Sports Fields and Equipment

Archery

American
Football

Australian Rules
Football

Badminton

Baseball

Basketball

Biathalon

Billiards

Bocce

Canadian
Football

Cricket

Croquet

Curling

Darts

Decathalon

Discus

Gaelic
Football

Hammer

Heptathalon

Hockey

Hurdles

Hurling

Ice
Hockey

Javelin

Lacrosse

Marathon

Modern
Pentathalon

Netball

Octopush

Pentathalon

Petanque

Polo

Pool

Rugby

Shot
Put

Snooker

Soccer

Softball

Squash

Steeplechase

Table
Tennis

Tennis

Ten-Pin
Bowling

Volleyball

Water
Polo

Weight
Lifting


Archery

FITA rules
indoor distances : 18m and 25m
outdoor distances: range from 30m to 90m
Olympic Games : 70m
GNAS rules
indoor distances : 20 yds
outdoor distances: range from 40yds to 100yds
Target Size
FITA indoor : 40 cm @ 18m
60 cm @ 25m
FITA outdoor : 80 cm @ 30 & 50m
122 cm @ 70 & 90m
Olympic Games : 122 cm


American Football

Ball : Length : 11" (28 cm)
Circumference : 22" (56 cm)
Weight : 14 to 15 ounces (397 to 425 g)
Pressure : 12.5 to 13.5 psi (86 to 93 kPa)
Playing Area : Length : 120 yds
Width : 53.3 yds
Goal Line : 100 yds apart. A scoring area called an end zone extends 10 yds (9.1 m) beyond each goal line to each end line
Yard lines : every 5 yds (numbered every 10) from each goal line to the 50-yard line
Inbound lines : (hash marks)every yard and parallel to sidelines near the middle of the field
Goalposts : uprights 18.5 ft (5.6 m) apart with crossbar 10 ft (305 cm) from the ground


Australian Rules Football

Ball :Circumference : 720 to 730 mm (28.3 to 28.7")
Transverse circumference : 545 to 555 mm (21.5 to 21.9")
Pressure : 62 to 76 kPa (9 to 11 psi)
Playing Area : oval
Length : 135 to 185 m
Width : 110 to 155 m
Centre Square : 50m x 50m
Centre Circles : 3m and 10m diameter circles
Fifty Metre Line : a curved line 50 m away from the goal line
Goal Posts : Two tall central posts (goal posts) and the two shorter outer (behind posts) 6.4 metres apart from each other
Goal Square : 9 x 6.4m coming out from the goal posts


Badminton

shuttlecock : weight : 4.75 to 5.50 grams
14 to 16 feathers with each feather 70mm in length
diameter of cork : 25 to 28mm
diameter of feather circle : 54mm
Playing Area :Length : 44 ft
Width : 20 ft
Net Line :marks the middle of the court where the net is placed
Short Service Line :6 ft 6" (occasionally 7 ft) from the net line. The area inside the short service line is also called the Non Volley Zone
Centre Line :divides the court from the Short Service Line to the Back Boundary Line.
Side Line (Singles) : 1 1/2 ft from the edge of the outer boundary
Back Boundary Line : outermost back line on the court
Long Service Line for Singles
Long Service Line for Doubles : 2 1/2 ft inside the Back Boundary Line
Badminton Net :5 ft high in the centre.


Baseball

Ball :circumference : 9" (22.9 cm) to 9" (23.5 cm)
weight : 5 ounces (142 g)
Bat : smooth wooden or metal club no more than 2.75" in diameter at the thickest part and no more than 42" (1067 mm) in length. It typically weighs no more than 36 ounces (1 kg)


