A RecountIt attracted over 200 journalists, turned a town into a carnival, and was covered around the world. When the young teacher John Scopes was charged in Dayton, Tennessee under the Butler Act for teaching "any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible," the case became the trial of the century.
The trial was stacked against Scopes from the beginning. Ten of the twelve men picked for the jury were regular church goers. During the weekend the trial was adjourned, Byran gave a sermon in the town's methodist church. One of the listeners was John Raulston, judge in the case.
The verdict was only a formality. Scopes was fined $100. The Supreme Court did overturn the decision, but did so on a technicality instead of constitutional basis.
SignificanceThe Scopes Monkey Trial was just one example of the clash between the generations of the 1920's. Traditionalists, the older Victorians, were afraid of losing their standards and ideals to a generation no longer so preoccupied with the approval of society.
At the same time this was an example of the atmosphere that created the Lost Generation during the decade. Intolerance for intellectuals drove writers such as Ernest Hemmingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald out of the nation; it was the same intolerance convicted John Scopes.
"An introduction to the John Scopes (Monkey) Trial" UMKC Law
"Monkeying with the Scopes 'Monkey' Trial" Essays on Origins