Diamond Okimoto Allen

Elliott Purcell

Period 1: Project TNT

General Info

Chemical Equation:

C7H5N3O6 Þ 6CO + 2.5H2 + 1.5N2 + C + 3305 KJ

Trinitrotoluene yields Carbon monoxide gas, hydrogen gas, nitrogen gas, carbon gas & 3305 kilojoules of energy.

 1. What is this chemical reaction used for? ·        TNT (trinitrotoluene) is an explosive used for breaking any huge object into pieces. ·        This chemical equation is used for finding the amount of energy released within a specific sized TNT.

 2. How is the chemical reaction created? ·        The reaction is created by lighting the fuse attached to the TNT. The heat burns the chemicals within the TNT creating a burst of energy released creating a large explosion.

3. How is stoichiometry applied to this chemical reaction?

·                     Stoichiometry is applied to this reaction because we need to figure out how much kilojoules of energy was released in the Hiroshima nuclear bomb.

4. Give a specific stoichiometric problem and solve it for each reactant and product.

·         The energy equivalent of the Hiroshima fission bomb was 15,000 tons of TNT.

Calculation for the amount of carbon monoxide needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000 Lbs. TNT

453.59 g TNT

1Mol. TNT

6 Mol CO

28 G CO

1 mL CO

= 1.3 x 1010 mL CO

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

# 0.7908 G CO

Calculation for the amount of hydrogen needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.59 g TNT

1Mol. TNT

2.5 Mol H2

2.0 G H2

1 mL H2

=  4.3 x 109 mL H2

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

# 0.07 G H2

Calculation for the amount of nitrogen needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.9g TNT

1Mol. TNT

1.5 Mol N2

28.0 G N2

1 mL N2

=   2.0 x 109mL N2

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

# 1.251 G N2

Calculation for the amount of carbon gas needed.

15000 ton TNT

2000Lbs. TNT

453.59g TNT

1Mol. TNT

1 Mol C

12.0 G C

1 mL C

=   3.2 x 108mL C

1ton TNT

1Lbs. TNT

227 g. TNT

1 Mol. TNT

# 2.27 G C

Calculation of KJ needed.

 15000 ton TNT 2000Lbs. TNT 453.59g TNT 1Mol. TNT 3305 KJ = 4.9 x 107 KJ 1ton TNT 1Lbs. TNT 227 g. TNT 1 Mol. TNT

 5. Are any of your reactants normally the excess or limiting reactant? Explain why. ·                    No because we have only one reactant.

6. How much will the main chemical reaction above cost to produce?

Cost for the amount of TNT for the above reaction:

 227 g TNT 15  dollars = 17.03 Dollars 200 g TNT

http://www.sailnet.com/collections/news/index.cfm?newsid=sailne0918

7. Are their any side reactions or dangers from the original chemical reaction that must be compensated for? If yes, how is it done?

·                    After TNT has been started in its reaction cycle, it results in a huge explosion destroying and killing everything that comes within about 500 km or more.

8. Bibliography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_explosive