Vol. 13 No. 1
"Vision without action is only a dream. Action without vision only passes time. Vision with action can change the world." - Joel Baker
In this issue...
Did You Know ... ?
Items borrowed from Birds of Michigan Field Guide by Stan Tekiela
Size: 8-1/2" (22cm)
Male: Jet black bird with red and yellow shoulder patches on upper wings. Pointed black bill.
Female: heavily streaked brown bird with a pointed brown bill and white eyebrows.
Juvenile: same as female.
Nest: cup; female builds; 2-3 broods per year.
Eggs: 3-4; bluish green with brown marking.
Incubation: 10-12 days; female incubates; female and male feed young.
Migration: complete, to southern states, Mexico and Central America.
Males repeat call from the tops of cattails while showing off their red and yellow wing bars (epaulets). Females choose mate and usually will nest over shallow water in thick stands of cattails.
feed mostly on seeds in fall and spring, switching to insects during summer.