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From: THINK PEACE WORLD (174294817)
To: (104495174)
Date: 6/22/2010 7:06:22 PM
Subject: Who will die first?

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From: Peace & Freedom Are Achieved Through Understanding (57485714)
To: (174294817)
Date: 6/22/2010 3:59:52 PM
Subject: Who will die first?

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Peace & Freedom Are Achieved Through Understanding

Canning and Drying Food 101


http://www. myspace. com/........rockymountainho....rse

Canning is preserving foods using heat to destroy the micro-....organisms that cause foods to spoil. Air is removed during the heating process and as the canned fruits, and meats cool, a vacuum is formed. There are two forms of canning foods, what type to use depends on what you are preserving. The boiling bath method is used for tomatoes, fruits, jams and jellies, pickles and other preserves. Pressure canning is used for vegetables, meats, poultry, and seafood.

Below are some links with additional info:

http://www. uga. edu/........nchfp/........questions/....FAQ_canning. html
http://www. pickyourown. org/........allaboutcanning..... htm;
http://www. canning-......food-recipes. com/canning. htm

Drying Foods 101

Drying food is the oldest form of preserving foods. It is a simple process and a lot of us may have what is needed on hand. While canning and freezing foods do a better job of retaining taste, appearance and nutrition value of food, dried food takes up less storage space.

Solar Flex Dryer and Solar Heater

Solar Herb Dryer made using items found around ANY home

Five part series on drying and storing food

Here are some links that are good reading too!

http://www. aces. uiuc. edu/........vista/........html_........pubs/........DRYING/....dryfood. html

http://www. uga. edu/........nchfp/how/dry. html

The Seven Major Mistakes in Food Storage

A month or two ago I met a cute little gal who was talking to me about her newly begun food storage. You know, she began, I've dreaded doing my storage for years, it seems so blah, but the way national events are going my husband and I decided we couldn't put it off anymore. And, do you know, it really hasn't been so hard.. We just bought 20 bags of wheat, my husband found a place to get 60 pound cans of honey, and now all we have to do is get a couple of cases of powdered milk

Could you tell me where to get the milk? After I suggested several distributors, I asked, Do you know how to cook with your Wheat? Oh, she laughed, if we ever need it Ill learn how. My kids only like white bread and I don't have a wheat grinder. She had just made every major mistake in storing food (other than not storing anything at all).. But she's not alone, through 14 years of helping people prepare, I found most peoples storage starts out looking just like hers

So whets wrong with this storage plan?

There are seven serious problems that may occur trying to live on these basics:

1 Variety - Most people don't have enough variety in their storage. 95% of the people I've worked with have only stored the 4 basic items we mentioned earlier: wheat, milk, honey, and salt.. Statistics show most of us wont survive on such a diet for several reasons

a) Many people are allergic to wheat and may not be aware of it until they are eating it meal after meal

b) Wheat is too harsh for young children.. They can tolerate it in small amounts but not as their main staple

c) We get tired of eating the same foods over and over and many times prefer to not eat, then to sample that particular food again

This is called appetite fatigue. Young children and older people are particularly susceptible to it. Store less wheat than is generally suggested and put the difference into a variety of other grains, particular ones your family likes to eat. Also store a variety of beans. This will add variety of color texture and flavor. Variety is the key to a successful storage program.. It is essential that you store flavorings such as tomato, bouillon, cheese, and onion

Also, include a good supply of the spices you like to cook with. These flavorings and spices allow you to do many creative things with your grains and beans. Without them you are severely limited. One of the best suggestions I can give you is buy a good food storage cookbook, go through it, and see what your family would really eat. Notice the ingredients as you do it.. This will help you more than anything else to know what items to store

2 Extended Staples - Few people get beyond storing the four basic items but its extremely important that you do so. Never put all your eggs in one basket. Store dehydrated and/or freeze dried foods as well as home canned and store bought canned goods. Make sure you add cooking oil, shortening, baking powder, soda, yeast and powdered eggs. You cant cook even the most basic recipes without these items. Because of limited space I wont list all the items that should be included in a well-balanced storage program.. They are included in the The New Cooking With Home Storage cookbook, as well as information on how much to store, and where to purchase it

3 Vitamins - Vitamins are important, especially if you have children, since children do not store body reserves of nutrients as adults do. A good quality multi-vitamin and vitamin C are the most vital.. Others might be added as your budget permits

