U.K.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain consists of England, Wales, Scotland and Ulster ( Northern ireland ).

Patron Saint : St Alban (22nd June)

Currency : Pounds (GBP) = 100 Pence

National holiday :

Highest Point : Ben Nevis 1344m

Longest River : Severn


Power has been devolved with Scotland having it's own Parlaiment and Wales having an "Assembly".


English Kings
Scottish King
Speaker of the House of Commons
Prime Minister
Scotland Prime Minister
Ulster First Minister
Wales First Minister
English (British) National Anthem
Scottish National Anthem
Welsh National Anthem

Click on the flag to go to individual countries.



ENGLAND

England is a part of the United Kingdom.

The Capital of England is London and the country is divided up into Counties, Boroughs, Royal Boroughs, London Boroughs, Cities and Boroughs, Cities and Districts.

Counties.

Bedfordshire Durham Lancashire Shropshire
Buckinghamshire East Sussex Leicestershire Somerset
Cambridgeshire Essex Lincolnshire Staffordshire
Cheshire Gloucestershire Norfolk Suffolk
Cornwall Hampshire North Yorkshire Surrey
Cumbria Herefordshire Northamptonshire Warwickshire
Derbyshire Hertfordshire Northumberland West Sussex
Devon Isle of Wight Nottinghamshire Wiltshire
Dorset Kent Oxfordshire Worcestershire

Boroughs.

Barnsley Gateshead Reading Stockton-on-Tees
Blackburn with Darwen Halton Redcar and Cleveland Swindon
Blackpool Hartlepool Rochdale Tameside
Bolton Kirklees Rotherham Thurrock
Bournemouth Knowsley Sandwell Torbay
Bracknell Forest Luton Sefton Trafford
Brighton and Hove Medway Slough Walsall
Bury Middlesbrough Solihull Warrington
Calderdale Milton Keynes South Tyneside Wigan
Darlington North Tyneside Southend-on-Sea Wirral
Doncaster Oldham St. Helens Wolverhampton
Dudley Poole Stockport

Royal Boroughs.

Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Windsor and Maidenhead

London Boroughs.

Barking and Dagenham Hillingdon Barnet Hounslow
Bexley Islington Brent Lambeth
Bromley Lewisham Camden Merton
Croydon Newham Ealing Redbridge
Enfield Richmond upon Thames Greenwich Southwark
Hackney Sutton Hammersmith and Fulham Tower Hamlets
Haringey Waltham Forest Harrow Wandsworth
Havering

Cities and Boroughs.

Birmingham Newcastle upon Tyne Bradford Salford
Coventry Sheffield Leeds Sunderland
Liverpool Wakefield Manchester Westminster

Cities.

City of Bristol Peterborough City of Kingston upon Hull Plymouth
City of London Portsmouth Derby Southampton
Leicester Stoke-on-Trent Nottingham York

Districts.

Bath and North East SomersetRutland East Riding of YorkshireSouth Gloucestershire
North East LincolnshireTelford and Wrekin North LincolnshireWest Berkshire
North SomersetWokingham


Patron Saint : St George (23rd April)

Currency : Pounds (GBP) = 100 Pence

National holiday :

Highest Point : Scafell Pike 978 m

Longest River : Thames


Kings and Queens of England from 899...

Click on name to go to relevant Royal House.

Danish

West Saxon

Norman

Plantagenet

Lancaster

York

Tudor

Stuart

Commonwealth

Stuart(restored)

Hanover

Saxe Coburg

Windsor


pre Danish Kings

899 924 Edward the Elder
924 936 Athelstan
939 946 Edmund
946 955 Edred
955 959 Edwy
959 975 Edgar
975 978 Edward the Martyr
978 1013 Ethelred II (the unready)
1013 1014 Sweyn I Forkbeard
1014 1016 Ethelred II (the unready)
1016 1016 Edmund Ironside

Danish Kings

1016 1035 Cnut
1035 1040 Harold I
1040 1042 Hardicanute

West Saxon Kings

1042 1066 Edward the Confessor
1066 1066 Harold II
1066 1066 Edgar II

Normans

1066 1087 William the Conqueror
1087 1100 William II (Rufus)
1100 1135 Henry I
1135 1154 Stephen

Plantagenet

1154 1189 Henry II
1189 1199 Richard I (Lionheart)
1199 1216 John
1216 1272 Henry III
1272 1307 Edward I
1307 1327 Edward II
1327 1377 Edward III
1377 1399 Richard II

Lancaster

1399 1413 Henry IV
1413 1422 Henry V
1422 1461 Henry VI

York

1461 1470 Edward IV
1470 1471 Earl of Warick
1471 1483 Edward IV
1483 1483 Edward V
1483 1485 Richard III

Tudor

1485 1509 Henry VII
1509 1547 Henry VIII
1547 1553 Edward VI
1553 1558 Mary I
1558 1603 Elizabeth I

Stuart

1603 1625 James I
1625 1649 Charles I

The Commonwealth

1649 1660 Commonwealth

Stuart (restored)

1660 1685 Charles II
1685 1688 James II
1689 1702 William III and Mary II
1702 1714 Anne

Hanover

1714 1727 George I
1727 1760 George II
1760 1820 George III
1820 1830 George IV
1830 1837 William IV
1837 1901 Victoria with Albert

Saxe-Coburg

1901 1910 Edward VII with Alexandra

Windsor

1910 1936 George V with Mary
1936 1936 Edward VIII
1936 1952 George VI with Elizabeth
1952 Elizabeth II with Prince Philip


Edward the Elder

Born : 870 Wessex, England
Known as :
Father : Alfred the Great
Mother : Ealhswith
Baptised :
Married :
Ecgwynn around 893
Ælfflæd 899
Edgiva, aka Eadgifu 919
Ascended the Throne : 26 October 899
Coronation : Kingston upon Thames on 8 June 900
Died : 17 July 924 Farndon-on-Dee, Cheshire England
Buried : New Minster, Winchester, later moved to Hyde Abbey


