KINGS OF ARMORICA [BRITTANY; BRETAGNE]

[BRITTANY; BRETAGNE]

[note: the order of succession is uncertain; some kings were contemporary reigning over one [or more] of the country's five provinces [Bro Erech, Cornouaille, Domnonia; Leon, & Poher]; some kings reigned twice [or more]; some names in the regnal-list were not kings, but were entered into the regnal-list by a medieval copyist who compiled the regnal-list from the dynasty's genealogy; dates in parenthesis are approximate]

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383-421 01. CONAN "MERIADOC", reckoned "first" King of Armorica [Vannetais], which then was a Roman province, given to him by the Roman Emperor MAXIMUS as his family’s estate or as a client-kingdom of the Roman Empire; the kingdom later became the British province of Brittany, and now is the French province of Bretagne; 14th in male-line descent from St. James, one of Jesus' so-called "brothers"; and, 56th in male-line descent from Israel's King David

+1 [betrothed to] St. Ursula, daughter & heiress of King Dionotus II of Britain, however, during the voyage she was taken hostage by Irish pirates, raped & murdered along with her 10 [not 1000] ladies-in-waiting

=2 Dareca (Darerea), contrary to some copyist notation, she was not St. Patrick’s sister, but was his distant relative

issue:

(a) Urban (Erbin)

(b) Gradlon I "Mur"

(c) Rioch

(x) others

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421 X. URBAN[US] (ERBIN), appears in the regnal-list though never reigned; predeceased his father 421; was the father of Salomon I

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421 02. GRADLON I "MUR" ["MAWR"] (GRALLON[US] "MAGNUS"), 1st time; 57th in male-line descent from Israel's King David

issue:

(1)/(58a) Gwidol (Withol), son, the father of (59) Deroc[h] [I]

(2)/(58b) Dahut (daughter); = Kynwal "Kanhwch" of Cornwall

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421-434 03. SALOMON I (SELYFAN)

= [name], dau of Patricius Flavius

issue:

(a) Andrew (Audren)

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434-437 X. TIBATTO, usurper

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437-445 (02) GRADLON I "MUR" ["MAWR"] (GRALLON[US] "MAGNUS"), 2nd time

= Tigridie, a relative of Tibatto, poss. his sister

issue:

(a) Gwidol (Withol)

(b) Dahut (dau), wife of Kynwal "Kanhwch" of Cornwall

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445-6 04. GWIDOL (WITHOL), father of Deroc[h] [I] (below)

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446-464 05. ANDREW (AUDREN), who is often mis-identified with Aldrien (Aldroenus), Prefect of Amorica 401-407, the elder bro of the British King Constantine II "The Blessed"

issue:

(a) John

(b) Eusebe

(c) Arch

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464 06. DEROC[H] I

issue:

(60) Keben (dau), the wife of Eli "Adfer", a Cornish prince, the parents of

(61a) Cynyr and (61b) Redon, the father of

(62) Rivelen Mor Marthou of Breton legend, the father of three sons, who were:

(63a) Deroc[h] [II]

(63b) Ionas (559), who married a Breton princess (below), &

(63c) Iudwal (560), the father of (64) Iuthael, the father of (65) St. Winnoc

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464-470 07. JOHN "LEX" &/or "REGULA", called "RIOTHAM/RIATHAM", not to be confused with the British King “Riothamus”, aka Ambrosius

issue:

(a) Daniel I "Dremrud"

(b) Emyric "Llydaw"

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470-? 08. EUSEBE (EUSEBIUS)

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?-478 09. ARCH[Y] (ERICH)(EREK)

issue:

(a) Budic I

(b) Maglo

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478-490 10. DANIEL I "DREMRUD" ["DREM-RUTZ"], abd to become King of Allemania

= [name], dau of Byzantine Emperor Leo II

issue:

(a) Budic II

(b) Maxentius

(c) Riwal [I] Mur-Mac-Con

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490-493 11. EMYRIC "LLYDAW", who, and his older brother, Daniel “Dremrud”, fled to the court of King Aircola of Demetia, in 470, upon their father’s death in battle fighting the Visi-Goths under their king, Evarix