Basketball

Ball (Mens) :circumference : 29.5" (size 7)
weight : 22 oz
Ball (Womens) :circumference : 28.5" (size 6)
weight : 20 oz
Playing Area :Legth : 94 ft
Width : 50 ft
Foul Line :15 ft from the foul line to the front of the backboard
The Key : 12 ft wide with the backboard extending out 4 ft over the baseline into the key.
A 6 ft arc (half circle) extends from the foul line away from the basket to complete the key
3 Point Line (Arc) : 22 ft to the centre of the rim on the sides with a straight line extending out 16 ft 9" from the baseline. Past those points the line extends out 23 ft 9" from the centre of the rim.
Backboard :6 ft wide by 42" tall. The inner square on the backboard is 24" wide by 18" tall.
Rim :(hoop)18" diameter with the distance to the top of the rim at 10 ft


Biathalon

Individual :20 km individual race skied over five laps with four shoots (prone, standing, prone, standing) 20 shots.
(15 km for women)
Sprint :10 km skied over three laps with two shoots (prone and standing)for 10 shots.
(7.5 km for women)
Pursuit :12.5 km skied over five laps with four shoots (two prone, two standing).
(10 km for women)
Mass start:15 km skied over five laps with four shoots (two prone, two standing) with the first shoot at the lane corresponding to your bib number. Subsequent shoots depend on the position arrived at in the first round (arriving at the lane in fifth place requires shooting in lane five).
(12.5 km for women)
Relay :4 x 7.5 km each leg skied over three laps with two shoots (one prone, one standing). For every round of five targets there are eight bullets available, though the last three can only be single-loaded manually one at a time.
The first shoot at the lane corresponding to your bib number. Subsequent shoots depend on the the position arrived at in the first round.
(4 x 6 km for women)
Mixed relay :4 x 6 km with legs 1 & 2 skied by women and 3 & 4 by men.
Team :A team of four biathletes with all team members starting at the same time. Two athletes must shoot in the prone position (the other two standing).
Team members must enter the shooting area together, and finish within 15 seconds of each other.


Billiards

Table :Length : 10ft
Width : 5ft
Ball : Diameter : 2 7⁄16 inches (61.5 mm)
Balls : Red object ball
White cue ball for player one
White with a spot cue ball for player two (sometimes yellow)


Bocce

Playing Area : Length : 76 to 100 ft
Width : 10 to 13 ft
Inbound Area of Play : 16 ft long by the width of the court
Pitch Line : defines the start (end) of the inbound area of play and is 16 ft from the back line
Volo Line : 8 ft beyond the Pitch Line, or 24 ft from the back line
Side Boards : 1 foot 6" tall surrounding the outside of the court


Canadian Football

Ball : Length : 11" (28 cm)
Circumference : 22" (56 cm)
Weight : 14 to 15 ounces (397 to 425 g)
Pressure : 12.5 to 13.5 psi (86 to 93 kPa)
Playing Area : Length : 150 yds
Width : 65 yds
Goal Line : 110 yds apart. A scoring area called an end zone extends 10 yds (9.1 m) beyond each goal line to each end line
Yard lines : every 5 yds (numbered every 10) from each goal line to the 50-yard line
Inbound lines : (hash marks) 1 yard apart and 24 yards in from sidelines
Goalposts : uprights 18.6 ft (5.6 m) apart with crossbar 10 ft (305 cm) from the ground


Cricket

Ball : Circumference : 8 13/16" to 9" (224 to 229 mm)
Weight : 5.5 to 5.75 ounces (155.9 to 163.0 g)
Playing Area :varies from ground to ground
pitch :Length : 22 yds (20.12m)
Width : 10ft (3.05m)
batting crease : 1.22m in front of the stumps
stumps :set along the bowling crease
return creases :at right angles to the bowling creases and are 1.32m either side of the middle stumps
wickets :three stumps 71.1cm high and 22.86 cm wide in total


Croquet

Playing Area :Length : 35yds
Width : 28 yds
peg :in the centre of the lawn is 18" tall and 1" in diameter with a smaller dowel extension about " in diameter and 6" long plugged in the top
hoops : 5/8" diameter metal forming a 12" high hoop with a straight top. The gape of the hoop is approximately 3-3/4" between the jaws (1/8" wider than the balls). Hoops are bare metal or painted white with the first hoop having a blue top and the last hoop (rover) having a red top.
balls : 3 5/8" dia. 16oz (454g) coloured Blue & Black and Red & Yellow
Mallets : parallel and identical end-faces made of wood or a material giving similar properties
Clips coloured to match the balls indicate which hoop which colour ball is next for. Clips are placed on the top of the hoop if the ball is for hoops 1 to 6, or on the hoop upright for the second circuit.
The Blue and Black balls play against the Red and Yellow balls.


