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Aviation, Airliners, Airlines of Africa Encyclopedia

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African Airliners 2019 edition

please click on each airline to come to updated versions!

First in Africa, wellcome Ethiopian Airlines Airbus A350-900.

Photo Gallery of African Airliners then and now:

Please check in here!

New on this site Air Tanzania Airbus A220-300, 5H-TCH!

- Air Burundi -

- Air Djibouti -

- Malawian Airlines -

- Air Tanzania -

- East African Airways -

- EgyptAir -

- Ethiopian Airlines -

- Kenya Airways -

- South African Airways -

- Zambia Airways -

Downloading now, please wait!

Air Burundi(click here)

A gift from the Chinese government of a Xian MA-60 2012 was intended to operate the carriers
scheduled services but the aircraft is still grounded due to lack of licenced pilots and cabin crews.

Air Burundi - History
Air Burundi is the state-owned national airline of Burundi, although in practice it has not been
operational since 2009. It used to operate scheduled regional passenger services to Rwanda, Tanza-
nia, and Uganda using a sole Beechcraft 1900C.

Air Burundi Sud Caravelle II 9U-BTA cn 144 taxying in front of East African Airways Vickers Super
VC-10S 5H-MOG at Nairobi Embakasi Intl airport (NBO)1976.
Photo: Steve Fizgerald, Airliners Net.

The airline was established in April 1971, and started operations in 1975. It was formed as Société
de Transports Aériens du Burundi, and adopted the present name in June 1975. The initial fleet of
two DC-3´s was updated with a single Sud Caravelle III followed by two de havilland DHC-200
Twin Otters. Scheduled routes linked Bujumbura with Dar es Salaam, Entebbe, Goma, Harare, Kigali,
Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lusaka, Mwanza and Nairobi.

In 1992 the carrier took delivery of one Beech 1900 9U-BHD which left the company in June 1998
and was registered TN-AFK in Congo. During 1999 the aircraft returned back to Air Burundi and
was reregistered 9U-BHG. In 1977 one of the Twin Otters were sold and the seccond one was leased
to Zaire’s Virunga Air Charter. The Beech 1900C became the only workhorse within the airline. De-
stinations included Goma, Kalemie, Harare, Kigoma, Kigali, Lusaka, Kilimanjaro, and Nairobi.
The French-made jetliner is withdrawn in 1994,

In 1977 one of the Twin Otters were sold and the seccond one was leased to Zaire’s Virunga Air
Charter. In 1992 the carrier took delivery of one Beech 1900 9U-BHD which left the company in
June 1998 and was registered TN-AFK in Congo. The Beech 1900C became the only workhorse
within the airline. Destinations included Goma, Kalemie, Harare, Kigoma, Kigali, Lusaka, Kili-
manjaro, and Nairobi. The French-made jetliner was withdrawn in 1994.

Operations continued without change in 1995. A military coup d'état that took place in Burundi on
25 July 1996. The regional African nations placed an economic and transportation embargo on
the country. The allied measure effectively grounds the airline. During the remainder of the year and
in 1997–1998, transport at all levels in Burundi was paralyzed.

With political pressure easing, the leaders of East Africa lift their embargo of Burundi on January
25 1999. On February 1, Air Burundi was permitted to resume flights to Rwanda, Kenya, and
Uganda with its Beech 1900C. With political pressure easing, the leaders of East Africa lifted their
embargo of Burundi on January 25, 1999. On February 1, Air Burundi is permitted to resume
flights to Rwanda, Kenya, and Uganda with its Beech 1900C.

In 2007 the only sole aircraft, the Beech was temporarely grounded but to be in service for two
years until it was taken out of service due to heavy service and it has not been operational since then.

Air Djibouti (click here)

Air Djibouti has leased this Fokker 100 from Bek Air since 2018. Air Djibouti operates services to
Dire Dawa and Addis Abeba in Ethiopia, Aden in Jemen and to Mogadishu, Hargeisa and Bossaso
in Somalia.

