Slovenian Names from Romans, Indians

Editor,

    On February 7 you printed an interesting article "Kranj's Khislstein Castle."  The article tells us about the archeological findings which tell us when the area was first settled.  The settlement goes way back into history, all the way to the Old Stone Age.

    The article, however, claims that . . .  Its name (Carnium), as well as the name of the region (Carniola) and its inhabitants, and some rivers like the Sava (Savus) or the Kokra (Corkas) originate from the times of the Roman settlement.  A reader could conclude from these examples that the names were brought by Romans and are of Latin origin, and may attempt to look for their meanings in a Latin dictionary.  Unfortunately, the reader will be disappointed because no meaningful interpretation of these names will be found there.

    To the above mentioned names, additional names that were also recorded during the Roman occupation about 2000 years ago, can be added.  Let us look at the names of some of the rivers:  Drava (Dravus), Kolpa (Kolapis), Mura (Murius), Nadrza (Natiso), Soca (Sontius), and city names such as Trst (Tergeste), and Ptuj (Poetovio) and mountains:  Karavanke (Caravanca Mons) and Karniške Alpe (Alpes Carnicae).

    Archeologists tell us that Slovenia was inhabited continuously for thousands of years.  Even during the Ice Age, it provided a refuge for the inhabitants.  After the Ice Age, the inhabitants spread north and east, according to geneticists who have studied the genetic makeup of peoples around the world.  Later when the territory of the present day Slovenia became part of the Roman empire about 2000 years ago, the land was already inhabited.  The inhabitants would have had names for the rivers, towns and mountains.  In North America we are made aware of the indigenous peoples by the names of the rivers that they gave them and that have not been renamed by the white man.  Names like Niagara, Mississauga, Ontario, Toronto, Canada, Mississippi, Temagami, etc., tell us that previous inhabitants were Indians.  The present inhabitants for the most part do not understand the meanings of these names, but the North American Indians still do.

    Many present day Slovenian names recorded by the Romans have no real meaning in Latin, but are meaningful, for the most part, in Slovenian.  But if we cannot decipher the meaning of a name using Slovenian, the name can usually be deciphered using Sanskrit – the ancient language of India.

    This may be surprising to some, but new studies have revealed that there are definite genetic and linguistic affinities between Slavs, especially Slovenians, in Europe and Indo-Aryans on the Indian sub-continent.

    Let us see what the names, as transcribed by the Romans, mean by using Slovenian and Sanskrit by starting with the river names, since these are usually the most ancient:

    Drava (Dravus) – Slo:  drveša  flowing fast.  In Skt:  running fast.

    Kolpa (Colapis) – Skt:  kala  of a dark color & apas water.

    Krka (Colapis) – Skt:  krka  white (the Krka is known for its white rapids; Karkari is a river in India).

    Mura (Murius) – Skt:  mura  rushing, impetuous.

    Nadiza (Natissa) – Slo:  large spring; Skt:  queen of rivers (Nadiza was once the largest river of the region in Venezia, until an earthquake changed the course of its tributaries, see Verbovšek).

    Sava (Savus) – Skt:  sava:  water, juice of flowers, libation.

    Savinja – Skt:  savini  a river.

    Soča (Sontius) – Slo:  sočna  luscious; Skt:  suca:  pure, clear, clean.

    Similarly, place names that date to Roman and pre-Roman times have meaning in Slovenian and Sanskrit, but not in Latin:

    Kranj (Carnium) – Slo:  krn mountain top, ship's end; Skt:  karna  the ear, helm of a ship.

    The old part of the city is built at the confluence of the rivers Sava and Kokra.  This part of the city is built on a triangular rock formation above the confluence, and this rock does resemble an end of a ship.  The mountain to the west of the city resembles an ear when looking at it from Senčur, situated east of Kranj.

    Ptuj (Poetovino) – Slo:  potovje  crossroads; Skt:  patha  road, vaya branch.  (In Roman days, one road split to go north, while the other continued southeast).

    Trst (Tergeste) – Slo:  trzišče  market place; Skt:  durga  citadel.

    The names of the mountains were also recorded by the Romans, but their meanings are best deciphered with the use of Slovenian and Sanskrit.  For example:

    Karniske Alpe (Alpes Carnicare) – Slo:  krn  mountain top; Skt:  karnika  central mountain.

    (Karnika is also another name for Meru.  Meru is a name of a fabulous mountain regarded as Olympus of Hindu mythology and said to form the central point; all the planets revolve around it, and it is compared to the cup or seed vessel of a lotus.  The river Ganges falls from heaven on its summit and flows thence to the surrounding worlds in four streams.  The regents of the four quarters of the compass occupy the corresponding faces of the mountain, the whole of which consists of gold and gems.  Its summit is the residence of Brahma and a place of meeting for the gods.)