Curling

Playing Area : Length : 146 ft (44.50 m)
Width : 14 ft 2" (4.32 m) to 16 ft 5" (5.00 m)
the house : four-ft, eight-ft, and twelve-ft rings concentric rings near each end of the sheet
the button : two lines that divide the house into quarters
hoglines : parallel to each backboard and 37 ft (11.28 m) from it
tee line : 16 ft (4.88 m) from the backboard and parallel to it
hack : Twelve ft behind the button with inside edge no more than 3" (7.6 cm) from the centre line and the front edge on the hack line
Curling stone : Circumference : 36" (0.9 m)
Height : 4.5" (11.43 cm)not including the handle
Weight : max 44 lb (20 kg)
Running Surface : 1/4 to 1/2" (6 to 12 mm) thick
ice temperature : maintained at a near 23F (- 5C)


Darts

Board : Diameter : 15.5 inches (39.4cm)
Height : 5 ft 8 in (1.73m) to Centre of bullseye
Oche : Height : 38mm (1 1/2ins)
Length : 610mm (2ft - 0ins)
Clockwise from top centre :

20 - 1 - 18 - 4 - 13 - 6 - 10 - 15 - 2 - 17 - 3 - 19 - 7 - 16 - 8 - 11 - 14 - 9 - 12 - 5


Decathalon

DAY ONE :100-metre
long jump
shot put
high jump
400 metres
DAY TWO :110-metre hurdles
discus
pole vault
javelin
1500 metres


Discus

Men's discus : Diameter : 220 mm (8.66")
Weight : 2 kg (4 lb 7 oz)
Women's discus : 181 mm (7.17") diameter weighing one kg (2 lb 3oz)
A discus with more weight in the rim produces greater angular momentum for any given spin rate, and thus more stability.


Gaelic football

ball : Diameter : 10" (25 cm)
Circumfrence : 27 to 29 in (69 to 74 cm)
Weight : 370 to 425 grams (13 to 15 oz).
Playing Area :Length : 130 to 145 m
Width : 80 to 90 m
goalposts : 6 m high 6.4 m apart with crossbar at 2.44 m with a net attached to the crossbar and lower goal posts
Field markings :13 m, 20m and 45 m from each end-line


Hammer

Men's hammer : Weight : 16 lb (7.257 kg)
Length : 4 ft
Women's hammer : Weight : 8.82 lb (4 kg)
Length : 4 ft


Heptathalon

DAY ONE :100 m hurdles
high jump
shot put
200 m
DAY TWO :long jump
javelin
800 m


Hockey

Playing Area :Length : 100yd (91.4 m)
Width : 60yd (55 m)
goal : 7 ft (2.14 m) high and 12 ft (3.66 m) wide
shooting circle : semi-circle 16 yds (14.63 m) from the goal with a dotted line 5 yds (5 m) out
dividing lines : 25 yds (22.9 m) from each end-line and in the centre of the field
penalty spot : 7 yds (6.4 m) from the centre of each goal
penalty corner defenders mark : 5 yds from goal edge
penalty corner attackers mark : 10 yds from goal edge


Hurdles

100 m :Olympic discipline run by women
Ten hurdles of 83.8 cm (2ft 9")
The first hurdle is 13 metres from the starting line with subsequent ones being 8.5 metres from each other. This gives 10.5 metres to the finish line.
110m:Olympic discipline run by men
Ten hurdles of 83.8 cm (3 ft 6")
The first hurdle is 13.72 metres from the starting line with subsequent ones being 9.14 metres from each other. This gives 14.02 metres to the finish line.
400m :Ten hurdles that are evenly spaced around the track.