= Elayne

issue:

(a) Hoel, poss. id. with Hoel I "The Great", compare below

(b) Owain

(c) Gwyndaf "Hen", the father of [M]Aelrys

(d) Madoc

(e) Alan "Fyrgan", the father of Llonio "Lawhir"

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493-497 12A. BUDIC I (BODICUS), id. with BIEDA in the "A-S Chr", co-ruler, dep (d501)

issue:

(a) Hoel, poss. id. with Hoel I "The Great", compare above

(b) Rioval

(c) Dyfnwng

(d) Euddogwy, Bishop of Llandaff

(e) Feredin

(f) Dwyn, wife of Nestor de Ganis

(g) Gwen "Teirbron", wife of Eneas "Ledewig"

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493-497 12B. MAGLO (MAGLAURUS), mentioned in the "A-S Chr", co-ruler, dep (d501)

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497-501 X. THEODORIC "THE ELDER", military-governor, co-ruler (d514)

497-501 X. MARCELLUS "of Dalmatia", military-governor, co-ruler, identified with Marchil "Chillon" who besieged Nantes (497) under orders of Theodoric “The Great”, “The Ostro-Goth”, viceroy of the western provinces

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501-? 13A. BUDIC II, d556

= D'Anaumide, daughter of Theodoric "The Elder", military-governor (above) with Marcellus "of Dalmatia", co-ruler [identified with Marchil "Chillon" (497) of Breton legend], who were under the orders of Theodoric “The Great”, “The Ostro-Goth”, viceroy of the western provinces [under the command of the Roman-Byzantine Emperor Justinian “The Great”, until he broke ties with the Roman-Byzantine Empire]

issue:

(a) daughter, wife of Cynmarch of Gododdin [the Cole Godepac Pedigree]

(b) Meliau I (d537), by his wife, Aurelia de Broerec, begot (64) St. Melor, murdered 544 [age 14]

(c) Rivold [I] (Rhiwod) (d545), the father of (64) Withur, Prince of Leon (550), the father of (65) Ausoch, Prince of Leon (570)

(d) Fine

(e) Theodoric I (Tewdwr) "The Younger" (d584), father of (64) Mouric (Meurig), who, =  [name], daughter of Cyngalyn, King of Gower (d543), &, sister of Gwrdoddw, King of Ergyng (Ercing), and begot (65) issue

(f) Amon "Ddu"; = Anne, the parents of "Saint" Samson

(g) Umbraphel; = Arilda, & had three children

(h) Eigion, St.

(i) daughter, the 1st wife of the Breton king Conomor (Cynvor; Cynfor; Conmor)(Cunomorus) (Quonomorius), who is identified with King Cynfawr II of Cornwall [kld 560 fighting King Lothaire I of France]. His 2nd wife was also a Breton princess. It appears his intent was to produce an heir to permanently unite the two kingdoms. He was unsuccessful. He married five times. His 5th wife, Trephine (Trifina), and her son, (64) Tremeur (Trechmorus) were murdered that year also in consequence of King Conomor’s death

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501-? 13B. MAXENTIUS (MAXENRI; MAXEMRE)

issue:

(a) daughter, 2nd wife of King Conomor of Brittany [identified with King Cynfawr II of Cornwall]

(b) Canao I (Chanao), d560

(c) Macliau I (Maliavus)(Macliaw), dep (d577), was the father of two sons, namely, (64A) Iakob (d577), and (64B) Waroc [I] (Waroch) (Gwerek) (d594), the father of (65) Canao II (Chanao), 594-XXX

(d) Tyfei, St.

(e) daughter, wife of King Ionas of Brittany-Cornwall (559) (above)

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501-513 13C. RIWAL [I] "MUR-MAC-CON"

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513-544 14. HOEL I "THE GREAT" ["MAWR"], also called HOVELIUS "MAGNUS"

= Alma-Pompa, half-sister of King Arthur of Britain

issue:

(a) Hoel II (below)

(b) Tudual, St.

(c) Elinore, Sire of Rohan, had issue

(d) Ithel "Hael", the father of (64a) Trillo, (64b) St. Tegid, & (64c) Gredyw

(e) Dwyaraw "Frychan"

(f) Lunaire, St.