4 Quick and Easy and Psychological Foods - Quick and easy foods help you through times when you are psychologically.... or physically unable to prepare your basic storage items. No cook foods such as freeze-dried are wonderful since they require little preparation, MRE's (Meal Ready to Eat), such as many preparedness outlets carry, canned goods, etc. are also very good. Psychological Foods are the goodies - Jell-O, pudding, candy, etc.. - you should add to your storage

These may sound frivolous, but through the years I've talked with many people who have lived entirely on their storage for extended periods of time. Nearly all of them say these were the most helpful items in their storage to normalize their situations and make it more bearable.. These are especially important if you have children

5 Balance - Time and time again I've seen families buy all of their wheat, then buy all of another item and so on. Don't do that. Its important to keep well-balanced as you build your storage. Buy several items, rather than a large quantity of one item.. If something happens and you have to live on your present storage you'll fare much better having a one month supply of a variety of items than a years supply of two to three items

6 Containers - Always store your bulk foods in food storage containers. I have seen literally tons and tons of food thrown away because they were left in sacks, where they became highly susceptible to moisture, insects, and rodents. If you are using plastic buckets make sure they are lined with a food grade plastic liner available from companies that carry packaging supplies. Never use trash can liners as these are treated with pesticides. Don't stack them too high. In an earthquake they may topple, the lids pop open, or they may crack.. A better container is the #10 tin can which most preparedness companies use when they package their foods

7 Use Your Storage - In all the years I've worked with preparedness one of the biggest problems I've seen is people storing food and not knowing what to do with it. Its vital that you and your family become familiar with the things you are storing. You need to know how to prepare these foods. This is not something you want to have to learn under stress.. Your family needs to be used to eating these foods

A stressful period is not a good time to totally change your diet.. Get a good food storage cookbook and learn to use these foods!

Its easy to solve these food storage problems once you know what they are. The lady I talked about at the first of the article left realizing what she had stored was a good beginning but not enough. As she said, Its better to find out the mistakes I've made now while there's still time to make corrections.. This makes a lot more sense

If you're one who needs to make some adjustments, that's OK. Look at these suggestions and add the things you're missing. Its easy to take a basic storage and add the essentials to make it livable, but it needs to be done.. As I did the research for my cookbook, I wanted to include recipes that gave help to families no matter what they had stored

As I put the material together it was fascinating to discover what the pioneers ate is the type of things we store. But if you have stored only the 4 basics, there's very, very little you can do with it. By adding even just a few things it greatly increases your options, and the prospect of your family surviving on it. As I studied how the pioneers lived and ate, my whole feeling for food storage changed. I realized our storage is what most of the world has always lived on. If its put together the right way well be returning to good basic living with a few goodies thrown in.

How to Survive and Be Found by Search and Rescue

Survival: When you need to leave with little or nothing.

When the shit hits the fan and you head for the hills, some basic knowledge will help you.

Attitude is everything. Some of you may read this and think "yeah, o.k., now get on to the good stuff". What you must realize is that without the proper mental attitude, the other topics will be of little use. If you have done your homework, and practiced the techniques described, you will survive if you have a positive mental attitude. Tell yourself that you WILL get out of this. You WILL persevere.
I have seen some survival books talk as though collecting water is easy, catching game with snares is simple, and survival is something that can be taught in books. When I was young, I lived in the country. On Friday afternoons, I would take water proof matches, a liter of water, my bow and some arrows or my trusty Ruger 10/22, a ground blanket, and spend the weekend making snares, fishing with equipment I made, and hunting for my dinner. I used primitive fire making methods and only used matches when I had to. I can tell you that there is nothing easy about any of this shit. There was much I didn't know at the time, but I had read lots of books. I probably knew more at 11 than most people ever do. Cable TV was unheard of, and computers were magical talking 'entities'. For me, society was full of unnecessary trappings that only made men soft and weak. By Sunday I was ready to return home. I shot a few birds and rabbits, caught a few fish and ate well. But I learned something that many people do not realize. To survive you must battle three things in this order:

Food Gathering

You can die in a few hours if you cannot retain body heat. You can die of exposure in 72 degree weather! You will develop hypothermia when your body loses heat faster than you can produce it. You need calories to generate body heat. People can die of hypothermia in warm water. The water is cooler than they are, subsequently the water absorbs body heat until their body can produce no more. It is a slow death. When you breathe your breath causes water loss. Perspiration causes water loss. Evaporation from your eyes causes water loss. If you cannot replace these losses you will die. Drink water with little microbes, parasites, etc. and you will develop diarrhea. This will increase your fluid loss and you will die even faster.

