RENSSELAER COUNTY was taken from Albany County in 1791. Greatest length 30, greatest breadth 22 miles centrally distant from New York
N. 156, and from Albany E. 10 miles. The The eastern portion of the county is broken and hilly, and in some places rather mountainous and
interspersed with fertile valleys. The central and western part is diversified with hills, and a gently undulating surface. The whole of the county,
except the towns of Schaghticoke, Pittstown, Hoosick, and north part of Lansingburg and part of Troy, is comprised within the Rensselaerwyck patent, leased under the ordinary rent, in farms, at ten bushels of wheat the hundred acres. The county contains 13 towns and the city of Troy . (Historical Collections of the State of New York, Past and Present, John Barber, Clark Albien & Co. 1851)
Information about Schaghticoke may be found here: http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/na/sgtke.html
In 1709, the Albany government conveyed lots to Johannes De Wandelaer, Jr., John Harmanse Visscher, Corset Veeder, Daniel Ketelhuyn, Johannes Knickerbacker, Louis Viele, and Dirck Van Vechten - all of whom went there to live. Additional plots later were granted to
Martin de Lamont, Wouter Quackenbush, Peter Yates, David Schuyler, Wouter Groesbeck, Philip Livingston, Ignace Kip, Cornelis Vandenbergh, aothers.Initially, these "sales" were leases. Later, leases became ownership deeds. Some of the first Schaghticoke landholders were younger
sons of established Albany families. Others were more marginal but long-standing city people seeking a new start in the Hoosick Valley.
Livingston and others obtained Schaghticoke titles for investment purposes. Many of thes persons are found in mm family history.
Shaghticoke Indian Tribe
The Schaghticoke Tribe was first documented as an Indian community within the Housatonic Valley of Connecticut Colony as early as the
seventeenth century. Under the leadership of its first recorded Sachem, Gideon Mauwee, the Tribe became a refuge for Indians who were fleeing colonists. The 18th century community consisted of 500-600 members, mostly of Mahican, but including those of Oweantinock, Pequot,
Pootatuck, and Tunxis descent.
The 18th century Tribe followed a traditional seasonal round of group movements involving a winter-spring village, a summer village, and
numerous smaller camps at which economic activities occurred, such as fishing, hunting, tin crafting, and collecting materials for basket and
broom-making. The community supported itself through a mixed economy of maize agriculture, home gardens, hunting and fishing, and small
livestock farming. Tribal members added to these subsistence activities by selling woodsplint baskets, brooms, canoes, tin products, and other
wood objects to white farmers and shopkeepers.
Dutch Reformed Church
The Dutch Reformed Church at Schaghticoke dates from 1714 - although it relied on missionary service from Albany and elsewhere. The first log cabin church was destroyed during an Indian raid. Its surviving records date from 1750. A new church was built in 1760. Beginning in
1715, parish burials were made in the Knickerbocker family plot.
Baptisms at the Schaghticoke Dutch Reformed Church 1752-1866
Marriages at the Schaghticoke Dutch Reformed Church 1750-1868
Rensselaerswyck is the large tract of land first granted to Killiaen Van Rensselaer in 1629. It was approximately 24 miles X 48 miles in size and included all of the present Albany Co. except Fort Orange/Albany. It was located on both sides of the Hudson River. It also included the
southern 2/3 of modern Rensselaer Co. The Van Rensselaers owned the land for over two centuries.. Additional information is found here:
Information about the Van Rensselaers – mighty patroons of Rensselaerswyck is found here:http://www.raken.com/american_wealth/manor_lords/manor_lords1.asp
Rensselaer County Political Graveyard http://politicalgraveyard.com/geo/NY/RE.html
Rensselaer County GenWeb http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nyrensse/
Rensselaer County Church Records http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyrenss2/RensChurchIndex.htm
Baptisms at the Gilead Lutheran Church 1777, October to December
Marriages at the Gilead Lutheran Church of Center Brunswick
Interments in Rensselaer County Cemeteries http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nyrensse/cem1.htm
PLACES OTHER ANCESTORS LIVED
Albany and New Amsterdam
WEB MASTER:Richard Hayes
This page was last revised on 18 August 2010