13 January 1860 The Dean of Carlisle on Teetotalism This is a long report but the piece that relates to Whitby says that "Whitby was a seaport abounding with drunken sailors" - The curate had been trying for years to increae his congregation but had not been able to get the sailors into his church, so he started visiting them in their homes in the evening and found that the cause of their absence was drink. He talked to them about the evils of drink, becoming teetotal himself, and got others to join him. Eventually the town saw a great reformation and it had improved greatly. He had added 1300 to his Teetotal Society. He had also converted all the local clergy and Dissenting ministers, except one, who was forbidden to become Teetotal by his physician ! 26 March 1860 Royal College of Surgeons The following gentlemen, having undergone the necessary examinations for the diploma, were admitted members of the college at a meeting of the Court of Examiners on the 23rd instant John Taylerson, Whitby, Yorkshire 26 November 1860 An Old Sailor - A very old craft has come to her end during the stormy weather this week - The Flying Fish, wrecked off Filey, - She was built at Whitby in 1783, and was consequently 77 years old. Mr.Edmund Woolterton, the master and owner, who resided at Bath-street, South Shields, and who is a fine specimen of the British sailor, has weathered the storms of 71 winters, having spent 60 of them at sea, and 50 of them on board The Flying Fish. 8 December 1860 Preservation of Life from Shipwreck A meeting of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution was held on Thursday at its house, John- street, Adelphi, Mr.Thomas Chapman, V.P., F.R.S., in the chair...... The following rewards were voted by the meeting to the crews of lifeboats of the institution for their laudable exertions in saving life from shipwrecks during the recent stormy weather.......£6 to the men who manned the Filey lifeboat on the morning of the 10th ult., and saved the crew of five men of the brig Flying Fish, of Whitby, ...... 19 December 1860 Loss of three vessels, Great Yarmouth, Dec.17 At 4am today the brigantine John and Anne, of and from Whitby, for Little Hampton, block- stone, Simpson, master, while proceeding through the Cockle Gateway, the wind blowing strong from the N.E., and weather thick, struck upon the Barber Patch. The master had just previously cast his lead, which showed seven fathoms of water. The crew of six were taken off by a Caistor Yawl, and landed here the same morning. She has since disappeared. Vessel and cargo insured...... 29 December 1860 The Civil Service .......Mr. T.E.Fawcett, principal coast officer at Lytham, has been promoted to be clerk, etc., at Whitby 14 January 1861 Fatal Sickness on board ship Plymouth, Sunday Evening The brig Mignonette, Captain C.Selbery, of and for LOndon, 44 days from Surinam, put into the Sounds this evening. After her cargo of sugar was on board fever and ague appeared among the crew, but, as seven men sent ashore from a Dutch merchant ship had all died in the hospital, it was determined to go to sea, hoping that the change of air might give relief. Robert Smith, of Whitby, able seaman, died in December; Robert Walker, of Leith, died December 23, and Peter Anderson, a Swede, this morning and was buried at sea. All the crew were severely afflicted, except the master, Isaac Fisher, the carpenter; William Selbery, seaman; and Harry Hunt, boy. While they attended to the ship the sick were without help. The following are at the Sailors Home here, - Joseph Aver, mate, dangerous; James Frike, steward; Frederick Day, seaman; Norveski, seaman; and John Mew, boy. Near Falmouth the brig obtained two men from the ship John Howe, from Moulmain. The Mignonette belongs to Messrs. Scrutton and Co. 12 February 1861 The Loss of the Whitby Lifeboat To the editor of the Times Sir, - Will you allow your paper to add another tale of anguish to the many which have lately called forth the sympathy pf the public ? We have had a fearful storm here today at Whitby; half a mile of our strand is already strewed with seven wrecks. Our new lifeboat was but launched a few months ago and was manned with the old crew of the finest picked seamen in Whitby. Five times during the day had they braved the furious sea, and five times returned with crews save from vessels in distress. A sixth ship was driven in behind the pier. The men, all axhausted though they were, again pulled out, but before they had gone 50 yards a wave capsized the boat. Then was beheld by several thousand persons - within almost a stone's throw, but unable to assist - the fearful agonies of those powerful men, buffeting with the fury of the breakers, till one by one 12 out of 13 sank, and only one survived. I have to add that 11 out of these 12 were married, and have left families; and I am sorry to say that I, myself, knowing that, owing to the severe winter to fishermen, nearly all are left destitute. Whitby will do its duty to its bravest hands; but I feel assured that an old lifeboat's crew, who have saved hundreds of our fellow creatures from such a fate as this, and at last perished in the noble discharge of their duty to the public, will have the wants of their bereaved families cared for by the readers of The Times. I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, William Keane, Perpetual Curate of Whitby, Whitby Parsonage, Yorkshire, Saturday night, Feb.9 NB: On 15 February a further letter from Mr.Keane listed a number of donations received, including £5 from Charles L.Dodgson, Christ Church, which I take to be Lewis Caroll. 16 February 1861 The Late Lifeboat Catastrophe at Whitby The loss of 12 lives by the upsetting of a lifeboat at Whitby was recorded in The Times of last Monday. We have now to add that a public meeting, convened by the magistrates, was held at St.Hilda's -hall, Whitby, on Thursday last, for the purpose of entering into a subscription for the benefit of the widows and families of those who were drowned by the upsetting of the lifeboat on Saturday last. A series of resolutions were passed, and a committee appointed to carry them out. Numbers of subscriptions were announced from strangers of sums varying from £1 to £50.The Rev. William Keane had received 112 letters containing about £350, being the result of the insertion of a letter in The Times. The amount realized at the meeting, including the above, was upwards of £900. Messrs. James Walker and John Buchanan were apponted Hon. Secretaries. NB: On 19, 22, 23, 25, 26 & 28 February and 6 March further lists of contributers were published, some of them from other lifeboat crews. 16 March 1861 Spring Assizes, Northern Circuit, York, March 13 Anderson v Thistle This was an action of breach of promise of marriage. The defendant pleaded intoxication and fraud. Mr.Price, Q.C., and Mr.Shepherd appeared for the plaintiff; and the defendant was unrepresented by Counsel. The plaintiff was a widow, about 30 years old, keeping a lodging-house in Whitby, and the defendant was a farmer inthe neighbourhood, who was in the habit of attending the Whitby market. The defendant was about 40 years old. He became intimate at the plaintiff's house, attending there every market day, and on the 10th of November last he came, the weather being very wet, and remained there for that and four succeeding nights. He then became engaged to the plaintiff; a marriage licence was afterwards procured, and the parties actually started for the church to be married, when the defendant was met near the church door by two friends, who took him by the arm, asked him if he was mad, and carried him off. For this conduct, and for the course adopted by the defendant in putting pleas of fraud and intoxication upon the record, the learned counsel for the plaintiff asked for something like exemplary damages. A servant in the plaintiff's house, and the mother of the plaintiff, were called, and proved the engagement, and her sister-in-law proved being bridesmaid for the wedding, starting for the church, and the escape of the defendant on the way. The witnesses also spoke to the defendant's sobriety. The learned Judge comented upon the hasty nature of the engagement and the meagreness of the evidence as to the defendant's capacity to pay damages; and the Jury found for the plaintiff - Damages £100 20 April 1861 A deputation from Whitby, in reference to the Harbours Bill, consisting of Mr.Christopher Richardson, Mr.W.Jameson and Mr.Joseph Hunter, introduced by Mr.H.S.Thompson, M.P. for Whitby, and Mr.E.S. Cayley, M.P. for the North Riding, had an interview with the Right Hon. T.Milner Gibson and the Right Hon, W.Hutt, on Wednesday, at the office of the Board of Trade. 30 May 1861 Vice-Admiral Constantine Richard Moorsom, whose death took place on Sunday last, was born on 22 September 1792. He was the eldest son of Sir Robert Moorsom, K.C.B., of Whitby. He was educated at the Royal Naval College where he distinguished himself by gaining the first medal...... (Full details of his naval career are given - transcript available on request) 20 August 1861 Summer Assizes, Northern Circuit, Liverpool, Aug.19 Marwood v Cross This was an action for contribution , to recover £78 12s 6d, and other claims. It appeared that the plaintiff, Thomas Marwood, is a ship insurance broker at Whitby, and is also the manager of two ship insurance associations known as The Whitby General and The Whitby Sea Assurance Associations, and the defendant, Mr.Henry Cross, is a shipowner at Sunderland, and a member of both these associations..... A settlement was reached for the defendant to pay £250 to the plaintiff on terms. 14 November 1861 The old Brotherly Love, of South Shields, a collier brig, reported to be within three years of being 100 years old, and on board which Captain Cook served part of his time, after running away from the tradesman's shop in Whitby, it was stated, was also lost, but she has cast up at Blackwall, safe and sound. 26 December 1861 The Whitby Volunteers were inspected by Captain Pierson the same evening. The Corps was afterwards presented with a pair of cymbals, the gift of Mr. Thomas Chapman, of London, the presentation being made in his name by Lieutenant Chapman. A melancholy duty devolved on the corps, owing to the decease of Gunner Zealand, whose body they escorted part of the way to Scarborough, the band playing the "Dead March". 6 January 1862 The officers of the Whitby Artillery Volunteers met on Monday to present a tea service to Sergeant Robert Gray, who has acted as honorary secretary to the corps. The sergeant has recently married, and the officers thought this a very suitable method of marking their sense of the sergeant's value to the company. A very joyous evening was passed. 