    For more information on the meaning of place names in and around Slovenia and the pre-history of Slovenia, I recommend for English readers:  VENETI:  First Builders of European Community by Šavli, Bor and Tomažič, which can be purchased from Mr. Anton Skerbinc, Site 1, Box 17, RR1, Boswell, BC, Canada V0B-1A0.  Slovenian readers will find KOMU (NI)SMO TUJCI by Leopold Verbovšek and V SENCI ZGODOVINE by Davorin Zunkovič very informative.  They can be purchased from JUTRO Crnuška c3, pp4986, 1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia or by phone 386 1 374 334

– Joze Skulj
Toronto, Ont.


Page Created: November 25, 2003
Last Updated: November 26, 2003
©Copyright 2003 Gary L. Gorsha

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੻††慶⁲⁦‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥䉴䥹⡤氢捹獯潆瑯牥摁⤢਻††慶⁲⁢‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥戢摯≹嬩崰਻††⹢灡数摮桃汩⡤⥦਻††⹦瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戢潬正㬢 †搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉✨祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡❥⸩牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡是潯整䅲⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻ †⼠ 汓摩牥䤠橮捥楴湯 †⠠畦据楴湯⤨笠 †††瘠牡攠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††攠献祴敬戮牯敤⁲‽〧㬧 †††攠献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠楲桧❴਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††攠献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥楷瑤⁨‽㌧〰硰㬧 †素⠩㬩ਊ †⼠ 潂瑴浯䄠⁤湉敪瑣潩੮††
畦据楴湯⤨笠 †††瘠牡戠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭∨潢祤⤢せ㭝ਊ††††慶⁲楩⁦‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨晩慲敭⤧਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥潢摲牥㴠✠✰਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥慭杲湩㴠〠਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††椠晩献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽爧杩瑨㬧 †††椠晩献祴敬栮楥桧⁴‽㈧㐵硰㬧 †††椠晩献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥慰摤湩⁧‽㬰 †††椠晩献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸਻††††楩⹦牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻†††† †††瘠牡挠楤⁶‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨楤❶㬩 †††挠楤⹶瑳汹⁥‽眢摩桴㌺〰硰活牡楧㩮〱硰愠瑵㭯㬢 †††挠楤⹶灡数摮桃汩⡤椠晩⤠਻††††晩
⁢਩††††੻††††††⹢湩敳瑲敂潦敲挨楤ⱶ戠氮獡䍴楨摬㬩 †††素 †素⠩㬩ਊ੽ਊ⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊瑳汹㹥ऊ戣摯⁹愮䍤湥整䍲慬獳浻牡楧㩮‰畡潴੽⼼瑳汹㹥ਊ搼癩猠祴敬∽慢正牧畯摮⌺扡㙥㙦※潢摲牥戭瑯潴㩭瀱⁸潳楬⁤㔣㜰㡡㬷瀠獯瑩潩㩮敲慬楴敶※⵺湩敤㩸㤹㤹㤹∹ਾ††ℼⴭ匠慥捲⁨潂⁸ⴭਾ††昼牯慮敭∽敳牡档•湯畓浢瑩∽敲畴湲猠慥捲楨⡴∩椠㵤栧慥敤彲敳牡档‧ਾ††††††椼灮瑵琠灹㵥琢硥≴瀠慬散潨摬牥∽敓牡档•楳敺㌽‰慮敭∽敳牡档∲瘠污敵∽㸢 †††††㰠湩異⁴祴数∽畢瑴湯•慶畬㵥䜢Ⅿ•湯汃捩㵫猢慥捲楨⡴∩ਾ††⼼潦浲ਾ††猼祴敬ਾ††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档笠 †††††††眠摩桴›ㄹ瀶㭸 †††††††洠牡楧㩮〠愠瑵瀸㭸 †††††††瀠獯瑩潩㩮爠汥瑡癩㭥 †††††素ਊ †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異⁴੻††††††††敨杩瑨›〴硰਻††††††††潦瑮猭穩㩥ㄠ瀴㭸 †††††††氠湩ⵥ敨杩瑨›〴硰਻††††††††慰摤湩㩧〠㠠硰਻††††††††潢⵸楳楺杮›潢摲牥戭硯਻††††††††慢正牧畯摮›䘣䘴䔲㬹 †††††††戠牯敤㩲ㄠ硰猠汯摩⌠䉂㡂㡂਻††††††††牴湡楳楴湯›慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡ⵥ畯ⱴ †††††††††††††挠汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡㭥 †††††素ਊ††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴⁝੻††††††††楷瑤㩨ㄠ〰㬥 †††††素 †††††映牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵笠 †††††††戠牯敤⵲潣潬㩲⌠㉁い㐵਻††††††††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›昣晦਻††††††††潢⵸桳摡睯›‰瀰⁸㈱硰ⴠ瀴⁸䄣䐲㔰㬴 †††††素ਊ††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戢瑵潴≮⁝੻††††††††潰楳楴湯›扡潳畬整਻††††††††潴㩰ㄠ硰਻††††††††楲桧㩴ㄠ硰਻††††††††灯捡瑩㩹ㄠ਻††††††††慢正牧畯摮›䐣䑆䍃㭆 †††††††挠汯牯›㐣㌶㌷㬴 †††††††眠摩桴›㈱瀵㭸 †††††††挠牵潳㩲瀠楯瑮牥਻††††††††敨杩瑨›㠳硰਻††††††††潢摲牥›潮敮਻††††††੽††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧栺癯牥ਬ††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮㩝潨敶⁲੻††††††††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›䄣䌵㕅㬶 †††††††挠汯牯›昣晦਻††††††੽††††††潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧笠 †††††††戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠㈵䕁䙄਻††††††††潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦 †††††素ਊ††⼼瑳汹㹥ਊ††猼牣灩㹴 †††††映湵瑣潩敳牡档瑩⤨੻†††††††† †††††††⼠ 敤整浲湩⁥湥楶潲浮湥⁴ †††††††瘠牡猠慥捲彨湥⁶ †††††††椠⁦氨捹獯慟彤睷彷敳癲牥椮摮硥晏∨瀮⹤⤢㸠ⴠ⤱笠 †††††††††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㡨瀮⹤祬潣⹳潣⽭敷⽢焿✽਻††††††††⁽汥敳椠⁦氨捹獯慟彤睷彷敳癲牥椮摮硥晏∨焮⹡⤢㸠ⴠ⤱笠 †††††††††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㡨焮⹡祬潣⹳潣⽭敷⽢焿✽਻††††††††⁽汥敳笠 †††††††††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㡨氮捹獯挮浯眯扥㼯㵱㬧 †††††††素ਊ††††††慶⁲敳牡档瑟牥‽湥潣敤剕䍉浯潰敮瑮搨捯浵湥⹴敳牡档献慥捲㉨瘮污敵਩††††††慶⁲敳牡档畟汲㴠猠慥捲彨湥⭶敳牡档瑟牥㭭 †††††眠湩潤⹷灯湥猨慥捲彨牵⥬਻ †††††爠瑥牵慦獬੥††††††੽††⼼捳楲瑰ਾ††ℼⴭ湥⁤敳牡档戠硯ⴠ㸭ਊ††椼杭猠捲∽瑨灴⼺猯⵰潬⹧祬潣⹳潣⽭晡摟⹲楧≦栠楥桧㵴ㄢ•楷瑤㵨ㄢ•㸯ਊ††搼癩挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨ㄹ瀶㭸㸢 †††㰠⁡牨晥∽瑨灴⼺眯睷愮杮汥楦敲氮捹獯挮浯∯琠瑩敬∽湁敧晬物⹥潣㩭戠極摬礠畯⁲牦敥眠扥楳整琠摯祡∡猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴ㄺ㘸硰※潢摲牥〺㸢 †††㰠浩⁧牳㵣⼢摡⽭摡愯杮汥楦敲昭敲䅥⹤灪≧愠瑬∽楓整栠獯整⁤祢䄠杮汥楦敲挮浯›畂汩⁤潹牵映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥潴慤ⅹ•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正※潢摲牥〺•㸯 †††㰠愯ਾ††††搼癩椠㵤愢彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰∠ਾ††††††猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴搾捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛敬摡牥潢牡❤⥝㰻猯牣灩㹴 †††㰠搯癩ਾ††⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ㰊ⴡ‭⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯ ⴭਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴搾捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛汳摩牥崧㬩⼼捳楲瑰ਾਊ搼癩椠㵤氢捹獯潆瑯牥摁•瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤愣敢昶㬶戠牯敤⵲潴㩰瀱⁸潳楬⁤㔣㜰㡡㬷挠敬牡戺瑯㭨搠獩汰祡渺湯㭥瀠獯瑩潩㩮敲慬楴敶※⵺湩敤㩸㤹㤹㤹∹ਾ搼癩挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨㌹瀶㭸㸢ऊ搼癩椠㵤愢汦湩獫潨摬牥•瑳汹㵥昢潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴ㄺ㘸硰∻ਾ††††愼栠敲㵦栢瑴㩰⼯睷⹷湡敧晬物⹥祬潣⹳潣⽭•楴汴㵥䄢杮汥楦敲挮浯›畢汩⁤潹牵映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥潴慤ⅹ•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正※潢摲牥〺㸢 †††††㰠浩⁧牳㵣⼢摡⽭摡愯杮汥楦敲昭敲䅥㉤樮杰•污㵴匢瑩⁥潨瑳摥戠⁹湁敧晬物⹥潣㩭䈠極摬礠畯⁲牦敥眠扥楳整琠摯祡∡猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫戠牯敤㩲∰⼠ਾ††††⼼㹡 †㰠搯癩ਾ††椼牦浡⁥摩∽祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡≥猠祴敬∽潢摲牥〺※楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫映潬瑡氺晥㭴栠楥桧㩴㘹硰※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮瀠摡楤杮〺※楷瑤㩨㔷瀰≸㰾椯牦浡㹥㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊਊ