This family consists of a single genus and species, the duck-billed platypus. Often considered the most unique and bizarre of mammals, the duck-billed platypus uses receptors sensitive both to tactile stimulation and weak electrical fieldsto sense prey when digging under water. These sense organs are located in its "bill." This species is highly aquatic. It has webbed feet; dense woolly, water-repellant fur; and furrows along the sides of its head to protect the eyes and ears when it swims under water. The external auditory meatus is tubular and the ears lack pinnae.
The bill of a platypus is soft, flexible, and leathery, unlike a bird's beak. Nostrils are located at its tip. While young platypuses have molars, adults are toothless. They grind their food between horny (keratinous) plates located over the gums.
Young platypuses have teeth, but these are lost in adults. Food is masticated between horny plates located on each jaw. The anterior part of these plates is ridged and is used to chop food; the posterior part is expanded and flat and used for crushing.
Male platypuses have a sharp spur attached to each ankle. The spurs are grooved and connected to venom glands; these weapons may be used in combat between males for mates.
A platypus feeds primarily on aquatic crustaceans, insect larvae, and some plants.
Duck-billed platypuses live in burrows along the banks of water, including lakes, rivers, and even mountain streams. They have well-developed claws, but these are not as large as the claws of echidnas. Platypuses are excellent diggers. When a female is about to lay her eggs, she builds a deep burrow (which may be as much as 20-30 m in length), plugs the entrance, and incubates the eggs for 10-12 days. There is no pouch, and the mother curls her body around the eggs to keep them warm. Young are nursed for about five months.
platypus in water
what a mug!
Monotreme families Family Ornithorhynchidae Family Tachyglossidae
<<<<<<<>>>>>>>ARTIODACTYLA CARNIVORA CETACEA CHIROPTERA DASYUROMORPHIA DERMOPTERA DIDELPHIMORPHI DIPROTODONTIA HYRACOIDEA INSECTIVORA LAGOMORPHA MACROSCELIDEA MICROBIOTHERIA MONOTREMATA NOTORYCTEMORPHIA PAUCITUBERCULATA PERAMELEMORPHIA PERISSODACTYLA PHOLIDOTA PRIMATES PROBOSCIDEA RODENTIA SCANDENTIA SIRENIA TUBULIDENTATA XENARTHRA