(g) Artfael

(h) Madoc, the father of Tudor "Mawr", aka Theodoric II (fl c 560s/570s)

(i) Rhufon, St.

(j) Seve, St.

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537/544 15. MELIAU I

= Aurelia de Broerec

issue:

(a) St. Melor, murdered 544 (age 14)

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544-545 16. RIVOLD I (RHIWOD), the father of Withur, Prince of Leon (550), the father of Ausoch, Prince of Leon (570)

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545-547 17. HOEL II

=1 Rimo (Rune), sister of Rhun of Gwynedd

=2 Tymyr, daughter of Rhun of Gwynedd

issue:

(a) Alan I (Alain)

(b) Rystrud

(c) Kristiolus, St.

(d) Derfyl "Gadarn"

(e) Llechid

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547-558 18. RIVELEN "MOR MARTHOU" or "WALLHT BANHADLEN"

issue:

(a) Deroc[h] [II]

(b) Ionas

(c) Iudwal

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558 19. DEROC[H] II

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559 20. IONAS

= [name], dau of Maxentius (Maxenri; Maxemre)

issue:

(a) Aldrien

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560 21. IUDWAL

issue:

(a) Iuthael (Iudhael)

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?-560 22.CONOMOR (CYNVOR; CYNFOR; CONMOR) (CUNOMORUS; QUONOMORIUS), who may be identified with King CYNFAWR II of Cornwall, killed 560 fighting King Lothaire I of France

=1 [name], dau of Budic II

=2 [name], dau of Maxentius (Maxenri; Maxemre)

=3 X

=4 X

=5 Trephine (Trifina)

issue by 5th wife:

(a) Tremeur (Trechmorus), who was murdered 560 in consequence of his father's death

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560 23. CANAO I (CHANAO)

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XXX 24. ALDRIEN, father of (a) Bigan "Farfog", (b) Iudicael, & (c) Sadwrn "Farfog", father of Crallo, St.

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XXX 25. IUTHAEL (IUDHAEL)

= Prizalle

issue:

(a) Haeloc [Hoel IV], King of Cornwall, had issue

(b) Iudicael, St., who, by wife, Moronoe, begot Winnoc, St.

(c) Iuddig, had issue

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XXX 26. THEODORIC I (TEWDWR) "THE YOUNGER", 1st time, deposed (d584)

issue:

(a) Mouric (Meurig) = [name], daughter of Cyngalyn, King of Gower

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?-570 27. THEODORIC II "THE GREAT" (TEWDWR "MAWR"), was a Breton hero

issue:

(a) Canna (dau), wife of Sadwrn "Farfog", &, mother of St. Crallo

(b) Tegau (dau), wife of Cyngu “Carcludwys” [of the Tudor Pedigree], &, mother of Alltu "Redegog" of the epic tale

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570-574 28. ALAN I (ALAIN)

= Azenor

issue:

(a) Hoel III

(b) Gradlon

(c) Silo, St. (Silun)

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574-577 29. MACLIAU I (MACLIAVUS) (MACLIAW), dep (d577)

issue:

(a) Iakob (d577)

(b) Waroc [I] (Waroch)

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577-? (26) THEODORIC I "THE YOUNGER", 2nd time, deposed, died in battle in Britain 584 versus King Ceawlin of Wessex

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?-594 30. WAROC I (WAROK) (GWEREK)

issue:

(a) Canao II (Chanao)

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594-? 31. CANAO II (CHANAO)

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?-612 32. HOEL III

= Fratelle (Pritelle)

issue:

(a) Gilquallus

(b) Salomon II

(c) Iudicael (Judhael)

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612-621 33. GILQUALLUS

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621-632 34. SALOMON II

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632-640 35. IUDICAEL, abd (d658)

= Morone

issue:

(a) Alan II "Le Long" (below)

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640-690 36. ALAN II "LE LONG" or "HIR"

= sister of Cunobert, usurper 690, a Wessex prince

issue:

(a) Gradlon II

(b) Iahan "Reith", 2nd son, father of Daniel II "Unua"