17 November 1862 Police - Thames John Kingston, described as a labourer, of No.1, Upper Well-alley, Wapping, was charged with being concerned with another man not in custody in assaulting Mr.John Wilson, an auctioneer, of Whitby, Yorkshire, and attempting to rob him. The prosecutor said that business connected with a Chancery Suit brought him to London. He had been staying at an eatinghouse on Holborn-hill. On Friday night he went to Rose's Publichouse in High Street, Wapping, and met with several Yorkshiremen. He did not leave until nearly 2 o'clock in the morning. He had not proceeded more than 200 yards from the publichouse whe he was accosted by the prisoner and another man, who asked him where he was going. He replied that he was going home. The two fellows then asked him to treat them. He declined doing so, and said "I have no money, leave me; I am not in the practice of treating people." In an instant one of the ruffians grasped him by the neck, and the prisoner seized him by the collar of his coat behind and flung him with great violence on the ground. He fell on the back of his head; he was half stunned, and the prisoner got on the top of him and began rifling every pocket he had. He partially recovered and shouted "Murder" and "Police" as loud as he was able. He got up and the prisoner struck him on the face. He fell a second time. He called out "Murder" and "Police" as loud as he was able. The prisoner made use of dreadful oaths and recommenced rifling his pockets, when a policeman arrived, and he was saved from further violence. He had about £2 in gold and silver in his pockets. He missed nothing. He was very much hurt by the falls. He fell on his head the first time, and on his hip the second time, and was in very great pain. Police-constable Edward Lock, No. 84k, confirmed the story as above and said that Kingston had often been seen about the streets late at night and was the companion of thieves. He said Mr.Wilson was quite sober. Defendant produced no defence and was committed for trial. 22 November 1862 Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes, Nov.21 Cooke v Cooke and Elmsall This was a petition by Sir William Ridley Charles Cooke, Bart., for a dissolution of his marriage with Dame Harriett Eloise Cooke, on the grounds of her adultery with Mansfield Elmsall. The respondent and co-respondent pleaded a denial of the charge. (Summarised) Sir Charles Cooke had married Dame Harriett on the 17th April 1855 and they lived together at Wheatley-hall, in Yorkshire. Dame Harriett was the daughter of a deceased clegyman named Trebeck. Four or five years after the marriage there were dissentions between them over Elmsall, and Dame Harriett left and went to stay in Chelsea. She then wrote to Sir Charles saying that she and Elmsall had, for some time, been more than good friends but nothing untoward had taken place between them. She asked if Sir Charles would take her back and promised to do her best to "deserve your confidence in future". He accepted her back but in 1861 he had cause to remonstrate with her again over Elmsall, and she left him and went to live with her mother in Whitby, and then in Dover. She then left with Elmsall for the Continent, where Sir Charles' solicitor found her and served the citation of the divorce suit. Witnesses were brought by the petitioner and a decree nisi was granted. 6 January 1863 The Whitby Artillery Vounteers held a prize meeting at Saltwick on Thursday. The firing was very good, and the prizes were won by gunner Scales, first; bombardier Stubbs, second; Lieutenant Raw and gunner Bonham, third and fourth respectively. 13 April 1863 The Civil Service - Customs Mr.David Kidd, assistant examining officer at Gainsborough, to be examining officer at Whitby. 25 August 1863 On the same day (Wednesday) the Whitby Artillery Volunteers held a prize meeting. Each competitor fired four shots at 100 and 200 yards. The short Enfield given by Mr.George Read was won by gunner G.Miller, the second prize by Quartermaster Sergeant Kirby, the third by gunner Bryant, the fourth by Sergeant-Major Barry, the fifth by Corporal Robinson and the sixth by Sergeant Bolton. Sergeant Bartindale's prize for the volunteer making the most bull's-eyes was also won by gunner G.Miller. The meeting closed wit a sweep-stakes, won by Sergeant-Major Ibbotson, first, Captain Pierson being second. 9 December 1863 In the same gale the vessel Herald belonging to Mr.Knaggs of Whitby, of 172 tons, and valued at £1,300 was lost. She left London for Whitby, with ballast, and with a crew of seven hands, on Monday week. On the afternoon of Wednesday she was struck by a heavy squall when abreast of the Mouse light, and dismasted. The crew took to the longboat and were picked up by the schooner Pilot, of Goole, and landed at Lowestoft next day. The captain, Joseph Shaw, afterwards deposed to the circumstances under which the vessel was lost before the registrar of that port. 26 December 1863 The Burial Service - Some interest has been excited in the Diocese of York in consequence of an application which was made to the Archbishop to institute proceedings in the Ecclesiastical Court against the Rev.W.Keane, Vicar of Whitby, who refused to read the burial service in the cemetery over the body of a drunken man who was killed in a fight, Mr.Keane being an ardent temperance advocate. The cemetery, it appears, is not consecrated, and the Arch- bishop has refused to consecrate it until some guarantee was given by the Board of management against the intrusion of a Dissenting minister into the portion of the ground set aside for Churchmen. Mr.Keane based his refusal to bury the man mainly on considerations arising out of the Burial Service itself...... 2 January 1864 A letter from Rev.William Keane, Vicar of Whitby, referring to the report of 26 December above. The letter is a defence of his actions and refutes an implication in the earlier report that he was censured by the Archbishop. The main point of interest, however, is that it gives the name of the drunken man that Keane would not bury as Robert Deighton, 6 January 1864 Central Criminal Court, Jan.5, Old Court Edward Reeves, employed as a "lumper" in the docks, was arraigned upon an indictment charging him with assaulting one Henry Stevenson, and robbing him of about £48 (Summarised) Henry Stevenson, of Whitby, was the master of the brig John Murray of Whitby. On 12 November he was in London where he met up with a woman, with whom he spent the day at a public-house in Tooley Street, and in the evening went to The George in Mint Street, where they met some other men, including Reeves. Stevenson bought them all drinks and then Reeves started "hustling" him and took his purse containing £48. He resisted but Reeves and another man knocked him down. The Jury found Reeves Guilty and he was sentenced to 18 months hard labour. 13 February 1864 The Goathland Railway Accident As stated yesterday the breaking of the wire rope upon the Goathland incline of the Malton and Whitby branch of the North Eastern Railway on Wednesday night resulted in a most dreadful accident. The train appears to have shot down the incline with terrific speed, and to have lost the gravitation line in traversing the sharp curve at the bottom, rolling completely over. The breakvan was entirely demolished ; and of the first-class carriage in which the two deceased gentlemen were travelling only the framework and the wheels remained. The remainder of the train was more or less broken up. The pulleys between the rails on the incline are mostly torn up by fragments of the rope. The breaksman, after screwing down his break, leapt out of the carriage, and Sedman, the guard, leapt from his van just at the moment the train overturned.He is somewhoat injured by the fall, but not seriously. Some remarkable escapes are recorded. One of these is Mr. Douglas, C.E., who alighted at the top of the incline in mistake and was left behind. He ran after the train, hoping to catch it at the bottom, and arrived to render great assistance at thee wreck. Before leaving the train he had occupied the same compartment as the two deceased. Immediately after the accident the medical men in the neighbourhood - Drs. Whalley (Grosmont), Wilson and Yeoman (Whitby) - were telegraphed for, and were early in attendance on the injured passengers. The casualties are as follows:- Killed: Mr.John Mickle, 58 years of age, Deceased was a commercial traveller from Newcastle, in the employ of Messrs. J & W Campbell, drapers, Glasgow. Deceased had the greater part of the first-class carriage upon him. Mr.William Torry, 35 years old, from Newcastle, a traveller for Messrs. Arthur and Co., drapers, Glasgow. Deceased was suffocated, a cushion covering his face, upon which was a portion of the heavy part of the carriage. Only about five minutes elapsed before the deceased were got out, but both were quite dead. The following is a list of those most seriously injured:- Mr.Nichol, commercial traveller (Lockwood Brothers and Co., cutlers, Sheffield) severely cut on the head and bruised on the chest. This gentleman wasin the same carriage as the deceased and says the first indication of the rope giving way was the sudden impetus of the train, and the repeated jerking of the buffers. He remembers a momentary feeling of travelling at "lighning speed", but remembers nothing more till after the crash. Mr.Bensley of London, commercial traveller for Mr.G.Evans, muslin warehouseman, cut and bruised. Mr.Parkinson, machinist, Ripon, cut and bruised on the face. Mr.W.Dennis, draper, Whitby, cut about the head and severely so on the leg. Master Christopher Eglon, 15 years old, of Whitby, fracture of shoulder and cut on the head. Miss Sarah Pennock, of Pickering, cut on the cheek. Joseph Duck, labourer, Grosmont, cut across the head. George Hopper, (residence not ascertained), collar bone broken and badly contused. Miss M.Harwood, of Whitby, contusions. There were other slighter accidents - indeed, the results are light in comparison with the dreadful nature of the accident, it being a general cause of wonder that every passenger was not killed on the spot. Fortunately, the train passed the bridge over Ellerbeck, else the consequences must have been truly awful. The passengers arrived at Whitby at 1 o'clock on Thursday morning. On Thursday afternoon an inquest was opened upon the bodies of the deceased gentlemen, at the Court-House, Whitby, before Mr.J.Buchanan, district coroner. (Summarised) - Mr.Richardson of York, solicitor, was in court representing the railway company. Also Mr.Christison, the company's general passenger superintendent. Robert Ritson Rowntree, commercial traveller, Sunderland, gave evidence that he had identified the bodies of the deceased, with whom he had travelled from Scarborough. He had known them for several years. Police Constable George Hodgson said that he was stationed at Beck-hole. He arrived about 3 minutes after the accident had occurred. The Coroner then stopped the proceedings as he said he thought the accident had ocurred outside his area and he needed a decision on this before continuing. The case was adjourned. 16 February 1864 The Goathland Railway Accident On Saturday afternoon Mr.Buchanan, the coroner for Whitby district, resumed the inquiry into the deaths of Mr. Torry and Mr.Meigle, the commercial travellers, who were killed at the bottom of the Goathland incline on Wednesday night last.The Coroner said that he had found that he had legal status for proceeding with the inquiry, but did not intend then to go fully into the matter. He, however, should give his certificates for the burials of the bodies. The father of Mr.Torry and the brother of Mr.Meigle were present, and the bodies of the deceased were given up to them, and were sent off by train the same afternoon. There were solicitors present on behalf of the friends of both the deceased. The Coroner said that in order to give Colonel Yolland, the Government Inspector, the requisite time, and to allow of the railway company being in readiness, he should further adjourn the inquiry till Friday next. The Coroner then pledged himself to inform the representatives of the deceased should anything affecting them come to light in the interim. The jury are bound over to appear. 24 February 1864 The Goathland Railway Accident The fifth day's inquiry at Whitby has resulted in a verdict of "accidentally killed by the breaking of the wire rope, which was insufficient for the purposes of the incline, with a censure on the company". (NB: On 15 July 1864 at Newcastle the widow of W.Torry took action for compensation against the North Eastern Railway Company, who had already paid £1500 compensation - the plaintiff was awarded a further £50) 29 March 1864 Midland Circuit York, March 25 Crown Court (before Mr.Justice Byles) Frederick Robert Winterburn, aged 25, was charged with stealing a postal letter containing fifteen £5 notes, the property of the Postmaster-General, at Whitby, in the North Riding, on the 10th January last. (Summarised) Winterburn had been an assistant in the Whitby Post Office for 2 years prior to January 1864. On 9 January a letter was posted from Messrs. Simpson and Chapman's, Whitby Old Bank, at Whitby Post Office. The letter contained the notes in question and was addressed to the Head Office of the National Provincial Bank, Stockton-on-Tees. The letter did not arrive at Stockton and an inquiry was instituted. By this time Winterburn had left his job to open a stationery business. On 16 January Winterburn went to London and bought some stationery from a wholesaler. However, he was being watched, as some suspicion had fallen on him. It was alledged by the prosecution that the notes he used to pay for the goods were the ones that were missing. The Whitby Bank had not kept details of the numbers but the notes were traced as being ones which a Mr.Potter had been paid at the Guisborough branch of the National Provincial Bank, and from him they passed to Mr.Scarth of Whitby, who paid them into the Whitby Bank the week befor the robbery. When questioned Winterburn said he had been paid with these notes when he took out his savings from the Post Office before he left their employ. Miss Jefferson, who was also a assistant at Whitby Post Office and paid Winterburn his savings denied that these were the notes she paid him. The Jury's verdict was GUilty and Winterburn was committed to penal servitude for four years. 10 June 1864 Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Pearson v Pearson This was a wife's petition for restitution of conjugal rights. The husband had entered an appearance, but had filed no answer. Mrs.Pearson was accordngly examined. She said she was married at Falmouth in October, 1843, and her husband was the Captain of a merchant ship. After they had lived together for a few days he went to sea, and he wrote to her to go to his family at Whitby. She went to Whitby and saw his mother, who told her that she would not have cared if she had married any of her other sons, but the petitioner was her favourite son and she should not maintain her, but should send her to the poor-house. The petitioner's mother then kept her locked up for three weeks, and gave her nothing but bread and water, and said that was better than she deserved. When her husband returned she asked him to live with her, but he refused to do so or to provide a home for her. She then went to him with an Attorney, and he agreed to allow her 7s 6d a week, and he paid that allowance for 15 years. The petitioner is now the captain of a vessel trading to China, and is at present abroad. His Lordship granted a decree to be served on the respondent on his return to England, directing him to receive his wife within a fortnight of the service. 25 October 1864 (Hartlepool) About 7 o'clock, after a few light shipshad taken the harbour safely, the brig Derwent, Captain Storm, of Whitby, coal laden, which was putting in for shelter, struck heavily on the bar, but as the tide was flowing she was eventually carried in without much damage. 26 October 1864 The Eliza Hall, of Whitby, which had stranded at Granton on Sunday morning, was last night breaking up. She had sailed from Gefle, in Sweden, on the 16th of September, commanded by Captain Carr, with a crew of seven men and a cargo of timber and iron for London. 5 November 1864 Royal National Lifeboat Institution The silver medal of the Institution, a copy of its vote on parchment, and £2 were voted to Mr.Angus Campbell, carpenter on board the cutter Princess Royal, belonging to the Edinburgh Board of Fisheries, for his brave conduct in wading into the surf and effecting a communication, after three gallant attempts, by which means the crew of eight men were saved from inevitable death from the brig Eliza Hall, of Whitby, which was totally wrecked during a very heavy gale of wind on the rocks outside the breakwater of Granton-harbour on the night of the 22nd ult. 16 November 1864 Royal College of Surgeons The following gentlemen having undergone the neccessary examinations for the diploma, were admitted members of the College at a meeting of the Court of Examiners on the 15th inst., - James William Smith, Whitby (Guy's) 22 February 1865 The Gale - Shields, Tuesday (Summarised) The Thomas and Margaret, a Whitby yawl, but sailing from Staithes, under William Cole, went ashore north of Seaton Carew, having lost her main-sail in heavy seas. The West Hartlepool pilots hatened to launch the lifeboat at Seaton Sands, and the men on board HMS Trincomalee hurried along the beach with rocket launching apparatus. However, it was considered that neither was needed, as the tugboat Thomas and Mary went out to the assistance of the yawl, but was almost swamped by heavy seas. On going ashore the Thomas and Margaret had managed, initially, to keep her stern to the sea, but it was constantly expected that the sea would carry away the crew. Some labourers on the shore shouted to the crew to keep together on their boat until the lifeboat came, and they all joined together together around a mast to await the lifeboat. However, the waves eventually broke the group and scattered them around the deck. After six or eight such waves the crew decided to launch their small boat, which they did and one man got into it whilst the others held on to it by a rope. Eventually all nine crew got into the small boat. No sooner had they got into it than another huge wave washed them all overboard. They all drowned. 2 June 1865 Royal National Lifeboat Institution A reward of £26 was voted to the crew of the Whitby lifeboat of the Institution for putting off twice during the past few weeks through a very heavy sea and saving 15 persons, including the captain's wife and a lad, 12 years of age, from the screw steamer Ocean Queen, of Newcastle, and 19 persons from the bark Maria Somes, of London, both of which vessels were wrecked on the rocks off Whitby 7 June 1865 Whitby On Monday a meeting was held in St.Hilda's Hall for the purpose of organizing an opposition to the re-election of Mr.H.S.Thompson, the present member for that borough. Mr. Samuel Flintoft moved, and Mr. William Wood seconded, that Mr. George Hudson be invited to contest the seat. Mr. Robert Barry moved, and Mr.J.J.Rigg seconded, that the Hon. Arthur Duncombe be requested to become a candidate at the next election. For Mr.Hudson, 30 voted, and 11 for Mr.Duncombe. A requisition is therefore in course of signature to Mr.Hudson, for whom many of the people of Whitby prefer a high esteem. On the other hand, it is hardly probable that the heads of the Tory party will unanimously support that gentleman. 15 July 1865 The Yorkshire Elections There have been some exciting scenes at the borough elections in this county. For excitement, Whitby stands at the head. The arrest of Mr.George Hudson (the "Railway King") by a sheriff's officer, and his lodgement in York Castle, on Monday, just on the eve of the contest which it was confidently believed was to send him once more to Parliament, caused such an uproar and so increased the previous ill-feeling against Mr.Thompson, the late member, and chairman of the railway company, that it was resolved, if possible, to oust Mr.Thompson, and by so doing "avenge Hudson's wrongs". In the emergency Mr.C.Bagnall, a new aspirant for Paliamentary honour, came forward as a Conservative, and at once filled the vacancy created by the arrest of Mr.Hudson, and the Conservatives, as a united body, placed him at the head of the poll. 29 July 1865 To the Editor of the Times Sir,- As some of the Conservative papers are still publishing letters from anonymous correspondents, who profess to believe that I was in some way or other connected with Mr.Hudson's arrest, I trust that you will do me the favour of inserting in the Times the accompanying letter from the eminent solicitors Messrs. Wilde and Co., written in answer to one from my election agents, Messrs. Gray and Pannett, of Whitby. That letter is conclusive that the arrest in question had no connexion with electioneering proceed- ings, and I have only to add that neither I nor anyone acting for the North-Eastern Railway Company, were, either directly or indirectly, cognizant of or connected with Mr.Hudson's arrest. I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, H.S.Thompson Travellers' Club, July 27 (there follows the letter concerned - "21, College-hill, London, July 14 Sandeman v Hudson Dear Sirs, - We have to acknowledge your letter of yesterday, and are greatly surprised to find that the arrest of Mr.Hudson on the writ of execution issued in this cause by us as the plaintiff's attorneys should be attributed to political motives. This assertion is utterly destitute of foundation. The execution is for a large debt, due to the late firm of Sanderson, Sandeman and Co., of which the plaintiff is the surviving representative. The judgement was put in force because if the defendant had been allowed to get into Parliament without paying this debt the plaintiff's remedy would be lost, or at least in abeyance so long as the Parliament lasted. We need hardly add that we know nothing of the politics of Whitby, which do not concern us or our clients in any way. we remain, dear Sirs, yours very obediently, Wilde, Rees, Humphrey, and Wilde Messrs. Gray and Pannett, solicitors, Whitby") 13 December 1865 Midland Circuit, York, Dec.12 Thomas Locker was charged with firing a loaded pistol at Eleanor White with intent to murder her, and was further charged with firing the pistol with intent to do grievous bodily harm. The prosecutrix, a young girl 15 years of age, resided with her mother at Whitby. The prisoner, a youth of 18 or 19, also lived in the same place. He had kept company with her, but she had ceased to go with him in consequence of her mother's orders. About 7 in the evening of the 12th of October last the prosecutrix was in Baxter-gate street, looking in at a shop window, when she heard a whistle, and on turning round she saw the prisoner standing in a passage leading to Smith's-yard. She went across to him. The prisoner went up the yard, ans the prosecutrix followed him. She told him that her mother would not allow her to go with him. He then placed himself between the passage and her to prevent her returning to the street. At the other end of the yard there were steps leading to the quay. The girl tried to escape by the steps. As she was about to mount the steps the prisoner fired a loaded pistol at her; the shot passed on her left, peppering her straw hat, and occasioning five or six small wounds on the left side of her head. She was rendered insensible, and as she fell the prisoner jumped over her head and ran away. The prisoner was apprehended the same evening. A loaded pistol was found upon him, and some powder and shot. When charged with the offence he said "I wish I had blown her brains out". The Jury found the prisoner Guilty of firing the pistol with intent to do grievous bodily harm. His Lordship sentenced the prisoner to five years' penal servitude. 3 February 1865 The Mediterranean [Straits of Gibraltar] The English bark Volta, of Whitby, Storm, master, from San Jose, near Almeria, laden with lead and grass for Newcastle, went on shore at 4am on the opposite side of the bay, between the two rivers. 19 February 1865 The Mediterranean The bark Volta, Captain Storm, of whitby, from Alicante, for Newcastle, which went ashore between the two rivers during the stormy weather on the 29th ult., was got afloat afer beinglightened of her cargo, and towed to the Gibraltar side of the bay on the evening of the 8th inst. by the steam-tug Adelia. 13 September 1866 Ocean Rowing Match For £200 On Tuesday the match for the "championship of the German Ocean", of £100 a side, with a champion's cup, was rowed between four Staithes fishermen, and four Blyth miners. the former needed little training, but the latter have for some time been under the care of Taylor of Newcastle. The course was about 11 miles - Whitby pier being the winning post. Although a strong wind prevailed the sea was smooth. the race was a good one and occasioned much excitement, the boats being accompanied by steamers with crowds of people. The staithes fishermen kept ahead all the way, and won by about 50 seconds only. 19 March 1867 "Flint Jack" - A notorious Yorkshireman - one of the greatest imposters of our times - was last week sentenced to 12 months imprisonment for felony at Bedford. The prisoner gave the name of Edward Jackson, but his real name is Edward Simpson, of Sleights, Whitby, although he is equally well known as John Wilson, of Burlington, and Jerry Taylor, of Billery-dale, Yorkshire Moors. Probably no man is wider known than Simpson is under his aliases in various districts - viz. "Old Antiquarian", "Fossil willy", "Bones", "Shirtless", "Cockney Bill", and "Flint Jack", the latter name universally. Under one or other of these designations Edward Simpson is knownthroughout England, Scotland and Ireland - in fact, wherever geologists or archaelologists resided, or wherever a museum was established, there did Flint Jack assuredly pass off his forged fossils and antiquities. For nearly 30 years this extraordinary man has led a life of imposture. During that period he has "tramped" the kingdom through, repeatedly vending spurious fossils , Roman and British urns, fibulae, coins, flint arow-heads, stone celts, stone hammers, adzes etc., flint hatchets, seals, rings, leaden antiquities, manuscripts, Roman armour, Roman milestones, jet seals and necklaces, and numerous other forged antiquities. His great field was the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire - Whitby, Scarborough, Burlington, Malton, and York being the chief places where he obtained his flint or made his pottery. Thirty years ago he was an occasional servant to the late Dr.Young, the historian, of Whitby, from whom he acquired his knowledge of geology and archaeology, and for some years after the doctor's death he led an honest life as a collector of fossils and a helper in archaeological investigations. He imbibed, however, a liking for drink, and he admits that from that cause his life for 20 years past has been one of great misery. To suply his cravings for liquor he set about the forging of both fossils and antiquities about 23 years ago, when he "squatted" in the clay cliffs of Bridlington Bay, but subsequently removed to the woods of Stainton-dale, where he set up a pottery for the manufacture of British and other urns, and flint and stone implements, with which he gulled the antiquaries of the three kingdoms. In 1859, during one of his trips to London, Flint Jack was charged by Professor Tennant with the forgery of antiquities. He confessed, and was introduced on the platform of various societies, and exhibited the simple mode of his manufacture of spurious flints. From that time his trade became precarious, and Jack sunk deeper and deeper into habits of dissipation, until at length he became a thief, and was last week convicted on two counts and sent to prison for 12 months. 19 March 1867 Falmouth, Monday, Noon The brig Uhla, of Whitby, Loraine, master, from Shields for Constantinople with coals, drifted from her anchors, struck the ground off the breakwater, and was abandoned, with six feet of water in the hold. 31 July 1867 The Ships in the White Sea The Montezuma, Government transport, Webb, arrived in the Tay on Monday evening, bringing 128 shipwrecked British sailors andone woman, - Mrs.Cole of Whitby - and two children, from Archangel, all in good health. 30 May 1868 Court of Common Pleas, Westminster, May 29 Re. Appleton Stephenson, an Attorney In this case a rule had been obtained calling upon Mr.Appleton Stephenson, an attorney practising at Whitby, in Yorkshire, to show cause why he should not be struck off the roll of attorneys of this court for breach of trust and dishonest practices as such attorney. Mr.A.L.Smith showed cause against the rule; and Mr.Murray appeared to support it. It appeared from the affidavits on which the rule was obtained, and which were of considerable length, that one William Hill, deceased. late of Whitby, by his will left £9,000 personal estate, in trust for various parties, and that Mr.Appleton Stephenson was made the acting trustee under the will. From the affidavit of Mr.Stephen Wharton it appeared that in 1866 Mr.Appleton Stephenson was in difficulties attempting to pass through the Bankruptcy Court, and it then appeared that he had misappropriated no less a sum than £4664 of the trust moneys of the late Mr.Hill's will, under various pretexts of advncing them on mortgages, without notice to the parties beneficially interested, and that he had appropriated this sum to his own use. It further appeared on other affidavits that, on further inquiries being made in consequence of this discovery, he had in a similar manner appropriated to his own use a sum of £490 belonging to a Mrs.Belsey; that he had put into his own pocket and spent a sum of £500 intrusted to him to invest on mortgage by a Mr.Dale, a farmer in Yorkshire, and also a further sum of £200, in a similar manner, intrusted to him to invest belonging to a Mr.Wakefield. Mr.A.L.Smith having showed cause on affidavits in answer. The Lord Chief Justice, without calling on Mr.Murray to support the rule, proceeded to give judgement. He said that it was a very lamentable thing that a person who had filled an honourable position in society should have placed himself in the position in which Mr.Stephenson now stood. On these affidavits he could come to no other conclusion than that Mr.Stephenson had grossly abused the confidence of his clients - not in a single instance, but in many, and had attempted to conceal his conduct by a system of apparent but worthless securities. His affidavits in explanation were very unsatisfactory; and his attempts to disguise some of the facts were too transparent, and left the charge unanswered that he had appropriated his clients' moneys to his own use...... (the final judgement was that he be struck off the roll) 11 August 1868 (Summarised) The Archbishop of York re-opened the church of St.Michael, York, after its restoration, on 26 July; he opened the church of East Acklam on 28 July, after its rebuilding; he preached at the recently restored and rebuilt church at Womersley on 30 July; he opened the rebuilt church at Castleford on 31 July; he preached at the newly rebuilt Kildale church on 3 August; he opened the new church at Saltburn-by-the-Sea on 5 August; he laid the foundation stone of the new church at North Ormsby on 5 August; he laid the foundation stone of the new church at Ruswarp on 6 August. 5 December 1868 Church Restoration in Yorkshire The ancient church of St.Hilda, at Egton, near Whitby, has fallen into a state of decay and complete dilapidation. During 700 years it has been uninterruptedly used for Divine worship, but its condition is now so unsafe that at any moment it may fall into a mere ruin. The Roman Catholics have recently erected a large chapel and great exertions are being made to extend Roman Catholic interests among the people. The newly appointed vicar (the Rev. J.Fish, so many years the chaplain and superintendent of the Castle Howard Reformatory), is anxious to set up schools and rebuild the church. The parishioners are nearly all poor persons, and the peculiar circumstances under which the land is held - most of it being in Chancery and the remainder inthe hands of Roman Catholic owners - make it impossible to hope for aid from the proprietors. 7 October 1869 A letter from "ALPHA" to the Times contrasts the "gay life" of Scarborough with the wonderful "demure" life of Whitby ! Too long to transcribe but I have a copy if required. It makes interesting reading ! 7 February 1870 Saving Life from Shipwreck A meeting of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution was held on Thursday, at its house, John-street, Adelphi; Mr.Thomas Chapman, F.R.S., V.P., in the chair........ A new lifeboat and transporting carriage had recently been forwarded to Whitby....... 5 March 1870 The schooner Hippogriff, Miller master, of Whitby, was totally lost on the Scroby Sands, near Great Yarmouth, yesterday, and it is feared that all the crew perished. A boat and medicine chest was washed ashore. 16 June 1870 Incorporated Law Society Easter Term, 1870 The examiners also certified that the folowing candidates, under the age of 26, whose names are placed in alphabetical order, passed examinations which entitle them to commendation: - James Frankland, who served his clerkship to Messrs. Gray and Pannett, of Whitby, and Messrs. Bell, Brodrick and Gray, of London. 25 October 1870 The Volunteers - In Yorkshire the annual gunnery competition has been held at Scarborough for Lady Middleton's Challenge Cup, by the various batteries comprising the 1st East Yorks. Brigade of Artillery Volunteers. The competitors were inspected by Colonel Windle, of the Royal Horse Artillery, who was well satisfied. The range was 1,500 yards, and the cup was won by the Hornsea Detachment (5th East Yorks.), who scored 72 points. Flamoborough and Whitby Corps each tied with 65, in 13 and a quarter minutes, for second place. The principal competitors making highest scores were Sergeant Stubbs, Whitby, £4, 38 points; Lieutenant Eldridge, Hornsea; Gunner Bexton, Hornsea, and Gunner T.Clarke, York, each 36, £2 each; Sergeant S.Long, Filey, and Gunner S.Bailey, Flamborough, each 33 points. 9 December 1870 Midland Circuit, York, Dec.7 ...one charge of manslaughter against two men named Hutchinson and Smith. It is stated that they were look-out mem on board a steamer which ran into a small fishing boat near Whitby, thereby causing the death of John Dawson. 16 December 1870 Great Landslip - At Whitby yesterday a large part of the cliff and 12 houses slipped into the harbour. One half of Henrietta-street is in ruins. Harland's clay pipe manufactory is destroyed. Late last night all danger was not considered at an end, especially if the rains and floods continued. No lives were lost. The landslip is said to be the largest ever known in England. 19 December 1870 The Landslip at Whitby - The landslip which occurred on the East Cliff, Whitby, on Thursday morning, has caused great destruction of property. Fortunately, warning was given to the residents of the houses under the cliff, or to such of them as had not retired to bed, by the cracking of ceilings and walls, that some serious event was happening. This was about 11 o'clock the previous night, and doubtless led to the saving of whatever property was movable, and prevented loss of life. The alarm spread from house to house, and by moonlight the people set about removing their property. The land upon which the houses were built had burst at the bottom and slipped away to the harbour, while part of the churchyard and the field above also came down to the extent of a quarter of an acre, and pressed on the houses in the rear, twisting, destroying, or variously breaking them in. The mass was in motion all Thursday, and large fissures give indication of still further destruction. The field between the churchyard and the cliff end has fallen considerably. The extent of damage cannot be fixed, and it seems probable that more destruction is imminent. The footpath and rail on the top of the cliff were yesterday settling, and were said to be 20 feet below their former position. The pipe manufactory of Mr.Harland and his house are in ruins. About a dozen other houses are so far destroyed as to be untenantable. The Spa ladder, which gave access to the East Pier, now stands bolt upright. It is 83 years ago since a similar disaster occurred. 2 January 1871 We have received intelligence from Rouen today that the Prussians have seized a seventh English ship, the Sylph, of Whitby, Captain Ramsdale. She was lying at the quay at Rouen on the 24th inst., when she was boarded, her crew forced ashore, and she was towed away by a steamer down the river. In all seven cases the captains protested energetically against the seizure. Each captain was required to name the value of his vessel, and the sum named was endorsed on a document in German, which was handed to him, and which was taken under protest and lodged at the Vice-Consulate. The acting Vice-Consul has been called upon to pay for lodgingsand food for the seven crews and for the means of conveying them to Dieppe. 9 March 1871 Some time ago a company was formed to build iron steamers to trade between Whitby, Pickering, Malton the north, and London, in opposition to the North Eastern Railway . The first vessel of the intended new fleet, the Captain Cook, arrived at Whitby (after having had to put back to repair a cylinder) on Tuesday afternoon and was welcomed by a large crowd. Although built for the London trade, her first voyage will be to France. she is built to carry 350 tons of coal, and is commanded by Mr.James Ainslie, of the old Shipping Company. 21 September 1871 Ecclesiastical Preferments Rev.R.A.White, B.A., curate of St.Michael's, Whitby, [to be] vicar of West Teignmouth 8 December 1871 Shipping Disasters From Whitby, December 7, Mr.G.W.Smales reports that a strong gale of wind, accompanied by a heavy sea, came on suddenly yesterday afternoon, and six of the fishing cobles belonging to this port, each containing three men, were overtaken by the storm. On their perilous position being observed, the Whitby No.1 lifeboat, the Robert Whitworth, and also the No.2 lifeboat, both of which belong to the National Lifeboat Institution, were launched. The first-named boat saved 12 men, forming the crews of four cobles, the remaining six men being rescued by the other lifeboat. The six cobles were afterwards washed onto the beach in a very damaged state, most of their gear and all of their fish being lost. 24 June 1872 Fell Engines - On Friday and Saturday last a series of trials was held at Goathland, near Whitby, of one of the novel locomotive engines constructed by Messrs. Manning, Wardle, and Co., of Leeds, on Mr.Fell's central rail principle, for Dr.Pinto, the contractor for the extension of the Cantogallo Railway in Brazil...... 9 July 1872 Mountain Railways - The Fell centre-rail engine, intended for Brazil, to work inclines of 1 in 12 on the Cantogallo Railway, after being tested for several weeks on the old Whitby incline in Goathland, has been reloaded on the North-Eastern 30-ton truck, and removed in charge of Mr.Laws, North-Eastern superinterndent at Whitby, and of the makers, Messrs. Manning, Wardle and Co., Leeds. The experiments have been a wonderful success, the engine, with load attached, having worked curves of 1 in 10 gradient. 7 September 1872 Bathing Accidents Letter to the Editor Sir,- The entire absence of any appliances for the rescue of bathers at Whitby, who may from heedlesness or other causes require assistance, prompts me to crave your powerful aid to effect a remedy. Within the last five weeks four bathers have narrowly escaped a watery grave, while within the same period one bather and a fisherman have perished. Yesterday morning, shortly before 12 o'clock, those who were enjoying the fine air on the pier and sands were startled by one of the men in attendance on the machines galloping along the sands shouting "A man drowning !" so as to attract the attention of some men in fishing boats half a mile off. Confusion reigned supreme. There was the poor fellow struggling in the water, getting gradually weaker, women screaming, men running to and fro to look for ropes which did not exist, and the boats, heavily laden with fishing gear, making but slow progress towards him. Happily the receding tide landed the bather on a sand-bank, whence he was enabled to regain the shore before the boats arrived. It is almost incredible that on a dangerous beach like this no provision should be made for the safety of the bathers. A man stationed on the beach during the bathing hours, provided with lines similar to those used by the Humane Society's men when there is skating on the Serpentine, would afford some protection at a small expense. As an instance how things are managed here, on Friday week, when the poor fisherman was drowned by the upsetting of a boat between the pier heads, there was no life-buoy or lines available on the West Pier. I remain, Sir, your obedient servant, A Visitor Esplanade, Whitby, Sept.5 9 September 1872 Letter to the Editor Sir, - Your correspondent "a Visitor", gives a true and graphic account in The Times of today of the narrow escape from drowning of a gentleman bathing at Whitby, and justly complains of the insufficiency of the provision made at that place for the safety of bathers. It may add force to his remonstrances, and will certianly interest readers of the Times in every part of the world to learn that the life which was so nearly lost on 4th inst. at Whitby was that of one of the most remarkable men of genius produced by this country in the present century, being no other than that of Philip James Bailey, author of that wonderful poem Festus, which has gone through eight or ten editions in this country, and circulated to a far larger extent still in the United States ofAmerica. I saw Mr.Bailey at Scarborough two days after the accident, and learnt from his own lips how certain his end seemed to be, and how very narrow his escape was. ... (The letter goes on about how wonderful Festus and Mr.Bailey were !) I remain, Sir, your obedient servant E.J.R. Kirk Ella, near Hull, Sept.7 23 September 1872 Jewelry at the International Exhibition ......But let us take the collection in the order of its arrangement, beginning with Messrs. Saunders and Shepherd's cases in the roomnearest to the Albert Hall. Here are shown specimens of black jet from Whitby Cliffs, also a selection of ornaments manufactured this year and in 1857, since which date jet jewelry has lost a good deal of its clumsiness and heaviness. But there seems still plenty of room for improvement. Another case of the same by Messrs. Bryan, also of Whitby, shows more of an artistic feeling and touch in some carved crosses and heads and wreaths. John Ward shows some jewelry struck out in dies, and a contrivance for fixing the earring so that it cannot drop out of the ear...... (the remainder of the report does not refer to Jet or to Whitby) 5 December 1872 Disasters at Sea Early yesterday morning the scew steamer Nellie, belonging to Whitby, from Newport, bound for Liban, laden with railway iron, was assisted into Dover harbour, with her bows stove in, and having sustained other injuries. She had been in collision off Dungeness with a bark (name unknown). Subjoined is the Captain's (Pierson) official report....... 25 December 1872 The Floods Whitby, Dec.23 The damage done by the floods in this locality is very excessive, and the like has not occurred here for many years. Extensive tracts of valuable low-lying land are, and have been for many weeks, submeged with water, making farming operations literally impossible. Some portions of the cliffs immediately adjoining the North- Eastern Railway Company's line have given way, impeding the railway traffic, both passenger and goods. Other portions threaten to fall, and a constant watch day and night has to be kept. Runswick, a small fishing town about seven or eight miles north of this town, has suffered immensely by the copious downpours of rain. The greater portion of the village is built in the cliff side, and several tons of earth have fallen, covering, to a depth of 12 ft, the public roads. A great many of the houses have been cracked from top to bottom, and are giving way, so that the families living in about a dozen of them have been obliged to desert them. Staithes, another fishing village, Port Mulgrave, and many other places, have also been much injured. The line of railway now being constructed between Whitby and Lofthouse has been greatly injured. Large masses of earth have fallen in many places, whilst in others there are large lakes of water which cannot be got rid of. The work is, therefore, much impeded, and, the opening of the line will be delayed. 25 February 1873 Diocese of York The Rev. George Cockburn Dickinson to the curacy of Whitby. 24 April 1873 Mr.Plimsoll's Bill Yesterday afternoon a very crowded meeting, principally of shipowners and maritime insurance managers, was held at the Talbot Hotel, Whitby, to take into consideration the effects of Mr.Plimsoll's Bill. Mr.Thomas Turnbull, an owner and builder of ships and screw steamers, was in the chair. Addressing the meeting, he said he had been engaged in shipping during the whole of his life. having served as an apprentice to the building of ships, then become a shipmaster, and latterly a builder of wooden ships and iron screws. He therefore felt the deepest interest in the question which Mr.Plimsoll had brought so prominently before the country. He had not read the book himself, but he had learnt enough from the extracts in the newspapers to give him a good idea of what it was like; and he had no hesitation in saying that Mr.Plimsoll was dealing with the subject without due knowledge of it. The letters in the Shipping Gazette from Mr.J.W. Mitchell showed on what a loose foundation many of his remarks were based. The staements of Mr.Plimsoll were those of a mere fanatic, and they should be exposed to the shipowners and the people of the country. (applause) Mr.Robert Harrowing, of the firm of Messrs, Harrowing and Co., the well known ship- owners, submitted the first resolution, which was "that this meeting, while admitting the desirability of further provision for preventing the overloading of ships and for the survey of unclassed ships, is of the opinion that legislation should be deferred until the report of the Royal Commission which has been appointed shall be made, and the present unnatural and feverish excitement which has been created on the subject shall have abated" (he continued by going into some detail). Mr.C.Harrison seconded the motion, which was carried enthusiastically. Mr.Bedlington, shipowner and maritime insurance manager, then proposed the following resolution, which being seconded by Mr.Marwood, was carried unanimously; "That any legislation should be preceded by the most careful investigation and the best scientific and practical evidence, in order that no injustice may be done by adopting a hard and fast load-line, applicable to vessels of every description, and other objectionable penal provisions such as are contained in Mr.Plimsoll's Bill, and which, if they become law, will bring absolute and immediate ruin on a very large number of British shipowners, and will prevent a considerable proportion of the remainder from working their ships to any advantage whatever" A petition embodying the resolution was read and extensively signed. It was resolved to send it to Mr.W.H.Gladstone, the borough member, for presentation to Parliament, with the request that it be read by the Clerk at the table. The meeting, after being addressed by various other gentlemen, was brought to an end by a vote of thanks to the Chairman. 