San Marino

Saudi Arabia

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Africa

San Marino


San Marino


The capital of San Marino is San Marino and the country is divided into Castelli (municipalities).

Castelli.

Acquaviva Domagnano Monte Giardino
Borgo Maggiore Faetano San Marino
Chiesanuova Fiorentino Serravalle


Patron Saint : Marinus

Currency : Euro = 100 Cents

National holiday : Founding of the Republic, 3 September (301)

Highest Point : Monte Titano 755 m

Longest River : Orange


Saudi Arabia


The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh and the country is divided into Mintaqat (provinces).

Mintaqat.

Al Bahah Ar Riyad Makkah
Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah Ash Sharqiyah Najran
Al Jawf 'Asir Tabuk
Al Madinah Ha'il
Al Qasim Jizan


Patron Saint :

Currency : Riyal (SRls) = 100 Halalahs

National holiday : Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932)

Highest Point : Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m

Longest River :


Slovakia

Formerly part of Czechoslovakia.

The capital of Slovakia is Bratislava and the country is divided into Kraje (regions).

Kraje

Banskobystricky Presovsky
Bratislavsky Trenciansky
Kosicky Trnavsky
Nitriansky Zilinsky


Patron Saint : Our Lady of the Assumption

Currency : Koruna (K) = 100 Haleru

National holiday : Constitution Day, 1 September (1992)

Highest Point : Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m

Longest River :


Slovenia


The capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana and the country is divided into Obcine (municipalities) and Mestne Obcine (urban municipalities).

Obcine.

Ajdovscina Komen Ribnica na Pohorju
Beltinci Komenda Rogaska Slatina
Benedikt Kostel Rogasovci
Bistrica ob Sotli Kozje Rogatec
Bled Kranjska Gora Ruse
Bloke Krizevci Salovci
Bohinj Krsko Selnica ob Dravi
Borovnica Kungota Semic
Bovec Kuzma Sempeter-Vrtojba
Braslovce Lasko Sencur
Brda Lenart Sentilj
Brezice Lendava-Lendva Sentjernej
Brezovica Litija Sentjur pri Celju
Cankova Ljubno Sevnica
Cerklje na Gorenjskem Ljutomer Sezana
Cerknica Logatec Skocjan
Cerkno Loska Dolina Skofja Loka
Cerkvenjak Loski Potok Skofljica
Crensovci Lovrenc na Pohorju Slovenska Bistrica
Crna na Koroskem Luce Slovenske Konjice
Crnomelj Lukovica Smarje pri Jelsah
Destrnik Majsperk Smartno ob Paki
Divaca Markovci Smartno pri Litiji
Dobje Medvode Sodrazica
Dobrepolje Menges Solcava
Dobrna Metlika Sostanj
Dobrova-Horjul-Polhov Gradec Mezica Starse
Dobrovnik-Dobronak Miklavz na Dravskem Polju Store
Dolenjske Toplice Miren-Kostanjevica Sveta Ana
Dol pri Ljubljani Mirna Pec Sveti Andraz v Slovenskih Goricah
Domzale Mislinja Sveti Jurij
Dornava Moravce Tabor
Dravograd Moravske Toplice Tisina
Duplek Mozirje Tolmin
Gorenja Vas-Poljane Muta Trbovlje
Gorisnica Naklo Trebnje
Gornja Radgona Nazarje Trnovska Vas
Gornji Grad Odranci Trzic
Gornji Petrovci Oplotnica Trzin
Grad Ormoz Turnisce
Grosuplje Osilnica Velika Polana
Hajdina Pesnica Velike Lasce
Hoce-Slivnica Piran-Pirano Verzej
Hodos-Hodos Pivka Videm
Horjul Podcetrtek Vipava
Hrastnik Podlehnik Vitanje
Hrpelje-Kozina Podvelka Vodice
Idrija Polzela Vojnik
Ig Postojna Vransko
Ilirska Bistrica Prebold Vrhnika
Ivancna Gorica Preddvor Vuzenica
Izola-Isola Prevalje Zagorje ob Savi
Jesenice Puconci Zalec
Jezersko Race-Fram Zavrc
Jursinci Radece Zelezniki
Kamnik Radenci Zetale
Kanal Radlje ob Dravi Ziri
Kidricevo Radovljica Zirovnica
Kobarid Ravne na Koroskem Zrece
Kobilje Razkrizje Zuzemberk
Kocevje Ribnica

Mestne Obcine.

