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January


November took its name as the ninth month of the Roman calendar. As the first month of the winter quarter, November was the first month of the new year according to Celtic traditions, Samhain (La Samhna - Irish) being the first day of the new year. Cailleach had guardianship of this month.

Called Blotmonath, the month of sacrifice, by the Anglo-Saxons, the Franks called this month Herbistmanoth, " harvest month," and Fogmoon is the Asatru name. It was called Samhain or an t-Samhainn, summer's end, by the Irish, the month of the festival of Samhain.

The full moon of November is called the Beaver Moon. It is the Mourning or Frosty Moon, and it may also be referred to as the Moon When Deer Shed Antlers, the Fog Moon, or the Moon of Storms, a name it shares with February and March. Some call it the Dark Moon or Mad Moon. In the ancient Greek lunar calendar, the month of Maimakterion began in November and ended in December. Citizens prayed to Zeus and sacrificed a sheep to calm his blustering winds. The fleece of the sheep was considered a powerful talisman.

Scorpio gives way to Sagittarius around November 22nd. Scorpios and other folk born in Those born to this month have the Chrysanthemum for their birth flower. November children have topaz for their stone, though one list mentions pearl as a stone for November, while the birthstone of Sagittarius is turquoise or lapis lazuli. Other stones associated with Scorpio are albite, aquamarine, emerald, garnet, green tourmaline, malachite, moonstone, obsidian, and ruby. Amethyst, azurite, labradorite, pink tourmaline, ruby, sodalite, and topaz are also linked to Sagittarius.


On the tenth day of the waning moon, Buddhists and Hindus of Nepal hold a day long festival in honor of the mother goddess Gujeswari. Devotees bring offerings to her temple built around a spring in the Katmandu Valley. They pray before a sacred water vessel made of red clay called a Kalash, and in the evening, they carry a copy of this vessel in a musical procession which winds through neighboring towns.


1ST

This is the fifth day of the Isia -the Zetesis and Heuresis. On the two days following October 31st, the portions of Osiris were found, reconstituted, and resurrected.

The Day of the Banshees is a modern Celtic holiday. Apples, representing the otherworld, rebirth, eternal life, and the crone, may be placed on graves.

Hela and the dragon Fafnir are honored by the Asatru.

The Aquarian Tabernacle Church was established the USA in 1979 and in Canada in 1993.

To the Celts, this is La Samhna, Samhain Day; Second of the Three Days of Samhain; Feile na Marbh, Samhain, All-Hallowtide, and the Feast of the Dead. Also called Mile na Marbh and Fide Moingfhinne (snow goddess). Unharvested fruit now belong to the puca and faerie who roam abroad. From the first to the third, the door is open our world and the other realms. In ancient Ireland, a new fire was kindled every year on Hallowe'en on the Eve of Samhain, and from this sacred flame all the fires in Ireland were kindled. (See also under November 11th)The Assemblies at Tara took place on Samain. Tea and Tephi were Milesian princesses who founded Tara, the ancient religious and political centre of Ireland.

2ND

This is the sixth day of the Isia -the Zetesis and Heuresis. The 17th day of Koiak is a Festival of Hathor.

This is the last day of Samhain. Before being taken over by the Christian Church, All Souls' Day was a festival dedicated to Odin as god of the dead. The parade of the Hodening wild horse, mummers plays enacting the mysteries of life, death, and rebirth, and the consumption of ceremonial soulcakes were all part of the celebrations. In parts of England, children would go "souling" from house to house, asking for soul cakes which are traditionally left out for the dead. In Sicily, children would leave their shoes outside the windows in the hope that the souls of their ancestors would fill them with candy and toys.

3RD

This is the last day of the Isia -the Zetesis and Heuresis. Called the Hilaria, it is the commemoration of the Heuresis (Finding of Osiris). A sacred performance reenacted the events of Osiris's resurrection. Worshippers went down to the sea at night. The keepers of the robes and the priests brought out a hallowed chest containing a small golden casket. Into this, they poured some clean water, and a great yell came from the group that Osiris had been found. Then some fertile soil was mixed with water along with spices and expensive incenses to form a crescent-moon shaped figure.