12 August 1873 Lost at Sea - Yesterday, intelligence was received of the loss of the brig Gratitude, of Whitby, at Pitten, near the port of Nieuwe-diep. The master, Mr.Stephen Hodgson, his wife, one daughter aged 14 years, and two sons aged 11 and 3 respectively, and six of the crew were drowned. Only one personm whose name is John Magrath, was saved. The ill fated vessel was 198 tons register, and was bound from London to Nieuwe-diep, with a cargo of cement. She was insured and belonged to Mr. William Baxter, Park-terrace, Whitby. 16 September 1873 The Church Ernest Wigram, M.A., to the rectory of Whitby, vacant by the death of William Keane, M.A. 26 September 1873 Saving Life [The Royal Humane Society awarded its bronze medal] to George Carter, for saving Mary H.Pinkney, who fell into 13 ft. of water at Whitby. 18 October 1873 A telegram from Whitby says:- "A landslip has occurred on Whitby East Cliff, which is precipitous and at a great height above the sea. A narrow footpath, railed off from the fields, leading southwards, and not far from the churchyard , runs along the edge of the cliff overlooking the sea, and a rugged scar beneath a large piece of earth projected over the the cliff, apparently safe enough, but really insecure, as it had been under- mined. The cliff at this part of the coast has been crumbling away for some time, and the destructive landslip which occurred three years ago was near this point. A gentleman was crossing the projecting edge, which probably loosened it, and he had only just passed over it when it broke off from the cliff and the rubbish fell on to the scar beneath" - Pall Mall Gazette 28 October 1873 Whitby - It is stated that Mr.George Elliott, M.P. for the Northern Division of Durham, intends to contest Whitby at the next election in opposition to the sitting member, Mr. W.H.Gladstone, the eldest son of the Premier. Mr.Elliott possesses great local interest and influence, having recently purchased one of the largest estates in the neighbourhood, which he has publicly intimated his intention to improve. 8 November 1873 Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Royston v Royston The petitioner married the respondent, who was a publican at Hull, in September, 1864. He deserted her in 1869, and he has since lived with another woman at Whitby. Decree nisi, with costs. 10 November 1873 The Harbour of Whitby - The port of Whitby has undergone during the past week a professional survey under the superintendence of Mr.Abernethy, C.E. of London, at the instance of Mr.George Eliot, M.P. for North Durham. The hon. gentleman has had a plan prepared showing by what means the harbour and its approaches can be improved. The plan, which embraces extensive alterations, at a cost of £105, 600 has been approved by the local authorities, and an early application to Parliament for the necessary authority will be made by Mr.Elliott. 20 November 1873 [The Royal Humane Society awarded the bronze medallion] to William Moat, for saving William Austin, who fell into the sea in 10ft. of water, at Whitby, on the 15th ult. 24 November 1873 Whitby, 22nd - Several vessels have arrived at this port for their winter repairs, so that the dockyards are now fairly employed. Other vessels are expected, and there is a probability that trade, in the ship repairing line at least, will be brisk. New orders for the building of iron steamers have been received which are likely to occupy the builders for some time. There continues to be a good demand for the superior class of jet ornaments. 1 December 1873 Whitby, 29th - There is a slight falling off in the arrivals of vessels at this port, owing to the bad weather which has prevailed on this coast during the greater part of the week. The docks are in full activity, and there is reason to expect that the ship carpenters and labourers will be fairly employed throughout the whole of the winter. The iron shipbuilding trade is brisk. The jet trade is fairly healthy. The work in connexion with the new railway line now being built between Whitby and Lofthouse, in Cleveland, makes very slow progress, and the directors of the company have expressed great dissatisfaction. 22 December 1873 Whitby, 20th - Trade generally is pretty brisk, especially the iron shipbuilding and repairing trades. The Whitby Dock scheme is advancing favourably. The capital of the company is fixed at £90,000. in 4,500 shares of £20 each. The North-Eastern Railway may have not more than half the number, with power to elect two directors. The scheme has met with the approval of most of the land and property owners, and the promoters express themselves sanguine that they will be enabled to secure all the powers sought for. 23 February 1874 Whitby, 21st - The arrivals at this port during the present week have been compara- tively few, and very little trade has been done at the port. The jet trade, which has been depressed for several months, is somewhat reviving. The demand for high-class ornaments is improving, and there is a probability that it will continue to do so for some time. The shipbuilding and repairing trades are very brisk. 4 May 1874 Apprehended Wrecks For the information of the Board of Trade I herewith enclose a copy of a letter on the above subject, addressed to the Commissary of Maritime Inscription opf Brest - I am etc. Harry Rainals. To the Assistant Secretary, Marine Department, Board of Trade. There seems to be little hope that the three Whitby ships, the Louisa, the Helen, and the Maria, will ever be heard of again. They left Shields for the Baltic in the middle of the month of March last, and it is feared that they were lost during the terrible gales which prevailed towards the end of the month. The whole of the ships were commanded by Whitby men and their crews were composed chiefly of seamen belonging to the locality, except in the case of the Helen, the greater part of whose crew were shipped at one of the northern ports. The Louisa was owned by Mr.Isaac Gale, the Helen owned by Mr.Thomas Smailes, and the Maria was owned by Messrs. Storm and Bedlington, of Robin Hood's Bay. The vessels were insured in the local clubs. 20 July 1874 Whitby, 18th - Trade generally is improving in this district. There is a better demand for jet ornaments than has been felt for many months past, while the fisheries are exceedingly prosperous. The shipbuilding trade continues good. 27 July 1874 Whitby, 25th - Business of all kinds is improving. The fishing trade especially is flourishing, and there are all indications of a good season. 25 August 1874 Fatal Bathing Accident - Ayoung gentleman named Clowes, belonging to Holloway, London was drowned on Whitby Sands early on Saturday morning while bathing. He was about 24 or 25 years of age. His body was not recovered until evening, when it was dived for by a friend of his in 10 or 12 feet of water. 29 August 1874 A letter to the editor from Frank Clowes, brother of J.L.Clowes, who is referred to above. I will not transcribe the letter but it brings up again the lack of safety arrangements for bathers at Whitby. It refers to the fact that the particular part of the beach concerned appears to be safe because it slopes gently into the sea, but it is known locally that there are currents that can cause problems for bathers. On the day in question three other bathers had also had difficulties but had been more fortunate. He says that the Coroner had informed him that he had, himself, lost his son and a near relative in the same area. He says that people who saw his brother drown had said that if there had been a rope, life-buoy or boat on hand. He suggests that there should be a caution sign and that a boat should patrol the area during bathing hours. There had been a boat for a short time but it had stopped because there were insufficient subscriptions to pay a boatman. He suggests that bathers be charged a small fee to pay for a boat. 14 September 1874 Whitby, 12th - The various fisheries which are carried on extensively at this port continue to be very productive. During the past week herrings have been sold as low as 15s per last of at least 10,000 fish. The iron shipbuilding trade is brisk, and several new orders have come to hand. The jet ornmaent trade is good. 2 November 1874 Whitby, 31st - Owing to the prevailing dullness in the iron and coal trades in the north country the shipping trade is correspondingly dull. It is expected that most of the vessels now on their voyages home will lie up for the winter months rather than accept the low rate of freight that now prevails. 16 January 1875 Supposed Disaster at Sea - There is too much reason to fear that the fine screw steamer Alice of Whitby, has foundered, and that her crew, consisting of 20 or upwards, have perished. The Alice left the port of Cardiff on the 5th ult. with a cargo, bound for Constantinople. She was detained for a few days at Lundy Island through stress of weather but she afterwards prceeded on her voyage, and was never heard of again, except, as is supposed, by the steamship Hibernia. The captain of the Hibernia reports that when off Ushant, bearing west-north-west 65 miles, on December 11, at noon, he passed a screw steamer with black funnel, schooner rigged, with head of foresail blowing away. She did not appear to be deeply laden, but at the time it was blowing a heavy gale, with a trem- endous sea. Twenty minutes afterwards the steamer suddenly disappeared, and it is supposed she foundered at that time. The Hibernia, disabled herself and having great difficulty in keeping to sea, could not render any assistance. The Alice was quite a new ship, having been built by Messrs. Turnbull and Son about a year ago. She was owned by Messrs. James Gray and Co., and was insured. She was commanded by Captain W.Miller, of Whitby. 19 January 1875 Lost at sea - Hopes as to the safety of the screw steamer Alice, of Whitby, which left Cardiff for Constantinople on the 5th December last, are now abandoned. The vessel was laden, and is supposed to have foundered with all hands off Ushant on the 11th. The following is a list of the crew shipped on board, together with their respective ages and places of birth - William Miller, captain, 32, Whitby David Walters, 36, Leith John Sheer, 30, Dartmouth Nicholo Barlare, 25, Trieste Samuel Weeks, 50, Devon Antonio Jourich, 43, Trieste Edward John Shean, 29, Weymouth Thomas Rutter, 29, Newcastle William Mitchell, 34, Aberdeen John Colman, 26, Louth Thomas Marrion, 31, Isle of Wight William Moore, 32, Cork Terence Magan, 24, Cork Andrea Kenteta, 33, Trieste Charles Hodges, 23, Bristol James Griffiths, 30, Bristol Richard Copp, 30, Bridgeford Henry Petty, 26, Cushingdall Robert Stewart, 30, of Sydney, United States, also joined the ship, but he left by mutual consent. A seaman named Bernard Dunn, 34, Liverpool, deserted shortly before the steamer left Cardiff. The Alice was a vessel of 620 tons registered, and 99 horse power. She belonged to Messrs. James Gray and Co., Whitby, and was built two or three years ago by Messrs. Turnbull and Son, of the same place. 