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System of Industrial Relations and Trade Unionism in Malaysia

The Industrial Relations Act of 1967 and the Trade Unions Act of 1959 are the two major laws governing industrial relations and trade union activities in Malaysia. Significant strikes are rare as most labor disputes are resolved through conciliation with the assistance of the Ministry of Labour or in the Industrial Court. The government has powers to impose compulsory arbitration making strikes illegal and punishable by imprisonment. ILO Convention No. 98 (Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining, 1949) was ratified by Peninsular Malaysia in 1961 and by Sabah and Sarawak in 1964. Malaysia, however, has not ratified Convention No. 89 (Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize, 1948). Mainland trade unions are prohibited from having union members from Sabah and Sarawak and vice versa. In addition, Malaysia has a de facto ban on the formation of trade unions in the electronics sector.

As of mid-1994, the Malaysian Trade Unions Congress (MTUC), formed in 1950 under the name Malayan Trades Union Council, had 138 affiliated unions with about 500,000 members. The Congress of Unions in Public and Civil Services (CUEPACS) represents the interests of 99 trade unions with approximately 175,000 public sector employees. MTUC's long-standing rival, the Malaysian Labor Organization (MLO) had 35 unions with a membership of approximately 61,171. However, in July 1995, the MLO's suffered a major setback when MKTR separated from the organization taking with it 50,000 members. In 1995, 11.5 percent of Malaysia's non-agricultural labor force was unionized.

Trade Union Directory

Malaysian Trades Union Council (MTUC)

International affiliations:



350,000 (1996)

Contact Information:

10-5 Julan USJ 9/5T
47620 Suabng Jaya
Telephone: 60/3-7242954; 7172748
Facsimile: 60/3-7243224

Majlis Kebansaan Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja
Kakitangan Rendah Kerajaan Malaysia (MKTR)

International affiliations:


Contact Information:

No. 458 (JKR 2138/2)
Jalan Tun Razak
50400 Kuala Lampur
Telephone: 603/2429763
Facsimile: 603/2429763

MTUC AFFILIATES                       Scope of membership


All Malayan Estate Staff Union
Kesatuan Kakitangan Jabatan Pertanian Sarawak
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja FELDA
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Lembaga Kemajuan Ikan M'sia
Kesatuan Pelaut Sabah
Sabah Plantation Industry Employees Union
Sabah Rubber Fund Board Employees Union

Association of Agricultural Executives Sabah 

Kesatuan pekerja-pekerja Felda Plantations Sdn. Bhd

Kesatuan pekerja-pekerja Jabatan Hutan Sarawak

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Felda Rubber Products Sdn. Bhd.


Kesatuan Kakitangan Petroleum Nasional Bhd (Petronas) Sarawak
Kesatuan Kebangsaan Pekerja-Pekerja Lombong Sem. Malaysia
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Esso Production M'sia Inc
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Kumpulan Shell Semanjung Malaysia
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Perkayuan Semenanjung Malaysia
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Sabah Forest Industry
Sabah Mining Employees Union
Sabah Petroleum Industry Workers Union
Sarawak Petroleum Industry Workers Union
Sarawak Shell Employees Union
Association of Agricultural Executive Sabah
Sarawak Shell Oilfields Supervisory and Specialist Staff Union


Kesatuan Kakitangan Lembaga Air Melaka
Kesatuan Kakitangan Pihak Berkuasa Air Pulau Pinang
Kesatuan Kakitangan Puncak Niaga (M) Sdn Bhd.
Kesatuan Sekerja Lembaga Air Sibu
Sabah Water Industry Employees Union
Sarawak Electricity Supply Corporation Employees Union
TNB Amalgamated Employees Union
TNB Junior Officers Union

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Indah Water Konsortium Sdn.Bhd

Kesatuan Eksekutif Syarikat Puncak niaga(M) Sdn. Bhd.

