VENUS (MYTHOLOGY) An obscure deity of ancient Rome, by the 3d century BC Venus had become identified with the Greek goddess APHRODITE. Julius Caesar enshrined her as Venus Genetrix, the ancestor of his own family. In this aspect she was analogous to Mars, the paternal ancestor of the Romans. She was also worshiped in imperial Rome as Venus Felix, bringer of good luck; Venus Victrix, bringer of victory; Venus Verticordia, protector of female chastity; and Venus Libentina, patroness of sensual pleasure. In Vergil's Aeneid, she is the mother of Aeneas and aids him in his adventures.
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