Athelstan

Born : 895 Wessex, England
Known as : the Glorious
Father : Edward the Elder
Mother : Egwina
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne : August 2, 924
Coronation :
Died : October 27, 939
Buried : Malmesbury Abbey


Edmund I

Born : 921Wessex, England
Known as :
Father : Edward the Elder
Mother : Edgiva of Kent
Baptised :
Married :
Ælfgifu
Æthelflæd married Edmund in 944
Ascended the Throne : October 27, 939
Coronation :
Died : May 26, 946
Buried : Glastonbury Abbey


Edred

Born : 923 Wessex, England
Known as : 'weak-in-the-feet'
Father : Edward the Elder
Mother : Edgiva of Kent
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne :
Coronation :
Died : November 23, 955, at Frome, Somerset,
Buried : Old Minster, Winchester (Bones now in Winchester Cathedral).


Edwy

Born : 941 Wessex, England
Known as : All-Fair
Father : Edmund I
Mother : Saint Elgiva
Baptised :
Married : Queen Elgiva
Ascended the Throne :
Coronation :
Died : October 1, 959 Gloucester
Buried : Winchester Cathedral


Edgar I

Born : 943/944 Wessex, England
Known as : the Peaceful or the Peaceable
Father : Edmund I
Mother : Elgiva
Baptised :
Married :
Æthelflæd
Wulfthryth
Ælfthryth
Ascended the Throne : October 1, 959
Coronation : Bath, but not until 973
Died : July 8, 975 Winchester, Wessex, England
Buried : Glastonbury Abbey


Edward II

Born : 962
Known as : the Martyr
Father : Edgar
Mother : Æthelflæd or Wulfthryth
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne : 8 July 975
Coronation :
Died : March 18, 978 Corfe Castle, Dorset, England
Buried : Wareham


Ethelred II

Born : 968 Wessex
Known as : the unready
Father : Edgar
Mother : Ælfthryth
Baptised :
Married :
Ælfgifu
Emma of Normandy
Ascended the Throne :
Coronation :
Died : April 23, 1016 London
Buried : Old Saint Paul's Cathedral


Sweyn I Forkbeard

Born : 960 Denmark
Known as :
Father : Harald Bluetooth
Mother : Gyrid Olafsdottir
Baptised :
Married : Gunhild
Ascended the Throne : February 3, 1013
Coronation :
Died : February 3, 1014 England
Buried : Roskilde Cathedral


Edmund II

Born : 989Wessex, England
Known as : Ironside
Father : Ethelred II
Mother : Ælfgifu
Baptised :
Married : Edith
Ascended the Throne : April 23 1016
Coronation :
Died : November 30, 1016 Glastonbury, England
Buried : Glastonbury Abbey


Cnut

Born : c.985 - c.995 Denmark
Known as : Canute the Great
Father : Sweyn Forkbeard
Mother : Saum-Aesa, also known as Gunnhilda
Baptised :
Married :
Aelgifu of Northampton
Emma of Normandy July 1017
Ascended the Throne : 1016
Coronation :
Died : November 12, 1035 England (Shaftesbury, Dorset)
Buried : Old Minster, Winchester. Bones now in Winchester Cathedral


Harold I

Born : c. 1015
Known as : Harold Harefoot
Father : Cnut
Mother : Ælgifu
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne : November 12, 1035
Coronation :
Died : March 17, 1040 Oxford England
Buried : St Clement Danes, Westminster, England


Harthacanute

Born : 1018England
Known as :
Father : Cnut
Mother : Emma of Normandy
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne : March 17, 1040
Coronation :
Died : June 8, 1042England
Buried : Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, England


Edward the Confessor

Born :c 1004 Islip, Oxfordshire, England
Known as :
Father : Harthacanute
Mother : Emma of Normandy
Baptised :
Married : Edith of Wessex
Ascended the Throne : June 8, 1042
Coronation : 3 April 1043
Died : January 4, 1066
Buried : Westminster Abbey, Westminster, England


Harold II

Born : Circa 1022 Wessex, England
Known as : Harold Godwinson
Father : Godwin, Earl of Wessex
Mother : Gytha Thorkelsdóttir
Baptised :
Married : Ealdgyth Swan-neck
Ascended the Throne : 5 January 1066
Coronation : 6 January 1066
Died : 14 October 1066 Battle, East Sussex *
Buried : Waltham Abbey, Waltham Abbey, England

* There is a theory that Harold was not killed at the Battle and later died as a hermit in Chester.


Edgar II

Born : c. 1051Hungary
Known as : Edgar Ætheling and Edgar the Outlaw
Father : Edward the Exile
Mother : Agatha
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne :15 October 1066
Coronation :
Died : c. 1126
Buried : unknown


William I

Born : 1027 Falaise, France
Known as : William the Conqueror
Father : Robert the Magnificent
Mother : Herlette of Falaise
Baptised :
Married : Matilda of Flanders
Ascended the Throne : 25 December 1066
Coronation : 25 December 1066
Died : 9 September 1087Convent of St. Gervais, Rouen
Buried : Saint-Étienne de Caen, France


William II

Born : 1056 Normandy, France
Known as : William Rufus
Father : William I
Mother : Matilda of Flanders
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne :
Coronation :
Died : 2 August 1100 The New Forest, England
Buried : Winchester Cathedral, Winchester


Henry I

Born : 1068/1069 Selby, Yorkshire
Known as : Beauclerc and Lion of Justice
Father : William I
Mother : Matilda of Flanders
Baptised :
Married :
Matilda of Scotland 1100
Adeliza of Louvain 1121)
Ascended the Throne : 3 August 1100
Coronation : 5 August 1100
Died : 1 December 1135 Saint-Denis-en-Lyons, Normandy
Buried : Reading Abbey, Berkshire


