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Pig Facts


Scientists believe that people began taming pigs about 8,000 years ago during the Stone Age.

Around 4,000 BC, the Chinese were ordered to raise and breed pigs by a royal decree form their Emperor.

Pigs are distantly related to the hippopotamus family.

There are approximately 377 different breeds of pigs. 40 of those breeds are raised in Canada.

Pigs grow more rapidly than any other farm animal, doubling their weight within the first week they are born.

The words "swine," "hogs," and "pigs" refer to animals of the porcine family or pig family. The term swine can also refer to the pig family in a general way, and "pig" can be used in referencing young animals. "Hog" will generally refer to animals at or nearing market weight or finished for market. The term "barrow" means a neutered male, and "gilt" means a young female. Pigs are also referred to as growing pigs (40 - 125 pounds), and finishing pigs, weighting from 125 pounds to market weight--usually about 230 pounds.

Compared to 1983, today's pork is 31% lower in fat, 14% lower in calories, and 10% lower in cholesterol.

Wisconsin prok producers market enough ham to provide Easter dinners to 54 million U.S. families.

Iowa farmers send over 24 million hogs to market each year-a quarter of the U.S. production.

Cincinatti, Ohio was such a major pork processing center by 1863 that it ws widely known as "Porkapolis."

A fourth of the meat eaten in the United States comes from hogs.

There are approximately 840 million hog farms throughout the world.

The traditional ring in a pig's nose was put there to keep the animal digging for roots.

In colonial New York, semi-wild pigs rampaged through grain fields, so every owned hog 14 inches high wore a nose ring.

The pig is regarded as a symbol of fertility and good luck in some cultures.

In Ancient Greece, the pig symbolized fertility and was an important part of religious ceremonies and tradition.

The most expensive pig: Glacier, a duroc boar, was sold to William and Myron Meinhart of Hudson, Iowa for $42,500 on February 24, 1979.

The largest litter of pigs in the world: Askel Geodee of Denmark was the proud owner of a litter of 34 piglets born June 25-26 1961.

How many pigs would a pregnant sow parent, grandparent, and great-grandparent in a ten year period? A pregnant sow and her children would increase the pig population by 6,434,338 in a mere decade. If you could buy only one animal in which to make your fortune, it should be a pig.

The body temperature of a pig is 102.5 degrees F.

Pigs do not have sweat glands and they are not able to sweat. When pigs roll in the mud, they are only trying to keep cool.

The gestation period of a pig lasts 114 days, (3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days.) Giving birth to 8-12 piglets.

It is well documented, although not well received, that a pig's intelligence is more comparible to that of a dolphin than of a horse or cow.

When trained, a pig is as loyal and well mannered as a cocker spanial.

March 1st is National Pig Day.

November is National Pork Month.


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