ACADEMIC AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIA JUPITER (MYTHOLOGY) In Roman mythology, Jupiter was the king of the gods and the lord of life and death. He was also called Jove. Jupiter was the son of SATURN and Rhea, the husband of JUNO, and the father of MINERVA. The Romans identified him with the Greek god ZEUS, but he retained to some degree his own distinctive character. Unlike Zeus, for example, he never came to visit humankind on earth. Jupiter was usually represented in art sitting on an ivory throne and holding a sheaf of thunderbolts. The eagle and the ox were sacred to him. His most celebrated temple was on the CAPITOLINE HILL in Rome. 
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