Hurling

Playing Area :Length : 130 to 145 m
Width : 80 to 90m
goalposts :6 m high 6.4 m apart with crossbar at 2.44 m with a net attached to the crossbar and lower goal posts
Field markings :13 m, 20m and 45 m from each end-line


Ice Hockey

Puck : a hard disk of black vulcanized rubber
Diameter : 3" (76.2 mm)
Thickness : 1 inch (25.4 mm)
Weight : 5.5 to 6 ounces (156 to 170 g)
Playing Area :Length : 200 ft
Width : 85 ft
corners : Radii : 28 ft
"boards" : not less than 40" high, and no higher than 48" above the ice surface
kickplate : yellow around the entire length of the boards
Goal Posts : 48" high and 6 ft wide situated on the goal line and centred between the side boards
goal line : 13 ft from the back of rink extending across the width of the rink
Goal Crease : area in front of the goal demarked by a 2" wide red line
Division of Ice Surface : blue lines which are located 60ft' from the goal lines
centre line : red line 12" in width dividing the rink into two equal halves
Centre Ice Spot : a 12" blue spot
Centre Circle : 15' radius, and 2" wide blue
Face off Spots in the Neutral Zone : 2' in diameter and are 5' from the blue line. They are 44 ft apart and equidistant from the boards on each side of the rink
End Zone Face-off Spots : 2' diameter red with 3" wide line down each side, 20 ft out from the goal line and 44 ft apart
End Zone Face-offCircles : 15' radius with two red lines 2 ft long and 3 ft apart parallel to the goal line


Javelin

Men's javelin : Weight : 800 g
Women's javelin : Weight : 600g


Lacrosse

Ball : Circumference : 7.75" to 8" (19 to 20 cm)
Diameter : 2.5" (6.5 cm)
Weight : 5 to 5.25 ounces (140 to 150 g)
Playing Area :Length : 110 yds
Width : 60 yds
Midfield Line :divides the length of the field in half. Markings on the midfield line include perpendicular markings for the "wing area"
Wing Area :marked 10 yds in from the sidelines of the field.
Attack Area & Defensive Area : marked 35 yds from the end lines of the field. designating the number of players allowed in each of these areas, depending on the position of play.
The Goal :6 ft high by 6 ft wide by 7 ft deep in size.
Goal Area : a 9 foot radius where players other than the goalie are not allowed to enter.


Marathon

42.195 km (26 miles 385 yds) road race.

Year

Distance

1896 40 km (24.85 mi)
1900 40.26 km (25.02 mi)
1904 40 km (24.85 mi)
1906 41.86 km (26.01 mi)
1908 42.195 km (26.22 mi)
1912 40.2 km (24.98 mi)
1920 42.75 km (26.56 mi)
1924 42.195 km (26.22 mi)


Modern Pentathalon

Epe Fencing
Pistol Shooting
200 m Freestyle Swimming
Show Jumping
3 km cross country running


Netball

Playing Area :Length : 30.5m
Width : 15.25m
divided into three equal areas
Centre Circle :90cm-diameter
Goal Circle :4.9m-radius semi-circle on each base Line
goal posts :3.05m to the top of the ring
ring :internal diameter of 380mm 15mm diameter steel located 150mm forward from the post


Octopush

Playing area :Length : 25m
Width : 25m
penalty goal area : 6m dia semi circle
penalty shot area : 12 m dia semi circle
Gully, or goals : 3m long, 120mm wide and 20mm


Pentathalon

100 meter hurdles
Shot put
High jump
Long jump
800 metres


Petanque

Boules :Steel
Diameter : 70.5 to 80 mm
Weight : 650 to 800 grams
Jacks :Wood or synthetic material
Diameter : 25 to 35 mm


Polo

Ball :Wood or plastic
size 3 to 3.5"
Weight : 4.25 to 4.75 ounces
Playing Area : Length : 300 yds
Width :160 to 200 yds
Side Boards: 6" high
Goal Posts : 8 yds apart