Food is the last thing you will need. In moderate climates, you can survive without food for up to 30 days. You will die without water in one or two in the desert! Finding edible berries and plants are the last things you need to learn. Conserving fluids and body heat are the primary survival skills. If you can survive long enough to get real hungry you are doing a good job. In extreme cold food is more important because your body converts food to heat.

Taking Inventory:
First examine what you have to work with. Seat cushions from a vehicle are insulation. Glass with imperfections, bifocals, binoculars, etc. can be used to focus the suns rays enough to start a fire. Thread stripped from a foam seat cushion and wound together can be used to lash things together, make fishing nets, sutures for stitching wounds, etc. Remember your priorities. Shelter, Water, and food. You will have to balance these priorities and make decisions. You will burn calories while walking, calories that will be hard to replace. You will also perspire, can you afford the water loss? If the enemy is searching for you, you will have to move to a safe location.

Exposure and Body Heat - Winter:
Time is running against you here. You must work quickly and conserve energy. After you have taken inventory, build a fire. Hopefully you will have matches or a lighter. You must conserve these valuable items. Before you build your fire, pick a place for your shelter. Now gather combustible materials. Cones from pine trees don't burn. Bark doesn't either. DON'T waste matches trying to ignite them. Gather material in this order:

Very small match stick thickness twigs. Have at least a good double handful. They must be dry. To find dry sticks in the rain, look under the overhang of an embankment, under-side of logs, dead dry roots pulled out of an embankment, the center of a stump or dead tree dug out with a knife or hatchet.

Small sticks a little bigger than the ones above. You will need more of these. Some of these may be a little wet.

Bigger sticks, Twice the thickness of the ones before, even more of these.

Keep moving up in size until you are collecting branches and small logs. If the wood is available you will need as much as you can gather in an hour. Drift wood will work if it's dry.

Now that you have your wood it's time to build your fire. Take your time and do this right. DON'T throw the fire together haphazardly. This will only waste fuel and increase the risk of the fire not lighting. Every match you have is like gold. Do not waste them. If you do this right you will only need one. Take a medium size branch and lay it down. Now build a tiny lean-to with the smallest sticks by leaning them up against the branch. Take more and and lay them perpendicular to first layer, and parallel to the big branch. Use lots of very small sticks and leave enough gaps between them for the flames to rise up through and ignite the upper layers. If it's raining or windy cover yourself with something to protect your fire. Now add the bigger sticks to the top of the your neat little lean-to, using a tee pee shape, and surrounding the little lean-to on all sides. Leave a small gap up close to the big branch to get your match under the pile. If you have a small slip of paper or lint from pockets, put it under the lean-to and ignite it. As your fire grows, start adding more and more sticks to get the fire very hot. Now add the larger sticks, the heat will dry them if they are damp. (Not if they are green or soaked through.) Keep building your fire in stages. DON'T wait too long to add the next size larger sticks. The heat generated from the rapidly burning small ones is needed to dry and ignite the larger ones. As soon as you can, put some bigger stuff on by laying them across the big branch on the ground. Once your fire is going, DON'T let it go out. If you need more fuel gather more, and start building your shelter.

This is the fastest shelter I know of:
If there a snow bank nearby You are going to dig a cave in the snow. You want the opening to be away from the wind. The cave has to be very small. For a snow shelter to be effective it must be below freezing. If not, melting snow will saturate your clothing and you will freeze. Hollow out a place to lie in the snow. If you have something to line the floor with it will be much warmer. If you have nothing but plastic or something, try to find evergreen tree limbs to line it with. You want as much between you and the cold ground as you can. You will lose more heat by being in contact with the cold ground than you will from the air. The air in your cave will warm and retain heat. If you have a small heat source you can place a vent through the roof to allow gas to escape. You must ration your heat source. You will need it more at night when the temperature drops. Luxuries to add will be more insulation, seat cushions, etc. and a door.
A "Ranger Pile" is a shelter used by small parties who lack bulky camping equipment or who for tactical reasons, must not risk fire or shelter construction. First layer of men, four or five lays very close together on two ponchos snapped together. Next layer lays on top of the others, cross ways. Another layer on top of them. Remaining ponchos are snapped together and pulled over the top and tucked in around the sides. If a quantity of DRY pine needles, leaves, etc. can be quietly collected, this can be used for insulation stuffing. Just pile it on each layer before the next gets on. This is how small recon teams survive without carrying a lot of bullshit with them.