KEsatuan Jurutera-jurutera Sabah Electricity Sdn. Bhd



Association of Bank Officers Malaysia
Association of HongKong Bank Officers
Association of Maybank Class One Officers
Association of Maybank Executives
Kesatuan Kakitangan Angkatan Koperasi Kebangsaan M'sia Bhd (KESUKA)
Kesatuan Kakitangan Eksekutif Bank of Commerce (M) Bhd
Kesatuan Pegawai-Pegawai Bank Muamalat (M) Bhd.
Kesatuan Sekerja Kakitangan Bank Kerjasama Rakyat Malaysia Berhad
National Union of Bank Employees
National Union of Commercial Workers
Sabah Banking Employees Union
Sabah Commercial Employees Union
Sarawak Bank Employees Union

Kesatuan Pegawai-pegawai Bank Sabah 

Kesatuan Kakitangan Bank Simpanan Nasional


Union Of Employees in the Construction Industry


Cement Industry Employees Union
Chemical Workers Union of Malaya
DMIB Employees Union
DMIB Management Staff Association
Drink Manufacturing Industry Employees Union, Sarawak
Electrical Industry Workers Unions
F&NCC Beverages Sdn. Bhd. Executive Staff Union
Johore Textile and Garment Workers
Kesatuan Kakitangan Espek Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Kakitangan Perak - Hanjoong Simen Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Kakitangan Percetakan Keselamatan Nasional Berhad
Kesatuan Pekerja MTC
Kesatuan Pekerja Pekerja Perodua
Kesatuan Pekerja - Pekerja SME Technologies Sdn Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Acrylic Textiles of M'sia Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Amalgamated Parts Manufacturers Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja APM Shock Absorbers
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Auto Parts Manufacturing (Seats & Radiators)
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Central Sugar Refinery
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Fujikura Federal Cable
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Gula Padang Terap Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Harris Advanced Technology (M) Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Kian Joo
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Kilang Gula Felda Perlis Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Lucas Automotive Sdn. Bhd., Senai
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Malay-Sino Chemical
Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Nippon Electric Glass (M) Sdn Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Perusahaan Kumpulan United Motor Works
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Perusahaan Membuat Tekstil dan Pakaian Perak
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Pewter Kraftangan
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Syarikat Gummi Metall Teknik (M) Sdn Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Sime Tyres International Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Tamura Electronics (M) Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja perusahaan Tekstil & Pakaian P.Pinang & Seberang
Machinery Manufacturing Employees Union
Malayan Sugar Manufacturing Employees Union
Metal Industries Employees Union
Motor Assemblers Supervisory Staff Union Peninsular Malaysia
National Union of Drinks Manufacturing Industry Workers
National Union of Employees in Companies Manufacturing Rubber Products
National Union of Industrial Mineral Smelting Workers
National Union of Petroleum and Chemical Industry Workers
National Union of Tobacco Workers
National Union of Transport Equipment Allied Industry Workers
National Union of Workers in the Shoe Manufacturing Industry
Non-Metallic Mineral Products Manufacturing Employees Union
NS/MELAKA Textile & Garment Workers Union
Paper & Paper Products Manufacturing Employees Union
Printing Industry Employees Union
British American Tobacoo Employees Union, Malaya
Selangor & Federal Territory Textile Workers Union
Union of Beverage Industry Workers
Union of Malayawata Steel Workers

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Nippon Elec (M) Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Time Reach Sdn. Bhd

Kesatuan pekerja-pekerja Epson Precision (M) Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan Kakitangan C.G.E.Utilities (M) Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Kami Electronics Industry (M) Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Perodua Engine Manufacturing Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan pekerja-pekerja Hokuden (M) Sdn. Bhd

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Casio (M) Sdn.Bhd.
Kesatuan Kakitangan Petroleum Nasional Bhd (Petronas Sabah)
Kesatuan O\Pekerja Shell MDS (M) S/B Sarawak
Kesatuan Kakitangan Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Bhd Sarawak

Kesatuan pekerja-pekerja Sabah International Dairies Sdn. Bhd.


Brooke Dockyard & Engineering Works Corporation Employees Union, Sarawak
Kesatuan Kakitangan Klang Container Terminal Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Airod Sdn. Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Johor Port Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Limbongan Kapal
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Limbongan Timor
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja M'sia Airports Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Malaysia Airport Bhd Sarawak
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja MHS Aviation Sdn. Bhd (Lapangan Terbang Kerteh - Kemaman)
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Naval Dockyard Sdn. Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Pakaian Seragam Pos
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Pelabuhan Klang Port Management Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Pengkalan Bekalan Kemaman Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Perbadanan Perkapalan Antarabangsa Malaysia Berhad (MISC) Semenanjung Malaysia

Kesatuan Kakitangan Eksekutif MISC (KEKAMI)

Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Perkeranian Pos Malaysia Berhad
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Projek Lebuhraya Utara Selatan (PLUS)
Kesatuan Penyelia - Penyelia Projek Lebuhraya Utara - Selatan Bhd
Kesatuan Sekerja Kakitangan Sistem Televisyen (M) Bhd
Klang Port Management Staff Union
Malaysian Airlines System Employees' Union Peninsular Malaysia
MAS Executive Staff Association
National Union of Newspaper Workers
National Union of Telekoms Employees
Penang Port Workers Union
Persatuan Pegawai-Pegawai Kanan Lembaga Pelabuhan Klang
Pos Malaysia Berhad Clerical Staff Union, Sabah
Railwaymen's Union of Malaya
Rajang Port Authority Employees Union
Redifussion Workers Union Of Malaya
Sabah Port Authority Workers Union
Transport Workers Union
Union of Employees in Port Ancillary Services Suppliers

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Telekom Malaysia Bhd Sabah

MHS Aviation Sdn. Bhd. Employees' Union Sarawak

Kesatuan Pegawai-pegawai Kanan Penang Port Sdn. Bhd.

Persatuan Pegawai Keselamatan Bukan Eksekutif Kuantan Port Consortium Sdn. Bhd.

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Telekom Malaysia Bhd Sabah

Kesatuan Pekerja Telekom Mly Berhad Sarawak
Persatuan Eksekutif Pos Malaysia
Kesatuan Pekerja--pekerja Lembaga Pelabuhan Kuching
Persatuan Kakitangan Eksekutif Sistem Penerbangan Malaysia (KK)
Kesatuan Eksekutif Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd
Airlines Workers Union, Sarawak
Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Malaysia Airports Bhd Wilayah Sabah



Club Employees Union, Pen. Malaysia
Commonwealth Services Employees Union
Concorde Hotel Employees Union
Kesatuan Kakitangan Am Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman
Kesatuan Pekerja - Pekerja Pens Travelodge Kangar
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Hotel Sarawak
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Parkroyal Kuala Lumpur
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Safeguards Corporation Berhad
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Securicor (M)
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Securicor (M) Sdn. Bhd Sabah
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Securicor Sarawak
Kesatuan Pengawal-Pengawal Keselamatan Malayan Banking
National Union of Hotel, Bar & Restaurant Workers, Peninsular Malaysia
National Union of Race Horse Syces Pen
National Union of Teachers in Independent Schools
Penang Turf Club Race Day Workers Union
Resort World Bhd. Executive Union
Resort World Employees Union
Sarawak Medical Services Union
Union of Employees in Private Medical Health Services
Union of Employees in Trade Unions

Sarawak Club Employee's Union

Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja B.Braun Medical Ind. Sdn. Bhd.
Kesatuan Kebangsaan Kakitangan Akademik Institusi Pengajian Tinggi
Kesatuan Pekerja-pekerja Zetavest Sdn. Bhd
Kes. Eksekutif Angkatan Koperasi Keb. M'sia Bhd
Kesatuan Pekerja Pekerja Alam Flora Sdn. Bhd


Amalgamated Union of Employees in Govt. Clerical & Allied Services
E.P.F. Board Staff Union
K.L. City Council Workers Union
Kesatuan Kakitangan Am University Pertanian Malaysia
Kesatuan Kakitangan KWSP Sarawak
Kesatuan Kakitangan Lembaga Pasaran dan Pelesen Getah Malaysia, S. Malaysia
Kesatuan Kakitangan Lembaga Urusan dan Tabung Haji
Kesatuan Kakitangan MIDA
Kesatuan Kebangsaan Pembantu Tadbir Kesihatan Semenanjung Malaysia
Kesatuan Pegawai-Pegawai Hasil Dalam Negeri
Kesatuan Pegawai-Pegawai MARA
Kesatuan Pekerja Pekerja Jabatan Cetak Kerajaan
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia S.M. (KIKMAS)
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Koperasi Polis DiRaja M'sia Bhd.
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Perbadanan Kemajuan Pelancungan Malaysia
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja UDA
Kesatuan Pekerja-Pekerja Zoo Negara/Akuarium TAR
Kesatuan Sekerja Anggota KWSP Sabah
Kesatuan Sekerja Kakitangan Kemajuan Pahang Tenggara (DARA)
Kesatuan Sekerja Kakitangan Majlis Perbandaran Tawau
Malayan Nurses Union
Malayan Technical Services Union
Malaysian Rubber Board Staff Union
National Union of PWD Employees
National Union of the Teaching Profession
Penang Municipal Services Union
Sabah Electricity Board Employees Union
Sabah Medical Services Union
Senior Officers Association University Hospital
University Hospital Staff Union
University of Malaya General Staff Union

Kesatuan Kakitangan Perbadanan Hal Ehwal Bekas Angkatan Tentera

Sabah Inland Revenue Employee's Union