(Please note that spellings and punctuation are as published, so may not be correct in modern usage)
21 August 1794 Married On Saturday last, at Cardiff, Mr. William Richards, of Wyche-street, London to Miss Richards, of Cardiff 4 April 1788 Sunday, two young men at Whitchurch, near Cardiff, out of a frolic, one laid a wager, that the other could not open, by the force of throwing his arm, a dart knife; which he accepted, and succeeded; but unfortunately struck it in his thigh, which cutting an artery, he bled to death in about four hours. 10 April 1790 The Zephir, Moss, from London to Cardiff, is carried into Cherbourg with much damage, after being on shore. 9 September 1790 Friday the Assizes ended at Cardiff, for the county of Glamorgan, at which G.Lloyd for stealing a horse, and Thomas John for housebreaking, received sentences of death. 29 August 1791 At Hereford Assizes an action was brought by a Mr. Rees, a freeholder of the Manor of Sengenith, in Glamorganshire, against the Right Hon. Lord Cardiff and others, for having made an inclosure on a place called Brincaira, part of the waste on which had a right of Common. The principal defendant had always insisted, that as Lord of the said manor, he had a right to enclose such part of the waste as he thought fit; but after a full investigation, it appeared so clearly that no such right existed, that the Jury, under the direction of the learned Judge, pronounced a verdict for the Plaintiff, whereby 127 acres of waste that had been unjustly fenced in, will be restored to the commoners. 26 September 1791 At Cardiff Assizes, on Friday, four prisoners were capitally convicted - At the Nisi Prius Bar was tried an action brought by a person at Neath, against another of the same place, for biting him by the nose, and also in one of his thumbs, by which he was disabled for three months. The Plaintiff obtained five guineas damages, and full costs of suit. 5 December 1794 Letters from Cardiff mention, that the waters were so much out in that neighbourhood, as to render the roads almost impassable. The mail coach a few days ago, in order to avoid the flood, took a circuitous route by the way of Landaff, but was obliged to return, the river there having swollen so high as to make it dangerous to pass. A guide on horseback was procured, and the guard mounting one of the leaders, the coach and passengers were with great difficulty and fatigue conducted safely across. 22 April 1801 At Cardiff Assizes, which ended on Friday last, and occupied the whole of the week, three of the rioters at Merthyr, who had committed felonies, were capitally convicted, and received sentence of death, viz. Samuel Hill, James Luke, and Aaron Williams; as were Thomas John, and Gwenllin Watkin, for sheep stealing. Judgement is suspended on three others of the rioters who were found guilty of felonies. 26 December 1801 One of the unfeeling villains who plundered the property of the ship-wrecked mariners cast ashore near Aberthaw, Glamorganshire, is committed to Cardiff gaol. 31 July 1802 The following persons, an April last, received of Mr. Nicholson, No.16, Cornhill, between Twelve and Thirteen Hundred pounds each, for the Shares of the Ticket No.17,993, drawn a Prize of £20,000, which it is presumed must have due weight with every person who wishes to be a candidate for the favours of fortune, viz. Mr.Sutton, near Cardiff, Wales .............. 13 January 1804 Falmouth, Jan 9, The brig Padston, Stevens, from Cardiff, bound to London, with iron, coming into this harbour, unfortunately missed stays, and got among the breakers of the Stay Rocks; several boats went to her assistance, and by great exertions got her off, and carried her into St.Mawes, where, in consequence of the damage she has sustained, she will be obliged to take out her cargo. 10 April 1806 (Summary) Morgan William was tried at Cardiff Assizes for the wilful murder of Margaret William, his servant, in October 1805. On that day, Morgan William, arrived home and told the servant get him some bread and butter. He then complained about the quality of the food, and an argument ensued, in which Margaret William said she had seen the ghost of Morgan William's brother, which angered him so much that he struck her and threw her to the ground. Whilst she was down she cried out for help from another servant, but William Morgan, the son of Moran William, told him not to help, as Margaret William had caused much mischief in the family. When Margaret William appeared to be dead, they lifted her into a chair, and Morgan William was full of remorse. They tried to revive her with some spirits but she died. The Jury returned a verdict of Manslaughter, which led the Judge to tell them that their decision was a stain on the County to allow such guilt to escape. Morgan William was fined £50 and imprisoned for 12 months. 31 January 1807 The Centurion, Richards, the Union, Evans, and the Lucy, Edwards, from Youghall to Southampton, were taken 23rd inst., by a French schooner Privateer, of six guns and 65 men. The two former burnt, the latter given up to the crews, and arrived at Solva, near Milford, 26th - The privateer had taken the Hebe, of Cardiff, previous to the 23rd. 25 October 1809 The subscription proposed for the liberation of prisoners in the gaol at Cardiff in Wales, on occasion of the Jubilee, was filled almost as soon as opened. On the Saturday morning last, the High Sheriff of the County visited the prison and gave to the Debtors there the consoling assurance that they should all be liberated on the Wednesday evening, but that they should be previously enabled to spend the day convivially together, with a plentiful dinner of roast beef and plum pudding. 