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Diamond Okimoto Allen

Elliott Purcell

Period 1: Project TNT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Info

Chemical Equation:

C7H5N3O6 6CO + 2.5H2 + 1.5N2 + C + 3305 KJ

Trinitrotoluene yields Carbon monoxide gas, hydrogen gas, nitrogen gas, carbon gas & 3305 kilojoules of energy.

http://home.att.net/~numericana/answer/units.htm

 

 

1. What is this chemical reaction used for?

        TNT (trinitrotoluene) is an explosive used for breaking any huge object into pieces.

        This chemical equation is used for finding the amount of energy released within a specific sized TNT.

http://home.att.net/~numericana/answer/units.htm

 

 

 

2. How is the chemical reaction created?

        The reaction is created by lighting the fuse attached to the TNT. The heat burns the chemicals within the TNT creating a burst of energy released creating a large explosion.

www.unitar.org/cwm/prtr/pdf/cat5/fexplos.pdf

 

3. How is stoichiometry applied to this chemical reaction?

                     Stoichiometry is applied to this reaction because we need to figure out how much kilojoules of energy was released in the Hiroshima nuclear bomb.

http://www.giseis.alaska.edu/AEIC/input/lahr/magnitude/energy_calc.html

4. Give a specific stoichiometric problem and solve it for each reactant and product.

         The energy equivalent of the Hiroshima fission bomb was 15,000 tons of TNT.

http://www.giseis.alaska.edu/AEIC/input/lahr/magnitude/energy_calc.html

 

Calculation for the amount of carbon monoxide needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000 Lbs. TNT

453.59 g TNT

1Mol. TNT

6 Mol CO

28 G CO

1 mL CO

= 1.3 x 1010 mL CO

 

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

1 Mol CO

0.7908 G CO

 

Calculation for the amount of hydrogen needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.59 g TNT

1Mol. TNT

2.5 Mol H2

2.0 G H2

1 mL H2

= 4.3 x 109 mL H2

 

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

1 Mol H2

0.07 G H2

 

Calculation for the amount of nitrogen needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.9g TNT

1Mol. TNT

1.5 Mol N2

28.0 G N2

1 mL N2

= 2.0 x 109mL N2

 

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

1 Mol N2

1.251 G N2

 

Calculation for the amount of carbon gas needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.59g TNT

1Mol. TNT

1 Mol C

12.0 G C

1 mL C

= 3.2 x 108mL C

 

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

1 Mol C

2.27 G C

 

Calculation of KJ needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.59g TNT

1Mol. TNT

3305 KJ

= 4.9 x 107 KJ

 

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

 

http://www.giseis.alaska.edu/AEIC/input/lahr/magnitude/energy_calc.html

 

5. Are any of your reactants normally the excess or limiting reactant? Explain why.

                    No because we have only one reactant.

http://home.att.net/~numericana/answer/units.htm

 

6. How much will the main chemical reaction above cost to produce?

Cost for the amount of TNT for the above reaction:

227 g TNT

15 dollars

= 17.03 Dollars

 

200 g TNT

 

http://www.sailnet.com/collections/news/index.cfm?newsid=sailne0918

www.spies-r-us.org

 

7. Are their any side reactions or dangers from the original chemical reaction that must be compensated for? If yes, how is it done?

                    After TNT has been started in its reaction cycle, it results in a huge explosion destroying and killing everything that comes within about 500 km or more.

http://www.nmia.com/~jwreed/text3.htm

8. Bibliography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_explosive

 

http://www.giseis.alaska.edu/AEIC/input/lahr/magnitude/energy_calc.html

 

http://home.att.net/~numericana/answer/units.htm

http://www.geocities.com/thesciencefiles/nuclear/bomb.html

www.spies-r-us.org

 

http://www.sailnet.com/collections/news/index.cfm?newsid=sailne0918

 

http://www-formal.stanford.edu/jmc/progress/hydrogen.html

 

www.unitar.org/cwm/prtr/pdf/cat5/fexplos.pdf

 

http://www.nmia.com/~jwreed/text3.htm