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432 Squadron RCAF





 About the RCAF 432 Squadron  Battle Honours  Associations/Contacts
 Dedication  My father's crew's Ops  Listing of Halifax's of the 432
 Medals and Awards of the 432 Squadron  Other Links  My personal Home Page
 Planes that were used by the 432  Motto of the 432  Recovering LW682
 Last one off in anger  Aces  432 Squadron Group Photo
 View of the Bomb Bay  Halifax B Mk 3s of 432 form up in the circuit at East Moor to await turn to land  Another site of 432 pictures
 Link to Lancaster information at the Mount Hope Ontario Aviation Heritage Museum A young foal, and it's mother on route to Eastmoor from barracks in the far background, airmen watched the progress of the mare until this foal was born every trip to base, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay Ontario  Halifax stationed at Eastmoor, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario
  Lancaster stationed at Eastmoor, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario  Fairy Battle Training Aircraft, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario  Halifax stationed at Eastmoor, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario
 Special Service folder, courtesy of Geroge Barker, North Bay, Ontario
 

 
Training Archive
 Two engine aircraft  Flying Boat  Cargo Plane
 Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ
 Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Planes on the flightline  Climbing the rope obstacle
 Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ
 Bi-plane trainers  More planes on the flightline  Trainer in front of hanger
 Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Trainers on the flightline  More planes
 Number 99  Training, believed to be Valleyfield PQ  Team picture, my Dad is in front row right side.
 Team photo, my Dad in back row on the right  Bud Raymond, Dad's pilot  Crew, my Dad is on left end
 My Dad, Orne Carruthers and his uncle Orval Carruthers in London

 
Nose Art
 432 Squadron Nose Art Nose Art for Utopia, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario  Nose Art for Ferdinand II, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario

 
Operation Pictures
 Op over Helligoland, courtesy of George Barker, North Bay, Ontario  Cathedral  Op over Cologne
 Extensive Damage  Op over Duidsburg  Op over Dusselldorf
 Op over Essen   Op over Hamm railway yards

 
 
 



About the 432:

RCAF 432 Squadron "Leaside" RCAF. Codes QO. Formed at Skipton-On-Swale 1-May-43; Skipton-On-Swale May 43-Sep 43; East Moor Sep 43-May 45; disbanded 15-May-45. They reformed at RCAF Station, Bagotville on 1 October 1954 as an All-Weather Fighter Squadron and disbanded there on 15 October, 1961.

432 flew the following aircraft:

                        Vickers Wellington
                        Avro Lancaster
                        Handley Page Halifax
                        Avro CF-100 Canuck

Wellington May 43-Nov 43; Lancaster Oct 43-Feb 44; Halifax Feb 44-May 45.

Motto : "Saeviter ad lucem" (Ferociously towards the fight)



Battle Honours: English Channel and North Sea 1943, Fortress Europe 1943-1944, France and Germany 1944-1945, Biscay Ports 1944, Ruhr 1943-1945, Berlin 1943-1944, German Ports 1943-1945,Normandy 1944, Rhine, Biscay 1943


432 (Leaside) Squadron Association: Mr. F.E. Jeffery,
                                                              5444 Yonge Street,
                                                              #1905, Willowdale, ON,
                                                              M2N 6J4

Eastmoor Family of RCAF Squadrons (415/429/432 Sqns RCAF): Ivan Mulley,
                                                                                                             82 Penshurst Road,
                                                                                                             Ipswich, ON
                                                                                                             IP3 8QU

 Canadian Veteran's Organizations


Dedicated to the men and women who served to protect and to those who gave the supreme sacrifice in defence of their countries. May all future generations look back at this difficult time in history and learn from it's legacy, the necessity to live in peace.

I dedicate this space in memory of my Father, Orne Ross Carruthers, who passed away late in 1999 and to his crew members who visited him until the end. My father had a deep respect for the crew he served with and carried that friendship with him to the end.


Members of the Crew stationed at East Moor
F/O H. "Smithy" Bialogrecki       Bomb Aimer
Sgt. Orne Carruthers                  Rear Gunner
Sgt. Bill Clark                   Mid/Upper Gunner
Sgt. Stan Cooke                             Navigator
Sgt. Frank Germaney               Flight Engineer
F/O "Bud' Raymond                               Pilot
Sgt. Al Turner                    Wireless Operator



Op's that my father's crew flew with the 432 Squadron...


Operation # Date Target Aircraft Comments
1 March 13, 1945 Wuppertal Halifax B VII NP-693 QO-K, entered service Jun-Jul 1944  
2 March 14/15, 1945 Zweibrucken Fairey-built Halifax B/A VII PN-224 QO-O, entered service Feb-Mar 1945  
3 March 15, 1945 Castrop-rauxel Halifax B VII NP-693 QO-K, entered service Jun-Jul 1944  
4 March 21, 1945 Rheine Fairey-built Halifax B/A VII PN-241 QO-I, entered service Feb-Mar 1945  
5 March 24, 1945 Gladbeck Halifax B VII NP-703 QO-H, entered service Jun-Jul 1944 Damage from Flak..there were holes in the rudder and fin
6 April 18, 1945 Heligoland Fairey-built Halifax B/A VII PN-241 QO-I, entered service Feb-Mar 1945
7 April 22, 1945 Bremen Fairey-built Halifax B/A VII PN-241 QO-I, entered service Feb-Mar 1945 Returned to base on Master Bomber's orders, operation was abandoned
8 April 25, 1945 Wangerooge Halifax B VII NP-698 QO-X, entered service Jun-Jul 1944 Hit by flak..damage was noted as not serious. This was the last bombing operation of the war, 4 Canadian Halifaxes failed to return due to mid-air collisions


Serial Numbers of Wellington Bombers known to be in the 432 Squadron:

Legend:
+ Killed. pow taken Prisoner of War. inj Injured. ~ died later. evd Evaded capture.


HE294 - QO-P     Vickers Wellington X, Failed to return from mission to Essen on 27th May 1943- +Pilot - FSgt Ralph Edgar Taylor DFM (R98213), +Navigator - PO Ralph Grant Allan (J.16754), +Bomb Aimer - FO John Arlo Farnham (J.12974), +Wireless Operator - PO Joss Marshall Murray (J.17209), +Air Gunner - Sgt Albert George Bailey RCAF (R101346).


HE553 - QO-S     Vickers Wellington X, Failed to return from mission to Wuppertal on 29th May 1943- +Pilot - PO Fred Thompson Dingwall RCAF (J/17798), +Second Pilot - FLt Leslie Edwin Blight RCAF (J.3989), (inj) Navigator - Sgt Donald Harmon RCAF (R131296), (inj) Bomb Aimer - Sgt Francis James Naylor RAFVR (1462297), (inj) Wireless Operator - Air Gunner - Sgt Joseph David Edmond Lachappelle RCAF (R104776), (inj) Air Gunner - Sgt W Leadley RCAF (R/120994).


HF572 - QO-J    Vickers Wellington X, Failed to return from mission to Wuppertal on 27th-28th May 1943- After the crash of their airplane the bodies of the crew members were interred at Zuylen in Holland. +Pilot - Sgt Neil Goldie RAFVR (1216316), +Navigator - Sgt George Liddle RAFVR (1390957), +Bomb Aimer - Sgt Frank William Noel Trowbridge RAFVR (658650), +Wireless Operator / Air Gunner - Sgt Charles Kingston Killick RAFVR (1331007), +Air Gunner - Sgt William Albert Sparrow RCAF (R/80605).  Click on this memorial created by Ross Wilmoth of New Zealand in honour of Frank Trowbridge from this bomber crash


LN435 - QO-J     Vickers Wellington X, Failed to return from mission to Wuppertal on 30th May 1943- (pow) Pilot - Sgt William Grigg RCAF (R126558), (pow) Sgt Kenneth Munro Jordon RAF (1383878), (pow) Sgt Joseph John Henry Barter RAF (658296), +Sgt Leslie George Hardy RAF (1272168), +FSgt Gordon William Thompson RCAF (R115765)


JA118 QO-G     Vickers Wellington Mk X, Failed to return from attack on Mönchengladbach on 30/31 August 1943. Came down at Rath-Anhoven, 13 kilometres south west of Monchen-Gladbach. All were killed. May have been shot down by night fighter.


JA119 QO-     Vickers Wellington Mk X, Used by No. 432 Squadron, RCAF. Disintegrated in flight during a test flight and crashed at 11:50 on 16 July 1943. Came down 2 miles west of Malton, Yorkshire. All 6 crew killed.


JA128 QO-E     Vickers Wellington Mk X, With No. 432 Squadron, RCAF


Serial Numbers of Halifaxes known to be in the 432 Squadron

Legend:
+ Killed. pow taken Prisoner of War. inj Injured. ~ died later. evd Evaded capture.