(c) Urien, 3rd son

(d) Lionel, 4th son

(e) Afadda (dau), wife of Idwal "Iwrch" of Gwynedd [Venedotia]

(f) Agatha (dau), wife of Riwal of Devon [Dumnonia]

(g) Avissa (dau), wife of Iovir (Ivar), a British patriot-prince

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690 37. CUNOBERT, usurper

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690-? 38. GRADLON II

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?-703 39. DANIEL II "UNUA"

issue:

(a) Riwallon I

(b) Theodoric III

(c) Raulhon[us] "The Valiant"

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(720) 40. RIWALLON I

issue:

(a) Daniel III

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(720) 41. THEODORIC III

issue:

(a) Budic III "Mur"

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(740) 42. RAULHON[US] (ROMULUS) "THE VALIANT"

issue:

(a) Daniel IV "Dremrost"

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?-749 43. DANIEL III

issue:

(a) Berdic "The Great"

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XXX 44. BUDIC III "MUR"

issue:

(a) Meliau II

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(760) 45. DANIEL IV "DREMROST"

issue:

(a) Gradlon "Flam", father of Concar "Cheronnoc"

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(762) 46. FROAMID[US], usurper, descendant of Lionel, 4th son of Alan II "Le Long"

issue:

(a) Frodald[us]

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XXX 47. CONSTANTINE [I], descendant of Urien, 3rd son of Alan II "Le Long"

issue:

(a) Argante "Arastagne"

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786-? 48. ARGANTE "ARASTAGNE"

issue:

(a) Rivod II

(b) [G]Wyomarch

(c) Iudael

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?-792 49. MELIAU II

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792 50. RIVOD II

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792-799 51. BERDIC "THE GREAT"

issue:

(a) Riwallon II

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799-814 52. FRODALD[US], deposed (d818)

issue:

(a) Frotmund

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814-818 53. RIWALLON II

issue:

(a) Jornithan

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818 54. JORNITHAN

issue:

(a) Morvars

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818 55. MORVAN (MACONUS) (MURMAN) "LEIZ-BRIEZ", usurper

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818-824 56. [G]WYOMARCH (WIOMARCH)

issue:

(a) Erispoe

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824-826 57. ERISPOE [I] (HARUSPOGIUS)

issue:

(a) Nominoe

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826 58. CONCAR "CHERONNOC"

issue:

(a) Budic IV

(b) Lowenen I

(c) Judon, father of Constantine [II]

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826 59. IUDAEL

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826 60. BUDIC IV

issue:

(a) Gradlon "Plunevor", father of Riwal II (Rivelen)

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826-837 61. LOWENEN I

issue:

(a) Roiantdreh (dau), childless, adopted the orphan future Salomon III

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837-840 62. MORVARS

issue:

(a) Riwallon III

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840-843 63. CONSTANTINE II

= Barilic

issue:

(a) Urbien

(b) Aregstan (Arecstan)

(c) Justin

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843 64A. URBIEN

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843-5 64B. AREGSTAN

issue:

(a) Rhiwold

(b) Judael, father of Lowenen II

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843 64C. JUSTIN

issue:

(a) Alfrond, father of [A]Ulfret "Alesrudon"

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845 65. FRAGUAL "FRADELEOC"

issue:

(a) Frotbald

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845 66. RIWALLON III

issue:

(a) Salomon III

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845-851 67. NOMINOE

= Argentaela

issue:

(a) Erispoe

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851-857 68. ERISPOE II

= Marmohec

issue:

(a) [name] (dau), wife of Gurvand, Count of Rennes

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XXX 69. RIWAL II, aka RIVELEN

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XXX 70. [A]ULFRET "ALESRUDON"

issue:

(a) Diles "Heirguer Chebre"

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857-874 71. SALOMON III

= Grymberte (Wembrit)

issue:

(a) [name] (dau), wife of Pasquite [I], Count of Vannes

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874 72. LOWENEN II

issue:

(a) Alava (dau), wife of Diles "Heirguer Chebre"

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XXX 73. DILES "HEIRGUER CHEBRE"

= Alava, dau of Lowenen II

issue:

(a) Budic V "Berhuc"

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874-877 74A. PASQUITE I (PASKWITAN), Count of Vannes, rival-king

= [name], dau of Salomon III

issue:

(a) Ridoredh (d 876) [predeceased father], the father of (a) Alan III/I "The Great" & (b) [G]Wramaelon

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874-877 74B. GURVAND, Count of Rennes, rival king

= [name], dau of Erispoe

issue:

(a) Iudicael [II]

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877 75. IUDICAEL [II], rival king, d888

issue:

(a) [name] (dau), wife of Berengar "of Bayeux"

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877-907 76A. ALAIN III/I "THE GREAT"

= Oregan (Oroguen)

issue:

(a) Pasquite II

(b) Havoise (Avicia), wife of Matheudoi (Malhuedoc), Count of Poher (d936), the parents of Alan IV/II "Barbe-Torte"

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877-889 76B. BERENGAR "OF BAYEUX", rival king (d890)

= [name], dau of Iudicael [II]

issue:

(a) Berengar (d930), father of Iudicael (d952), father of Juhel-Berengar (d976)

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907-919 77. [G]WRAMAELON, 1st time

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919 78. FROTMUND "VETULES"

issue:

(a) Fratmald "The Seneschal", father of Alan, father of Flatauld, aka Flaald [C]

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919-922 (77) [G]WRAMAELON, 2nd time

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922-923 79. RAOUL OF FRANCE, usurper

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923-936 80. PASQUITE II

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936-952 81. ALAIN IV/II "BARBE-TORTE"

issue:

(a) Drogo

(b) Hoel IV

(c) Waroc II

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952 82. BUDIC V "BERHUC"

issue:

(a) Budic VI [Binidic] "Castellin"

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952-958 83. DROGO

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958-970 84. HOEL IV, dep (d980), father of Iudicael (d1005), father of Judith (d1064), wife of Alan "Canhiart" [distant cousin], Count of Cornuaille (d1058), parents of Hoel V (d1084) & Agnes (dau), wife of Eudes of Penthievre (d1079)

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970-976 85. JUHEL-BERENGAR

issue:

(a) Conan [I] "The Tort", title changed from “king” to “duke”, considered the founder of a new dynasty, sometimes called the “first” Duke of Brittany (below)

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976 86. BUDIC VI [BINIDIC] "CASTELLIN"

issue:

(82a) Alan, the father of (83) Banquo [omitted in some mss.], the father of (84) Flaald [A], traditional ancestry of the Stuarts

(82b) Benedict, father of (83) Alan "Canhiart", Count of Cornuaille

(82c) Hamo, Vicomte de Dinan, had issue (below)

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issue of (82c) Hamo, Vicomte de Dinan (above):

(83a) Hamo[n], eldest, Vicomte de Dinan

(83b) Alain, Dapifer of Dol

(83c) Josceline, Vicomte, c 1040-70, the father of Oliver, Vicomte, c 1070-1100

(83d) Flaald [B], probable ancestor of the Stuarts

(83e) Jenkins (Junkeneus), Arch-Bishop of Dol

(83f) Riwal, Sire of Dol, (1066), father of William, Lord of Dol, father of Riwal, the father of Geoffrey "Espine", Seneschal of Dol [ancestor of the Spina Family]

(83g) ?Geoffrey de Rise, the father of (84) Hubert, the father of (85a) Adam and (85b) Eudes, the father of three sons: (86a) Ralph; (86b) Hubert, Sheriff of Essex [under King Henry I]; & (86c) Robert

(83h) Haton

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976-987 87. WAROC II (GUERECH)

issue:

(a) Alan V/III

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987-990 88. ALAIN V/III, last king

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descent-line of Iahan "Reith", 2nd son of Alan II "Le Long" (above)