Stephen

Born :c. 1096Blois, France
Known as :
Father : Stephen II, Count of Blois
Mother : Adela of Normandy
Baptised :
Married : Matilda I of Boulogne
Ascended the Throne :
Coronation :
Died : 25 October 1154 Dover, Kent
Buried : Faversham Abbey, Kent


Henry II

Born :25 March 1133 Le Mans, France
Known as : Curtmantle
Father : Geoffrey of Anjou
Mother : Empress Matilda
Baptised :
Married : Eleanor of Aquitaine On 18 May 1152, at Bordeaux Cathedral,
Ascended the Throne : 25 October 1154
Coronation : 19 December 1154
Died :6 July 1189 Chinon, France
Buried : Fontevraud Abbey, France


Richard I

Born : 8 September 1157(1157-09-08) Beaumont Palace, Oxford
Known as : the Lionheart, or Cœur de Lion
Father : Henry II
Mother : Eleanor of Aquitaine
Baptised :
Married : Berengaria of Navarre
Ascended the Throne : 6 July 1189
Coronation : 3 September 1189
Died : 6 April 1199 Châlus, Limousin
Buried : Fontevraud Abbey, France


John

Born : 24 December 1166(1166-12-24) Beaumont Palace, Oxford
Known as : "Lackland" and of "Soft-sword"
Father : Henry II
Mother : Eleanor of Aquitaine
Baptised :
Married :
Isabella of Gloucester (1189–1199)
Isabella of Angoulême (1200–1220)
Ascended the Throne : 6 April 1199
Coronation :
Died : 18/19 October 1216 Newark Castle, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire
Buried : Worcester Cathedral, Worcester


Henry III

Born :1 October 1207 Winchester Castle, Hampshire
Known as :
Father : John
Mother :Isabella of Angouleme
Baptised :
Married : Eleanor of Provence on 14 January 1236, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent,
Ascended the Throne :18-19 October 1216
Coronation : 28 October 1216, Gloucester 17 May 1220, Westminster Abbey
Died : 16 November 1272 Westminster, London
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London


Edward I

Born :17 June 1239 Palace of Westminster, London
Known as :Longshanks, "Edward the Lawgiver", "the English Justinian", and "Hammer of the Scots"
Father : Henry III
Mother : Eleanor of Provence
Baptised :
Married :
Eleanor of Castile on 1 November 1254 in the monastery of Las Huelgas.
Marguerite of France Canterbury on September 10, 1299,
Ascended the Throne :17 November 1272
Coronation :
Died : 7 July 1307 Burgh by Sands, Cumberland
Buried :Westminster Abbey, London


Edward II

Born :25 April 1284 Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd
Known as :
Father : Edward I
Mother : Eleanor of Castile
Baptised :
Married : Isabella of France on January 25, 1308
Ascended the Throne :7 July 1307
Coronation :25 February 1308
Died :21 September 1327 Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire
Buried : Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucestershire


Edward III

Born :13 November 1312 Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Known as :
Father : Edward II
Mother : Isabella of France
Baptised :
Married : Philippa of Hainault
Ascended the Throne :25 January 1327
Coronation :1 February 1327
Died : 21 June 1377 Sheen Palace, Richmond
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London


Richard II

Born : 6 January 1367 Bordeaux, France
Known as :
Father :Edward, the Black Prince
Mother : Joan of Kent
Baptised :
Married :
Anne of Bohemia at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster on .January 22, 1382
Isabella of Valois on October 31, 1396
Ascended the Throne :22 June 1377
Coronation :16 July 1377
Died :14 February 1400 Pontefract Castle, West Yorkshire
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London


Henry IV

Born :3 April 1367 Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire
Known as :
Father : John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Mother : Blanche of Lancaster
Baptised :
Married :
Mary de Bohun on 27 July 1380 at Arundel Castle
Joanna of Navarre on February 7, 1403 at Winchester
Ascended the Throne :30 September 1399
Coronation :13 October 1399
Died : 20 March 1413 Westminster, London
Buried : Canterbury Cathedral, Kent


Henry V

Born :16 September 1387 Monmouth, Wales
Known as :
Father :Henry IV
Mother : Mary de Bohun
Baptised :
Married :Catherine of Valois
Ascended the Throne :21 March 1413
Coronation :9 April 1413
Died : 31 August 1422 Bois de Vincennes, France
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London


Henry VI

Born :6 December 1421 Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Father :Henry V
Mother : Catherine of Valois
Married :Margaret of Anjou
Ascended the Throne :31 August 1422
Coronation :
Died : 21 May 1471 Tower of London, London
Buried : Windsor Castle, Berkshire


Edward IV

Born : 28 April 1442 Rouen, Normandy
Known as :
Father : Richard, 3rd Duke of York
Mother : Cecily Neville
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne :
3 March 1461 – 31 October 1470
11 April 1471 – 9 April 1483
Coronation :28 June 1461
Died : 9 April 1483 Westminster
Buried : St George's Chapel, Windsor


Earl of Warick

Born :
Known as : "Warwick the Kingmaker"
Father :
Mother :
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne : 11 April 1471
Coronation :
Died :
Buried :


Edward V

Born : 4 November 1470
Father : Edward IV
Mother : Elizabeth Woodville
Ascended the Throne : 9 April 1483
Died : 1483
Buried :


Richard III

Born : 2 October 1452 Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire
Father : Richard, 3rd Duke of York
Mother : Cecily Neville
Married : Anne Neville on 12 July 1472
Ascended the Throne : 22 June 1483
Coronation : 6 July 1483 at Westminster Abbey
Died : 22 August 1485 Bosworth Field, Leicestershire
Buried : Greyfriars Abbey, Leicestershire


Henry VII

Born :28 January 1457 Pembroke Castle, Wales
Known as :
Father : Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
Mother : Lady Margaret Beaufort
Baptised :
Married :
Ascended the Throne : (August 22, 1485
Coronation :
Died : 21 April 1509 Richmond Palace, England
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London