22 October 1816 Disturbances in Glamorganshire The following letter on the subject of the riot of the miners was received Yesterday morning:- Swansea, Oct 19 "it is with great concern that I inform you that we are all in Swansea in a very anxious state of alarm the whole of this day, and I am quite apprehensive that consequences will end very bad. Yesterday dispatches came from Merthyr by express, signed by the High Sheriff of the county, and other Principal Magistrates, urging the immediate assistance of three troops of The Swansea cavalry, at Merthyr, stating that the rioters had assumed a Most alarming appearance; consequently the troops marched from Swansea At a very early hour this morning, and also the Cardiff troop from that town; Since which there has been such a variety of alarming reports that it would Be endless to repeat. I must only say that the discontented are in great force, And determined to oppose everything sent against them. The Magistrates are Now waiting the arrival of the first messenger. I hope things will be much Better indeed than the reports, - otherwise it is dreadful. I am much afraid Distress will be severely felt this winter." 24 October 1816 Disturbances in Wales (Extract of a letter) Merthyr, Sunday, Oct. 20th, 1816 On Wednesday last about 400 men rose from their work at Tredegar Iron-works; they came on to Rumney works, and put the blast out from The furnaces, and pressed several men to go along to the Dowlais works; There they did the same; also at Penydarren, they stopped all the furnaces On the hills (their plea was an increase in wages); the mob passed by Pontmorlais to Cyfarther iron-works, and stopped all the blast-furnaces and Most of the works: they pressed many of the workmen to go along with them. On Wednesday evening their numbers were increasing to many hundreds, if Not thousands. They got to the Plymouth works, and stopped them all. In the Evening (after stopping all the works in the neighbourhood) the men came Into the town of Merthyr an a large body, perhaps many thousands, some with Sticks, and others with pikes, and other weapons in their hands. There was a Very large crowd, and several of the men knocked at my door about 10 o'clock on Wednesday evening; your mother, myself, and several were in my house: all the lights (except a little fire) were put out, but we had prepared for the worst: we had plenty of candles, etc. in readiness: however, the men knocked furiously at my front door. I opened it, and asked them what they wanted; their answer was "bread and cheese". I told them to behave peaceable, I would give them all the bread and cheese I had in the house among them. One fellow, with a large hay-fork in his hand, stepped up to my door, and swore they would not injure any thing: so they had all my bread and cheese, as they wanted victuals. Very fortunately we had been baking that day (partly on purpose), as I had seen their manoeuvres in several places about. However, your mother and all in my house lent a hand to cut and serve out the bread and cheese as fast as we could, while myself and others were reasoning with the men, and making use of the best and most persuasive means we could. In the course of half an hour they all gave an huzza ! and went away to other parts of the town where they could get victuals. The mob has not done any more injury than stopping all the works. I gave away, perhaps, about £2 worth of bread and cheese. Dispatches were sent to different parts for military. Mr.Forrest travelled all Wednesday night for Bristol, others to Cardiff , Swansea etc. Three stage-coaches were pressed at Cardiff, which were loaded full in and outside with soldiers. They reached Merthyr on Friday morning. Also the Cardiff and Swansea cavalry came in on Friday. Yesterday the infantry came in from Bristol. The mob had left Merthyr on Friday. They went over the hills to Nanty-Gloe, Lanelly, Blane-avon, and every works on the hills they stopped. They were to return to Merthyr yesterday (Saturday), about 2 o'clock. They arrived in a body supposed to be at least 10,000 men. About half an hour before the mob, the Bristol soldiers (part of the 55th regiment) came in; they had scarcely had time to have a sup of beer and a little bread in their hands, at the Castle inn (head-quarters), before the mob came in in thousands. Mr.Hill (the sheriff for Glamorgan), Mr.Crawshay, and all the gentlemen, mounted their horses with the cavalry. The riot act was read by Mr.Hill, the sheriff. After great bustle and noise the mob were all dispersed Last evening, without firing or injuring any one by the military. Last evening, After they dispersed, near 40 of the ringleaders were made prisoners; Tomorrow they will be sent to Cardiff gaol. Had not the mob dispersed when They did, the order to fire would have been given in a few more minutes: had That been the case the slaughter would have been dreadful, for many of the Innocent, who were spectators, would have fallen dead with others. PS. Every thing at Merthyr is quiet this morning: all military etc. are gone to Church. 