A vehicle will block the wind but the compartment is too big to retain body heat. You will freeze if you stay in a car. Strip cushions, carpet, floor mats, insulation, etc. from the vehicle to line your shelter with. If you have tools and can remove the hood or trunk lid you can use these for a reflector to direct heat in one direction from a fire. NOTE: You will not need a car in the woods so put it to use.
If you are fortunate enough to have the materials to construct a lean-to, build one similar to the way you built your fire. Keep the openings away from the wind, and towards your fire. Use a reflector to direct the heat into your lean-to.

Clothing - Winter:
Thin material should be put closest to your body, as should wool. If you have extra foam from seat cushions, stuff your shirts and pants with it. It will work as insulation. Extra clothing can be stripped in to pieces of about 5" x 4' and used as wrapping for extra socks. You want to have the material that best holds in heat closest to your skin. This same concept can be used when you have the luxury of a sleeping bag. Sleeping bags are designed to hold in heat much better than clothes. When you get into a bag, remove all of your clothes and lay on them. Naked, your body heat will be trapped between your skin and the bag. Otherwise your heat escapes through the thin material of your clothing, and stays between your clothes and the bag, until it dissipates.

If you have no clothes for the environment, you will have to use the shelter for clothing. Keep your shelter VERY small and use insulation. This is your only chance to survive.

If there is plenty of snow and ice you will have a good water supply if you have a fire and a container to melt it in. DO NOT EAT SNOW. It will lower your body temperature and bring on hypothermia. Always melt it and get it warm first.
Do not drink alcohol of any kind. It will thin your blood and increase your urine output. If it's strong enough, you can use it as a disinfectant.

You may want to find a book named "White Dawn". It chronicles the lives of three men who were lost in their small whaling boat in the arctic back in the 1800's. It is an excellent work of fiction but provides many accurate details of how northern aboriginal peoples survive in their climate.

Exposure - Desert states:
Since there is nothing in the desert to hold in the heat, it dissipates quickly after the sun goes down. Deserts can drop to near freezing over night. During the day the temperature will soar and fry your brain and dry you out and kill you. For this reason any movement should only be at night. For shelter you must get out of the sun. If you can, dig a hole to get in and cover it. Do not strip off your clothes. Have you ever wondered why Arabic people wear those long, heavy, hot looking clothing on their heads and bodies? It is because moisture evaporation is your worst enemy in the desert. Clothing helps keep in this moisture and slows evaporation. It must be loose enough to allow heat loss. You will need to stay warm at night, refer to the Winter topic above.
Water is THE most important thing to consider in the desert, it must be conserved. Long term drinking of urine can make you sick, but if it's all you have you will have to drink it. Succulent plants like cactus also contain water, as do the bodies of snakes, lizards, and other animals. Suck every drop you can from them, but avoid the poison glands in snakes (they are right behind the head in the neck). The only two parts of animals in North America that cannot be eaten are the livers of the polar bear and bearded seal. They contain toxic amounts of Vitamin A.

If you have plastic or a poncho you can collect water at night in the desert. dig a hole (or use support sticks) as wide as the plastic. Make a hole in the plastic at the center. Stretch the plastic over the hole and weight down the edges with rocks. Press down the center of the sheet or tie it to a rock to pull it down. Place a container under the hole. When dew forms on the plastic it will roll down hill through the hole and it into your container. Use your poncho during the day as shade. Again do not drink alcohol, it will increase your urine output and aid in dehydration. I know...it sucks.

Exposure - Tropical & sub-tropical states:
Here, heat and sunlight are your worst enemies. Insects and water contamination are also major problems. The heat and humidity of the jungle makes for rapid bacteria growth. Any untreated wound will fester within a few hours. In a day or two a cut can become bad enough to cause gangrene. You must protect yourself by turning down sleeves, blousing your pants to keep insects out, and wearing gloves and a hat.