Air Djibouti plans to secure a Boeing 737-400 and Airbus A320 in 2019 to open up new services to
Nairobi, Khartum, Cairo, Jeddah and Dubai.

This Boeing 737-400 9H-VVB was deliverd to Air Djibouti on 11th August, 2016 by Cardiff
Aviation and operated until Cardiff Aviation went bankruptsy in 2017.

BAe-146-300 Avro RJ, ZS-SOR cn 3155 was added to Air Djibouti fleet in early November 2016 and
operated untill September 2017.

Fokker F-27-500F, 5Y-JUU cn 10448 at Djibouti Intl. airport (JIB), Djibouti, 2015. The Fokker 27 was
withdraweled from service when the Boeing 737-400 was deliverd.

Air Djibouti is strategic port is in a key position on one of the world's busiest shipping lanes, the
gate-way to the Suez canal, and offers an African base across from the Arabian Peninsula at the
crossroads for cargo traffic between Asia and Europe.

The government realized also that it was necessary to open their internatioal airport as hub for air-
cargo. Therefore the government of Djibouti signed a memorandum of understanding in late May
with Cardiff Aviation for the latter to implement and manage an air operator’s certificate for Air
Djibouti, source its aircraft and provide operational, MRO and management support for the revived
African national carrier.

The first step to build up the fleet was to secure a Fokker F-27 for cargooperations to Hargeisha in
Somaliland , Mogadishu in Somalia and Juba in South Sudan. The seccond step was the planning
for passenger operations. After invistigations of suitable aircrafts for this purpose the management
recomended the government to choose a Boeing 737-400 aircrafts boosed later by a Britsish
Aerospace BAe-146.

The airline operates passenger services to Addis Abeba and will be followed by services to Nairobi,
Dubai and Jeddah. In late 2016 a Boeing 767-200ER will be added to the fleet and to open services
to Europe, London and Paris.

Air Djibouti - History

Airbus 310-222, F-OHPQ cn 318 at Paris Charles de Gaule, France 1999.
Photo: J.Laporte, Airliners.Net

Boeing 737-2KC/Adv N7375F, cn 20363 at Stockholm/Arlanda International Airport, Sweden (ARN), Sweden , 1996.
Photo: Ola Carlsson, Airliners.Net

Air Djibouti (Red Sea Airlines), the national flag-carrier of the Republic of Djibouti was formed in
July 1971 when Air Somalia (founded in 1962 by Air France and Les Messageries Maritimes) took
over the previoius Air Djibouti (formed in 1963. Shareholding was reorganised following indepen-
dence in June 1973. The carrier has since the been reorganised and estblished 1997 as Air Djibouti
(Red Sea Airlines).

During the years the carrier has operated leased aircrafts, such as McDonnell Douglas DC9-30,
de Havilland DHC Twin Otter, An-24RV, An-26B, IL-18, Boeing 727, 737-200 and the last known
aircraft operated by Air Djibouti during 1998 - 1999 was the Airbus 310-200 F-OHPQ.

The carrier operated international scheduled passenger and cargo services to Aden, Addis Ababa,
Borama, Burao, Cairo, Hargeisa, Mogadishu, Paris, Sanaa and Sharjah.

In Januari 1990, the carrier again declared bankruptcy. Due to ongoing losses a DC-9 JU-AJI
leased again from JAT (Yugoslav Airlines). The B737-229 was returned back to Sobelair and the
other assets were liquidated. In 1997 new plans were announced for a relaunch of the airline.
An Boeing 737-291 SE-DTV intended to be leased from Aircraft Leaseing&Holdings 1997 to 1998
but it was returned to Nordic European due to its bankruptsy. It is not confirmed that the aircraft
went into any services with Air Djibouti at all. Instead an Airbus A310 was leased and started
initial flights to Paris. The airline had held business plans with Air Zimbabwe and Uganda Air-
lines but following the outbreak of civil war in the Congo the negotiations were casually stopped.

Air Djibouti, ceased operations 2001!