LK754 (aka MZ-504) - QO-Z     Fairey-built Halifax B III,  entered service Jan-Jun 1944 (104 built LK747-LK887)
                             -432 Sqdn QO:? PILOT Reid, Earle K F/O RCAF+. CREW Sgt J A May+, F/O J T Smith RCAF
                              pow, WO2 V C MacDonald RCAF pow, F/S G G Maguire RCAF pow, Sgt R L Clarkson RCAF+,
                              Sgt  J J Barr RCAF pow.
                              DETAILS NOTE  believe that the aircraft LK754 should really be LW687. TO 2158 East
                              Moor. Outbound, shot down by night fighter and crashed on a railway line SSE of Freidburg, 7 km N
                              of  Frankfurt.Crew on 10th operation; 3 killed now in Durnbach War Cemetery.
                              NOTE: Evidence is showing that LK754 survived the war and was scrapped in 1947. The Halifax
                              that actually was lost appears to have been LW687.
LK755 - QO-K   Halifax B Mk 3, no ops recorded with 432 at East Moor, transferred to 426 Sqd and later returned to East Moor with
                            415 Sqd., 21 ops recored with 415 Sqd. "6U-KandD" and later transferred to HCU.
LK761 - QO-B    Halifax B Mk 3, no ops recorded at East Moor, crashed during a night exercise near Stillington at 9:43 hrs. 16/12/44.
LK764 - QO-F    Fairey-built Halifax B Mk 3, entered service Jan-Jun 1944 (104 built LK747-LK887)
                            -Flew with 432 until July 1st, 1944...then went to 434 squadron until Sept. 1944, then was transferred to
                              1659 HCU...soc 28/Feb/1947. 25 ops before transfer to 434 Sqd.
LK765 - QO-H   Halifax B Mk 3, 4 ops recorded as "H" and a further 38 as "B" before transfer to 415 Sqd., 20 ops with 415 Sqd. "6U-B" and
                            later transferred to HCU.
LK766 - QO-V   Halifax B Mk 3, 2 ops, swung on a 3 engined landing ex Metz, 00.22 hrs, 29/6/44, repaired and transferred to 415 Sqd.
                            34 ops recored with 415 Sqd., "6U-VandQ" and transferred to 187 Sqd.
LK799 - QO-W  Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Frankfurt on it's 5th recorded operation, 23/3/44.
LK803 - QO-Z   Halifax B Mk 3, 6 ops recorded at East Moor before transferred to 420 Sqd.
LK807 - QO-J    Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Montzen on it's 13th recorded operation, 28/4/44.
Took off from East Moor at 2336 hrs to bomb railway yards. Crashed near Hanneche (Limbburg) a small village 2 km west of Burdinne, Belgium.

Crew.

F/S. G. Millar RCAF evaded
Sgt. S. Musgrove pow, was interned in Camps L6/357, PoW No.3785.
F/O. A P R. Holmes RCAF evaded
Sgt. D N. McCaulay RCAF pow
Sgt. D N. McPherson RCAF evaded
Sgt. G E H. Flather evaded
Sgt. R D A. Harmsworth killed in action, buried in Hanneche Churchyard.

LK811 - QO-N   Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Bourg Leopold, 14th operation, crashed Beverloo, 28/5/44. This particular aircraft was shotdown and crashed not far from the Dutch/Belgian border at the Asbroekweg in Budel. The Canadian 23 year old pilot was instantly killed ,three Canadian crew members escaped from capture. One Canadian is still missing and also one British and Irish crew member.
LK868 - QO       Halifax B Mk 3,  No ops recorded at East Moor, transferred to 431 Sqd.
LL432  - Rootes-built Halifax B/A/Met Mk 5 srs 1a, entered service Jan-Jun 1944 (411 built LL167-LL542)
                            -no history on this aircraft
LL547  - QO-X    Rootes-built Halifax B Mk 3, entered service May-Jun 1944 (60 built LL543-LL615)
                             -Flew from Jun 6, 1944 until Jun 25, 1944....Then off to 429, 425 and 644....soc 22/Feb/1046
                             -10 ops recorded before transfer to 429 Sqd.
LW412 - QO-P    Halifax B/A Mk 3,  2 ops recorded at East Moor before transfer to a HCU
LW437 - QO-      Halifax B/A Mk 3,  No ops recorded at East Moor before transfer to 434 Sqd.
LW549 - QO-G    Halifax B/A Mk 3,  Served with No. 432 (B) Squadron, RCAF at East Moor, Yorkshire.  Coded "QO*G".
LW552 - QO-S    Halifax B/A Mk 3, 15 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 35 ops recorde with 415 Sqd., "6U-S" crashed on
                             take off at East Moor, 8/8/44
LW576 - QO-L    Halifax B/A Mk 3, No ops recorded at East Moor before transfer to to 431 Sqd.
LW582 - QO-M   Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Aucheres on it's 25th operation, 8/6/44
LW583 - QO-L    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from rail yards at Haine St. Pierre on it's 11th operation, 9/5/44, shot down by a night fighter.  3 killed 2 POW 2 evaded.
LW584 - QO-Y    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Frankfurt on it's 14th recorded operation, 23/3/44.  Crashed near Langenberg, Germany, after exploding in mid air.  Part came down in Bardel furniture factory and near railway station.  Lone survivor was pilot, who came down by parachute in nearby Benteler.
LW592 - QO-A    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Montzen on it's 17th recorded operation 28/4/44
                              - BURROWS, F/O John Woollatt (J22599), Killed in Action, buried in Belgium
                              - DRIVER, P/O Paul Edward (J85612), Killed in Action, buried in Belgium
LW593 - QO-O    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Berlin on it's 6th recorded operation, 25/3/44, shot down over Berlin.  3 crew were killed and 4 POW.
LW594 - QO-G    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Haine St. Pierre on it's 19th recorded operation, 9/5/44, shot down by a night fighter.  3 killed 2 POW 2 evaded.
LW595 - QO-Q    EE-built Halifax B/A Mk 3, entered service May-Jun 1944 (185 built LW459-LW724)
                             -Flew from Mar 1, 1944 until Jul 7, 1944, then sent to 415 Squadron...missing over Hamburg Jul 29, 1944
                             -34 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 2 ops with 415 Sqd.,  "6U-Q" failed to return from Hamburg, 29/7/44. With No. 415 (B) Squadron, RCAF, c.1944, coded "6U*Q" when lost.  8 killed 1 POW.  Also reported as lost over Montzen on 27/28 April 1944, while with No. 432 Squadron, RCAF, coded "QO*Q".
LW596 - QO-D    Halifax B/A Mk 3, 31 ops  recorded before transfer to 434 Sqd. With No. 432 (B) Squadron, RCAF, coded "QO*D", when attacked by a Bf 109 over Frankfurt on 18/19 March 1944.  With No. 434 (B) Squadron, RCAF, coded "WL*Z" when lost.  Failed to return from attack on Hamburg on 28/29 July 1944.  All were killed.
LW597 - QO-C    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Augsburg on it's 1st recorded operation. 26/2/44, shot down by a night fighter on return trip.  5 crew were killed and 2 POW.
LW598 - QO-K    Halifax B/A Mk 3, With No. 426 (B) Squadron, RCAF, in 1944, coded "OW*J".  Also served with No. 432 Squadron, RCAF, coded "QO*K", 0 ops recorded before crashing at Newton on Ouse due to the starboard inner engine having failed
                              aircraft burnd out. 9/6/44
LW614 - QO-S     Halifax B/A Mk 3, 9 ops recorded before crashing at Hackness due to engine failure during air to air firing exercise
                              off Scarborough, 12/4/44.  Attacked rail yards at Ghent on 10 April 1944.  Crashed after engine failure (and possibly fire) during an air firing exercise on 12 April 1944.  Crashed near Deepdale Farm, Deepdale, Yorkshire.  7 fatalities, one survivor.
LW615 - QO-U      Halifax B/A Mk 3, 17 ops before crashing into buildings after overshoot at East Moor during training and familiarization flight. 7/5/44
LW616 - QO-R    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Cambrai on it's 22nd recorded operation, 13/6/44
LW617 - QO-J     Halifax B/A Mk 3, 7 ops recorded before transfer to 158 Sqd.. Had suffered an u/c collapse after skidding on ice during
                             a landing at East Moor at 18.27 hrs, 4/3/44
LW643 - QO-E    Halifax B/A Mk 3, Failed to return from Noisy le Sec on it's 6th recorded operation, 19/4/44
LW682 - QO-C    EE-built Halifax B/A Mk 3, entered service May-Jun 1944 (185 built LW459-LW724)
                             -This aircraft flew 2 ops and was damaged in training.. it was fixed off station and then given to 426
                              squadron.. There it was coded OW-M. It went missing on May 13,1944 to Louvain Belgium..The crew
                              was killed. Some of the parts are being used to rebuild the Halifax in Trenton Ontario.
                              visit  www3.sympatico.ca/scott.knox/  to see some pics of the recovery of 3 crew members and aircraft
                              parts.
                              -6 ops recorded as "C" and a further 5 as "W" before transfer to 426 Sqd.
                              - Recovery of remains of the missing crew of LW682
                              -  More on the recovery of LW682
LW686 - QO-H    Halifax B/A Mk 3, 28 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., "6U-H" overshot East Moor u/c collapsed, 8/8/44
LW687 (aka LW682)  - QO-C    EE-built Halifax B/A III, entered service May-Jum 1944 (185 built LW459-LW724)
                             -432 Sqdn QO:C PILOT Narum, C R F/O RCAF+. CREW Sgt R Thomson+, F/S R P Goeson
                              RCAF pow, Sgt L E Pigeon RCAF pow, F/S A H Marini RCAF pow, Sgt W R Rathwell RCAF+,
                              Sgt S Saprunoff RCAF+.
                              DETAILS NOTE  believe that the aircraft LW682 should really be MZ504. TO 2208 East
                              Moor. Outbound, shot down by night fighter (Oblt Martin Becker) and crashed at Grossmaidscheid,
                             17 km NNE of Coblenz. Crew on 5th operation; 4 killed 3 PoW. Oddly, the three RCAF
                              members of  the crew who died have been taken into Belgium for burial at Heverlee War Cemetery,
                              whilst Sgt Thomson lies in Rheinburg War Cemetery.
                             -Failed to return from Nuremburg on it's 7th recorded operation, shot down by night fighter and crashed Friedburg 31/3/44
                               (Ref. "The East Moor Experience")
*MZ504 - QO-Z    EE-built Halifax B Mk 3, entered service Mar-Aug 1944 (40 built MZ500-MZ539)
                             -Went down over Nuremburg on Mar 31, 1944, service with 432 unknown
                             -Failed to return from Nuremburg on what is believed to be it's 1st op from East Moor, shot down by a night fighter and
                             crashed at Grossmaishe, Koblenz.
                             *unfortunately, the available information relating to MZ504 and MZ588 is not conclusive.
MZ506 - QO-X    Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Le Mans on it's 12th operation, 23/5/44
MZ536 - QO-       No ops recorded at East Moor before transfer to 431 Sqd.
MZ585 - QO-O    Halifax B Mk 3, 9 ops recorded as "O" and a further 3 as "Z" before transfer to 415 Sqd., 25 ops with 415 Sqd. "6U-Z",
                              later transferred to HCU.
MZ586 - QO-Y    Halifax B Mk 3, 23 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 30 ops with 415 Sqd., 30 ops with 415 Sqd. "6U-YandA"
                              transferred to 187 Sqd.
*MZ588 - QO-E   Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Montzen on what is believed to be it's 1st operation, 28/4/44
                              *unfortunately, the available information relating to MZ504 and MZ588 is not conclusive. Refer to research below by David McLay on MZ588.