Water must be boiled well to kill parasites. Safe water can be found in water vines. These are very thick vines that hang down from large trees. Cut one at a 45 degree angle, move up the vine and cut it off about three feet up or sever it to release the suction. Hold your mouth under the vine and the water will flow out. This water is safe to drink without boiling. Try not to let it run along the exposed outside of the vine though, that area will have tiny insects living on it.
Streams are usually as deep as they are wide. Diffenbachia (or "dumb cane") can be crushed and added to water to stun fish. Mangoes, bananas, coconuts, and other fruits are safe to eat if you wash them with sterile water first.

Some miscellaneous things for tropical & sub-tropical states:
Blow guns are difficult to make, but I'll tell you how for the hell of it. Take a limb and split it length-wise. Scrape the bore of the weapon into both halves. It must be perfect. Allow it to dry and polish the bore halves smooth. The two sides must fit perfectly. (This is harder than it sounds). Bind the two back together with bark or vine strips.

Darts are made from any wood that can be sharpened. To launch the dart a small tuft of fiber (like cotton) balled around the base of the dart.

During the rainy season in tropical states, grubs can be found in the center of trees. They are a great source of protein.

Build a platform or hammock to get off of the ground when you sleep. Insects will eat you alive if you don't. Mud can be used to keep mosquitoes off.

The tropics are a garden of Eden compared to the desert or the arctic. With a little common sense anyone can survive.

I don't know of any poisonous plants that don't taste extremely bitter and nasty. If the leaf tastes mild it is probably OK to eat. When in doubt, try a little piece first and wait a couple of hours. If nothing bad happens try twice as much and wait again. Keep doing this until you've tried enough to have made you sick. If you are still OK then it's probably safe to eat. There are exceptions to this rule, most notably among berries. Some berries don't taste too bad but are poisonous. You should educate yourself before going to a new area. Pictures in books never look like the actual plant. Generally, if it crawls, walks, or slithers on it's belly it is safe to eat.

Ray Mears tests his own courage as he takes part in the RAF's three-week survival course in Cornwall. He joins a team of 20 jet pilots, navigators and helicopter crew as they learn to survive at sea and on land.

RAF aircrew can find themselves in action almost anywhere in the world, flying over desert, sea, jungle, woodland or the Arctic. If they are shot down behind enemy lines, they have to be able to survive in every environment. "In a few seconds, a fighter pilot can be catapulted from their jet worth millions of pounds into a Stone Age situation where they're surviving hand to mouth," says Ray.

From learning to survive on water, the course moves to Dartmoor where Ray spends a week living rough in shelters, learning how to trap squirrels and birds, light fires and cook what he catches. It's wet and cold. When they go on the run for three days and nights, a hunter force is let loose to capture them.

Ray Mears (born 1964) is a British author and TV presenter on the subject of bushcraft and survival techniques. He grew up in Southern England, and started tracking foxes at a young age. It was his Judo teacher who gave him the idea to learn survival skills. He has been teaching survival skills since 1983, when he founded the "Woodlore" School of Wilderness Bushcraft. His Outdoor Survival Handbook was published in 1990, and his first TV appearance was in 1993 in the BBC2 series Tracks.

His presentation style is often praised as authoritative but relaxed and friendly. His love of his subject and his sense of communion with nature are evident in his programmes, as is his respect for indigenous cultures. He has developed something of a cult following amongst students in the United Kingdom.

Ray Mears has become synonymous with survival and wilderness bushcraft through his television series Tracks, World of Survival, The Essential Guide to Rocks, and Extreme Survival. He spent his life leaning these skills and is a master of the subject.

Wanting to be able to sleep out on the trail and unable to afford camping equipment, he resorted to a Robinson Crusoe approach to solving the problem.

Digesting every scrap of information relating to survival that he could find in his local library, he soon began to re-learn skills that had not been employed on the North Downs for hundreds of years.

Since those early days Ray has expanded his horizons by travelling the world. He has won the friendship of many nations and been privileged to accompany many tribes while hunting, tracking and searching for wild plants and medicine.

In his early twenties Ray founded his company Woodlore, through which he trains both military and civilian audiences the skills of survival.

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4