St. Malachy, the "Irish Nostradomus," was a medieval prophet honored today.

According to Gaelic tradition, this was the start of the New Year and the best day to start new projects.

The Inuit celebrate this day with a tug-of-war competition. One team, the ducks, are those born in the summer, and the other team, the ptarmigans, are those born in the winter. The outcome of the game foretells the weather. Winter will be mild if the ducks win and harsh if the ptarmigans do. The struggle is also said to represent the struggle between light and dark.

The Taurids meteor shower occurs on or around this date. It is associated with the comet Encke.

5TH

Guy Fawkes Night was celebrated by burning an effigy of a human being, representing evil spirits, grudges, and grievances of the past year. Guy Fawkes plotted to blow up the House of Lords in 1605. The celebration of his death merged with Halloween celebrations in England.

6TH

In Babylon, this was the birthday of Tiamat.

The Raising the Djed Pillar is remembered on the 21st day of Koiak. The Tet or Djed Pillar was one of the most significant symbols of the Egyptian religion, symbolizing the idea of stability and duration. It was regarded as the backbone of Osiris, and later as a representation of Osiris himself. The Djed pillar was also used as an amulet and hieroglyphic representing resurrection.

8TH

This is the third Day of the Opening of the Mundus Cereris. The Roman festival of Mania honored the Manes, spirits of the underworld. (See under August 24th)

Gwynn ap Nudd, lord of the faerie kingdom and the underworld, allowed access to his kingdom today through his holy mountain, Glastonbury Tor.

The Japanese Fuigo Matsuri (the Feast of Bellows) is held in honor of the Goddess of the Kitchen stove, Hettsui no Kami. Fires are lit also in honor of Inari and other deities in the courts of Shinto temples.

9TH

Helena, the deified wife of Julian the blessed, the Roman emperor who attempted to restore pagan religions to Rome, was honored today.

In Thailand on the day of Loy Krathong, people make little boats from banana and lotus leaves, called krathongs. After loading the boats with candles, incense, coins, and gardenia flowers, they wait till nightfall to set them adrift on the river while making a wish. If the candle stays lit until the boat is out of sight, the wish will come true.

10TH

This is Old November Eve or Martinmas Eve. In Scotland, Nicnevin rode through the night with her followers at the end of harvest. This may be a reference to the Wild Hunt. She rode through the night with her hunting party between the hours of nine and ten tonight.

11TH

Old November Day, now known as Martinmas or Hollentide, once marked the New Year in the Isle of Man.

In ancient Greece and Rome, this was the feast of Vinalia, honoring Bacchus, god of wine. The Christian Church dedicated this day to St. Martin, a patron of vinters and tavern keepers.

The Asatru festival of Einherjar occurs today, honoring the chosen dead who guard Valhal.

Lunantishees is celebrated in Ireland to honor the spirits that guard the holy blackthorn trees. On this day, you may cut no sticks from this tree. (or the eleventh of May).

Weather on this day was said to foretell the weather of the approaching winter. Fair weather meant a bad winter and frost meant a mild winter.

12TH

The 27th day of Koiak is the first day of the Lamentations of Isis, the day Osiris disappeared.

13TH

Feronia, an Italian Goddess, was given a temple in the Campus Martius. The Lectisternium honors the three Capitoline deities. A banquet was given to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva in conjunction with the plebeian games (See also under September 13th)

Isis grieved over the loss of Osiris on the 28th day of Koiak.

14TH

This is the second day of the Lamentations of Isis. On the 29th day of Koiak, Isis rejoiced as She found Osiris.

The Inuit Asking festival begins today. An annual "sharing of the wealth," children go from door to door begging for food to add to a huge community feast. The following night, everyone gathers to ask each other for gifts of personal property. It is considered bad manners to refuse a request.