Henry VIII

Born : June 24th 1491
Known as :
Father : Henry 7th
Mother : Elizabeth of York
Baptised :
Married :
Katherine Of Aragon on June 11th 1509 at Greyfriars Church, Greenwich (divorced,1533)
Anne Boleyn on January 25th 1533 at Westminster Abbey (beheaded, May 19th 1536)
Jane Seymour on May 20th 1536 at York Place (died during childbirth Oct 27th 1537)
Anne of Cleves on January 6th 1540 at Greyfriars Church,Greenwich (divorced 1540)
Katherine Howard on July 28th 1540 at Hampton Court Palace (beheaded, Feb 13th 1542)
Catherine Parr on July 12th 1543 at Hampton Court Palace
Ascended the Throne :June 24th 1509
Coronation :
Died : January 28th 1547 Palace of Whitehall, London
Buried : St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle


Edward VI

Born : 12 October 1537 Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames
Father : Henry VIII
Mother : Jane Seymour
Ascended the Throne : 28 January 1547
Coronation : 20 February 1547
Died : 6 July 1553 Palace of Placentia, Greenwich
Buried : 9 August 1553 Henry VII Lady Chapel, Westminster Abbey


Lady Jane Grey

Born :Bradgate Park near Leicester on an unknown date in late 1536 or early 1537
Father :Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk
Mother :Lady Frances Brandon
Ascended the Throne :10 July
Coronation : no coronation
Died : 12 February 1554 Tower of London
Buried : St Peter ad Vincula, London


Mary I

Born : 18 February 1516 Palace of Placentia, Greenwich
Known as : Bloody Mary
Father : Henry VIII
Mother : Catherine of Aragon
Baptised : 21st February 1516
Married : Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral on 25 July 1554
Ascended the Throne : 19 July 1553
Coronation : 1 October 1553
Died : 17 November 1558 Saint James's Palace, London
Buried : 14 December 1558 Westminster Abbey, London


Elizabeth I

Born :7 September 1533 Greenwich, England
Known as :The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, The Faerie Queen or Good Queen Bess
Father : Henry VIII
Mother : Anne Boleyn
Baptised :
Married : never married
Ascended the Throne : 17 November 1558
Coronation : 15 January 1559
Died : 24 March 1603 Richmond, England
Buried : Westminster Abbey


James I

Born : 19 June 1566 Edinburgh Castle
Known as :
Father :Lord Darnley
Mother :Mary, Queen of Scots
Baptised :
Married : Anne of Denmark formally at the Old Bishop's Palace in Oslo on 23 November1589
Ascended the Throne :24 March 1603
Coronation : 25 July 1603
Died : 27 March 1625 Theobalds House
Buried : Westminster Abbey


Charles I

Born : 19 November 1600 in Dunfermline Palace, Fife
Father : James I of England
Mother : Anne of Denmark
Baptised : 23 December 1602 in Dunfermline, Scotland
Married :
Henrietta Maria of France, 11 May 1625 by proxy
married in person on 13 June 1625, in Canterbury
Ascended the Throne : 27 March 1625
Coronation : 2 February 1626 at Westminster Abbey,
Died : 30 January 1649 Whitehall, England
Buried : 7 February 1649 Windsor, England


Charles II

Born : Charles Stuart 29 May 1630 St. James's Palace, London
Father : Charles I
Mother : Henrietta Maria of France
Baptised : 27 June 1630 in the Chapel Royal
Married : Catherine of Braganza
Ascended the Throne : 30 January 1649
Coronation : Westminster Abbey on 23 April 1661
Died : 6 February 1685 Whitehall Palace, London
Buried : Westminster Abbey


James II

Born : 14 October 1633 St. James's Palace, London
Father : Charles I of England
Mother : Henrietta Maria of France
Baptised :
Married : Anne Hyde on 3 September 1660*, in London
Ascended the Throne : 6 February 1685
Coronation : 23 April 1685 Westminster Abbey
Died : 16 September 1701 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Buried : Saint-Germain-en-Laye

* Secretly married but had an official ceremony on 3rd September


William III

Born : 14 November 1650 Binnenhof, The Hague
Known as :
Father : William II, Prince of Orange
Mother : Mary, Princess Royal
Baptised :
Married : Mary, 4 November 1677 in London
Ascended the Throne :13 February 1689,
Coronation : 11 April 1689 at Westminster Abbey
Died : 8 March 1702 Kensington Palace, London
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London

Mary II

Born : 30 April 1662 St. James's Palace, London
Known as :
Father : James II and VII
Mother : Anne Hyde
Baptised :
Married : William on 4 November 1677 in London
Ascended the Throne :
Coronation :11 April 1689 at Westminster Abbey
Died : 28 December 1694 Kensington Palace, London
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London

Mary, although a sovereign in her own right, did not wield power during most of her reign, instead ceding it to her husband.

William and Mary were offered the Scottish Crown; they accepted on 11 May. William was officially "William II" of Scotland.


Anne

Born : 6 February 1665 St. James's Palace, London
Known as :
Father : James II
Mother : Anne Hyde
Baptised :
Married :Prince George of Denmark
Ascended the Throne :8 March 1702,
Coronation : 23 April 1702
Died : 1 August 1714 Kensington Palace, London
Buried : Westminster Abbey, London


George I

Born :George Louis on 28 May 1660 Osnabrück, Hanover
Known as :
Father : Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother : Sophia of the Rhineland Palatinate
Baptised :
Married : Sophia Dorothea of Celle 1682
Ascended the Throne :1 August 1714
Coronation :Westminster Abbey on 20 October 1714
Died : 11 June 1727 Osnabrück, Hanover
Buried : 4 August 1727 Herrenhausen, Hanover


George II

Born : George Augustus 10 November 1683 Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover
Known as :
Father : George I
Mother : Sophia Dorothea of Celle
Baptised :
Married : Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach in 1705
Ascended the Throne :11 June 1727
Coronation : 4 October 1727 at Westminster Abbey
Died : 25 October 1760 Kensington Palace, London
Buried : 11 November 1760 Westminster Abbey, London