Malawian Airlines ex Air Malawi (click here)

Malawian Airlines Boeing 737-700 ET-APL

Malawian Airlines Bombardier DHC8-Q400 ET-AQB

Malawian Airlines "The new national flagcarrier of Malawi" !

Malawian Airlines Limited is the flag carrier airline of Malawi, based in Lilongwe and with its hub
at Lilongwe International Airport. It was established in 2012 after the liquidation of Air Malawi, the
former national airline. Ethiopian Airlines operates it under a management contract and owns 49%
of the airline after it emerged as the winner following competitive bidding.

The airline was formed in July 2013, following the collapse of Air Malawi, the hitherto national car-
rier, in February 2013, as a result of inability to pay its debts. A deal with Ethiopian Airlines,
that would see this carrier having a 49% shareholding in Air Malawi, was finalised in July 2013.
The agreement also contemplated the renaming of Air Malawi to Malawian Airlines Ltd.

Operations commenced on 31 January 2014 serving the Blantyre–Lilongwe domestic route using a 67-
seater Bombardier Q400 equipment. Malawian launched its first international service to Harare on
3 February 2014.Johannesburg was added to the route network two weeks later, on 17 February and
Dar es Salaam was incorporated on 18 February. A Boeing 737-700 has since been added to the fleet.

Air Tanzania (click here)

Air Tanzanias first Airbus 200-300 5H-TCH msn 55047 landed on Dar es Salaam International
Airport 23rd December 2018. The new aircraft is named "Dodoma Hapa kazi tu"

Air Tanzania Company Ltd the national carrier has continued on its decade-long path to revival
with the delivery the first of two Airbus A220 aircraft. The sistership 5H-TCI msn 55048 will be
delivered in the end of January, 2019. Each aircraft is configurated to accomodate 120-150

The Tanzanian flag carrier has been trying to regroup since 2008, but its network has been mainly
domestic. In addition to about a dozen domestic destinations, ATCL has recently added Bu-
jumbura, Entebbe and Comoros to its destinations, with further plans to fly to Mumbai, India.

Air Tanzania Boeing 787-800 Dreamlinder 5H-TCG msn 64249 landed on 8 July 2018 at Dar es
Salaam Int Airport

Air Tanzania Boeing 787-800 Dreamliner at Dar es Salaam Int. Airport

In february 2018 Air Tanzania accuired a third Bombardier DHC8-Q402NG, 5H-TCE cn 4559.

Air Tanzania Bombardier DHC8-Q402NG, 5H-TCD cn 4495

Air Tanzania Bombardier DHC8-Q402NG, 5H-TCB cn 4492

Air Tanzania BombardierDash Q300 5H-MWF cn 474.(stored)

Destinations 2019:

Dar es Salaam to Bukoba
Dar es Salaam to Dodoma
Dar es Salaam to Kigoma
Dar es Salaam to Kilimanjaro
Dar es Salaam to Mbeya
Dar es Salaam to Mtwara (closed until further news)
Dar es Salaam to Mwanza
Dar es Salaam to Songea (closed until further news).
Dar es Salaam to Tabora
Dar es Salaam to Zanzibar

International services

Dar es Salaam to Bujumbura, Burundi
Dar es Salaam to Entebbe, Uganda
Dar es Salaam to Guangzhou, China (coming)
Dar es Salaam to Moroni, Comores Island
Dar es Salaam - Mumbai, India (coming)

FLEET 2019:

5H-TCG Boeing 787-800
5H-TCH Airbus A220-300
5H-MWF DHC8-Q300 (stored)

Air Tanzania History

From the start Air Tanzania had to lease aircrafts from i.e. Caledonin Airways. One of them was a former United Airlines
Boeing 720-022 registered N62215 from 21st of December 1979 and the contract lasted only for three months.
Photo: Michael Zoeller

Air Tanzania Boeing 707-331 N762TW lesased from Caledonian Airways 1980.

Boeing 737-2R8C(Adv), 5H-ATC c/n 21710/546 1994 at Shannon Aerospace, Dublin.
Photo: Carl Ford

Air Tanzania Company Limited (ATCL) (commonly known as Air Tanzania) is the flag carrier air-
line of Tanzania based in Dar es Salaam with its main hub at Julius Nyerere International Airport.
It was established in 1977 after the dissolution of East African Airways and has served a variety of
domestic, regional, and intercontinental destinations. Its history, has been marked by an abortedz
privatisation, dysfunctional alliances and a controversial aircraft leasing contract. Despite being
the flag carrier, most of the domestic routes are served by its competitors Precision Air and Fastjet.

The initial fleet 1997; one Boeing 707 and one Boeing 720, two Boeing 737-200s followed by De
Haviland-6 Twin Otters and Fokker F27s.

The carrier has also operated owned or leased aircrafts; Boeing 737-300/500, Boeing 767-200,
Fokker F28s, Dornier 208, MD-80 and De Havilland Canada Q311s.

Air Tanzania ATCL , P.O.Box 543, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

EgyptAir مصر للطيران,

Boeing 737-866, SU-GDS cn 40759 at Sharm el Sheik International Airport (SSH) 2011.
Photo: Johan Ljungdahl

Boeing 707-366, SU-APE, cn 20342 on final to London Heathrow International
Airport. (LHR, UK 1980).
Photo: AJ Best, Airliners Net.

B737-266, SU-BBW cn 21196 at Athens, Greece 1982.
Photo: Johan Ljungdahl

EgyptAir مصر للطيران,
United Arab Airlines became EgyptAir UAA 1958-1971.Renamed in 1961 following merger of Egypt
& Syria in 1958, becoming associated with Syrian AW. Kept the UAA name for several more years
following Syria's withdrawal in 1961, hoping that other Arab airlines would join. Set-up associate
company Misrair in 1964, re-absorbed in 1968. Renamed EgyptAir مصر للطيران when United Arab
Republic be came Arab Republic of Egypt in 1971. EgyptAir was acquired 1980 by National Bank
of Egypt & Misr Insurance.

EgyptAir (Arabic: مصر للطيران , Miṣr liṭ-Ṭayarān) is based at Cairo International Airport, its main hub,
operating scheduled passenger and freight services to more than 75 destinations in the Middle East,
Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. With an extensive network of domestic services focused on
Cairo, Egypt's capital, the airline is working to regain profitable operations following the revolution
of 2011.

Egyptair is a member of Star Alliance, having joined on 11 July 2008. The airline's logo is Horus, the
sky deity in ancient Egyptian mythology, chosen because of its ancient symbolism as a "winged god
of the sun", and usually depicted as a falcon or a man with the head of a falcon.

A300 An-24B, B707, B720, B727, B737, B767, B747, DH.106 Comet4C,
F27, IL18, IL62, L1011, Tu154, Vickers Viscount.

FLEET 2013
A320, A321, A340, B707, B737, B777.

EgyptAir, Adly office, 6 Adly Street, Cairo, Egypt

Ethiopian Airlines የኢትዮጵያ (click here)

Airbus A350-900, ET-ATQ, cn 04 on final to Addis Ababa Bole Int. Airport ADD) in late June, 2016.
Photo: Tony Edlind

Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner, ET-AOQ, cn 34745 on final to London Heathrow, (LHR UK) September. 2012.
Photo: Tony Edlind

Boeing 767-200, ET-AIF, cn 23107 on final to Addis Ababa, Bole International Airport (ADD) Ethiopia,
1990-01.03. (ET-731)
Photo: Tony Edlind

Boeing 757-260, ET-AKE, cn 26057 at Addis Ababa, Bole International Airport (ADD) November 26 2001. (ET-714)
Photo: Tony Edlind

Boeing 737-200, ET-AJB cn 23915 at Addis Abeba, Bole International Airport(ADD), Ethiopia 2001.(ET841)
Photo: Tony Edlind

Ethiopian Airlinesis the national flag-carrier of Ethiopia and operates a domestic network of
scheduled passenger and cargo services together with international network linking capitals in
Africa, Europe and Asia. The airline was formed in December 1945 with initial tecnical assistance
from TWA.

