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DANA'S figure skating website

Ice Dancing

Ice Dancing is one of the most beautiful branches of figure skating.Which draws it's origans from ballroom dancing. The first time that there
 was a championship was in 1952 at the World figure skating championships.But did not become an olympic sport until 1976.
as pairs skating is a couple between a women and a men competing .i
ce dance differs from pair skating by having different requirements for lifts, requiring spins to be performed as a team in a dance hold, and by disallowing throws and jumps. Typically, partners are not supposed to separate by more than two arm lengths; originally, partners were supposed to be in
a dance hold the entire program. This restriction has been lifted somewhat in modern ice dancing.

Competition components:

Compulsory Dance ( CD)
Original Dance (OD)
Free Dance  (FD)

score composition

It worth % of the total score
Compulsory dance CD 10%
Original dance OD 40%
Free Dance FD 50%

Dance - Compulsory Dance(s) Dance - Original Dance Dance - Free Dance
Judge's First Mark: Timing
Judge's Second Mark: Program Components
Time Length: Varies according to dance
Judge's First Mark: Technical Elements
Judge's Second Mark: Program Components
Time Length: 2:30 +/- 10 seconds
Judge's First Mark: Technical Elements
Judge's Second Mark: Program Components
Time Length: 3:00 +/- 10 seconds (junior), 4:00 +/- 10 seconds (senior)

Compulsory dance 

Compulsory dances are a part of ice dancing in which all the couples perform the same standardized steps and holds to music of a specified tempo. One or more compulsory dances are usually skated as the first phase of competitions in ice dancing,

The patterns for most dances either cover one-half or one full circuit of the rink. The International Skating Union publishes the step diagrams and descriptions of the dances that are competed internationally, and also provides a set of standard music recordings for each dance with uniform tempo and introductory phrasing for use in competition.

Original dance

is a part of an ice dancing competition. It is usually the second of three programs, is the central program between the compulsory dances and the free dance.

For the original dance, the International Skating Union designates a rhythm or set of rhythms each year that all dancers must perform to, but unlike the compulsory dances, the competitors choose their own music (within a specified tempo range) and choreography. The original dance could be compared to the short program in singles and pairs. The length of the program is shorter than the free dance, and the skaters have more rules they must adhere to. The dance must be choreographed so that the steps do not cross the midline of the rink. There are certain exceptions for this rule that take into account required step sequences such as the diagonal footwork sequence. Closed partnering positions and close skating is also important for the original dance.

Free Dance

The free dance is the instance of show all the potential of the ice dancers in choreography and creativity , usually is the third part of an ice dance championship after of the Original dance and compulsory dance.

In free dance, teams are free to choose their own rhythms, program themes, and therefore music. Creativity is also strongly encouraged. Since 1998, dancers have been required to include certain elements in their free dances, including step sequences, lifts, dance spins, and multi-rotation turns called twizzles. Senior level free dances are four minutes long (plus or minus 10 seconds) and usually include multiple music cuts and tempos that help bring variety to the routine. The hand holds and positions are much more open and free than in the compulsory and original dance categories. Often teams strive to skate in difficult or unusual positions to gain difficulty points. There are more lifts in the free dance than in the original dance.