He was the last British monarch to have been born outside Great Britain


George III

Born :George William Frederick 4 June 1738 Norfolk House, St James's Square, London
Known as :
Father : Frederick, Prince of Wales
Mother : Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Baptised :4 July 1738 Norfolk House, London
Married : Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, on 8 September 1761 in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace
Ascended the Throne : 25 October 1760
Coronation :22nd September 1761 at Westminster Abbey
Died : 29 January 1820 Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Buried : 15 February 1820 St George's Chapel, Windsor


George IV

Born : George Augustus Frederick on 12 August 1762 at St James's Palace, London
Known as :
Father : George III
Mother : Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Baptised : 18 September 1762
Married : Caroline of Brunswick on April 8, 1795 at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.
Ascended the Throne : 29 January 1820
Coronation :19 July 1821 at Westminster Abbey
Died : 26 June 1830 Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Buried : 15 July 1830 St George's Chapel, Windsor


William IV

Born : William Henry on 21 August 1765 Buckingham House, London
Known as :
Father : George III
Mother : Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Baptised : 18 September 1765 St James's Palace, London
Married : Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen at Kew on 11 July 1818
Ascended the Throne :26 June 1830
Coronation : 8 September 1831
Died : 20 June 1837 Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Buried : 8 July 1837 St George's Chapel, Windsor


Victoria

Born :Alexandrina Victoria on 24 May 1819 Kensington Palace, London
Known as :Drina within the family
Father : Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent
Mother : Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Baptised : 24 June 1819 Kensington Palace, London
Married :Prince Albert, on 10 February 1840, in the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace
Ascended the Throne : 20 June 1837
Coronation : 28 June 1838
Died : 22 January 1901 Osborne House, Isle of Wight,
Buried : 2 February 1901 Frogmore, Windsor, Berkshire,

Edward Oxford attempted to assassinate the Queen while she was riding in a carriage with Prince Albert in London. Oxford fired twice, but both bullets missed.
On 29 May 1842 at St. James's Park, John Francis fired a pistol at the Queen while she was in a carriage, but was immediately seized by Police Constable William Trounce.
On 3 July 1842, John William Bean, attempted to shoot the Queen although his gun was loaded only with paper and tobacco.
In 1849, an unemployed and disgruntled Irishman named William Hamilton attempted to alarm the Queen by firing a powder-filled pistol as her carriage passed along Constitution Hill, London.
In 1850, the Queen was assaulted by ex-Army officer, Robert Pate. As Victoria was riding in a carriage, Pate struck her with his gun, crushing her bonnet and bruising her.


Edward VII

Born : Albert Edward on 9 November 1841 at Buckingham Palace, London.
Known as : Bertie to the family throughout his life.
Father : Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Albert, Prince Consort).
Mother : Queen Victoria.
Baptised : 25 January 1842 at St George's Chapel, Windsor.
Married : Princess Alexandra St. George's Chapel, Windsor, 10 March 1863.
Ascended the Throne : 22 January 1901.
Coronation : Westminster Abbey on 9 August 1902.
Died : 6 May 1910 Buckingham Palace, London.
Buried : 20 May 1910 at St George's Chapel, Windsor.


George V

Born : George Frederick Ernest Albert on Born : 3 June 1865 Marlborough House, London
Father :: The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)
Mother :: Alexandra of Denmark, Princess of Wales (later Queen Alexandra)
Baptised : in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle on 7 July 1865
Married : Mary of Teck on 6 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace in London.
Ascended the Throne : 6 May 1910,
Coronation : took place at Westminster Abbey on 22 June 1911.
Died : 20 January 1936
Buried : at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


Edward VIII

Born : Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David on 23 June 1894 White Lodge, Richmond, London, England.
Known as : to his family and close friends by his last given name, David.
Baptised : 16 July, 1894 White Lodge, Richmond, London, England.
Father : George V.
Mother : Mary of Teck.
Ascended the Throne : 20 January 1936.
Abdication : 11 December 1936.
Died : 28 May 1972 (aged 77)Paris, France.
Buried : 5 June, 1972 Frogmore, Berkshire, England.

On 16 July 1936 an attempt was made on the King's life. An Irish malcontent, Jerome Brannigan (aka George Andrew McMahon) produced a loaded revolver as the King rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace.


George VI

Born : Albert Frederick Arthur George on 14 December 1895 Sandringham House, Norfolk.
Known as : as Prince Albert, and informally as "Bertie" to his family.
Baptised : 17 February 1896 St. Mary Magdalene's Church, Sandringham.
Father : George V
Mother : Mary of Teck
Married : Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon on 26 April 1923.
Ascended the Throne : 11 December 1936.
Died : 6 February 1952 Sandringham House, Norfolk.
Buried : 15 February 1952


Elizabeth II

Born : Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on 21 April 1926 Mayfair, London.
Known as : Lilibet.
Baptised : 29 May 1926 Buckingham Palace, London.
Father : George VI.
Mother : Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
Married : Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark) on 20 November 1947.
Ascended the Throne : February 1952.


Speakers of the House of Commons

Election of the Speaker

An MP is elected to the role of Speaker by winning majority support in the Commons. This takes place after every general election or on the death or retirement of the previous Speaker. It is the practice for a Speaker to remain in office until retirement and to be automatically re-elected internally in all Parliaments after their original election.

Politically impartial

Speakers must be politically impartial. Therefore, on election the new Speaker must resign from their political party and remain separate from political issues even in retirement. However, the Speaker will deal with their constituents' problems like a normal MP.

Speakers and general elections

Speakers still stand in general elections. They are generally unopposed by the major political parties, who will not field a candidate in the Speaker's constituency - this includes the original party they were a member of. During a general election, Speakers do not campaign on any political issues but simply stand as 'the Speaker seeking re-election'.