68. Iahan "Reith", 2nd son of (67) Alan II "Le Long", begot

69. Daniel II "Unua", King XXX-703, the father of

70. Raulhon[us] "The Valiant", King (740), the father of

71. Daniel IV "Dremrost", King (760), the father of

72. Gradlon "Flam", the father of

73. Concar "Cheronnoc", the father of

74. Judon, the father of

75. Constantine [II], King (840), the father of

76. Justin, the father of

77. Alfrond, the father of

78. [A]Ulfret "Alesrudon", the father of

79. Diles "Heirguer Chebre", the father of

80. Budic V "Berhuc", King (952), the father of

81. Budic VI [Binidic] "Castellin", King (976) (below), the father of

82. Alan, the father of

83. Banquo, the father of

84. Flaald [A], the traditional ancestor of the Stuarts

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81. Budic VI [Binidic] "Castellin", King (976) (above), the father of

82. Hamo[n], Vicomte de Dian, the father of

83. Flaald [B], the probable ancestor of the Stuarts

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descent-line of Urien, 3rd son of Alan II "Le Long" (above)

68. Urien (670), 3rd son of (67) Alan II "Le Long", begot

69. Urbon (Erbin) (700), the father of

70. Judon (730) [often confused with Judon, son of Daniel IV "Dremrost"], the father of

71. Constantine [I], King (760), the father of

72. Argante "Arastagne", King 786-?, the father of

73. [G]Wyomarch, King 818-824, the father of

74. Erispoe, King 824-826, the father of

75. Nominoe, King 845-851, the father of

76. Erispoe, King 851-857, the father of

77. daughter, wife of Gurvand of Rennes, rival-king 874-877, the parents of

78. Iudicael, rival-king 877 (d888), the father of

79. daughter, wife of Berengar of Bayeux, rival-king 877-889 (d890), the parents of

80. Berengar (d930), the father of

81. Iudicael (d952), the father of

82. Juhel-Berengar, King 970-976, the father of

83. Conan I "The Tort", 1st Duke of Brittany (below)

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descent-line of Lionel, 4th son of Alan II "Le Long" (above)

68. Lionel, 4th son of (67) Alan II "Le Long", begot

69. Alan, the father of

70. Froamid[us], usurper 762, the father of

71. Frodald[us], King 799-814 (d818), the father of

72. Frotmund, the father of

73. Flothare (Flotharius), the father of

74. Adelrad, the father of

75. Fragual "Fradeleoc", usurper 845, the father of

76. Frotbald, the father of

77. Alirad, the father of

78. Frotmund, the father of

79. Fretald, the father of

80. Frotmund "Vetules", usurper 919, the father of

81. Fratmald 'the Seneschal", the father of

82. Alan, the father of

83. Flatauld, aka Flaald [C]

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note: THE ROYAL STUARTS descend from a Breton prince whose name was Flaald, the problem is there were three contemporary persons of that name in the Breton royal/ducal house alive at the same-time, which presents the question: which one of the three was the ancestor of the royal Stuarts?; was he:

(a) Flaald [A] (above), the son of Banquo, has been the traditional ancestor of the Stuarts from the time Shakespeare who referred to him in "Macbeth"; however, perhaps Shakespeare purposely made the identification as Banquo’s son for political reasons.

(b) Flaald [B] (above), the son of Hamon, Vicomte de Dinan, is generally accepted today by academia as the true ancestor of the Stewarts/Stuarts

(c) Flaald [C] (above), the son Alan, represents an alternative pedigree

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note: THE STUART-LINE

the male-line descent of Flaald "of Dol" to Henry Stuart, the father of King James I of Britain is:

(83)/(84) Flaald "of Dol" (above), one of "The Conqueror’s Companions" (1066) (d1101)

= Domina Norton, by whom he begot

(84)/(85) Alan "of Oswestry"

= Avelina, daughter of Warine de Hesdin, Sheriff of Shropshire, by whom he begot

(85)/(86) Walter (d1177), the first of his family to hold the office of High-Steward of Scotland to which he was appointed upon the resignation of Ailred de Riveaulx in 1137

= Eschyne, daughter of Thomas "de Loudonis/Lothanis" [Lothian], by whom he begot

(86) Alan, 2nd High-Steward (d1204)

= Alesta, daughter of Morgund, Earl of Mar, by whom he begot

(87) Walter, 3rd High-Steward (d1246) [adopted his title "Steward" as his surname, which evolved into "Stewart"]