Ethiopian operates a modern fleet of aircraft headed by 2 Airbus A350-900, 14 Boeing 787 Dream-
liners 6 Boeing 777-200ER, 7 767-300s, 4 Boeing 777-300, which are used for long haul passenger

Medium-range flights are covered by 5 737-700NG, 14 737-800NG (6 with sky interior) and
2 Boeing 757-200s.

17 De Havilland Q400NG, fly the domestic routes.

The carrier has 2 757-260F and 7 Boeing 777-200LRF on their cargo routes.

The airline has also operated Convair CV240, Lockheed Constelation, Boeing 720B/707/727,737
Douglas DC-3 and DC-6A/B and ATR 42, Fokker 50 and MD-11F aircrafts.

Ethiopian Airlines , P.O. Box 1755, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

East African Airways (click here)

Vickers Super VC10, 5H-MOG cn 885 at Lusaka International Airport, (LUN) 1972.11.18.
Photo: Tony Edlind Airliners.Net

McDonnell Douglas DC9-32, 5H-MOI cn 47430 at Blantyre International Airport, Malawi 03.03 1973 (BLZ).
Photo: Tony Edlind. Airliners.Net

Douglas DC-3 (C-47 Dakota), 5H-AAJ cn 32844 at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Nairobi, Kenya 1973. This flight
EC031 is bound for Musoma, Tanzania.
Photo: Steve Fizgerald

East African Airways
East African Airways Corporation, more commonly known as East African Airways, was an airline
jointly run by Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. It was set up on 1 January 1946, starting operations
the same year. The airline was headquartered in the Sadler House in Nairobi, Kenya. The cor-
poration was dissolved when economic and political problems grounded the airline on 1 February
1977, leading to each country forming its own airline.

Fleet :
5 Vickers Super VC10-1154, 3 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, 9 Douglas DC-3/C-47, 4 Fokker F-27,
5 DHC-6 Twin Otter, 2 DH104 Comet 4 delivered 1975 and leased to Simbair).

Kenya Airways (click here)

Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner 5Y-KZA cn 35510 at Boeing Pain Field, Seattle, USA 2014.

Boeing 777-2U8/ER 5Y-KQT cn 33682/511 landing at Nairobi International Airport (NBO), 2013.

Boeing 767-3YO/ER, 5Y-KOY cn 30841, Amsterdam - Schipol,
The Netherlands 2004.
Photo: Tony Edlind

Boeing 737-200, 5Y-BHW cn 21196, Mombasa International Airport (MBA,
Kenya 1995.
Photo: Tony Edlind

Boeing 707-351 cn 19633/690 at London Heathrow International Airport (LHR) 1978.
Photo: Tony Edlind collection

Kenya Airways
Kenya Airways Ltd., more commonly known as Kenya Airways, is the flag carrier of Kenya. The
company was founded in 1977, after the dissolution of East African Airways. The carrier's head
office is located in Embakasi, Nairobi, with its hub at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.

The airline was wholly owned by the Government of Kenya until 1995, and it was privatised in
1996, becoming the first African flag carrier in successfully doing so. Kenya Airways is currenly
a public-private partnership. The largest shareholder is the Government of Kenya (29%),
followed by KLM, which has a 26 % stake in the company. The rest of the shares are held by pri-
vate owners; shares are traded in the Nairobi Stock Exchange, the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange,
and the Uganda Securities Exchange.

Kenya Airways is widely considered as one of the leading Sub-Saharan operators; as of January
2013,the carrier is ranked fourth among the top ten ones that operate in Africa by seat capacity,
behind South African Airways, Ethiopian Airlines and EgyptAir. The airline became a full member
of SkyTeam in June 2010, and is also a member of the African Airlines Association since 1977.
As of June 2012, the company had 4,834 employees.

Initial fleet:
DC-9-32, Boeing 707-351, Boeing 737-200.

Fleet 2013 :
(4) Boeing 777-200ER, (6) Boeing 767-300ER, 8() Boeing 737-800 (8) 737-700, (4) Boeing 737-300,
(5) Emb. ERJ-170, (14) Emb ERJ-190.