 Web Site 1 - MZ588 Aircrew Remembered

 Web Site 2 - MZ588 Aircrew Remembered

MZ590 - QO-C    Halifax B Mk 3, 13 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd.,  11 ops with 415 Sqd., "6U-C", transferred to HCU.
MZ591 - QO-K    Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Metz on it's 14 recorded operation, 29/6/44
MZ601 - QO-A    Halifax B Mk 3, Failed to return from Cambrai on it's 11th recorded operation, 13/6/44
MZ603 - QO-E     Halifax B Mk 3, 27 ops recorded before tranfer to 415 Sqd.
MZ632 - QO-W   Halifax B Mk 3, 25 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 46 ops with 415 Sqd., "6U-W" transferred to HCU.
MZ633 - QO-O    Halifax B Mk 3, 21 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 4 ops with 415 Sqd., "6U-B", collided with NA609
                              near Selby at 18.12 hrs, 21/8/44
MZ653 - OQ-       Halifax B Mk 3, No ops recorded at East Moor
MZ654 - QO-L     Halifax B Mk 3, 13 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 30 ops with 415 Sqd., "6U-L" transferred to HCU.
MZ656 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 3, No ops recorded before transfer to 431 Sqd.
MZ660 - QO-J     Halifax B Mk 3, 23 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 29 ops with 415 Sqd., "6U-J" transferred to HCU
MZ672 - QO-G    Halifax B Mk 3, 5 ops recorded before transfer to 429 Sqd.
MZ674 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 3, No ops recorded before transfer to 425 Sqd.
MZ686 - QO-U    Halifax B Mk 3, 17 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., "6U-U" crashed on take off East Moor, 22.18hrs, 28/7/44
NA500 - QO-G    Fairey-built Halifax B MK 3, entered service Apr-Jul 1944 (85 built NA492-NA587)
                             -Missing over Bologne, 12 May, 1944
                             -Failed to return from Bologne sur Mer on it's 1st recorded operation, 12/5/44
NA516 - QO-F    Halifax B Mk 3, 2 ops as "F", transferred to 434 Sqd., retrurned to 432 Sqd. where a further 3 ops are recorded as "A"
                             before failed to return from Sterkrade-Holten on it's 5th East Moor operation, 17/6/44
NA517 - QO-R    Halifax B Mk 3, 9 ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd., 7 ops with 415 Sqd., "6U-R" overshot runway at East Moor,
                             wilst fully laden after ops to Gaen, 01.06hrs, 6/8/44, transferred to 190 Sqd.
NA527 - QO-N    Halifax B Mk 3, 12 ops recorded before transfer to a HCU
NA550 - QO-      Halifax B Mk 3, No ops recorded at East Moor before transfer to 434 Sqd.
NA552 - QO-      Halifax B Mk 3, No ops recorded at East Moor before transfer to 434 Sqd.
NP687 - QO-A    Halifax B Mk 7, 10 ops recorded, failed to return from Stuttgart, 26/7/44
NP688 - QO-X    Halifax B Mk 7, entered service Jun-Jul 1944 (43 built NP681-NP723)
                            -Missing Stuttgart, 26 July, 1944
                            - 7 ops recorded, failed to return from Stuttgart, 26/7/44
NP689 - QO-M   Halifax B Mk 7, 85 ops recorded, failed to return from Hagen, 15/3/45
                           - Flight Sergant T.D. Scott , who was member of the 6. RCAF in Bomber Command and in the 432 Bomber
                             Squadron. In March 1945 he was listed in the crew of the Halifax NP 689 *M*. F/S Scott was murdered
                             by the local Hagen Gestapo office after his balling out in the operation against Hagen on 15/16 March 1945.
                             This raid would be his last operation and he wanted to return home. His body was found in May 1945 by the
                             US-Army in a bomb crater. The Gestapo team were found guilty in September 1946 by an Canadian military
                             court, the Hagen Gestapo chief was executed in Hamel prison in January 1947.
                        Canadian National Archives entry for T.D. Scott
NP690 - QO-G    Halifax B Mk 7, 20 ops recorded, crashed on take off, East Moor and burned, 18/08/44
NP691 - QO-V    Halifax B Mk 7, 62 ops recorded, Damaged beyond repair by night fighter, ex Grevenbrioich, 15/01/45
NP692 - QO-D and K    Halifax B Mk 7, crash landed Woodbridge, burnt, ex Brttrop, 27/9/44
NP693 - QO-Q and K    Halifax B Mk 7, entered service Jun-Jul 1944 (43 built NP681-NP723)
                             -Flew from July 9, 1944 to end of war
                             -71 ops recorded
NP694 - QO-R    Halifax B Mk 7, 85 ops recorded
NP695 - QO-K    Halifax B Mk 7, 39 ops, failed to return from Osnabruck, 6/12/44
NP697 - QO-F    Halifax B Mk 7, 80 ops recorded
NP698 - QO-U and X    Halifax B Mk 7, entered service Jun-Jul 1944 (43 built NP681-NP723)
                            -Flew from July 4, 1944 until end of war....soc 30 Dec 1949
                            -61 ops recorded
                            -at 15.12 hrs on April 25, 1945, piloted by "Bud" Raymond (my Dad's flight crew) this plane was the last plane to
                            leave East Moor in anger. This was the last operation of WW2 from East Moor.
NP699 - QO-O    Halifax B Mk 7, 42 ops recorded, failed to return from Duisburg, collided with aircraft over Belgium, 18/12/44
NP701 - QO-Sand G    Halifax B Mk 7, 36 ops recorded, failed to return Duisburg, 18/12/44
NP702 - QO-B    Halifax B Mk 7, 8 ops, failed to return from Hamburg, 29/7/44
NP703 - QO-H    Halifax B Mk 7, entered service Jun-Jul 1944 (43 built NP681-NP723)
                            -Flew from Jul 11, 1944 until end of war....soc 11 May 1945
                            -58 ops recorded
NP704 - QO-L    Halifax B Mk 7, 56 ops recorded, failed to return from Wanne Eickel, 3/2/45
NP705 - QO-Y    Halifax B Mk 7,  82 ops recorded
NP706 - QO-J     Halifax B Mk 7, 3 ops recorded, failed to return Caen, 18/7/44
NP707 - QO-W   Halifax B Mk 7, 67 ops recorded, overshot Ford, 05.06, 2/7/44, repaired
NP708 - QO-E     Halifax B Mk 7, 73 ops recorded
NP710 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, No opps recorded at East Moor before transfer to 408 Sqd.
NP712 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, No opps recorded at East Moor before transfer to 408 Sqd.
NP716 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, No opps recorded at East Moor before transfer to 408 Sqd.
NP718 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, No opps recorded at East Moor before transfer to 408 Sqd.
NP719 - QO-N    Halifax B Mk 7, 21 ops recorded, failed to return from Kiel, collided w/aircraft over target, 16/9/44
NP720 - QO-A    Halifax B Mk 7, 9 ops recorded, transferred to 426 Sqd.
NP721 - QO-X    Halifax B Mk 7, 22 ops recorded, overshot East Moor, 16.31 hrs 6/8/44, repaired, crashed and burnt on take off
                             at East Moor, 18.06, 5/12/44
NP722 - QO-S     Halifax B Mk 7, 30 ops recorded, crash landed at Manston at 21.03 hrs, ex Essen previously, Car. B at East Moor
                            04.31 hrs ex Kiel, 23/10/44
NP723 - QO-D    Halifax B Mk 7, 28 ops recorded, failed to return from Wilhelmshaven, 15/10/44
NP736 - QO-B    Halifax B Mks 3,6,7 , entered service Aug-Dec 1944 (157 built NP736-NP927)
                             -Flew from Aug 5, 1944 until end of war....soc 30 Dec 1949
                             -59 ops recorded, damged by NP755 which was landing at Croft, ex Munster 18.30 hrs, 18/11/44, repaired
NP738 - QO-J     Halifax B Mk 7, 21 ops recorded, crashed into trees, Woodbridge, ex Wanne Eickel
NP755 - QO-A    Halifax B Mk 7, 69 ops recorded, landing accident with NP736 at Croft, repaired
NP759 - QO-CandO   Halifax B Mk 7, 35 ops recorded, failed to return from Hannover, 5/10/45
NP774 - QO-Z     Halifax B Mk 7, 38 ops recorded
NP778 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, Halifax B Mk 7, No opps recorded at East Moor before transfer to 426 Sqd.
NP779 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, Halifax B Mk 7, No opps recorded at East Moor before transfer to 426 Sqd.
NP797 - QO-NandC     Halifax B Mk 7, 21 ops recorded before transfer to 426 Sqd.
NP801 - QO-N    Halifax B Mk 7, 7 ops recorded, failed to return from Bochum, 9/10/44
NP802 - QO-SandO      Halifax B Mk 7, 21 ops recorded, collided w/aircraft while landing at Linton on Ouse 17.15 hrs, 24/12/44 ex
                             Dusseldorf, repaired.
NP803 - QO-E    Halifax B Mk 7, 35 ops recorded, failed to returm from Worms, 22/2/45
NP804 - QO-Q    Halifax B Mk 7, 22 ops recorded, transferred to 408 Sqd.
NP805 - QO-J     Halifax B Mk 7, 40 ops recorded, crashed on takeoff, East Moor, 12.10 hrs, 16/04/45
NP807 - QO-P    Halifax B Mk 7, 27 ops recorded, swung om fakeoff, became bogged down, 16/1/45, transferred to 408 Sqd.
NP808 - QO-N    Halifax B Mk 7, 1 op recorded, transferred to 426 Sqd.
NP812 - QO-T     Halifax B Mk 7, 21 ops recorded
NP813 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, no ops recorded at East Moor, transferred to 426 Sqd.
NP815 - QO-H    Halifax B Mk 7, 8 ops, failed to return from Gelsenkirchen, 6/11/44
NP817 - QO-D    Halifax B Mk 7, 20 ops recorded, failed to return from Hannover, 5/1/45
NP961 - QO-D    Halifax B Mk 7, 7 ops recorded, transferred to 415 Sqd.
NP968 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, no ops recorded at East Moor, before transfer to 466 Sqd.
NP971 - QO-       Halifax B Mk 7, no ops recorded at East Moor, before transfer to 466 Sqd.
PN208 - QO-G    Halifax B Mk 7, 27 ops recorded
PN224 - QO-O    Fairey-built Halifax B/A Mk 7, entered service Feb-Mar 1945 (46 built PN208-PN267)
                             -Flew from Feb 27, 1945 until end of war....soc 1 June 1945
                             -18 ops recorded
PN229 - QO-C    Halifax B Mk 7, 20 ops recorded
PN233 - QO-D    Halifax B Mk 7, 18 ops recorded
PN235 - QO-S    Halifax B Mk 7, 13 ops recorded, crashed on takeoff, East Moor, 16/4/45
PN236 - QO-      Halifax B Mk 7, No ops recorded before transfer to 415 Sqd.
PN237 - QO-      Halifax B Mk 7, No ops recorded before it swung on to East Moor at 14.59 hrs, 16/4/45, repaired and transferred to 415 Sqd.
PN241 - QO-I     Fairey-built Halifax B/A Mk 7, entered service Feb-Mar 1945 (46 built PN208-PN267)
                             -Flew from Mar 15, 1945 until end of war....went to 1665 HCU....soc 1 June 1945
                             -10 Ops recorded before transfer to HCU
RG448 - QO-V    Halifax B Mk 7, 26 ops recorded
RG449 - QO-S     Halifax B Mk 7, 5 ops recorded, failed to return Chemnitz, 15/2/45
RG450 - QO-Q    Halifax B Mk 7, 8 ops recorded
RG451 - QO-D    EE-built Halifax B Mk 7, entered service Jan-Mar 1945 (20 built RG447-RG479)
                             -Missing over Worms Germany, 22 Feb 1945
RG454 - QO-P    Halifax B Mk 7, 22 ops recorded
RG455 - QO-X    Halifax B Mk 7, 5 ops recorded, failed to return Monheim, 21/2/45
RG475 - QO-L    Halifax B Mk 7,  8 ops recorded, shot down by "friendly" ex Chennitz, 6/3/45
RG476 - QO-T    Halifax B Mk 7,  1 Op recorded, failed to return from Worms, 22/2/45
RG478 - QO-U    Halifax B Mk 7,  18 ops recorded
RG479 - QO-N    Halifax B Mk 7, 16 ops recorded
NR145 - QO-C    Halifax B Mk 7, 3 ops before transfer to 415 Sqd.
 