Prolocutor, first identified presiding officer of the English House of Commons
1258Peter de Montfort
1376Sir Peter de la Mare

Speakers of the House of Commons of England 1377-1707

1377 Sir Thomas Hungerford first presiding officer identified by the title "Speaker"
1377 Sir Peter de la Mare
1378 1378 Sir James Pickering
1379 1380 Sir John Guildesborough
1381 1382 Sir Richard Waldegrave
1382 1383 Sir James Pickering
1393 1398 Sir John Bussy
1399 Sir John Cheney
1399 John Dorewood
1400 1402 Sir Arnold Savage
1402 Sir Henry Redford
1403 1404 Sir Arnold Savage
1404 Sir William Esturmy
1405 1406 Sir John Tiptoft
1407 1411 Thomas Chaucer
1412 1413 unknown
1413 William Stourton
1413 John Dorewood
1414 Sir Walter Hungerford
1414 1415 Thomas Chaucer
1415 Richard Redman
1415 1416 Sir Walter Beauchamp
1416 1419 Roger Flower
1420 1421 Roger Hunt
1421 Thomas Chaucer
1421 1422 Richard Baynard
1422 Roger Flower
1423 1424 Sir John Russell
1425 Sir Thomas Walton
1425 1426 Richard Vernon
1427 1428 Sir John Tyrell
1429 1430 Sir William Alington
1430 1431 Sir John Tyrell
1432 Sir John Russell
1433 Roger Hunt
1435 John Bowes
1436 Sir John Tyrell
1437 William Burley
1439 1442 William Tresham
1444 1445 William Burley
1446 1447 William Tresham
1448 1449 Sir John Say
1449 Sir John Popham
1449 1450 William Tresham
1450 1451 Sir William Oldhall
1452 1453 Thomas Thorpe
1453 1454 Sir Thomas Charlton
1455 1456 Sir John Wenlock
1459 Sir Thomas Tresham
1460 John Green
1461 1462 Sir James Strangeways
1463 1468 Sir John Say
1472 1477 William Alington
1482 1483 John Wood
1483 1484 William Catesby
1485 1486 Sir Thomas Lovell
1487 1488 John Mordaunt
1489 1490 Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam
1491 1492 Sir Richard Empson
1495 Sir Robert Drury
1496 1497 Sir Thomas Englefield
1503 Edmond Dudley
1509 Sir Thomas Englefield
1511 1513 Sir Robert Sheffield
1514 1515 Sir Thomas Nevill
1523 Sir Thomas More
1529 1533 Sir Thomas Audley
1533 1536 Sir Humphrey Wingfield
1536 Sir Richard Rich
1539 1540 Sir Nicholas Hare
1541 1544 Sir Thomas Moyle
1545 1552 Sir John Baker
1553 Sir James Dyer
1553 Sir John Pollard
1554 Sir Robert Brooke
1554 1555 Sir Clement Higham
1555 Sir John Pollard
1558 Sir William Cordell
1559 Sir Thomas Gargrave
1562 1563 Thomas Williams
1566 1567 Richard Onslow
1571 Sir Christopher Wray
1572 1576 Sir Robert Bell
1580 1583 Sir John Popham
1584 1586 Sir John Puckering
1588 1589 Thomas Snagge
1592 1593 Sir Edward Coke
1597 1598 Sir Christopher Yelverton
1601 Sir John Croke
1603 1611 Sir Edward Phelips
1614 Sir Randolph Crewe
1621 1622 Sir Thomas Richardson
1623 1625 Sir Thomas Crewe
1625 1626 Sir Heneage Finch
1628 1629 Sir John Finch
1640 Sir John Glanville
1640 1647 William Lenthall
1647 Henry Pelham
1647 1653 William Lenthall
1653 Rev. Francis Rous
1654 1655 William Lenthall
1656 1658 Sir Thomas Widdrington
1658 1659 Chaloner Chute
1659 Sir Lislebone Long
1659 Thomas Bampfylde
1659 1660 William Lenthall
1660 Sir Harbottle Grimston
1661 1671 Sir Edward Turnour
1672 Sir Job Charlton
1673 Sir Edward Seymour
1678 Sir Robert Sawyer
1678 1679 Sir Edward Seymour
1679 Sir William Gregory
1680 1681 Sir William Williams
1685 1687 Sir John Trevor
1688 1689 Henry Powle
1689 1695 Sir John Trevor
1695 1698 Paul Foley
1698 1700 Sir Thomas Littleton
1701 1705 Robert Harley
1705 1707 John Smith

Speakers of the House of Commons of Great Britain 1707-1800

1707 1708 John Smith Andover
1708 1710 Sir Richard Onslow Surrey 1st Baron Onslow
1710 1713 William Bromley Oxford University
1714 1715 Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bt Suffolk
1715 1727 Sir Spencer Compton Sussex 1st Earl of Wilmington
1728 1761 Arthur Onslow Surrey
1761 1770 Sir John Cust, Bt Grantham
1770 1780 Sir Fletcher Norton Guildford 1st Baron Grantley
1780 1789 Charles Wolfran Cornwall Winchelsea
1789 1789 William Wyndham Grenville Buckinghamshire 1st Baron Grenville
1789 1800 Henry Addington Devizes 1st Viscount Sidmouth

