whom Mr. Yates had an
"In the beginning of the month of July, 1748, Mr. Daniel (Toll) and his favorite servant Ryckert, went in search of some stray horses at Beukendahl, a locality about three miles from this city. They soon heard, as they supposed, the tramping of horses; but on nearer approach the sound they mistook for that made by horses hoofs on the clayey ground, proceeded from the quoits with which some Indians were playing.
discovered his danger too late, and fell pierced by the bullets of the French
savages, for such they were. Ryckert, more fortunate,
took to his heels and fled. He reached
In less than an hour about sixty volunteers were on the march to Beukendahl. The greater part of these were young men and such was their zeal that they would not wait until the proper authorities had called out the militia. Without discipline or experience and even without a leader, they hastened to the Indian camp.
Those in advance of the main body, before they reached the enemy, were attracted by a singular sight. They saw a man resembling Mr. Toll sitting near a fence in an adjoining field, and a crow flying up and down before him.
On coming nearer they discovered it to be the corpse of Mr. Toll with a crow attached to it by a string.
This proved to be a stratagem of the Indians to decoy their adversaries. the Schenectadians fell, alas, too easily into the snare laid for them, and were in a few moments surrounded by the Indians who had been lying in ambush. Thus taken by surprise, they lost many of their number, and some were taken prisoners before they could make good their retreat.
They however, succeeded in reaching the house of Mr. DeGraff in the neighborhood, which had been for some time deserted. But while retreating they continued to fire upon their enemy. On reaching Mr. DeGraff's house they entered, bolted the doors, and ascended to the second floor. Here they tore off all the boards near the eaves, and through the opening thus made, fired with success at the savages and succeeded in keeping them at bay. In the meantime Dirck van Vorst, who had been left in the charge of two young Indians, effected his escape.
The 2 youngsters
were anxious to see the fight and secured their prisoner by tieing
him to a tree and left him alone. He succeeded in getting his knife from his
pocket and cutting the cord with which he was bound. On the approach of the
On this occasion there were 32 citizens killed. Of these we are able to give the names of Jacob Glen, (cousin of Col. Glen), Peter Vrooman, John Darling, Adam Conde, Van Antwerpen, Cornelius Viele, Nicholas DeGraff and Adrian Van Slyck; wounded, Ryer Wemp, Robinson and Wilson; prisoners, Abraham DeGraff and his son William, John Phelps, Harmen Veeder and Lewis Groot.
The bodies of DeGraff and Glen were found lying in a close contact with their savage antagonists, with whom they had wrestled in deadly strife.
The corpses were
The De Graaf House, Beukendaal
The following persons were a part of the 20 persons killed by the Indians
Daniel Toll b.
Frans van der Bogart, Jr. bp.
Jacob Glen, Jr. (cousin of Col. Glen) b.1679, 2nd Cousin
Adam Conde, b. ca 1710, No relation
Daniel van Antwerpen, bp. 16 Oct 1707, 3rd cousin
J. P. van Antwerpen,, bp. 11 Nov 1721, 3rd Cousin
Cornelius Viele, b.
Nicholas DeGraff, b.
Adrian Van Slyck, bp.
John A Bradt , bp
John Marinus, bp 13 Feb 1712, No relation
Lt. John Darling, no
relation, 6 of his men were killed
13 or 14 men were taken prisoner
5 of Lt. Darling’s men were taken prisoner
Dirk Van Vorst probably died, bp. 25 Aug 1705, 1st & 2nd Cousin
possibly related bp.
Ryer Wemp, bp bp
Johannes Seyer Vrooman Unknown
Albert John Vedder after
Frank Conner, No relation
John Phelps, Unknown
Harmon Veeder, Unknown
Lewis Groot b. 29 Nov 1712, 2nd cousin
Robertson & Wilson Wounded
about the persons I have referenced above may be found in My Ancestors section
of this web site.
Schenectady County Church Records http://www.schenectadyhistory.org/churches/churchvs.html
This page was last revised on18 August 2010