Reference: "Halifax and Wellington", authors Chaz Bowyer and Armand Van Ishoven


Medals and Awards


Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased)
 BURROWS, F/O John Woollatt (J22599)  DRIVER, P/O Paul Edward (J85612)

 
Croix de Guerre with Silver Star (France)
 FORMAN, F/L George William, DFC (J11616)  McCOY, F/L Daniel Albert (J35656)

 
Member, Order of the British Empire
 PAINTER, WO1 Charles Edward (Can 1980)

 
British Empire Medal
 SNAPE, FS Gordon (R52977)

 
Air Force Cross
 STEPHENSON, G/C John Gay (C860)

 
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
 HAY, F/O Colin Maxwell (J39394)  WEBB, P/O Joseph Leroy (J19885)

 
Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM)
CASSELS, FS Stewart Charles  COLLINS, Sergeant Lloyd George (R134085)  DENNIS, FS Peter Woodrow (R14066)
 GROULX, FS Ernest (R257869)  HAMILTON, Sergeant (now P/O) John David (R182184/J89337)  McGILL, FS (now P/O) John Edward (R218209/J94755)
 METCALFE, FS Walter Phillip (R163206)  PENNY, FS Douglas Richard (R163541)  QUESNEL, Sergeant Joseph Herve Leonel (R136383)
 RAINVILLE, FS (now P/O) Guy Henri (R55373/J15751)  SEAMAN, FS (now P/O) Henry Linden (R192298/J90745)  TAYLOR, Flight Sergeant Ralph Edgar (R98213)
 WRIGHT, Sergeant Duane Harris (R207740)  YOUNG, FS Richard Edward (R146488)  ZIOMKO, Sergeant Walter John (R207226)

 
Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross
 PETTIT, S/L Maurice William, DFC (J16060)

