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SOLANACEAE

A worldwide taxonomic monograph of all species in the genus SOLANUM, which includes nightshades such as Solanum nigrum L., et al.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:


  • KINGDOM:
    Plantae

  • DIVISION:
    Magnoliophyta

  • CLASS:
    Magnolipsida

  • ORDER:
    Solanales

  • FAMILY:
    Solanaceae

  • GENUS:
    Solanum


References:

Fryer, J. and B. Hylmö. 1995. Cotoneaster Medikus. In: Cullen, J., J. C. M. Alexander, A. Brady, C. D. Brickell, P. S. Green, V. H. Heywood, P.-M. Jörgensen, S. L. Jury, S. G. Knees, A. C. Leslie, V. A. Matthews, N. K. B. Robson, S. M. Walters, D. O. Wijnands and P. F. Yeo, Eds. The European Garden Flora. A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-doors and Under Glass. Volume IV, Dicotyledons (Part II). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. W. Davis; 1988. PLANTS USED FOR SPIRTUAL PURPOSES BY DIFFERENT CULTURES: AN INTRODUCTION, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts.


Datura stramonium L.
Herbarium:
Origin: Native USA
Synonyms:

Jimsonweed


Datura wrightii Regel
Herbarium:
Origin: Exotic, introduced from Mexico
Synonyms:

jimsonweed, sacred datura, thorn apple


Solanum americanum P. Mill.[KZ]
American Black Nightshade
Herbarium: WTU
Origin: Europe
Synonyms:

Solanum nigrum L. var. americanum (P. Mill.) O.E. Schulz
Solanum nigrum L. var. virginicum L.[HC]
Branched Calalue Davis, W. 1988 (Vernacular, local, regional)


Solanum nigrum L.
European Black Nightshade
Herbarium: WTU
Origin: Europe. Found in Haiti, Jamaica, other Carribean islands
Synonyms:

Branched Calalue Davis, W. 1988 (Vernacular, local, regional)

Not sure which taxa this corresponds to in HC because the S. nigrum in HC is var. virginicum which is the synonym for S. americanum.


NOTES:

Above plants and close relatives contain high concentrations of tropane alkaloids --- primarily Atropine, Hyoscyamine, and Scopolamine, all major ingredients traditionally sought out and revered in shamanistic practices for their unusual applied characteristics, especially so for incorporation into Flying Ointments.

Names, species and terms of the various Daturas are often intermixed. Plant taxonomists disagree amongst themselves whether D. stramonium and D. inoxia are different species while D. inoxia and D. metaloides are considered alternate names for the same species. D. stramonium is most often the Datura species refered to as jimsonweed, while D. metaloides (also sometimes D. wrightii) is usually applied to Sacred Datura and D. inoxia to Toloache.


Herbarium Details:


University of Washington
Herbarium Code WTU
Address:

Herbarium Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture
University of Washington
Box 355325
Seattle, Washington 98195-5325 U.S.A.

Email: wtu@u.washington.edu
Correspondent: Collections Manager

Number of Specimens: 560,000

Important Collections:

L. Abrams, W. H. Baker, E. Bauer, G. Beck, J. W. Blankinship, W. C. Cusick, M. Denton, A. D. E. Elmer, C. S. English, W. J. Eyerdam, J. B. Flett, T. C. Frye, A. J. Grout, A. A. Heller, L. F. Henderson, C. L. Hitchcock, J. W. Hotson, G. Howard, T. J. Howell, A. R. Kruckeberg, E. Lawton, J. B. Leiberg, C. L. Lesquereux, J. F. Macbride, J. Macoun, A. Nelson, R. E. Norris, M. E. Peck, J. H. Sandberg, R. B. Setzer, H. St. John, D. E. Stuntz, W. N. Suksdorf, W. S. Sullivant, J. W. Thompson



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