Kenya Airways , P.O.Box 19002, Nairobi, Kenya

South African Airways (click here)

Airbus A340-313, ZS-SNF, cn 197 12 May 2013, London Heathrow (LHR).
Photo: James Mepsted

Boeing, B747-244B, ZS-SAP, "Swartberg" cn 20 557 at Johannesburg, Jan Smutz International airport 1973.
Photo: Tony Edlind

South African Airways
South African Airways (SAA) is the national flag carrier and largest airline of South Africa, with head-
quarters in Airways Park on the grounds of OR Tambo International Airport in Kempton Park, Ekurhuleni,
Gauteng. The airline flies to 38 destinations worldwide from its hub at OR Tambo International Airport,
using a fleet of 54 aircraft.

South African Airways was founded in 1934 after the acquisition of Union Airways by the South African
government. The airline was initially overseen and controlled by South African Railways and Harbours
Administration. It suffered imposed sanctions by African countries during apartheid, which forced it to
adopt long-range aircraft and other measures to counter these restrictions. During this time, it was also
known by its Afrikaans name, Suid-Afrikaanse Lugdiens (SAL), which has been dropped. In 1997 a major
overhaul programme, which involved a change of name, image and aircraft livery, as well as the
introduction of online ticketing services, was carried out by the company's board. The carrier has since
joined airline alliance Star Alliance, and replaced its fleet with newer aircraft. In 2006, SAA split from
Transnet, its parent company, to operate as an independent airline.

SAA is the official airline of the Association of Tennis Professionals. SAA owns Mango, a low cost domestic
airline, and has established links with Airlink and South African Express.

Furthermore, SAA is currently and historically the only African airline to be classified with the prestigious
4-star airline ranking from Skytrax. In addition, SAA has also celebrated being recognized as Africa's Best
Airline during the Skytrax World Airline Awards for many years.

Initial fleet
The airline has operated Douglas DC-3/C-47, DC-4, DC-7, Boeing 707/727, Hawker Siddely HS748,
Lockeed Constelation, Lockeed Lodestar and Vickers Viscount.

Fleet 2004:
(3 )Airbus A340-200, (3) Airbus A340-600, (1) Boeing 747 (Ndizani), (8) Boeing 747-400, (6)Boeing
747-300, (5) Boeing 747-200, (2) Boeing 767, 13) Boeing 737-800.

Historic fleet:
The historic fleet comprised DC-3, DC-4, DC-6, De Haviland Dove, Junkers JU-52, Lockheed Super
Constelation and Lockheed Lodestar.

South African Airways
Airways Towers
P.O. Box 7778
Johannesburg 2000
South Africa

Zambia Airways(click here)

McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, N3016Z cn 48266/348 at Frankfurt am Main (FRA)Germany, 1985
Photo Johan Ljungdahl

Mc Donnell Douglas DC-8 42/43, 9J-ABR cn 45599at London - Heathrow, UK 1973.
Photo: Tony Edlind collection

BAC-1-11, 9J-RCH, cn 039 at London Heathrow (LHR) UK,1973.
Photo: Tony Edlind collection

Hawker Siddely 748, 9J-ABW cn at Lusaka International Airport, 1973 1973.
Photo: Tony Edlind collection

Zambia Airways
Zambia Airways (1967-1995). The national flag-carrier of Zambia was founded 1967 and operated
a domestic network of scheduled passenger and cargo services together with an international net-
work linking capitals in Africa and Europe.

After almost 30 years of service in the aviation industry, the decision by the Zambian Government
1995 was to let its national carrier collaps due to economic problems.

The airline has operated ATR42, BAC 1-11, Boeing 707, B737, B757, De Haviland Beaver, Douglas
DC-3, DC-8-62, DC-8-71, DC-10-30, Hawker Siddeley HS-748 aircrafts.

* * *

The images above are scanned off postcards, images from photograpers or from my own photos.

Last updated 2017-04-12


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