Pool

American-style pool

Ball : weight 5.5 to 6 oz. (156 to 170 g)
diameter 2.25 in. (5.715 cm), plus or minus 0.005 in. (0.127 mm)
The balls are numbered and coloured as follows:
spots 1. Yellow
2. Blue
3. Red
4. Purple
5. Orange
6. Green
7. Brown
8. Black
stripes 9. Yellow
10. Blue
11. Red
12. Purple
13. Orange
14. Green
15. Brown

Blackball Pool

Ball : cue balls 1 7/8 in. (4.76 cm) 1 white
object balls 2 in. (5.08 cm), 7 red, 7 yellow and 1 black


Rugby

ball : Length : 28 to 30 cm (11 to 11.8")
Circumfrence : 58 to 62 cm (22.8 to 24.4")
Weight : 410 to 460 grams (14.5 to 16.2 ounces)
Pressure : 65.71 to 68.75 kPa (or 9.5 to 10 psi)
Playing Area : Length : not greater than 144 metres long including the Dead Ball Line
Width : not greater than 70 metres
Halfway Line : The halfway line marks the field in half regardless of the size
10 Metre Line : 10 metres from the halfway line on either side.
22 Metre Line : measured from the goal line
In Goal : area between goal line and dead ball line not less than 10 metres and not greater than 22 metres
goal post : 5.6 metres wide and 3 metres high at the crossbar


Shot Put

Circle : 7 ft (2.135 metres) with a 10 cm (4") toe board approximately high at the front.
Men's Competition : 7.26 kilograms (16 pounds) shot
Men (over 50) : 6 kg shot (13.2 pounds) shot
Women's Competition : 4 kg (8.8 pounds) shot


Snooker

Table :Length : 12ft (3.6m)
Width : 6ft (1.8 m)
Ball : Diameter : 52.5 mm (approximately 2 1/8 in.)
Weight : within 3g of each other
Quantity and value of balls : 15 red 1 point
1 yellow 2 points
1 green 3 points
1 brown 4 points
1 blue 5 points
1 pink 6 points
1 black 7 points
1 cue ball


Soccer

Ball : Circumfrence : 68 cm (27 ins) to 70 cm (28 ins)
Weight : 410 g (14 oz) to 450 g (16 oz)
Pressure : 0.6 to 1.1 atmosphere (8.5 to 15.6 lbs/sq in)
Playing Area
Length : 100 to 130 yds
Width : 50 to 100 yds
Penalty Area : 18 x 44 yds
Centre Circle : 10 yds radius
Goal Size : 24 x 8 ft
Goal Area : 20 x 6 yds


Softball

Playing Area : vary in overall size according to the size of the field
Ball :circumference : 12 in (30 cm) or 11 in (28 cm)
weight : 6 1/4 to 7 ounces or 5 7/8 to 6 1/8 ounces
Bat : metal or composite materials. Max 2.25"(6 cm) diameter, 34" (86 cm) length and 38 oz (1.08 kg) weight
Distances Between Bases : 60 ft
Pitchers Mound : slow pitch from 35 to 53 ft, fast pitch 35 to 40 ft
Grass Line : 60 ft in a semi-circle in circumference from the Pitchers Mound
Catchers Area : 9 foot radius around Home Plate until it intersects with the 3 foot mark designating the baselines
Coaches Box : 15 ft long by 3 ft wide placed along the 1st and 3rd baselines in line with the respective bases
Infield Fence : 25 to 30 ft behind home plate extending past both 1st and 3rd base to behind the catchers box and home plate


Squash

Balls : speed colours indicating the degree of dynamicism :
Double Yellow : Extra Super slow (very low bounce)
Yellow : Super slow (low bounce)
Green : slow (average bounce)
White : slow (average bounce)
Red : Medium (high bounce)
Blue : Fast (very high bounce)
Orange : high-altitude
Playing Area : 975 cm (32 ft) and 640 cm (21 ft) wide
front wall line : 457 cm (15 ft) above the floor
back wall line : 213 cm (7 ft) above the floor
service line : on the front wall 183 cm (6 ft) to top of line
tin : a protrusion at the base of the front wall 430 mm high
board : on the front wall 48 cm (18.9 ) high
half-court : marked on the floor halfway between front and back walls
quarter court : from the half court line to the back wall
service box : 1600mm from the edge of the court and 1650 back from the half court line