Celje Maribor Ptuj
Koper-Capodistria Murska Sobota Slovenj Gradec
Kranj Nova Gorica Velenje
Ljubljana Novo Mesto


Patron Saint : Virgilius

Currency : Tolar (SIT) = 100 Stotin

National holiday : Independence Day/Statehood Day, 25 June (1991)

Highest Point : Triglav 2,864 m

Longest River : Sava River


South Africa

The capital city of South Africa is Cape Town.

PROVINCE

CAPITAL

Western Cape Cape Town
Northern Cape Kimberly
Eastern Cape Bisho
KwaZulu-Natal Durban
Free State Bloemfontein
North West Mafikeng
Gauteng Johannesburg
Mpumalanga Nelspruit
Limpopo Polokwane


Patron Saint : Our Lady of the Assumption

Currency : Rand (R) = 100 Cents

National holiday : Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)

Highest Point : Njesuthi 3,408 m

Longest River : Orange


South Korea

The capital of South Korea is Seoul and the country is divided into Do (provinces) and Gwangyoksi (metropolitan cities).

Do.

Cheju-do Ch'ungch'ong-bukto Kyonggi-do
Cholla-bukto Ch'ungch'ong-namdo Kyongsang-bukto
Cholla-namdo Kangwon-do Kyongsang-namdo

Gwangyoksi.

Inch'on-gwangyoksi Soul-t'ukpyolsi Taejon-gwangyoksi
Kwangju-gwangyoksi Taegu-gwangyoksi Ulsan-gwangyoksi
Pusan-gwangyoksi


Patron Saint : Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Joseph

Currency : Won (W) = 100 Hwan (divided into 10 Chun)

National holiday : Liberation Day, 15 August (1945)

Highest Point : Halla-san 1,950 m

Longest River :


Spain

Royalty

President / Dictator

Prime Minister

National Anthem


The capital of Spain is Madrid and the country is divided up into Comunidades Autonomas (autonomous communities).

Comunidades Autonomas

AndaluciaCommunidad Valenciana
Aragon Extremadura
Asturias Galicia
Baleares La Rioja
Ceuta Madrid
Canarias Melilla
Cantabria Murcia
Castilla-La Mancha Navarra
Castilla y Leon Pais Vasco
Cataluna


Patron Saint : James the Greater, John of Avila, Our Lady of Ransom, Immaculate Conception of Mary

Currency : Euro = 100 Cents

National holiday : National Day, 12 October

Highest Point : Pico de Teide 3,718 m

Longest River : Ebro


Spanish Royalty

House of Trastámara

1492
1492
1516
1504
Ferdinand II of Aragon
Isabella I of Castile
15041555 Joanna I of Spain

House of Habsburg / House of Austria

15161556 Charles I
1556 1598 Philip II
15981621 Philip III
16211665 Philip IV
16651700 Charles II

House of Bourbon

17001724Philip V
17241724Louis I
1724 1746 Philip V
17461759 Ferdinand VI
1759 1788 Charles III
17881808Charles IV
18081808Ferdinand VII
18081808 Charles IV

House of Bonaparte

18081813 Joseph I Napoleon

House of Bourbon (restored)

18131833 Ferdinand VII
18331868 Isabella II

House of Savoy

18711873Amadeus I

First Spanish Republic

1873 1874

House of Bourbon (second restoration)

18741885 Alfonso XII
18861931 Alfonso XIII

Second Spanish Republic

1931 1939

Dictatorship

19391975

House of Bourbon (third restoration)

1975 Juan Carlos I


First Spanish Republic

1873 1873 Estanislao Figueras
1873 1873 Francisco Pi y Margall
1873 1874 Nicolás Salmerón y Alfonso
1874 1874 Emilio Castelar y Ripoll
1874 1874 Francisco Serrano y Domínguez

Second Spanish Republic

1931 1936 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
1936 1939 Manuel Azaña

Dictatorship

April 1939 20 November 1975 Francisco Franco


Prime Minister

July 15, 1976 January 29, 1981 Adolfo Suárez González UCD
January 29, 1981 February 25, 1981 Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo y Bustelo UCD (acting)
February 25, 1981December 2, 1982 Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo y Bustelo UCD
December 2, 1982 May 5, 1996 Felipe González Márquez PSOE
May 5, 1996 April 17, 2004 José María Aznar López PP
April 17, 2004 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero PSOE


La Marcha Real

 