 
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
 ANTHONY, F/O Roy Frederick (J85881)  BAIN, F/L John Kenneth (J90510)  BALSDON, F/O Clifford Glenn (J25124)
 BARKER, F/L John Morrell (J24401)  Baxter, F/O  BEAULIEU, P/O William Victor (J91018)
 BECKWITH, F/O Ivor Campbell (J6827)  BEWS, F/L Andrew Robert Allan (J27814)  BRANCH, P/O Alex Henry (J87394)
 BRITTON, P/O Henry (J85998)  BULBECK, F/O Arthur Andrew (C89491)  BULLIVANT, P/O Ralph Gordon (J86703)
 CAMPBELL, P/O Robert McNeil (J88294)  CARD, F/O Robert Keith (J85061)  COOPER, P/O Ewart McCallum (J86384)
 COOPER, F/L John Joseph (J85602)  DARK, F/O William Locke (J15992)  DIAMOND, F/O Robert Cahoon (J86836)
 DRYDEN, F/L Robert Page (J24224)  DWORKIN, F/L David Louis (J23584)  EVENSON, F/L Lloyd Roland (J23253)
 FARRELL, P/O Leonard (J90896)  FERNYHOUGH, P/O Walter (J85610) - deceased  FORMAN, F/L George William (J11616)
 FRANCE, W/C Kenneth Alan (J7445)  FROST, F/O Douglas Patterson (J86102)  GALLANT, P/O Joseph Ulysse Edmond (J92680)
 GAULT, F/O Joseph Arthur (J29071)  GRAY, F/O William (J24023)  HANCOX, F/O Edgar Ronald (J38752)
 HEBERT, F/O Charles Edouard Roger Yvan (J36298)  HEMMING, F/O Cyril George (J35270)  HENDERSON, P/O Raymond Pennecott (J90879)
 HENDERSON, F/O Wallace Graham (J37173)  HESS, S/L Clifford Borden (J6720)  HOLMES, F/L Arthur Peter Rogerson (J25018)
 HOPKINS, F/O Douglas Bentley (J28985)  HORAN, S/L Francis Joseph (J10491)  JACK, S/L Robert Alastair (J12339)
  JEFFERY, F/O Frederick Emmett McGill (J29068)  JOHNSTON, F/O Verdun Robert (J27556)  KENDRICK, F/O Reginald Jack (J38387)
 KERRY, P/O Ivan Gordon (J92975)  KRAKOVSKY, F/O Max (J26685)  KRAKOWSKY, F/O Morris Solomon (J35526)
 KROPF, P/O Lorne Edward (J7931)  LABARGE, P/O Joseph Andre Roger (J17674)  LARSON, S/L Gordon Martin (J7438)
 LAUZON, F/O Leslie Richard (J19886)  LAWRENSON, F/O Ralph Ellwood (J21377)  LOWE, S/L Allister Duncan Ross (C1477)
 LYBBERT, F/O Daniel Harden (J24246)   LYNN, F/O John Patrick (J25705)  MacDONALD, W/C John Kennedy Francis (C890)
 MACKERROW, F/O Robert East (J36233)  MADDOCK, P/O Douglas Beverly (J85614)  MAGUIRE, P/O John Norman (J94106)
 MAY, F/O John Walter (J16246)  McGUIRE, F/O Lorne Francis (J89084)  McINNES, P/O Arthur Donald (J92682)
 McINTOSH, P/O James Alexander (J19308)  McKAY, W/C William Arthur (J15175)  McKAY, F/O William Hugh (J18054)
 McLEOD, WO1 (now P/O) Douglas Ian (R161134/J89333)  MEADEN, P/O William Harold David (J18290)  MILLER, F/O Carl Raymond Duncan (J24480)
 MILLER, S/L Wilmer Earl (J8654)  MILLS, F/O Ross Allison (J27429)  MULDOWNEY, F/O William George (J28861)
 MYERS, F/O Clyde Vincent (J27470)  O'GORMAN, F/O John Francis (J26089)  PATTERSON, F/O John Purcell (J19724)
 PATTERSON, F/L Norman Edward (C35269)  PETTIT, S/L Maurice William, DFC (J16060)  PHILLIPS, P/O Gerald Irwin (J19065)
 PLOMMER, F/O Robert De Lorme (J23469)  POTTER, F/O Aurele Louis (J87033)  POTTS, F/O Ralph Maxwell (J26299)
 RAMEY, P/O Harold Douglas (J88783)  ROBERTSON, WO Douglas Furg (R117140)  RODEN, F/O Thomas Ryland (J36324)
 ROWE, P/O Alfred George (J16574)  SAYE, F/O William Paul (J27647)  SHEARER, F/O Robert Henry (J29530)
 SHERLOCK, F/L George Thomas (J87336)  SINTON, S/L Clive Baldwin (C1491)  SMITH, F/L Hilliard Harrison (J22257)
 SMITH, F/O Victor Eugene (J27259)  SPINK, P/O Thomas Benson (J18812)  STEDMAN, P/O Leslie Brine (J89623)
 STRACHAN, S/L William Watson (J9863)  STUNDEN, F/O George Robert (J26456)  TANNER, P/O Frederick Earle (J90838)
 THOMPSON, P/O William Almer (J19187)  THOMSON, F/L Haughton Gimby (J27498)  THOMSON, P/O James Scholes (J17743)
 TINEVEZ, F/O Frank Leon Joseph (J29336)  TITUS, WO1 (now P/O) John Sidney (R124267/J98712)  TOBIAS, F/L William Verne (J18651)
 TRAYNOR, F/L Charles John (J22854)  WALKER, F/L Stewart John (J12623)  WALLACE, F/L John Maurice (J14453)
 YARD, WO2 William Leonard (R189484)

 
Mention in Despatches
 ANTON, P/O George Joseph (J92443)  BANKS, Sergeant (now P/O) Robert Haxton (R223509/J88767)  BROWNELL, Sergeant William Bruce (R52515)
 CHAPMAN, Corporal Gilbert Warren (R50060)  COLE, P/O Mervyn William (J88249)  FINCH, Sergeant Robert Victor (R63692)
 FOX, F/O George Albert (J35521)  HANDKAMER, F/O Paul Joseph (J36228) JACQUES, F/L George William (C11201)
 KIRKHAM, FS Gordon Mertz (R57875)  LAWSON, WO1 (now P/O) Arthur Edward (R164656/J91190) LYNK, WO (now P/O) John Henry (R104429/C87843)
 MACKERROW, F/O Robert East (J36233)  MacLENNAN, F/O David Bruce (J39392)  MARCUS, FS (now P/O) Norman (R161644/J92470)
 MARQUIS, LAC Joseph Fortunat Jean Marie (R63837)  Marshal, LAC William Edward (R12020A)  MEHLENBACHER, LAC Clarence Melvin (R145659)
 PALMER, Sergeant (now F/O) Phillip Edward (R197195/J92715)  PANZER, F/O Leon (J27423)  PHELPS, AC1 Thomas James (R166974)
 RAILTON, F/L Charles Spencer, DFC (J26609)  RANSON, WO1 Ernest Harold (R162125)  STOKX, Flight Sergeant (now F/O) Gordon Lyle (R164356/J92420)
 WALKER, Sergeant (now P/O) Cecil John (R140056/J92702)  WYERS, Sergeant (now F/O) John Thomas (R223500/J92517)  ZACHARUK, WO1 Alexander (R159388)

 
 
 

ANTHONY, F/O Roy Frederick (J85881) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette
dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1920 in Hamilton, Ontario; home there. In Militia before enlisting in Hamilton, 21 February 1942; commissioned April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 29 August 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 2 April 1943). Award presented Hamilton, 27 July 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 July 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (157 hours ten minutes), 6 March to 9 August 1944.

     Flying Officer Anthony has completed a large number of operational sorties. At all times he has proven himself an extremely capable pilot,
     displaying the utmost keenness and efficiency in his duties which contributed much to the success attained by his crew. Out of thirty- five
     sorties, only twice has he failed to bomb his target and that was due to engine failure.

     For his fine record and determination to carry out his missions successfully, this officer is recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.



ANTON, P/O George Joseph (J92443) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Enlisted 18 December 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945.

     During thirty operational sorties this officer has performed his duties both on the ground and in the air in an exemplary manner, the
     performance of which has been a sterling example to all Air Gunners in this squadron.



BAIN, F/L John Kenneth (J90510) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21
September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born in Halifax, 1921; home there (carpenter); enlisted there 27 October 1942). Trained at No.5 ITS
(graduated 10 July 1943), No.7 EFTS (graduated 18 September 1943) and No.17 SFTS (graduated 25 February 1944). Commissioned October 1944. Award
presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949.

     Flight Lieutenant Bain has completed a number of operational sorties over heavily defended enemy territory. On one occasion, while taking
     off, one engine of his aircraft failed. Despite this he attempted to continue his mission but, owing to a further failure, was forced to make an
     emergency landing in difficult circumstances. His coolness and presence of mind were of great value to his crew on this occasion. On all his
     flights Flight Lieutenant Bain has shown unfailing courage and devotion to duty.



BALSDON, F/O Clifford Glenn (J25124) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated
15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born 1914 in Medicine Hat; home in Calgary (postal clerk); enlisted there 16 April 1942.
Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 October 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 19 February 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 2 May 1943). Commissioned 1943.
RM* 30 December 1949. No citation other than

     "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."



BANKS, Sergeant (now P/O) Robert Haxton (R223509/J88767) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London
Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Flesherton, Ontario; e: Toronto 1 September 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated
20 August 1943). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067).



BARKER, F/L John Morrell (J24401) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13
October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1920 in Glenboro, Manitoba; home there; enlisted Winnipeg 4 June 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS
(graduated 3 July 1942), No.4 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 12 March 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 9 April
1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage
and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation undated (about 30 July 1944) when he had flown 32 sorties (159 hours 45 minutes), 24 February to 20 July 1944.

     This officer has shown an unconquerable spirit of determination to achieve his objective. On thirty-two trips he has failed to bomb his target
     twice and this was due to engine trouble. Many of these trips have been over heavily defended targets such as Augsburg, Stuttgart,
     Frankfurt, Karlsruhe and Dusseldorf, and his coolness and unusual initiative have won the respect of his crew and the whole squadron. For
     his exceptional qualities of leadership, for his coolness in the face of danger, for his spirit of determination and devotion to duty, this officer
     is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


Baxter, F/O- Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 765/45 dated 4
May 1945. Born 1915 in Winnipeg; home there (salesman); enlisted Calgary, 15 June 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.6 EFTS
(graduated 19 February 1943) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 9 July 1949. Recommended 15 January 1945
when he had flown 15 sorties (83 hours 25 minutes), 25 September to 29 December 1944. Incident was on night of 29 December 1944.

     One night in December 1944, Flying Officer Baxter was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Troisdorf. On the return flight the aircraft
     was hit by anti-aircraft fire and two engines were rendered unserviceable. In spite of this and although deprived of the full services of his
     navigator, who was severely wounded, Flying Officer Baxter was determined if at all possible to bring his damaged aircraft to base. That he
     succeeded in so doing is a splendid tribute to his outstanding skill and courage. This officer set a magnificent example of devotion to duty.

NOTE: The original recommendation is with DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668). It makes good reading and is worth comparing to the final
citation:

     On the night of 29th December, 1944, this officer was captain of aircraft detailed to attack Trois-Dorf [sic]. On the return journey, in the
     vicinity of Liege, his aircraft was heavily hit by flak and two engines rendered unserviceable. The navigator was severely injured and the
     Bomb Aimer, misinterpreting orders, baled out. Flying Officer Baxter, faced with wounded crew members and with the aircraft almost
     beyond control, made the courageous decision to carry on, with complete disregard to personal safety in an attempt to return to base. The
     return trip was hazardous and weather conditions were most unfavourable for landing even an aircraft that was completely serviceable. By
     skilful airmanship under the most trying conditions, Flying Officer Baxter succeeded in making a remarkable two-engined landing at
     Woodbridge.