= Beatrix, daughter of Gilchrist, Earl of Angus, &, wife, Marjorie, daughter of Henry of Huntingdon, by whom he begot

(88) Alexander, 4th High-Steward (d1283)

= Joan/Jane, daughter of Seumas, Lord of Bute [The Isles], by whom he begot

(89) John (d 1297/8)

= Margaret, daughter of Alexander Bonkyl, by whom he begot

(90) Alan of Dreghorn (d1333)

= X "of Galloway"

(91) Alexander, Lord Darnley (d 1372)

= X de Turnbull

(92) Alexander, Lord Darnley (d1406)

= Janet, daughter of William Keith, by whom he begot

(93) John, Lord Darnley (kld 1428/9)

= Elizabeth, daughter of Duncan, Earl of Lennox, by whom he begot

(94) Alan, Lord Darnley (kld 1439)

= Catherine, daughter of William Seton, by whom he begot

(95) John, Lord Darnley, Earl of Lennox (d1494/5)

= Margaret, daughter of Alexander Montgomery, 1st Lord Montgomery, by whom he begot

(96) Matthew, Lord Darnley & Earl of Lennox (d1513), changed spelling of his surname from "Stewart" to "Stuart"

= Elizabeth, daughter of James Hamilton, &, his wife, Mary Stewart, daughter of King James II of Scotland, by whom he begot

(97) John, Lord & Earl (mur 1526 while a prisoner)

= Anne Croft [his 1st wife], by whom he begot

(98) Matthew, Lord & Earl (kld 1571)

= Margaret Douglas [daughter of Margaret Tudor, the sister of King Henry VIII of England, by her 2nd husband, Archibald Douglas], by whom he begot

(99) Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (mur 1567)

= Mary, Queen of Scots [grand-daughter of Henry VIII's sister Margaret & Scotland's King James IV of Scotland, her 1st husband], by whom he begot

(100) James I, King of Britain 1603-1625, ancestor of succeeding British monarchs

see http://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/british_monarchs.wps.htm

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                    DUKES OF BRITTANY

990-992 01. CONAN [II/I] "LE TORT", changed title from “king” to “duke” in deference to the King of France, reckoned “first” Duke of Bretagne

issue:

(a) Geoffrey I

(b) Judith, wife of Richard II, Duke of Normandy

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992-1008 02. GEOFFREY I

issue:

(a) Alan V/III

(b) Eudes, regent

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1008-1040 03. ALAN V/III

issue:

(a) Conan I

(b) Hawise, wife of Hoel V/III, Count of Cornuaille

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1040-1056 X. EUDES de Penthievre, regent (d1079)

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1040-1066 04. CONAN II

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1066-1084 05. HOEL V/III

= Hawise, dau of Alan V/III

issue:

(a) Alan VI/IV "Fergant"

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1084-1122 06. ALAN VI/IV "FERGANT", abd, d1129

issue:

(a) Conan III "Le Gros"

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1122-1148 07. CONAN III "LE GROS"

= Maud (Matilda), dau of Henry I of England

issue:

(a) Hoel VI/IV

(b) Berthe (d1167) =1 Alan "Le Noir" of Penthievre (d1146); =2 Eudes of Porhoet

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1148 08. HOEL VI/IV, expelled

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1148-1156 09. EUDES de Porhoet, dep, d1179

= Berthe (d1167), dau of Conan III "Le Gros"

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1156-1169 10. CONAN IV "LE BREF", abd, d1171

son of Alan "Le Noir" of Penthievre & Berthe (d1167), dau of Conan III "Le Gros"

issue:

(a) Constance, duchess

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1169/86-1196 11A CONSTANCE, duchess, d1201

=1 Geoffrey [II], son of Henry II of England; =2 Ranulph de Blundeville; =3 Guido de Thouars

issue by 1:

(a) Arthur I, heir to the English throne

(b) Eleanor "Maid of Brittany" (d1241)

issue of 3:

(c) Alice, duchess

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1182-1186 11B GEOFFREY II of England

= Constance, duchess

issue:

see above

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1186/96-1203 12. ARTHUR I, heir to the English throne