Steeplechase

length : 3000 m.
number of laps : eight or nine depending on where the water jump is located
hurdles : 28 barriers, 914 mm (36 in) for men and 762 mm (30 in) for women
water jumps : a barrier followed by a pit of water which is 3.66 m (12 ft) long and slopes upward from 700 mm (27.6 in) deep at the barrier end to even with the surface of the track


Table Tennis

Ball :Diameter : 40 mm
Weight : 2.7 gram
table :Length : 2.74 m (9 ft)
Width : 1.525 m (5 ft)
Height : 76 cm (30 inch)
net : 15.25 cm (6 inch) high overhanging the sides of the table by 15.25 cm (6 inch)


Tennis

Ball : Diameter : 2 1/2 to 2 5/8"
Weight : 2 ounces to 2 and 1/16 ounces
Playing Area : 36 ft wide by 78 ft long
The singles court : 27 ft wide by 78 ft long
The service court : 27 ft wide and extends back from the net 21 ft. divided into left and right
The net : 3 ft 6" high at the ends and 3 ft high at the middle tape
Net standards : 3 ft outside the outer lines of the doubles court


Ten-Pin Bowling

Ball : Diameter : 8.5" (21.6 cm)
Weight : no more than 16 pounds (7.2 kg)
Lane :39 Boards
Length : 60-foot (18 m)
Width : 41.5-inch (105 cm)
Approach:Length : 15 feet (5 m)
Width : 41.5-inch (105 cm)
Pin Deck :Length : 24-inch (61 cm)
Width : 41.5-inch (105 cm)
Pins :Weight : 3 lbs 6 oz (1.47 kg) to 3 lbs 10 oz (1.64 kg)
Height : 15 in (38 cm)
Diameter : 4.7 in (12 cm) at the "cock" (where a rolling ball would make contact)
Tolerance : varaition of less than 4 ounces (113.4 g) for wood or less than 2 oz (56.7 g) for synthetic


Volleyball

Ball (Standard indoor) : Circumference : 65 to 67 cm (25.5 to 26.5")
Weight : 260 to 280 grams (9.2 to 9.9 ounces)
Pressure : 0.3 to 0.325 kgf/cm (4.3 to 4.6 psi)
Ball (Beach) : Circumference : 66 to 68 cm (26 to 27")
Weight : 260 to 280 grams (9.2 to 9.9 ounces)
Pressure : 0.175 to 0.225 kgf/cm (2.5 to 3.2 psi)
Playing Area : 60 ft by 30 ft
Center Line : dividing the court into 30 ft squares
Attack Line : 10 ft on each side of the centre line of the court
Service Line : 10 ft inside the right sideline on each back line
The Net : directly above the centre line at 7 ft 4 for women and 8 ft for men
Standards : 36 ft apart, 3 ft on either side of the sidelines


Water Polo

Ball : weight : 400 to 450 grams (14 to 16 ounces)
pressure : 90 kPa (13 PSI)
men : 0.7 metres or 28" circumference (size 5)
women : 0.65 metres or 26.5" circumference (size 4)


Weightlifting

Olympic Events

Snatch

lift from the platform to locked arms overhead in a smooth continuous movement

Clean and Jerk

Clean :pulling the weight from the floor to a racked position across deltoids and clavicles
Jerk :torso erect with elbows locked, holding the weight with the arms at full extension in the overhead position.

Other Disciplines

Standing Press :

from floor with overhand grip to a position in front of neck and then press bar until arms are extended overhead.

Bench Press :

Laying on the back on a bench the bar is lifted off the pins and lowered to the chest. The weight is then pushed off of the chest, terminating when the arms are straight, at which point the weight can be lowered again.