     For his dogged determination in the interests of his comrades and his exceptional skill and resources against overwhelming odds he is
     strongly recommended for the award of the DFC (Immediate).



BEAULIEU, P/O William Victor (J91018) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date
and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Estevan, saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 14 January 1943. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 26 August
1943), No.1 ANS (graduated 1 October 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 14 January 1944). DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has
recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 14 months in Canada, one year overseas.

     This officer has participated in thirty successful operational sorties, the cool and efficient manner in which he has always carried out his
     duties both in the air and on the ground, contributing in a large measure to the success attained by the crew.



BECKWITH, F/O Ivor Campbell (J6827) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated
12 November 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Home in Buenos Aires, Argentina; enlisted in Ottawa, 29 November 1940. Trained at No.1
ITS (graduated 2 April 1941), No.9 EFTS (graduated 16 May 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 7 August 1941). Award sent by registered mail 4 December
1950. No citation in AFRO other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."
DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 19 September 1943 when he had flown 54 sorties (345 hours 20 minutes). First tour
was in North Africa; he flew from Port Reath to Gibraltar on 12 February 1942, Gibraltar to Malta on 17 February 1942, Malta to El Fiume on 4 March 1942.
Then he flew 36 sorties, 19 May to 30 September 1942, chiefly targets in North Africa but also Crete. Twelve of these were against Tobruk; six are described as
attacks on troops. Second tour was 11 June to 8 August 1943 (17 sorties of which two are described as "unsuccessful"), all in Bomber Command.

     This officer completed his first tour of operations in the Middle East and has completed 15 sorties of his second tour. Under a quiet and
     determined manner, he has been an inspiration to his crew. He has shown exceptional qualities of leadership and cool determination. For his
     outstanding ability, his cool determination and his devotion to duty, he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying
     Cross.


BEWS, F/L Andrew Robert Allan (J27814) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette
dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1921 in Eatonia, Saskatchewan; home there (truck driver); enlisted Saskatoon, 14
April 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 26 July 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 12 September 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 21 November 1941).
Commissioned 1942No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 10 April 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (219 hours 25 minutes), 12 September
1944 to 27 February 1945.

     The above mentioned officer completed thirty-six successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Most of the targets were heavily
     defended and included Duisburg, Osnabruck, Dusseldorf, Saarbrucken, Wanne Eickel, and others. During his tour he proved himself to be a
     most valuable member of his squadron. His cheerful confidence inspired a high standard of morale in his crew. His splendid example and
     outstanding ability warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



BRANCH, P/O Alex Henry (J87394) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Diamond City, Alberta; enlisted Calgary 4 March 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.3 AOS (graduated 20 November 1942). Award presented 9 July 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 September when he had flown 29 sorties (143 hours 50 minutes), 8 September 1943 to 15 September 1944.

     Pilot Officer Branch has completed twenty-nine operational sorties over enemy territories. He has navigated his aircraft with coolness and
     accuracy to and from objectives which have included Berlin, Frankfurt, Nurmburg and Dusseldorf. At all times his calm courage and
     devotion to duty has been of a high order. For his splendid record of achievement and fine offensive spirit Pilot Officer Branch is strongly
     recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



BRITTON, P/O Henry (J85998) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 3 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 19 February 1943), No.12 EFTS (graduated 18 April 1943) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Award presented by Governor General at Government House, 26 January 1954. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 19 October 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (132 hours 25
minutes), 27 June to 12 October 1944.

     Throughout his operational career this officer has displayed enthusiasm and keenness for operational flying. He has been an inspiration to
     the members of his crew and at all times has shown a high degree of airmanship and dogged determination, having completed twenty-eight
     successful sorties.

     His calm, quiet manner, qualities of leadership and splendid record warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



BROWNELL, Sergeant William Bruce (R52515) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (No.62 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 asper London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. American in the RCAF; home in Rochester, New York. Enlisted in Toronto, 24 October 1939, arrived overseas 29 April 1942. No citation in AFRO. Recommended for MiD, 21 July 1944, at which time he was identified with No.432 Squadron as a Fitter IIE. Recommendation read as follows:

     Sergeant Brownell, in his duties as Senior Fitter in the Flight, has worked unceasingly for the well-being of the squadron, not only by his
     example to airmen under him, but by the useful knowledge he has imparted, and the high standard of morale he has helped to set.



BULBECK, F/O Arthur Andrew (C89491) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 5 August 1942. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has
recommendation dated 18 March 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (148 hours 35 minutes) between 4 July 1944 and 28 January 1945.

     As Air Gunner this officer has completed thirty successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Throughout he has displayed the greatest
     keenness and his example of courage and determination has been of a fine order. His devotion to duty and fine example have been an
     inspiration to all Air Gunners in the squadron.

     For his example of loyalty and fine record of achievement, Pilot Officer Bulbeck is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



BULLIVANT, P/O Ralph Gordon (J86703) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 26 September 1944 as per London Gazette of  that date and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Home in Okotoks, Alberta; enlisted Calgary, 19 January 1942. Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 16
September 1942). Award presented 10 July 1945.

     This officer has completed very many sorties on his second tour of operational duty. He is a cool, confident and skilful air gunner and has
     displayed a worthy part in the defence of his aircraft. One night in July 1944, whilst over enemy territory, his aircraft was attacked by a
     Junkers 88. In the ensuing fight, Pilot Officer Bullivant co-operated excellently with his co-gunner and their good shooting caused the
     destruction of the enemy aircraft.



BURROWS, F/O John Woollatt (J22599) - Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased) - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948. Home in Mont Royal, Quebec. Navigator, killed in action with No.432 Squadron, 27/28 April 1944, Halifax LW592.
Buried in Belgium.



CAMPBELL, P/O Robert McNeil (J88294) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1923 in Glasgow; home in Hartney, Manitoba (ex-12th Manitoba Dragoons); enlisted Winnipeg 27 July 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 January 1943), No.19 EFTS (graduated 19 March 1943) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 9 July 1943).
Commissioned 1944. Award sent by registered mail 30 March 1949 when living in St.Catharines, Ontario. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 23 September 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (164 hours 30 minutes), 31 May to
17 September 1944.

     As captain of aircraft this officer has successfully completed thirty-five operational sorties. He has at all times displayed a high standard of
     courage and efficiency. His keenness and devotion to duty under difficult and hazardous conditions have been of a high order. For his
     outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



CARD, F/O Robert Keith (J85061) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8
December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1920 in Edmonton; home there (RCMP constable). Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 29 May
1943. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 19 February 1943) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned
1944. Award presented 29 November 1947. No citation other than

     "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 12 September when he had flown 33 sorties (156 hours ten minutes), 22 May to 12
September 1944.

     This officer has made thirty-three successful operational sorties over enemy territory. During these trips he has shown a high degree of skill
     and has been an outstanding captain of aircraft. At all times he has been a keen, willing worker and an inspiring example to other pilots.

     For his airmanship, intense loyalty and splendid record, Flying Officer Card is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.



CASSELS, FS Stewart Charles (R186671) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1924 in Singapore; home in Glasgow, Scotland (salesman); enlisted Winnipeg, 17 August 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 20 March 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 6 August 1943). Award presented 6 September 1947. No citation other than that he has

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 22 September 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (157 hours 50 minutes), 6 June to 17
September 1944.

     This airman has completed thirty-three sorties over enemy territory. The coolness displayed by him in his duties as navigator has, to a large
     extent, been responsible for the very successful outcome of many sorties. Throughout all his operations he has proved himself to possess a
     fine fighting spirit and a strong desire to engage the enemy.

     For his inspiring example, his fine record of achievement and devotion to duty, Flight Sergeant Cassels is strongly recommended for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.



CHAPMAN, Corporal Gilbert Warren (R50060) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (No.62 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Hilden, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Halifax, 20 October 1939. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded 15 October 1944 when he had served 27 months in Canada, 32 months overseas. Fitter IIE.

     As a supervisor of Fitters in a Flight this airman has set an excellent example to all in contact with him. He never hesitates to carry out and
     complete a job under the most trying circumstances. He willingly co-operates with the other tradesmen working with him on the aircraft to
     keep them flying. Duty he places before any other consideration.



COLE, P/O Mervyn William (J88249) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16
February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Home in Parry Sound, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 6 April 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 11
September 1942), No.20 EFTS (ceased training) and No.1 CNS (graduated 14 May 1943). Award sent by registered mail 20 April 1949. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 21 November when he had flown 32 sorties (147 hours 25 minutes), 27 April to 6
November 1944.

     An above average and efficient navigator who has completed thirty-two successful sorties and has shown such exceptional navigation ability
     that he has won the confidence and respect of his crew and superior officers. His cheerful disposition, alertness and strong sense of duty in
     his work have made him stand out among his fellow navigators. For his fine record and intense loyalty, this officer is recommended for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



COLLINS, Sergeant Lloyd George (R134085) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - NOTE: The AFRO erroneously says No.423 - Award
effective 22 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 6 July 1943 and AFRO 1582/43 dated 13 August 1943. Home in Marchweel, Saskatchewan; enlisted
Winnipeg, 19 September 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 30 January 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 4 July 1942), No.2 AOS (graduated 22 May 1942),
and No.1 ANS (graduated 21 August 1942). Invested with award by the King 30 November 1943.