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1203-1221 13A ALICE, duchess

= Pierre I "Mauclerc"

issue:

(a) John I "The Red"

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1203-1206/13 13B GUIDO de Thouars, regent, d1213

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1213-1221 13C/14B PIERRE I "MAUCLERC" de Dreux, abd, regent 1221-1237, d1250

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1221/37-1286 14A JOHN I "THE RED"

issue:

(a) John II

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1286-1305 15. JOHN II, 13th generation from Conan "Le Tort", 1st generation

= Beatrix, dau of Henry III of England

issue:

(14a) Arthur II

(14b) Marie "Dame de la Guerche" (d1339), wife of Guido III de Chatillon, Count of St. Pol (d1317)

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descent-line of (14b) Marie "Dame de la Guerche" [dau of JOHN II, Duke of Brittany ] (above):

14. Marie "Dame de la Guerche" (d1339)

= Guido III de Chatillon, Count of St. Pol (d1317)

15. John I, Count of St. Pol (d134/44)

= Jeanne de Fiennes

16. Mahaut de Chatillon (d1378)

= Guido VI de Luxembourg-Ligny (d1371)

17. John de Luxembourg-Ligny (d1397)

= Margaret d'Enghien-Brienne

18. Pierre I, Count of St. Pol (d1433)

= Margaret de Andria (d1469)

19. Jacquette of St. Pol (d1472)

= Richard Wydeville, Earl Rivers (d1469)

20. Elizabeth Wydeville (d1492)

= Edward IV, King of England

from whom descends later Kings of England

see http://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/british_monarchs.wps.htm

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1305-1312 16. ARTHUR II

=1 Beatrix-Marie of Limoges; =2 Yolande Montfort

issue of 1:

(a) John III "The Good"

(b) Guido (d1331), father of Jeanne "Le Boiteuse"

issue of 2:

(c) John [IV] Montfort, claimant

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1312-1341 17. JOHN III "THE GOOD"

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1341-1364 18A JEANNE "LE BOITEUSE", duchess, dep, d1384

= Charles de Blois

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1341-1364 18B CHARLES de Blois

= Jeanne "Le Boiteuse"

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1341-1345 18C JOHN [IV] of Montfort, claimant, d1345

issue:

(a) John V/IV "The Valiant"

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1364-1399 19. JOHN IV/V "THE VALIANT"

issue:

(a) John VI/V "The Sage"

(b) Arthur III

(c) Richard d'Etampes (d1438), father of Francis II

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1399-1442 20. JOHN V/VI "THE SAGE"

issue:

(a) Francis I

(b) Pierre II

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1442-1450 21. FRANCIS I

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1450-1457 22. PIERRE II

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1457-1458 23. ARTHUR III

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1458-1488 24. FRANCIS II

issue:

(a) Anne, duchess

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1488-1514 25. ANNE, duchess & heiress

=1(1491) Charles VIII of France (d1498); =2(1499) Louis XII of France (d1515)

issue by 2:

(a) Claudia

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1514-1524 26. CLAUDIA, duchess & heiress

=(1532) Francis II of France, his 1st wife

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1532 annexed by France

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reference: The Complete Peerage, vol. X, p. 779; Royal Genealogies, p. 619; Ancestral Roots, pp 95 & 106, Supplement, pp 18 & 27; Magna Charta, p. 1529.

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also internet article "Brittany: Many Kingdoms or One?", by Jean-Michel Pognat

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among other sources consulted were: Celtic Legends of Brittany, by O.L Aubert (1993); A Welsh Classical Dictionary, by Peter C. Bartrum (1993); Nominoe et L'Epopee des Rois Bretons, by Herve Le Boterf & Marlalys Bertault (1999); Mythes Fondateurs de La Bretagne, by Joseph Rio (2000);Historie des Rois et des Ducs de Bretagne, by P.G. Baron de Roujoux (1839); Chroniqueurs et Historiens de La Bretagne, du Moyen Age au Milieu du XXe siecle, by Noel-Yves Tonnerre (2001).

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David Hughes, 2005, RdavidH218@AOL.com

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INDEX: http://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/index.wps.htm