26 April 1875 Whitby, 24th - There have been alarge number of arrivals of fishing craft at this port during the past week, and thequantities of fish imported are enormous. The fish is of splendid quality and has realized capital prices. The jet ornament trade is somewhat reviving, but the iron shipbuilding trade contnues to be rather dull. 21 July 1875 The fatal accident reported in the Times of yesterday did not occur at Whitby but at Whitley, near North Shields. A correspondent at Whitby telegraphs that the boatman at Whitby is in constant attendance during the bathing hours, either in the boat, or on the Whitby sands, with cork jackets, lifebuoys, lines, and every other appliance for the rescue of bathers in case of need (It seems the message eventually got home !!) 19 August 1875 Ecclesiastical Preferments Rev.Arhur Kaye, M.A., curate of Whitby, vicar of St.Paul's, Middlesbrough 30 October 1875 Whitby, Oct.29th Yesterday evening a fishing coble called Welcome Home was returning to theport with a cargo of fish on board, and when a little to the south of Whitby rock buoy, which is about a mile off the port, she was caught by a heavy sea which upset her. The mishap was witnessed by a large number of people on shore, and efforts were imediayely made to render assistance. The steamboat Emarn happened to be at sea, and the master promptly bore down to the rescue. On arriving at the scene, however, only one man, named John Bunyan, was afloat, and he was clinging tenaciously to a spar belonging to the sunken boat. The rest of the crew, Robert Bewick and Francis Beswick, had sunk with the coble. Both men were married, the latter leaving, besides his widow, a family of six children. Bunyan, when picked up by the steamboat was in a most exhausted state, and it was not until after several hours of careful and unremitting attention that animation was restored. 15 November 1875 Whitby, 13th - In this neighbourhood business of all kinds is in a depressed state. In the iron shipbuilding thee is little doing, only one ship being on the stocks. The jet ornament trade, in which there was some improvement a few weeks ago, is again very dull. There has been little or nothing doing in shipping matters. 22 November 1875 Whitby, Nov.20 Some of the vessels have broken from their moorings, but no serious damage has resulted. Several ships were sighted off the port yesterday, and all of them bore evident signs of distress. Many pieces of wreck have been picked up. Telegraphic intelligence has been received of the total loss of the brig Elizabeth, of this port, and all her crew, except the master, Mr.Andrew Gatent. A good deal of anxiety prevails with regard to the safety of other vessels hailing from here. 6 December 1875 Whitby, 4th All kinds of business here continue to be in a depressed state. In the jet ornament manufactories many of the hands have been suspended, owing to the scarcity of orders. The iron shipbuilding trade also is dull, but in this respect Whitby suffers no worse than any of the neighbouring ports. In the fisheries there has been very little doing, owing to the bad weather which has for many weeks prevailed on this coast. 31 January 1876 Whitby, 29th Several large vessels have arrived here recently for repairs, and the dockyards are now busily engaged. The iron shipbuilding trade shows signs of improvement. The jet ornament trade continues to be depressed. 6 April 1876 Collision at Sea Plymouth, April 5 The screw steamship John Boyle, Captain Bowen, belonging to Messs. Marychurch and Co., of Cardiff, from Shields with coal for Gibraltar, and the Emma Lawson, Captain Letbe, of Whitby, belonging to Thomas Turnbull, from Alexandria with cotton-seed for Hull, were in collision at 6.30 pm yesterday 50 miles south-west of the Start. The Emma Lawson ran into the John Boyle on the starboard side, and cut her down so severely that she foundered within a quarter of an hour. The Emma Lawson had her port bow crushed in, but was kept afloat by her having a watertight collision bulkhead just abaft the damage. The John Boyle's crew, 20 in all, climbed on board the Emma Lawson, and were by her brought in here at an early hour this morning. 11 January 1877 Whitby, Jan.10 - The Argenoria, ketch, from Hartlepool for Whitby with coal stranded on Whitby sands early this morning. The Harriet Forteath, National Lifeboat, put off, but capsized; righted again, and washed ashore; coxswain and two others of the crew drowned, the straps of their cork jackets having given way; the remainder of the boat's crew saved; crew of the Agenoria, three in number, saved by rocket apparatus. 12 January 1877 A diligent search has been made along the coast near Whitby for the bodies of the men who were drowned yesterday morning in the capsizing of the lifeboat during their gallant attempt to save the lives of the crew of the vessel Argenoria, stranded on this coast, but the search has proved entirely futile. The authorities of the National Lifeboat Institution have telegraphed through their local secretary, Mr.G.W.Smails, the sincere sympathy with the poor widows and orphans of those who have been lost. The institution have promptly despatched Admiral Robertson MacDonald to make a full and searching inquiry into the circumstances attending the catastrophe and such inquiry will be held tomorrow morning. The most serious questions are whether the bands or cords by which the cork jackets were fastened to the bodies of the lifeboat crew were really rotten, and, if so, by what means and through whose neglect, and whether the boat could make a reasonable resistance to the power of the waves. An appeal will be made to the public to establish a fund for the relief of the widows and orphans, who are unprovided for. On the last occasion of the upsetting of a lifeboat at Whitby. the 9th of February 1861, no fewer than 12 out of 13 of the crew were drowned and an appeal was then made to the public. The Times opened its columns, and through that source alone £1,000 or £2,000 was contributed. The National Lifeboat Institution has decided to subscribe £250 in aid of the local subscription. We are informed that the lifebelts which the men wore were nearly new, having only been supplied last November, and the supposition, therfore, is that the men who perished, in their anxiety to take their places in the lifeboat, had failed to tie properly the strings of their belts. Notwithstanding the peril and exposure incurred by the crews last year, only one life was lost from the 256 lifeboats of the Institution although about 12,000 men were out in them on all occasions during that period. The coast boatmen and fishermen have now such confidence in the self-righting lifeboats of the institution that they sometimes, notwithstanding the darkness of the night and the severity of the weather, rush down in large numbers to take their places in the boats, and thus occasionally neglect to tie on with care the lifebelts. The local secretary at Whitby attaches no blame either to the crew or to the lifeboat on this occasion. In conclusion it may be added that this very lifeboat had previously gallantly rescued 34 distressed sailors and fishermen from different wrecks. 16 January 1877 Yesterday a Coroner's inquest was held on the body of John Thompson, one of the crew drowned by the upsetting of the Harriott Forteath lifeboat at Whitby, belonging to the National Lifeboat Institution. onsiderable importance was attached to the result of the inquiry, for it had been broadly asserted in some quarters that not only was the boat unsuitable to the coast, but that the lifebelts supplied to the men were in an improper state. From the evidence of the second coxswain of the lifeboat and of other practical men, it appeared that all the crew had the most ample confidence in the capabilities of the boat, and distinctly asserted that they would willingly go out in her again should the occasion require. The boat was struck by a wave right at her stern, and upset nearly end over end. The wave was of such power that no boat could have recovered from it. With respect to the belts, the witnesses stated that they had all been thor- oughly tested by Rear-Admiral Robertson Macdonald as late as September or October last, and they could not account for the weakness of the strings by which the belts were fastened to their bodies, except by the severe strain put upon them while the crew were being pulled into the boat, and the long continued dampness of the atmosphere. In summing up the Coroner said that, so far as the evidence went, no blame attached itself to anybody, and certainly not to the lifeboat authorities. A verdict in accordance with the evidence was returned. 22 February 1877 Yesterday Lloyd's Committee posted the screw steamer James Mason as missing - that is, lost with all hands. The inquiries of the previous week have produced no response. It will be remembered that she sailed from Cardiff with a cargo of coals for Gibraltar, and she has not been seen since. She was a steamer of 870 tons gross, 99 nominal horse-power, built at Middlesbrough in 1872, classed 100 A1 at Lloyds, and owned by Messrs. Dixon and Harris of London. She was worth about £18,000 and her cargo about £1,200. (then follows a list of the missing crew which includes David Chapman, 36, Whitby, steward) 10 April 1877 Information was yesterday received of the probable loss of the British bark North Wind. It appears that the vessel has gone ashore at Pensacola in a bad position, and is likely to become a total wreck. The North Wind sailed from Bristol on the 9th of February for Pensacola with a mixed cargo, and as no information has yet been received of her arrival it is presumed that she had her outward cargo on board. She is a wooden bark of 783 tons, and was yellow metalled in 1874. She was built at Quebec in 1865, and was classed A1 at Lloyds for seven years, continued for five years more at the expiration of that term. Her owner is Mr.B.Pearson, of Whitby. 16 April 1877 Whitby, 14th There has been a little improvement in the jet ornament trade during the past week, but it yet remains in an unsatisfactory state. The dockyards are nearly all empty, but the trade in shipbuilding is good, and to-day a fine iron screw steamer has been launched. Other trades dull. 30 April 1877 Whitby, 28th There have been few arrivals of vessels at this port during the past week, and the shipping trade generally is dull. The dockyards are a little more actively employed, but there are still large numbers of workmen out of employment. 14 May 1877 Whitby, 12th The iron shipbuilding trade here is uncommonly brisk. The large orders which were on hand before the outbreak of the war are being as rapidly executed as possible, and these orders have been supplemented by others. The dockyards are little occupied and many carpenters are out of employment. The jet ornament trade is as dull as ever. 4 June 1877 Whitby, 2nd The herring fishing season here has commenced, but so far has proved unsatisfactory. The fish is small and of poor quality. The jet ornament trade continues depressed, but the iro shipbuilding tade is quite brisk, and there is more activity in the dockyards. 25 June 1877 Whitby, 23rd The fisheries have been tolerably productive during the past week, a circumstance which has occasioned a diminution of prices. The iron shipbuilding trade is brisk. The work in connection with the West Cliff improvement scheme does not progress very satisfatorily. 15 December 1877 Wreck Commissioner's Court This inquiry was held at Liverpool. Captain Jones and Captain Grant, R.N., were the Assessors. The Kate was an iron screw steamer, owned in Whitby by Mr.Robert Harrowing and Mrs.Annie Thomas, Mr.Robert Harrowing being the managing owner. She foundered in the Baltic on a voyage from Barrow with railway iron. (The Commisioner's judgement was that the ship was too heavily loaded - her registered tonnage was 627, but she ha 1,015 tons of steel rail on board plus 187 tons of coal. Loads up to 33% over registered tonnage were considered acceptable, but the Kate was loaded 60% over. The ship was insured for £14,000 but her value, taking account of the fact that she was built in 1871 at a cost of £17,000, was now around £12,000, therefore, the owners had sustained no loss.) 7 January 1878 A noble service was performed at Whitby on Saturday night, by the Robert Whitworth lifeboat, belonging to the National Lifeboat Institution. During very thick weather the screw steamer Oscar. belonging to the London and Edinburgh Steam Shipping Co., went ashore off Whitby. Her signals of distress having been observed, the crew of the lifeboat at once assembled, manned, and launched her. She soon reached the wreck, took on board all hands - 22 persons in all - and brought them safely ashore. 5 February 1878 Landslip A noteworthy landslip has occurred on the coast, about half a mile north of Whitby. A fine headland, forming one of the most prominent features of the scenery in that locality, is thus destroyed. The causes are said to have been defective drainage and the action of the sea. 25 February 1878 Whitby, 23rd Trade generally is exceptionally dull, and in the jet ornament trade all the manufact- ories are working short time. The iron building trade is good. 18 March 1878 Whitby, 16th Trade is dull, and a good deal of distress prevails among the working classes. The only industries which seem to thrice are the fisheries and iron shipbuilding. 15 July 1878 Drowned - Off Whitby yesterday, while the pilot coble Hilda No.4 belonging to Messrs. Gray and Cass, was proceeding to pilot in the Whitby and London trader Lady Hilda, screw steamer, she was caught by a heavy sea and filled. Gray was drowned and Cass nearly so; the latter received a deep wound on the head, and his brother, who was in the coble, narrowly escaped drowning. The body was recovered. 18 July 1878 Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division, July 17 Longhorn v Longhorn and Fletcher Mr.C.J.Tarring appeared for the petitioner The petitioner, a grocer, married the respondent on the 25th of May, 1869, at Whitby, where they lived todether. In the latter end of last year the petitioner spoke to his wife as to her intimacy with the co-respondent, a fishmonger, who frequented the petitioner's smoke room, adjoining his shop, and at Christmas last the wife left her husband on a visit to her mother and had since lived with the co-respondent as his wife. Decree nisi, with costs 25 July 1878 Disaster at Sea A telegram has been received at West Hartlepool, stating that the Whitby trader Willing Mind was wrecked during Tuesday night, on her passage from West Hartlepool to Whitby, off Kettleness, and that, althought the crew were saved, Captain Peart was unfortunately drowned. 9 September 1878 Whitby, 7th The favourable weather during this past week has enabled all the fishing craft to leave the port every night. About 200 boats are employed here, and the "takes" during the past week have ranged from 2,000 to 40,000 herrings per boat. The average price is 2s6d per 100. 18 October 1878 Fatal Accident Early yesterday morning Mr.George Agar, proprietor of the Whitby Summer Tea Gardens was killed while engaged at the top of a high chimney in Messrs. Turnbull's shipyard. He had contracted to remove the chimney, and while so occupied he seems to have overbalanced himself, for he fell backwards down to the ground, and was killed on the spot. 24 October 1878 The Collision on the Thames The Board of Trade inquiry into the loss of the Princess Alice by collision with the Bywell Castle was yesterday resumed at the Board of Trade Court, Poplar, before Mr.Balguy, the stipendiary magistrate, appointed to be Judge in this investigation, with Captain Forster, R.N., and Mr.Ravenhill, C.E., as assessors. (this was a long and detailed report which, in general, had no connection with Whitby, except that one of the witnesses was Nathan Hewson, master of the brig, Maria of Whitby, which picked up 13 people involved in the collision) 23 December 1878 Whitby, 21st During the week there has been a steady demand for jet ornaments, the better class of goods being most in request. The iron shipbuilding tade is brisk, and the yards are fairly employed. 22 March 1879 The crew, consisting of six hands, belonging to the George, which went ashore near Whitby, and who were missing on Thursday, have landed safely at Staithes, near Whitby. They saved themselves by their boats. 7 April 1879 Whitby, 5th The catches of fish have been large and the prices good. The iron shipbuilding trade conttinues in a flourishing state, and there is a slight improvement in the jet ornament trade. 9 April 1879 High Court of Justice, April 8th Collingridge v Ahier The plaintiffs, Messrs. W.H. and L.Collingridge, publishers of the Rock (newspaper), brought this action against the Rev. Philip Ahier, vicar of Glaisdale, Yorkshire, to recover damages for slander spoken at the Glaisdale Church Institute on September 25 last, and for libel in much the same terms published a day or two afterwards in two Whitby newspapers. At the conclusion of the first lecture in the Autumn of last year at the institute the defendant, who presided, had said "he thanked all those who had sent him newspapers for the reading-room with the exception of those who had sent him the Rock and the Police News. He dared not say which of these two had the highest moral tone. He did not think that either was fit to be seen on the tables of any respectable society, whether public or private". These words, which were those also printed in the Whitby Times and the Whitby Gazette, charged the plaintiffs, as they contended, with publishing and putting into circulation literature of an immoral, depraving, and pernicious character. The defendant admitted the publication of the words as set forth in the statement of claim , but denied that those spoken by him on the occasion were in the same terms. He further pleaded that those used were spoken in good faith and without malice, and that he had reasonable grounds for believing them to be true; and also that the occasion on which they were spoken and published were privileged. The plaintiffs' case was closed early in this morning, and Mr.Day having briefly opened the case for the defence, the defendant, the Rev. Philip Ahier, went into the witness box and gave evidence that he had been for three years vicar of Glaisdale, to which he had been presented by the Archbishop of York. He said he was opposed to Ritualistic practices and belonged to the Broad Church party, if to any. (the vicar went on to explain that he considered the Rock to be a coarse, vulgar and sensational paper, he was convinced that it was an unsuitable paper to be put in the hands of young people and he had said so. - it seems, though, that this case was all about church politics, and the differences between the views of the Broad Church and the High Church eg confession etc. not about an immoral publication as we would know it today. The case was won by the plaintiffs and damages of £25 were awarded.) 6 September 1879 Drowned Information was received in Whitby on Thursday, of the loss by drowning of three of the crew of the full-rigged ship Contest, hailing from London, but owned by Mr.B. Pearson, Lorne-villas, Whitby. The captain (Mr.Thomas James) reports that while rounding the Cape of Good Hope, on the 2nd of July last, on his passage from Bombay to London, four of his crew were washed overboard from the jib-boom, and that three of them were drowned and one saved. Among the drowned was Richard Dillon, an apprentice, belonging to Whitby. 8 September 1879 Maritime Enquiry A Court of Inquiry has been held at New York into the stranding of the steamship Lizzie, of Whitby, at Bridgehampton, Long Island, on the morning of the 1st of August, while on her voyage from New York to London with a cargo of grain, flour, and cattle. The Court found that the master, Edward Gillings, showed a deplorable carelessness as to the interests of his owners and underwriters, and therefore severely reprimanded him. The conduct of the second mate, George Levack, in having altered the course of the vessel without informing the master, and in keeping the latter in ignorance of the state of the weather and of the vessel's proximity to the coast, was also highly reprehensible, and the Court suspended his certificate for three months. 13 October 1879 Captain Cook Sir George Elliot, M.P. for North Durham, has signified his intention to dedicate a piece of land on his estate, West Cliff, Whitby, to the public, and erect thereon a monument to Captain Cook, the circumnavigator. Captain Cook spent several years of his early life at the fishing village of Staithes, a few miles to the north of the port of Whitby. In later years he sailed from the harbour of Whitby, and it is an historical fact that in undertaking his adventurous voyages round the world he preferred the vessels which were built at Whitby by Whitby men. The site chosen by Sir George Elliot for the erection of the monument to the illustrious circum- navigator is one of the most prominent on the hon. baronet's estate. It commands an uninterrupted view of the German Ocean, of the coast scenery both north and south, of the romantic Abbey ruins on the opposite side of the harbour, and of the vale of the Esk. 10 November 1879 Whitby, 7th The jet ornament trade - once the staple industry of the town - shows signs of considerable improvement. A large number of the manufactories are busily employed, many substantial orders having been received for shipment to America. 3 December 1879 Consecration of a church The Archbishop of York on Monday afternoon consecrated a new church at Egton, near Whitby. The church, which has cost over £5,000 is the gift of Messrs. Foster, Brothers, of Halifax, Bradford, and Whitby, and the style of architecture is a mixture of the Tudor and Norman. 5 December 1879 Whitby, Dec. 4 The frost here is as intense as ever. All the ponds in the neighbourhood are frozen, and skating is becoming general. The dam, to, is frozen, a circumstance of very rare occurrence. To-day thee was another heavy fall of snow. All outdoor labour is rendered impossible, and should the bad weather continue great distress will be felt in this locality, where so many hundreds are engaged in railway works. 20 December 1879 Early yesterday morning a fire broke out in a block of buildings on the New Quay, Whitby. The whole of the upper portions of the buildings were utterly destroyed, together with a large quantity of manufactured jet ornaments. In the centre story of the building there were some valuable machinery and fittings, and also some rough jet, which were destroyed. On the ground floor, occupied as a guano warehouse, considerable damage was done, princip- ally by the action of the water. It was several hours before the fore was subdued. The premises were insured.