NTT's Open Computer Network (OCN)

Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is a fiber-optic transmission technique that employs light wavelengths to transmit data parallel-by-bit or serial-by-character

. SONET Short for Synchronous Optical Network, a standard for connecting fiber-optic transmission systems. SONET was proposed by Bellcore in the middle 1980s and is now an ANSI. standard

Internet Voice, also known as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), is a technology that allows you to make telephone calls using a broadband Internet connection instead of a regular (or analog) phone line. Some services using VoIP may only allow you to call other people using the same service, but others may allow you to call anyone who has a telephone number - including local, long distance, mobile, and international numbers. Also, while some services only work over your computer or a special VoIP phone, other services allow you to use a traditional phone through an adaptor.

Frame Relay technology was intended to be an intermediate solution for the demand for high bandwidth networking. It is a packet switching technology which relies on low error rate digital transmission links and high performance processors. Frame Relay technology was designed to cover the following:
Low latency and higher throughput
Bandwidth on demand
Dynamic sharing of bandwidth
Backbone network offers a comprehensive listing of data communications protocols, their functions in respect to the OSI model, the structure of the protocol and various errors and parameters.