15TH

The Japanese feast of Shichi-Go-San (seven-five-three) is held today. Small children visit Shinto shrines to pray for good health and fortune. Children 3, 5, and 7 years old are blessed. At the end of the ceremony, the priests drop "thousand-year" candies into the children's bags decorated with good luck signs.

The death of Albertus Magnus who allegedly discovered the Philosopher�s Stone.

The 30th day of Koiak is the Ennead feast in the House of Ra, Horus and Osiris.

16TH

At sunset, Hecate night begins. The three-fold goddess is worshiped.

Diwali, the festival of lights in India, is a five day festival marking the Hindu New Year. Lakshmi, goddess of wealth and prosperity is attracted by scrubbing the house and setting up an array of candles.

A festival of Bast falls on the 1st Tybi.

17TH

Some families in parts of China celebrate this day as the last of three yearly festivals for the dead. An ancient belief dictates that the dead need protection from the winter chill. Making paper garments, the families bundle them together with a little money and burn them. This symbolically sends them to the world of the ancestors.

18TH

In Persia, this was the Day of Ardvi Sura.

The Leonids meteor shower peaks on or around this day. It began on fourteenth and will end on the twenty-first. It is associated with the Temple-Tuttle comet.

20TH

Praetextatus and Paulina, honored today, were guardians of the Eleusinian mysteries, presided over by Demeter. Resisting the orders of the Roman Emporer Valentinian in 364, they continued to allow the rights to be performed in the traditional way.

The native Hawaiians celebrate Makahiki, the start of the harvest season, when the Pleiades becomes visible. War is forbidden at this time and the god Lono is honored.

The day of Sekhmet and the Purifying Flame occurs on the 5th day of Tybi.

21ST

The Mayans celebrated the arrival of Kukulcan around this time every year. They would fast, burn incense, offer food, and create exquisite banners of colored feathers for several days before his arrival.

This is a feast day of Hathor.

The Alpha-Monocerotids meteor shower peaks on this date. It began on the fifteenth and will end on the twenty-fifth.

22ND

Ydalir, the "Valley of the Yews," occurs today under the control of the Norse winter god and god of archery, Ullr.

As an aspect of Artemis Calliste, the Lily of Heaven, this day, now called St. Cecilia's day, is important to music lovers.

23RD

This is the first day of winter according to the Julian calendar.

It is also the feast day of Wayland the Smith which was absorbed by the Christian Church as St. Clement's Feast. Wayland the Smith was a god of smith and metalwork.

The Japanese Nihinahe or Shinjosai Festival is held in honor of Konohana-sakuya-hime ("Princess who blossoms like the flowers of the trees"), also known as Kami-ataka-ashitsu-hime ("Divine Ata Princess'), consort of Ninigi, the August Grandchild of the Sun-Goddess. The new season's rice is offered to the Gods and eaten by the Emperor for the first time.

24TH

Tori-No-Ichi is a Japanese festival beginning the New Year's celebrations.

Adar Kansha is a Zoroastrian festival in honor of the Sacred Fire.

The 9th day of Tybi was a Day of Offerings to Sekhmet.

25TH

Today honors Persephone (Proserpina, Kore, Arianhrod, or Catherine, Queen of the Shades) ruler of the souls of the dead.

This day was known as Women's Merrymaking Day at one time, a celebration of women's mysteries.

26TH

Paracelsus, the Swiss alchemist, was born today in 1493.

28TH

The 13th day of Tybi was a Feast of Hathor and Sekhmet. This is the Day of prolonging life and the goodness of Ma�at.

29TH

A festival of the sons of Saturn in their saintly guise as St. Saturnius. Saturnius, "son of Saturn," was a name taken up by Jupiter, Neptune, and Pluto.

In Rumania, strigoii (vampires) leave their tombs and return to their former homes. Garlic is hung by the windows and doors to keep them out. Failing to find victims, the strigoii will fight among themselves before returning to their graves.

30TH

St. Andrew was worshiped today as a version of the deity Andros, a god of manhood and virility and an aspect of Dionysus.

Birthday of Oberon Zell, founder of the Church of All Worlds.