     This airman was the navigator of an aircraft which attacked Dortmund one night in May 1943. Whilst over the target area, Sergeant Collins
     was wounded in the head and sustained a fracture of the skull. Although weakened by the loss of blood, he refrained from informing his
     captain of his injury until the target had been bombed and the aircraft was well clear of the area. Displaying outstanding fortitude, Sergeant
     Collins calmly executed his duties and plotted courses for the homeward flight. He did not desist until a safe landing had been effected, when
     he collapsed and was removed to a hospital in a semi-comatose condition. This airman set a fine example of courage, fortitude and devotion
     to duty.



COOPER, P/O Ewart McCallum (J86384) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated
17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Home in Varsity View, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 11 December 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS
(graduated 19 June 1942), No.11 EFTS (ceased training 26 September 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 5 March 1943). Invested with award 18 May 1946. No
citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation undated (about 30 July 1944) when he had flown 31 sorties (147 hours 45
minutes), 1 March to 20 July 1944.

     An above average and efficient navigator who has completed 31 successful trips and has shown such exceptional navigation ability that he
     has won the confidence and respect of his crew, and the superior officers. His cheerful disposition, alertness and strong sense of duty in his
     work have made him stand out among his fellow navigators. For his fine record and intense loyalty, this officer is recommended for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



COOPER, F/L John Joseph (J85602) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13
October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 9 May 1939. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 22 May 1942),
No.5 EFTS (graduated 28 Augst 1942) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 18 December 1942). Invested with award 26 February 1949. No citation other than
"completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist
file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (172 hours 45 minutes), 26 August 1943 to 18
July 1944.

     This officer has successfully completed 34 trips in which he has shown exceptional skill as a pilot. Such heavily defended targets as Hanover
     (twice), Augsburg, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Essen (twice) and Dusseldorf are included in his schedule of successful trips. For his dogged
     determination, his coolness in face of danger and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross.



DARK, F/O William Locke (J15992) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 12
November 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Born in Biggar, Saskatchewan, 1918; home in Edmonton, Alberta; enlisted there 29 June 1940.
Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 29 November 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 25 May 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 7 July 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 19
August 1941). Commissioned 1942. No citation in AFRO other than

     "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 19 September 1943 when he had flown 34 sorties (182 hours 48 minutes), in two tours
- 30 May to 23 September 1942 (21 trips) and 29 March to 30 August 1943 (13 sorties).

     This officer has shown a high degree of skill as a Navigator. He has made 34 operational sorties, only one of which has not been successful in
     bombing the target and 33 of which have been over heavily defended areas in Germany. Beginning with the first large scale raid on Cologne
     he has been navigator during the bombing of Essen, Emden, Bremen, Duisburg, Vegasack, Hamburg, Saarbrucken, Dusseldorf, Karlsruhe,
     Frankfurt, Flensburg, Stuttgart, Mannheim, Dortmund, Krefeld, Mulheim. For his fine record of achievement, his devotion to duty and his
     high degree of navigational ability, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



DENNIS, FS Peter Woodrow (R14066) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 25
January 1944 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944. Born 1923 in Fort William, Ontario; home there (clerk); enlisted Winnipeg, 13 November 1941.
Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 July 1942), No.2 EFTS (graduated 29 August 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 18 December 1942).

     Flight Sergeant Dennis has completed numerous sorties and has displayed great skill, determination and devotion to duty. One night in
     November 1943 he piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Berlin. Whilst over the target area his aircraft was attacked on three occasions by
     enemy fighters. Nevertheless, he skilfully evaded the enemy aircraft and successfully attacked the target, afterwards flying his badly
     damaged aircraft to base. His effort was highly commendable.



DIAMOND, F/O Robert Cahoon (J86836) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1923 in Gladstone, Manitoba. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 21 May 1942. Trained at No.4
ITS (graduated 1 January 1943), No.5 EFTS (graduated 9 March 1943) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 23 July 1943). Commissioned May 1944. POW, 9 October
1944. DHist Document 72/517 refers. Shot down and taken prisoner on his 34th sortie. Remained in postwar RCAF and retired as a Lieutenant- Colonel. Died in
Ottawa, 15 January 1997. Article in Ottawa Citizen, 20 January 1997 stated that his 34th sortie had been on 9 October 1944 to Bochum and had just turned for
home when aircraft hit by bomb from another aircraft. Rear gunner Michael Harrington (living in Florida) was effusive and descriptive of the sortie, declaring,

     I was just cursing. I probably used every dirty word in the book. We were so close to being done. But Bob was pretty calm. He said, 'Boys, it's
     time to get out the silk'". He remained at the controls while the crew baled out, kicked out a panel and escaped himself just before the
     Halifax crashed.

Postwar, Diamond obtained a degree at University of British Columbia before joining permanent RCAF. The force put him through a MBA course at University of
Western Ontario (1961). No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 17 October 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (148 hours 25 minutes), 23 June to 6
October 1944.

     Flying Officer Diamond has completed a large number of operational sorties. At all times he has proven himself an extremely capable pilot,
     displaying the utmost keenness and efficiency in his duties, which contributed much to the success attained by his crew. During his
     thirty-three sorties he has never failed to complete his mission.

     For his fine record and offensive spirit, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



DRIVER, P/O Paul Edward (J85612) - Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased) - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948. Home in Toronto. Air gunner, killed in action with No.432 Squadron, 27/28 April 1944, Halifax LW592. Buried in Belgium.



DRYDEN, F/L Robert Page (J24224) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 16 July 1944 as per London Gazette dated 25
January 1946 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Born 1921 in Galt, Ontario; home in Guelph (bank teller); enlisted in Toronto 2 April 1942. Trained at
No.3 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 7 November 1942), and No.10 AOS (graduated 19 March 1943. Commissioned March 1943.

     Flight Lieutenant Dryden, as navigator, has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably
     displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.



DWORKIN, F/L David Louis (J23584) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born 1922 in Calgary; home there; enlisted there 31 March 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 25
September 1942), No.2 BGS (graduated 12 December 1942) and No.7 AOS (graduated 5 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than

          "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy".

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 18 March 1945 when he had completed 33 sorties (175 hours 15 minutes) from 21
June 1944 to 8 March 1945. Bombing Leader in unit at the time.

     The above noted officer has completed thirty-three successful sorties over enemy territory and has proven his skill as a most efficient Air
     Bomber. His co- operation, coolness and presence of mind contributed in a large measure to the success attained by the crews he has flown
     with. Since this officer arrived on this squadron he has been employed as Squadron Bombing Leader and his initiative, level-headedness and
     exceptional trade ability and knowledge has won the confidence and respect of all aircrew under him. He has always displayed an excellent
     example of loyalty and devotion to duty. Flight Lieutenant Dworkin is an inspiring leader whose outstanding ability and splendid record
     warrant a strong recommendation for the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



EVENSON, F/L Lloyd Roland (J23253) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born in Kenora, Ontario, 1920; home in Winnipeg. Served in Winnipeg Light Infantry. Enlisted there, 13 January 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 18 July 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 August 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (134 hours 34 minutes), 30 March to 9 August 1944.

     This officer has shown remarkable skill as a pilot and inspiring example of courage and determination to his crew. During his twenty-nine
     operational sorties he has never failed to bomb the target successfully. He is a most efficient captain whose cool quiet manner and fine
     fighting qualities have impressed all.

     For his splendid record and intense loyalty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



FARRELL, P/O Leonard (J90896) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945
and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1923 in Bay du Hord, Newfoundland; home there. Lumberman. Enlisted in Halifax, 16 February 1943. Trained
at No.9 BGS (graduated 29 October 1943). No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty".

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 23 March 1945 when he had flown 34 sorties (162 hours ten minutes) between 24 June
and 6 December 1944.

     This officer has completed thirty-four successful sorties over enemy territory. His tenacity of purpose, endurance and fine offensive spirit
     have contributed largely to the success of the crew.

     His splendid record and high degree of courage warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



FERNYHOUGH, P/O Walter (J85610) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 27 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 25 January 1946 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Born Clyde, Alberta 1923. Home Victoria, B.C. Enlisted Vancouver 10 March 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1942), and No.4 SFTS (graduated 19 March 1943). Commissioned March 1944. Killed in action 28/29 June 1944; buried in France. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 26 June 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (175 hours ten minutes), 25 November 1943 to uncertain date (document torn; last target was Sterkrade).

     Pilot Officer Fernyhough, as pilot and captain of aircraft, completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has
     invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.



FINCH, Sergeant Robert Victor (R63692) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron, Station Eastmoor (recorded only as "Overseas" in AFRO) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. See DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24
Vol.20607) with recommendation (for a BEM) dated 26 May 1945:

     Sergeant Finch is an outstanding ground crewman in No.432 Squadron and his excellent work has been a major contribution in keeping a
     maximum number of aircraft available for operational sorties and operation training. His cheerful co-operation and enthusiastic competence
     has resulted in all ranks having complete confidence in him.



FORMAN, F/L George William (J11616) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1915, Parlesenham, Ontario; home Geraldton, Ontario. Enlisted at Geraldton, 7 May 1941.
Commissioned 1942. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 29 September 1941) and No.2 BGS (graduated 11 April 1942). Later awarded Croix de Guerre. No
citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 25 September 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (133 hours 25
minutes), 13 February 1943 to 17 September 1944. Deputy Signals Leader when recommended.

