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Judaism


 

Time period/Founding date: Between/Around 722 – 167 BC. ( 1948 – State of Israel becomes an independent country. )

 

Location where religion began: Israel.

 

Major prophets/figures:

 

·        God Himself

·        Abraham

·        Moses Maimonides

 

Major books of the religion/literature associated with it: The major literature, of Judaism, is that of the ‘Torah’. The term ‘Torah’ refers to Moses and his Five Books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. It can also submit to the Jewish Bible (Tanakh/Written Torah).

 

Four doctrines/beliefs/practices and their explanations:

 

·        Qorbanot – Ancient times held Qorbanot as a major element of Jewish ritual. The term advocated a loss, or giving up something; the outcome being drawing closer to God, and obtaining forgiveness from sin. The different types of Qorbanot would include Olah: Burnt Offering, Zebach Sh’lamim: Peace Offering, Chatat: Sin Offering, Asham: Guilt Offering, and Food and Drink Offerings.

 

·        Shabbat – /The/ most important ritual in Judaism, the Shabbat is a day chiefly set aside for rest and spiritual fortification.

 

·        Role of Women – The role of the female, in Judaism, is not as diminutive as people thought; people misunderstood the role, for too long. Since biblical times, women have held respectful positions. Males have more often persecuted for /their/ wrong-doings, than have women.

 

·        Hanukkah – This is a Jewish celebration of rededication, and is also celebrated as the ‘festival of lights’. It carries on for eight days, beginning on the 25th day of Kislev (Which is the ninth month of a Jewish year. [November/December])

 

 

"Moses Parting the Red Sea"

 


 

Citations:

 

Rich, Tracey R. "Table of Contents" Judaism 101

http://www.jewfaq.org/toc.htm

© 1995-2004, Tracey R. Rich

 

Wenner, Sara. "Judaism" Religions of the World

http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/religion/judaism/judaism.html

© 2001

 

Friberg, Arnold. "Parting of the Red Sea - Moses" McGill Fine Art

http://www.mcgillfineart.com/gallery/biblical/

partingoftheredsea-moses.html

© 2000-2002 McGill Fine Art

 

Shulam, Joseph. "A Proposed Theological Breakthrough and The Success of the Messianiac Judaism in our time" Netivyah Bible Instruction Ministry

http://www.netivyah.org.il/English%20Web/MidrashaArticles/Midrasha%20-%20Articles%20-%20The%20success%20of%20Messianic%20Judaism.htm

© 2003 Netivyah Bible Instruction Ministry