Alfonso XIII lyrics: Gloria, gloria, corona de la Patria, soberana luz que es oro en tu Pendón. Vida, vida, futuro de la Patria, que en tus ojos es abierto corazón. Púrpura y oro: bandera inmortal; en tus colores, juntas, carne y alma están. Púrpura y oro: querer y lograr; Tú eres, bandera, el signo del humano afán. Gloria, gloria, corona de la Patria, soberana luz que es oro en tu Pendón. Púrpura y oro: bandera inmortal; en tus colores, juntas, carne y alma están. Franco lyrics: Viva España, alzad los brazos, hijos del pueblo español, que vuelve a resurgir. Gloria a la Patria que supo seguir, sobre el azul del mar el caminar del sol. Gloria a la Patria que supo seguir, sobre el azul del mar el caminar del sol. ¡Triunfa España! Los yunques y las ruedas cantan al compás del himno de la fe. ¡Triunfa España! Los yunques y las ruedas cantan al compás del himno de la fe. Juntos con ellos cantemos de pie la vida nueva y fuerte del trabajo y paz. Juntos con ellos cantemos de pie la vida nueva y fuerte del trabajo y paz. Viva España, alzad los brazos, hijos del pueblo español, que vuelve a resurgir. Viva España, alzad los brazos, hijos del pueblo español, que vuelve a resurgir. Gloria a la Patria que supo seguir, sobre el azul del mar el caminar del sol. Gloria a la Patria que supo seguir, sobre el azul del mar el caminar del sol.


Suriname


The capital of Suriname is Paramaribo and the country is divided into Distrikten (districts).

Distrikten.

Brokopondo Nickerie Saramacca
Commewijne Para Sipaliwini
Coronie Paramaribo Wanica
Marowijne


Patron Saint :

Currency : Surinamese Dollar(SRD) = 100 Cents

National holiday : Independence Day, 25 November (1975)

Highest Point : Juliana Top 1,230 m

Longest River :


Sweden

Royalty

National Anthem


The capital of Sweden is Stockholm and the country is divided into Lan (counties).

Lan

Blekinge Kalmar Stockholms
Dalarnas Kronobergs Uppsala
Gavleborgs Norrbottens Varmlands
Gotlands Orebro Vasterbottens
Hallands Ostergotlands Vasternorrlands
Jamtlands Skane Vastmanlands
Jonkopings Sodermanlands Vastra Gotalands


Patron Saint : Bridget, Eric of Sweden

Currency : Krona (SKr) = 100 Ore

National holiday : Flag Day, 6 June

Highest Point : Kebnekaise 2,111 m

Longest River : Torne


SWEDISH ROYALTY.

? 936Ring
936 ?Emund Ringsson
936 ?Erik Ringsson
? 980Emund Eriksson
980 981Oluf, Co-King
980 985Styrbjörn the Strong
985995Eric VII Segersäll
9951000 ?
10001022Olof Skötkonung
10221050Anund Jakob
10501060Emund the Old
10601066Stenkil Ragnvaldson
10661080Blot-Sven
10801110Inge Stenkilsson
11101118Filipius
11181130Inge Halstensson
1130 1139Ragnvald Knaphövde

House of Sverker and Eric.

11391156Sverker I the Old
11561160St. Eric
11601167Carl VII
11671195Knut Ericsson
11961208Sverker II the Young
12081210 ?
12101216 Eric Knutsson
12161222 Johan I Sverkersson
12221229 Eric Ericsson
1229 1234 Knut Holmgersson Långe
12341250 Eric Ericsson

House of Folkunga.

12501275 Valdemar Birgersson
12751290 Magnus Ladulås
12901318 Birger Magnusson
13181319?
13191363 Magnus Eiriksson
13631389 Albrecht of Mecklenburg

Union monarchs and public principals.

13891412 Margaretha, Queen
13961439 Eric of Pomerania
14411448 Christopher of Bavaria
14481457 Carl VIII Bonde
14571464 Christian I
14641465 Carl VIII Bonde
14651467 ?
14671470 Carl VIII Bonde
14701497 Sten Sture
14971501 Hans
15011503 Sten Sture
15031504?
15041512 Svante Nilsson Sture
15121520 Sten Sture
15201521 Christian II

House of Vasa.

1521 1560 Gustaf I Vasa
1560 1568 Eric XIV
1569 1592 Johan III
1592 1599 Sigismund
1599 1611 Carl IX
1611 1632 Gustaf II Adolph
1632 1654 Christina, Queen

House of Pfalz-Zweibrücken.

