- 1960- Common Business Oriented Language (COBOL) was developed by a team drawn from several computer manufacturers and the Pentagon.
- 1964- Thomas Kurtz and John Kemeny created BASIC, an easy-to-learn programming language, for their students at Dartmouth College.
- 1965- Digital Equipment Corp. introduced the PDP-8, the first commercially successful minicomputer.
- 1966- Hewlett-Packard entered the general purpose computer business with its HP-2115 for computation, offering a computational power formerly found only in much larger computers.
- 1968- The Apollo Guidance Computer made its debut orbiting the Earth on Apollo 7.
- 1969- AT&T Bell Laboratories programmers Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie developed the UNIX operating system on a spare DEC minicomputer.