6 November 1816 The contract for supplying the pipes for the Paris Waterworks has been made With the iron-merchants at Cardiff and Newport, in Wales. A brig from the Former port, with 120 tons of pipes, recently put into Southampton, on her Passage to Rouen. She was conveying the first cargo. 9 November 1818 Mr. Richardson moved for a rule to show cause why a criminal information Should not be filed against Pritchard and Woolcott, churchwardens, and Wheeler, and others, of the town of Cardiff, for conspiring to prevent the Collection of a poor rate. The affidavit stated, that in consequence of Objections made, as the deponent thought, on grounds wholly insufficient, And supported by one Richards, an attorney, the poor were delayed in their Regular payments, by which two disturbances were occasioned, and serious Alarm excited. It seemed that the churchwardens refused to sign the rate, Unless some exceptions were made in favour of their own property: but we Could not hear the affidavit very distinctly. The Court seemed to think the Objections to the rate were reasonable enough, and if we mistake not, Refused the rule. 28 November 1818 Court of King's Bench The King v Woods and another Mr.Goulburn showed cause why a criminal information should not be filed Against the above defendant, for having used insulting language towards Peter Walker, constable of Cardiff castle. Mr. Walker had called himself a Magistrate, but he was not a Magistrate for the county of Glamorgan; and His situation in the castle was of so little dignity, that the duties of it were Performed by the porter of the castle-gate. Mr. Walker was assistant clerk in the Tontine office; so that though he was a very respectable man, his situation in life and his dignity were not so overwhelming as to entitle him to this special interference; and he had passed four other opportunities of procuring ordinary redress. The substance Mr.Walker's affidavit showed that the language used by the defendants, however unjustifiable, was only the heat of election squabble; and Mr. Goulburn contended that there was no intention whatever to provoke Mr.Walker to fight a duel. A private place was chosen for the attack, and not the county meeting, which would have been the case if premeditated insult had been intended. The defendants' affidavits stated that Mr. Walker had constantly acted towards them with marked malignity; and these affidavits were supported by those of several aldermen of the borough; Mr.Walker's constant object being to promote dissention in the borough, and expel Mr.Woods from the office of Town-clerk. Mr.Woods denied ever having insulted Mr. Walker, in his capacity of Constable of the Castle, or having offered to abandon his party and go to the Marquis of Bute's Party, for a pecuniary consideration, as was asserted in Mr.Walker's affidavits. The proceeding by information was only allowed on gross and outrageous Occasions, it was therefore necessary to go into the merits of the applicant. He was in a subordinate situation of life, and had caused every dispute and dissension in the borough of Cardiff. Five months had elapsed, and why had he not gone before the Grand Jury ? The Court asked whether the defendants had received any immediate provocation at the time they had insulted Mr.Walker, and in answer to the objection, from the time that had elapsed, Said the prosecutor could not have come to this Court before, and would have Been to blame if he had instituted proceedings in Glamorganshire. Rule Absolute against the defendants. The prosecutor is agent of the Marquis of Bute. 21 August 1819 Herefordshire Assizes The King v Wood (this long report is the follow-up case from the preceding report, and too long to transcribe, so I have summarised the main points which amplify the above report) "This was a criminal information against the defendants for using insulting language to the prosecutor, Mr. Peter Walker, constable of the borough of Cardiff, in order to provoke him to fight a duel. It appeared that, in that Borough, dissensions had prevailed, which led to considerable heat and animosity. On the 25th of June 1818, a meeting was about to be held in Glamorganshire, to consider of a proper person to represent that county in parliament. On that occasion Mr.Walker was accosted by the defendants in the language stated in his evidence; and in order to protect himself against any further insult or violence on their part, he had found it necessary to apply to the Court of King's Bench, for a criminal information, which was granted." "Mr.Peter Walker said he lived in Great Portland-street, London. He was constable of Cardiff Castle. He also held a situation in the Tontine-office, in the Exchequer, and had succeeded Lord Torrington as barrack-master to the foot guards. He was at Cardiff in the month of June last year. On the 25th of June he left Cardiff to go to Pyle, in Glamorganshire, to attend a county meeting for the nomination of a member for that county. Pyle was about 21 miles from Cardiff. He passed through Cowbridge in his way. He travelled in his own carriage with a dicky box. The Rev. Mr.Jones was in the carriage with him, and Capt, Roberts on the box. They left Cardiff between 7 and 8 in the morning. When they arrived at Cowbridge, his carriage stopped within 20 yards of the inn. The Rev. Mr. Williams, and Mr. Richards, of Cardiff, were standing near the carriage when it arrived. He did not observe where Capt. Roberts went. Mr.Richards