The Filipino culture is very much influenced by the Spanish conquest which began mid-millenium. Many of the traditions of the Philippines are actually Spanish traditions. The food is a combination of Asian and Spanish cuisine, and the language is made up of Spanish, English, and a touch of Japanese.
Here is a list of Filipino cultural traditions.Note the similarities to Spanish culture: gift giving, shyness, avoiding confrontation, smiling, speaking with a soft voice, etc. Read the selection on Filipino women; note how similar the view is to the patriarchial Spanish culture.
Also note that the role of the Catholic church is of utmost importance to filipinos as well as Spanish.
For more information on culture and society, check out these links:
100 Best Things About Being Pinoy
Filipino Arts and Entertainment Links