1654 1660 Carl X Gustaf
1660 1697 Carl XI
1697 1718 Carl XII
1718 1720 Ulrika Elonora, Queen
1720 1751 Frederik

House of Holstein-Gottorp.

1751 1771 Adolph Frederik
1771 1792 Gustaf III
1792 1809 Gustaf IV Adolph
1809 1818 Carl XIII

House of Bernadotte.

1818 1844 Carl XIV Johan
1844 1859 Oscar I
1859 1872 Carl XV
1872 1907 Oscar II
1907 1950 Oscar II
1950 1973 Gustaf IV Adolph
1973 Carl XVI Gustaf


Du gamla, Du fria

 

Du gamla, Du fria, Du fjällhöga nord Du tysta, Du glädjerika sköna! Jag hälsar Dig, vänaste land uppå jord, /: Din sol, Din himmel, Dina ängder gröna.:/ Du tronar på minnen från fornstora dar, då ärat Ditt namn flög över jorden. Jag vet att Du är och Du blir vad Du var. /: Ja, jag vill leva jag vill dö i Norden.:/


Switzerland

Presidents of Swiss Confederation


The capital of Switzerland is Bern and the country is divided into cantons.

Canton

Aargau Graubunden Solothurn
Appenzell Ausser-Rhoden Jura Thurgau
Appenzell Inner-Rhoden Luzern Ticino
Basel-Landschaft Neuchatel Uri
Basel-Stadt Nidwalden Valais
Bern Obwalden Vaud
Fribourg Sankt Gallen Zug
Geneve Schaffhausen Zurich
Glarus Schwyz


Patron Saint : Notbunga

Currency : Franc (SwF) = 100 Centimes

National holiday : Founding of the Swiss Confederation, 1 August (1291)

Highest Point : Dufourspitze 4,634 m

Longest River : Mueritz


Presidents of the Confederation.

1st Jan 1945 Adolf Eduard von Steiger SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1946 Karl Kobelt FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1947 Philipp Etter CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1948 Enrico Celio CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1949 Ernst Nobs SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1950 Max-Édouard Petitpierre FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1951 Adolf Eduard von Steiger SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1952 Karl Kobelt FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1953 Philipp Etter CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1954 Rodolphe Rubattel FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1955 Max-Édouard Petitpierre FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1956 Markus Feldmann SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1957 Hans Streuli FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1958 Thomas Emil Leo Holenstein CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1959 Paul Chaudet FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1960 Max-Édouard Petitpierre FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1961 Friedrich Traugott Wahlen SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1962 Paul Chaudet FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1963 Willy Spühler SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1964 Ludwig von Moos CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1965 Hans-Peter Tschudi SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1966 Hans Schaffner FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1967 Roger Bonvin CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1968 Willy Spühler SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1969 Ludwig von Moos CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1970 Hans-Peter Tschudi SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1971 Rudolf Gnägi SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1972 Nello Celio FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1973 Roger Bonvin CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1974 Ernst Brugger
1st Jan 1975 Pierre Graber SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1976 Rudolf Gnägi SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1977 Kurt Furgler CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1978 Willi Ritschard SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1979 Hans Hürlimann CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1980 Georges-André Chevallaz FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1981 Kurt Furgler CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1982 Fritz Honegger FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1983 Pierre Aubert SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1984 Leon Schlumpf SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1985 Kurt Furgler CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1986 Alphons Egli CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1987 Pierre Aubert SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1988 Otto Stich SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1989 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1990 Arnold Koller CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1991 Flavio Cotti CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1992 René Felber SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1993 Adolf Ogi SVP/UDC
1st Jan 1994 Otto Stich SPS/PSS
1st Jan 1995 Kaspar Villiger FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1996 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz FDP/PRD
1st Jan 1997 Arnold Koller CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1998 Flavio Cotti CVP/PDC
1st Jan 1999 Ruth Dreifuss SPS/PSS
1st Jan 2000 Adolf Ogi SVP/UDC
1st Jan 2001 Moritz Leuenberger SPS/PSS
1st Jan 2002 Kaspar Villiger FDP/PRD
1st Jan 2003 Pascal Couchepin FDP/PRD
1st Jan 2004 Joseph Deiss CVP/PDC
1st Jan 2005 Samuel Schmid SVP/UDC
1st Jan 2006 Moritz Leuenberger SPS/PSS
1st Jan 2007 Micheline Calmy-Rey SPS/PSS
1st Jan 2008 Pascal Couchepin FDP/PRD


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