Est 3:1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.
Haman is a descendant of king Agag, who was an Amalekite. And if you remember the story, king Saul was to completely wipe out the Amalekites because of how they treated the children of Israel when they left Egypt. They would attack the back of the pack, where the old, the sick, the weak were, and because of that God said he would wipe them out. But king Saul did not completely wipe them out but allowed king Agag to live. And it was a descendant of king Agag that killed king Saul, and now is going to threaten the destruction of all the Jews. Haman is promoted, an evil man seeking power and self glory. (Guglielmo)
Est 3:2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.
Mordecai did not bow to evil Haman as the king commanded that all should do. Perhaps because he was a hated Amalekite and being a devout Jew he would not bow before one so despised. He served God and would bow before the LORD.
Est 3:3 Then the king's servants, which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment?
The kings servants were concerned that Mordecai did not bow before Haman as all were commanded. They came to him to ask him why? This showed concern. If we have a grievance with someone, we should go to them. Apparently Mordecai told them that he was a Jew, and that this was a matter of their law.
Est 3:4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew.
The servants ask Haman about whether it was all right for this Jew to not give him reverence.
Est 3:5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.
Full of wrath, the fruit of the ungodly flesh. His very character was contemptible before God and man, yet the king had commanded that he receive reverence. This type of law making that opposes common decency is still active in our world. As sin increases and God is not allowed in our public life, laws are being passed giving honor to what is ungodly. The very word of God has been challenged and those who believe the Bible and obey God are being called law breakers. We may as Mordecai, be forced to make a decision. Let everyone do right before God.
Isa 5:20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!
Isa 5:21 Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!
Isa 5:22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
Isa 5:23 Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!
Est 3:6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had showed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.
Evil pride, not only plots against Mordecai, but also his people the Jews, son's of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Many times satan has used evil people in power to attempt to destroy the people of the Messiah.
Est 3:7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.
As the throw of dice, so was the wisdom of Haman, by chance and by scheming. If we seek our desires above what is just and good, we are serving satan, not God. The people of God seek his will by prayer and his word in scriptures. Hearing from God is the start, obeying him is also required.
Est 3:8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.
A certain people? Notice the carefully chosen words. They are scattered (as weeds?) among the kings people. Their laws are diverse and different. How can they agree and serve the king?
Est 3:9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
The king hears about money for his treasury, he does not same to care that the money would be taken from the Jews that would be destroyed.
Est 3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
The ring had the royal seal, this placed in hot wax would make a document legal, as if it were the king himself sealing the decree.
We are given the Holy Spirit, the kings seal, to use with His authority.
Est 3:11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.
The king agrees to give Haman charge of the matter. It is never wise to make decisions from one persons words. Seek other (expert) opinions.
Prov 11:14 Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude of counselors there is safety.
Est 3:12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.
Est 3:13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.
The decree was posted everywhere in the land. A death sentence to all Jews, genocide, destroying a race of people. Was this simple vengeance from Haman who was not honored? No way, this was a satanic attack being launched by a man far from God on a people that are called the people of God. Satan will use any opportunity to destroy God's people and to prevent the coming of the Messiah. They did this before he came the first time. Hitler and Nazi Germany tried to destroy the Jews again, in my life time. The Lord is coming again and evil people will increase, but even more will God's Spirit increase with power and his character in those who are connected to Jesus. It looked like a terrible crisis, but in all things, we wait upon the Lord. God is faithful.
You say you could never be angry like Haman and be so used by the devil? Then prove it by staying connected to Jesus and his word. Our character must reflect the mind of Jesus Christ.
Est 3:14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.
A day was chosen by pur, lots. This day would be known to the Jews as Purim, more on this later. A certain day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar. This date is March /April on our calendar. This was to be the day of destruction of the Jews living within the Persian empire. All their things were to be taken.
Est 3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
perplexed, buwk, (book), confused
The people had lived peacefully with their Jewish friends. Now? From the palace comes a command to kill, it is madness. Those who are not connected to God through his son, those who are insecure and seek answers from a fleshly heart? They could be as Haman, but for the grace of God. The natural mind and heart is wicked. As Haman sits before the king to drink, all is in confusion.
Isa 57:20 But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.
Isa 57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.
Esther 1 Table of Contents