was his solicitor at Cardiff. Mr. Williams was Magistrate for the county. When he observed these 2 gentlemen he went towards them. Frederick Wood, one of the defendants, came and stood before him in a most threatening and insulting manner, and said "You are a blackguard; my name is Frederick Wood. I live here" Immediately after this Mr. Nicholas(sic) Wood stepped forward in the same insulting and threatening manner, and said "You scamp, you ought to be horsewhipped; plain language is best for such fellows as you are, Peter Taylor Walker, of the Tontine-office." Mr. Walker then said to Mr. Williams and Mr. Richards, "This is evidently meant to provoke me to fight a duel, or to challenge them". On this Frederick Wood said "I mean it so, you are a scamp, and ought to be horsewhipped out of every town you come to; I mean to horsewhip you myself hereafter; I would do so now but for the respect I have for my own character." Mr. Nicholas (sic) Wood then came up again and said "How dare you show your face in this town? You ought to be horsewhipped out of this town particularly, and out of every town you come into., Peter Taylor Walker of the Tontine-office." Nothing could be more insulting than their manner; it was like that of maniacs. Mr. Nicholas (sic) Wood was a solicitor, and Town-clerk of Cardiff. Mr. Frederick Wood was a Lieutenant in the army. He had no personal acquaintance with either of them, and had never used any insulting language to them." When cross-examined Walker agreed that he had possibly had some correspondence with Nicholas (Nicholl) Wood or his brother John when he wrote to express his condolences on the death of their father. He had also corresponded with Mr. John Wood, as the solicitor to the Marquis of Bute, whose confidential friend Walker was. He was not the Marquis' agent in political matters but did give advice to the Marquis' agents. Walker was attending the meeting at Pyle to support the candidacy of Sir Christopher Cole for Glamorganshire. However, in the event, Mr. Edwards was selected and Sir Christopher was not nominated. Lord James Stuart, brother of the Marquis had been elected for Cardiff. Mr. Fredk. Wood had been a candidate against Lord Stuart. Since the events in question Walker had seen the Woods in Cardiff in corporation meetings and Mr. Nicholl Wood had frequently made use of Insulting expressions and gestures against him but had not molested him. Walker was not a member of the corporation but attended at the request of some of the members. Nicholl Wood and others had protested against his presence but Walker protested his right to attend as constable of the castle. however, he had left the room when requested to do so. A vote was taken and the majority was for the constable to be allowed to attend. Walker's statement was supported by the Rev. Henry Williams, who said he was a Magistrate for Glamorganshire, but had no connection with the borough of Cardiff. On cross-examination he said he had no ecclesiastical living or cure and lived in Cardiff. He had supported Lord Stuart's candidature for Cardiff and was going to Pyle to support Sir Christopher Cole for Glamorgan. Sir Christopher was a supporter of the Marquis of Bute, and was opposed by Mr. Edwards, who was supported by the defendants. He said that he had not written down the words of the defendants but that Mr. Richards had. He had seen the words written by Mr. Richards and had discussed them. he had not previously heard Walker repeat them. The defence did not dispute the words spoken, only that they were not meant to provoke a duel. Mr Walker had said that the words had been spoken like maniacs and if that were true then it should show that they were spoken in the heat of the moment. There had not been any previous differences between the defendants and the prosecutor, but there were some disputes in the borough between different groups. He did not defend the words spoken but hoped the jury would understand that they were not spoken with malicious intent, nor to provoke a breach of the peace. The jury immediately found a verdict of Guilty. Defendants to receive Judgement in the course of the next Term. 14 September 1819 The iron trade at Cardiff has for some months past been particularly brisk; and such is the multiplicity of orders regularly transmitted, that the iron-masters are erecting new new furnaces, to enable them to meet the demand. It is supposed that no less a quantity than 500 tons is shipped weekly from that port. The tin trade is equally flourishing. - Bath Journal 30 November 1819 The King v Nichol Wood, Gent., and Frederick Wood, Esq. (This refers back again to the case reported above - I have summarised the details) The two Woods had put in affidavits accusing Walker of being the author of a gross and defamatory libel published in the Cardigan paper, reflecting on their father, and on other members of their family. They claimed that this was the source of their anger with Walker, but that the words used were uttered on the spur of the moment seeing this man who had vilified themselves and their family. They had done nothing since their prosecution to aggravate their previous conduct. Mr. Scarlett, for the prosecutor, said that Walker had requested time to answer the affidavits. The Lord Chief Justice granted time, but said that there would be no need for the defendants to attend Court again to hear sentence against them.