Speakers of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801

1801 1801 Henry Addington Tory Devizes 1st Viscount Sidmouth
1801 1802 Sir John Mitford Tory East Looe Baron Redesdale
1802 1817 Charles Abbot Tory Helston 1st Baron Colchester
1817 1834 Charles Manners-Sutton Tory Scarborough 1st Viscount Canterbury
1835 1839 James Abercromby Whig Edinburgh 1st Baron Dunfermline
1839 1857 Charles Shaw-Lefevre Whig North Hampshire 1st Viscount Eversley
1857 1872 John Evelyn Denison Liberal North Nottinghamshire 1st Viscount Ossington
1872 1884 Henry Brand Liberal Cambridgeshire 1st Viscount Hampden
1884 1895 Arthur Wellesley Peel Liberal Warwick 1st Viscount Peel
1895 1905 William Court Gully Liberal Carlisle 1st Viscount Selby
1905 1921 James William Lowther Conservative Penrith 1st Viscount Ullswater
1921 1928 John Henry Whitley Coalition Liberal Halifax declined the peerage
1928 1943 Edward Fitzroy Conservative Daventry
1943 1951 Douglas Clifton Brown Conservative Hexham 1st Viscount Ruffside
1951 1959 William Morrison Conservative Cirencester and Tewkesbury 1st Viscount Dunrossil
1959 1965 Sir Harry Hylton-Foster Conservative Cities of London and Westminster
1965 1971 Dr. Horace King Labour Southampton Itchen The Baron Maybray-King
1971 1976 Selwyn Lloyd Conservative Wirral The Baron Selwyn-Lloyd
1976 1983 George Thomas Labour Cardiff West 1st Viscount Tonypandy
1983 1992 Bernard Weatherill Conservative Croydon North East The Baron Weatherill
1992 2000 Betty Boothroyd Labour West Bromwich West The Baroness Boothroyd
2000 Michael Martin Labour Glasgow Springburn


British First Lords of the Treasury and Prime Ministers.

The title of Prime Minister was not officially used until 1905. Before that the title was "First Lord of the Treasury".

1721Sir Robert WalpoleWhig
1742Earl of WilmingtonWhig
1743Henry PelhamWhig
1754Duke of NewcastleWhig
1756Duke of DevonshireWhig
1757Duke of NewcastleWhig
1762Earl of ButeTory
1763George GrenvilleWhig
1765Marquess of RockinghamWhig
1766Earl of ChathamWhig
1767Duke of GraftonWhig
1770Lord NorthTory
1782Marquess of RockinghamWhig
1782Duke of PortlandTory
1783William PittTory
1801Henry AddingtonTory
1804William PittTory
1806Lord GrenvilleWhig
1807Duke of PortlandTory
1809Spencer PercevalTory
1812Lord LiverpoolTory
1827George CanningTory
1827Viscount GoderichTory
1828Duke of WellingtonTory
1830Earl GreyWhig
1834Lord MelbourneWhig
1834Sir Robert PeelTory
1835Lord MelbourneWhig
1841Sir Robert PeelTory
1846Lord John RussellWhig
1852Earl of DerbyCon
1852Earl of AberdeenCon
1855Lord PalmerstonLib
1858Earl of DerbyCon
1859Lord PalmerstonLib
1865Lord John RussellLib
1866Earl of DerbyCon
1868Benjamin DisraeliCon
1868William GladstoneLib
1874Benjamin DisraeliCon
1880William GladstoneLib
1885Marquis of SalisburyCon
1886William GladstoneLib
1886Marquis of SalisburyCon
1892William GladstoneLib
1894Earl of RoseberyLib
1895Marquis of SalisburyCon
1902Arthur BalfourCon

Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury

1905Henry Campbell-BannermanLib
1908Herbert AsquithLib
1916David Lloyd GeorgeLib
1922Andrew Bonar LawCon
1923Stanley BaldwinCon
1924James Ramsay MacDonaldLab
1924Stanley BaldwinCon
1929James Ramsay MacDonaldLab
1931James Ramsay MacDonaldNat
1935Stanley BaldwinCon
1937Neville ChamberlainCon
1940Winston ChurchillCon
1945Clement AttleeLab
1951Winston ChurchillCon
1955Anthony EdenCon
1957Harold MacmillanCon
1963Sir Alec Douglas-HomeCon
1964Harold WilsonLab
1970Edward HeathCon
1974 Harold WilsonLab
1976James CallaghanLab
1979Margaret ThatcherCon
1990John MajorCon
1997Tony Blair Lab
2007Gordon Brown Lab
2010David CameronCon


SCOTLAND


Scotland is a part of the United kingdom.

The Capital is Edinburgh and the country is divided up into Counties.

Counties.

Aberdeenshire East Lothian Peeblesshire
Angus Fife Perthshire
Argyll Inverness-shire Renfrewshire
Ayrshire Kincardineshire Ross & Cromarty
Banffshire Kinross-shire Roxburghshire
Berwickshire Kirkcudbrightshire Selkirkshire
Bute Lanarkshire Stirlingshire
Caithness Midlothian Shetland
Clackmannanshire Moray Sutherland
Dumfriesshire Nairnshire West Lothian
Dunbartonshire Orkney Wigtownshire


Patron Saint : Andrew (30th November), Margaret

Currency : Pounds Sterling (GBP) = 100 Pence

National holiday :

Highest Point : Ben Nevis 1344m

Longest River : Tay


Scottish Monarchy.

Kings and Queens of Scotland

858 862 Donald I
862 877 Constantine I
877 878 Aed
878 889 Giric & Eochaid
889 900 Donald II
900 943 Constantine II
943 954 Malcolm I
954 962 Indulf
962 966 Dubh
966 971 Culen
971 995 Kenneth II
995 997 Constantine III
997 1005 Kenneth III
1005 1034 Malcolm II
1034 1040 Duncan
1040 1057 Macbeth
1057 1058 Lulach
1058 1093 Malcolm III
1093 1094 Donald III
1094 1094 Duncan II
1094 1097 Donald III (restored)
1097 1107 Edgar
1107 1124 Alexander I
1124 1153 David I
1153 1165 Malcolm IV
1165 1214 William I
1214 1249 Alexander II
1249 1286 Alexander III
1286 1290 Margaret
1290 1292 Interregnum
1292 1296 John
1296 1306 Interregnum
1306 1329 Robert I (The Bruce)
1329 1371 David II
1371 1390 Robert II
1390 1406 Robert III
1406 1437 James I
1437 1460 James II
1460 1488 James III
1488 1513 James IV
1513 1542 James V
1542 1567 Mary I
1567 1625 James VI
1625 1649 Charles I
1649 1685 Charles II (exiled 1651-60)


First Minister.

