When?: Around 551-479 BCE
Founder: Lao Tzu-- which literally means "Old Master". It is unknown whether he actually existed or whether he actually wrote the Tao Te Ching. His life is shrouded in mystery and legend.
Other Important Figure: Chuang Tzu is sort of the second founder of Taoism. Like Lao Tzu, his life is largely legend.
What is Taoism?
Quick Fact Sheet