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TRACING MERCHANT NAVY APPRENTICES

For those wishing to trace apprentices in the British Merchant Navy the

following information may be useful.

The Merchant Shipping Act in 1823 required all ships over 80 tons to

carry at least one apprentice. The legal documents binding an apprentice

to his Master and known as indentures, were required to be filed with

the Customs Officers in the ports at which the apprentice was enrolled.

Records of these early indentures may be found amongst customs records

in CUST classes at the Public Record Office.

The Merchant Shipping Act of 1835 formalised the registration of

Apprentices. From this date, registration of apprentices in London was

to be conducted by the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen.

Indentures for Apprentices at other ports continued to be filed with the

local Customs Officers, and further regulations in 1844 required that

these indentures were to be submitted quarterly to the Registrar General

of Shipping and Seamen.

Compulsory apprenticeship for all was abolished in 1849, but indentures

of those apprenticed continued to be filed and submitted as before. The

Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen extracted names from these

indentures and entered them in registers. These registers are now held

by the Public Record Office as follows:

BT150 Indexes of Apprentice

Piece numbers 1-15 give name, age, date and the length of indenture,

plus the name of the Master to whom he was apprenticed.

Piece number 15 onwards includes the port at which he was first signed

on, and the name of his first ship.

There are separate registers for London and for Outports, each register

covering a span of dates. The registers are alphabetical and the

information of a good standard.. ie in the main, the information

required has been correctly entered. Searching is straightforward.

Only those indentures for every fifth year have been preserved and these

are now held in classes as follows:

BT151 Apprentices' Indentures 1845-1950

BT152 Apprentices Indentured for Fishing 1895-1935

Many apprentices did not complete their term or else did not complete it

with the same Master. They may turn up in ordinary seamen's registers

from 1835. If the apprentice was indentured after 1835 but no ship name

is shown, it may still be possible to locate the ship as long as the

name of the master is given. By tracing the service records for the

Master (see previous posting on tracing British Master Mariners) and

locating all crew agreements for the relevant period, the name of the

apprentice is often discovered. Note that it is not possible to do

forward searches in crew agreements, only retrospective searches are

possible based on the information given concerning 'previous ship in

which served.' Note also that apprentices will often also appear in

later indexes and registers of seamen's tickets or indexes of Master

Mariners and Mates and a retrospective search allows a full record to be

compiled.

This is a brief guide to searching apprentice records at the Public

Record Office. There is an online leaflet at their website

http://www.pro.gov.uk which explains in greater detail what may be

discovered.

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