7 May 1999 11 October 2000Donald DewarLabour
27 October 2000 8 November 2001 Henry McLeishLabour
22 November 2001 16 May 2007 Jack McConnellLabour
16 May 2007 Alex SalmondScottish National Party


ULSTER

Ulster is a Province of Ireland but part of the United kingdom.

The Capital of is Belfast and the country is divided up into Districts, Counties and Cities.

Districts.

Antrim Carrickfergus Dungannon Moyle
Ards Castlereagh Fermanagh County Newry and Mourne
Armagh Coleraine Larne Newtownabbey
Ballymena Cookstown Limavady North Down
Ballymoney Craigavon Lisburn Omagh
Banbridge Down Magherafelt Strabane

Counties.

County AntrimCounty DownCounty Londonderry
County ArmaghFermanaghCounty Tyrone

Cities.

BelfastDerry


Patron Saint : St. Patrick (17th March), Columba, Bridgid of Ireland

Currency : Pound Sterling (GBP) = 100 New Pence

National holiday : Independence Day, 16 September (1810)

Highest Point : Slieve Donard 852 m

Longest River :

Prime Minister

7 Jun 1921 24 Nov 1940 Sir James Craig
25 Nov 1940 1 May 1943 John Miller Andrews
1 May 1943 25 March 1963 Sir Basil Brooke
25 Mar 1963 1 May 1969 Terence O'Neill
1 May 1969 23 March 1971 James Chichester-Clark
23 Mar 1971 30 Mar 1972 Brian Faulkner

Chief Executive

1973 1974 Brian Faulkner
1 Jul 1998 1999 David Trimble

First Minister

1999 14 Oct 2002 David Trimble
8 May 2007 5 June 2008 Ian Paisley
5 June 2008 Peter Robinson



CYMRU (Wales)

Wales is a part of the United kingdom.

The Capital is Caerdydd (Cardiff) and the country is divided up into County Boroughs, Counties, and, Cities and Counties.

County Boroughs

Blaenau Gwent Neath Port Talbot
Bridgend Newport
Caerphilly Rhondda Cynon Taff
Conwy Torfaen
Gwynedd Wrexham
Merthyr Tydfil

Counties.

Ceredigion Monmouthshire
Carmarthenshire Pembrokeshire
Denbighshire Powys
Flintshire The Vale of Glamorgan
Isle of Anglesey

Cities and Counties.

Cardiff Swansea


Patron Saint : ST. David (1st March).

Currency : Pound Sterling (GBP) = 100 New Pence

National holiday :

Highest Point : Mount Snowdon 1085 m

Longest River : River Severn


First Minister of the Welsh Assembly.

Oct 16 2000 May 8 2003Rhodri MorganLabourLabour/Liberal Democrat Coalition
May 8 2003 May 25 2007 Rhodri MorganLabour Labour
May 25 2007 Jul 11 2007 Rhodri MorganLabour Labour (minority)
Jul 11 2007 Rhodri MorganLabour Labour/Plaid Cymru Coalition


National Anthems


God Save The Queen.

 

God save our gracious Queen, Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: God save the Queen. O Lord, our God, arise, Scatter her enemies, And make them fall. Confound their politics, Frustrate their knavish tricks, On Thee our hopes we fix, God save us all. Thy choicest gifts in store, On her be pleased to pour; Long may she reign: May she defend our laws, And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice God save the Queen.*

* When the monarch of the time is male, beyond the other alterations mentioned above, the last line of the third verse is changed to "with heart and voice to sing/ God Save the King".

Around 1745, the anti-Jacobite sentiment was captured in a fourth verse, with a prayer for the success of George Wade's army then assembling at Newcastle. These words attained some short-term popularity, although they did not appear in the published version in Gentleman's Magazine:

                    Lord, grant that Marshal Wade, 
                    May by thy mighty aid, 
                    Victory bring. 
                    May he sedition hush, 
                    and like a torrent rush, 
                    Rebellious Scots to crush, 
                    God save the King. 


O Fhlùir na h-Alba (Scottish Anthem)

 

O Fhlùir na h-Alba, cuin a chì sinn an seòrsa laoich a sheas gu bàs 'son am bileag feòir is fraoich, (chorus) a sheas an aghaidh feachd uailleil Iomhair 's a ruaig e dhachaidh air chaochladh smaoin? Na cnuic tha lomnochd 's tha duilleach Foghair mar bhrat air làr, am fearann caillte dan tug na seòid ud gràdh, (chorus) Tha 'n eachdraidh dùinte ach air dìochuimhne chan fheum i bhith, is faodaidh sinn èirigh gu bhith nar Rìoghachd a-rìs (chorus) O Fhlùir na h-Alba, cuin a chì sinn an seòrsa laoich a sheas gu bàs 'son am bileag feòir is fraoich, (chorus)


Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau. (Welsh Anthem)

 

Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau Mae hen wlad fy nhadau yn annwyl i mi, Gwlad beirdd a chantorion, enwogion o fri; Ei gwrol ryfelwyr, gwladgarwyr tra mâd, Dros ryddid collasant eu gwaed. (Cytgan) Gwlad, gwlad, pleidiol wyf i'm gwlad. Tra môr yn fur i'r bur hoff bau, O bydded i'r hen iaith barhau. Hen Gymru fynyddig, paradwys y bardd, Pob dyffryn, pob clogwyn, i'm golwg sydd hardd; Trwy deimlad gwladgarol, mor swynol yw si Ei nentydd, afonydd, i mi. (Cytgan) Os treisiodd y gelyn fy ngwlad tan ei droed, Mae hen iaith y Cymry mor fyw ag erioed, Ni luddiwyd yr awen gan erchyll law brad, Na thelyn berseiniol fy ngwlad. (Cytgan)


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