     Since joining this squadron Flight Lieutenant Forman has participated in numerous operational sorties, throughout which he has displayed
     great skill, courage and devotion to duty. By his example of unselfishness and unconquerable spirit of determination to achieve his objective
     this officer has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew. For his outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is
     recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

FORMAN, F/L George William, DFC (J11616) - Croix de Guerre (France) - No.432 Squadron - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Recommended 10 January 1945 by which time he had flown 35 sorties (146:15 hours). No complete record of first five sorties; subsequently had flown 27 April to 6 October 1944. See DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668).

     As Wireless Operator this officer has participated in a large number of sorties both in Germany and against defence installations in occupied
     France. On all occasions his strong sense of devotion to duty and cheerfulness in the face of enemy fire have been largely responsible for the
     efficiency and accuracy with which his crew have completed their attacks.

     For his untiring zeal and intense loyalty this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Croix de Guerre.

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9645 has final text of citation.

     This officer is a wireless operator and he has participated in a large number of sorties against enemy positions, both in France and in
     Germany. On all occasions his devotion to duty, cheerfulness and determination in the face of enemy fire have been largely responsible for
     the accuracy with which his crew have completed their tasks.



FOX, F/O George Albert (J35521) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home Toronto. Enlisted in Toronto 1 September 1942. Bomb Aimer, trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 15 May 1943), No.1 AOS (graduated 2 October 1943) and No.1 BGS (graduated 12 November 1943). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation for a DFC; dated 7 October 1944 when he had flown four sorties (19 hours 20 minutes); recommended with F/O D.B. MacLennan (MiD though put up for DFC), Sergeant P.E. Palmer (MiD though put up for DFM), Sergeant G.O. Duffy (no award, though recommended for DFM) and Sergeant William Bentley (RAF - recommended for DFM, award not known). The pilot, F/L John Adair Woodward, had flown five sorties (20 hours 15 minutes, 3-27 September 1944); he was wounded on run-up but kept control until bombs dropped; collapsed and navigator (F/O C.M. Hay) took controls. Woodward revived on trip home and tried to carry on but was dangerously weakened by loss of blood. From rest compartment he directed, guided and encouraged crew, setting example of calm courage. He had to be restrained from attempting to land the aircraft; his worst wound could not be treated by tourniquet. Woodward recommended for DFC but got nothing. Recommendation for Fox and comrades said:

     On the 27th of September, 1944 these officers and airmen were members of the crew of the aircraft captained by Flight Lieutenant J.A.
     Woodward (J9115). They were detailed to attack Bottrop. Over the target the captain was mortally wounded by enemy fire, and some
     instruments were damaged and two parachutes shot up. Between them they managed to bring the aircraft back to this country and although
     the undercarriage collapsed and the machine caught fire on landing they escaped uninjured and got the captain out with them. Throughout
     this ordeal each member of the crew assisted the others to the utmost extent, unmindful of his own distress and refusing to take the
     opportunity of saving their lives by bailing out. It was an outstanding example of crew co-operation and devotion to their comrade.

     For their courageous action in face of enemy fire, their calmness and devotion to duty under adverse conditions, and for their dogged
     determination to assist their comrade they are recommended for the award of the DFC and DFC respectively. (Immediate).



FRANCE, W/C Kenneth Alan (J7445) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born at Kelowna, British Columbia, 1922; home there (clerk). Enlisted in Vancouver, 7 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated16 May 1941), No.15 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941) and No.11 SFTS (graduated14 September 1941). Commissioned September 1941. Repatriated 30 June 1945. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation compiled by G/C R.A. McLernon, 11 April 1945 when he had flown 25 sorties (141 hours
15 minutes) between 15 September 1944 and 3 April 1945).

     Wing Commander France has completed a very large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany.
     Throughout his tour, he has been an inspiring example of courage and leadership. On all occasions he has displayed a fine offensive spirit
     and has pressed home all his attacks with the greatest determination.

     As a squadron commander, Wing Commander France has led his squadron in an exemplary manner. By his keenness and enthusiasm for
     both operations and training, he has been largely responsible for the great success obtained by his men. It is my considered opinion that such
     a splendid record of outstanding service should be rewarded with an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



FROST, F/O Douglas Patterson (J86102) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23
March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1923 in Winnipeg; home there (accountant). Ex-COTC. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 31 March 1942. Trained
at No.7 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 5 February 1943) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned 1944. No
citation other than

     "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 14 December 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (162 hours 25 minutes), 24 June to 6
December 1944.

     This officer has made thirty-four successful sorties over enemy territory. During these trips he has shown a high degree of skill and has been
     an outstanding captain of aircraft. At all times he has been a keen, willing worker and an inspiring example to other pilots.

     For his airmanship, intense loyalty and splendid record, Flying Officer Frost is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



GALLANT, P/O Joseph Ulysse Edmond (J92680) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette
dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1922 Moncton, N.B. Enlisted 7 January 1941, Moncton, N.B. Trained at No.9 BGS
(graduated 11 February 1944). No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the
utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 27 March 1945 (name given as Joseph
Edmond Ulysse) when he had flown 34 sorties (205 hours 55 minutes), 6 October 1944 to 21 February 1945.

     This officer has completed thirty-four operational sorties over the most heavily defended targets in the Ruhr and Germany as a rear gunner.
     On two separate occasions the aircraft in which he was flying was attacked by enemy fighters, but the fine offensive spirit and actions of this
     gunner saved the crew from probable danger. Pilot Officer Gallant has displayed great coolness and courage which inspired the crew with
     confidence. By his keenness and professional knowledge he has set a splendid example to all gunners in his squadron.

     For his inspiring example, his fine record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



GAULT, F/O Joseph Arthur (J29071) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23
March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born in Moose Jaw, 1921; enlisted 8 May 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 18 December 1942),
No.19 EFTS (graduated 16 April 1943) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the
enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 28 October
1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (127 hours 30 minutes), 25 July to 25 October 1944.

     Throughout his operational career this officer has displayed enthusiasm and keenness for operational flying. He has been an inspiration to
     the members of his crew and has shown a high degree of airmanship and dogged determination, having completed twenty-six successful
     sorties.

     His calm, quiet manner, qualities of leadership and splendid record warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



GRAY, F/O William (J24023) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born in Vancouver, 1915; home there; enlisted there 19 June 1939. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 1 January 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 19 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous
operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557
(RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 17 October 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (164 hours 40 minutes), 8 September 1943 to 14 October 1944.

     This officer has completed a long operational tour most successfully. His trips include Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Dusseldorf, Kiel and
     Duisburg. His co- operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of these operations.

     His splendid record and high degree of technical ability warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



GROULX, FS Ernest (R257869) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 30 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21
December 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Garson, Ontario; enlisted in North Bay, 19 February 1943. Trained at No.3 WS
(graduated 14 November 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 10 March 1943). No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the
course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has
recommendation from W/C K.A. France dated 16 May 1945 when he had flown 28 sorties (176 hours 10 minutes) between 6 November 1944 and 22 April
1945.

     The above mentioned NCO completed twenty-eight successful operational sorties over some of the most heavily defended targets of
     Germany. His outstanding ability and strong sense of duty has been an inspiration to the crew. Flight Sergeant Groulx always displayed
     great presence of mind and gallantry.

     For his courage, tenacity of purpose and cheerful confidence displayed by him, Flight Sergeant Groulx is strongly recommended for an
     award of the Distinguished Flying Medal (Non-Immediate).

NOTE: Most Station Commanders, passing on such recommendations, merely noted their agreement with the squadron CO. In this instance, W/C F.W. Ball (CO,
Station Eastmoor) added, "Flight Sergeant Groulx is an exceptionally keen Air Gunner who has at all times shown ability in the performance of his duties. By his skill,
courage and determination he has extricated his crew from perilous situations..."


HAMILTON, Sergeant (now P/O) John David (R182184/J89337) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1922 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 24 July 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 19 March 1943), No.11 EFTS (graduated 14 May 1943) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 3 September 1943). Commissioned August 1944.

     In September 1944 this airman captained an aircraft detailed to attack Calais. Whilst over the target area considerable anti-aircraft fire was
     encountered. Despite this Sergeant Hamilton was determined to attack his target as accurately as possible. His aircraft was hit several times
     but he maintained a steady bombing run to execute a successful attack. He afterwards flew the damaged bomber to an airfield. Sergeant
     Hamilton set a fine example of tenacity and devotion to duty.



HANCOX, F/O Edgar Ronald (J38752) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 9 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date
and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Born in London, Ontario, 1923; home there (former seaman). Enlisted in London, Ontario, 9 October 1942. Trained at
No.5 ITS (graduated 12 June 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 26 November 1943). Commissioned 1943.

     This officer was the navigator in an aircraft detailed to attack Troisdorf one night in December 1944. After leaving the target the aircraft
     was hit by anti-aircraft fire and sustained serious damage. Flying Officer Hancox was badly wounded in the leg. A tourniquet had to be
     applied to one of his wounds and before this was done Flying Officer Hancox had lost much blood. In spite of this and although in extreme
     pain he navigated the very badly damaged aircraft to an airfield in this country. Flying Officer Hancox displayed the highest standard of
     courage and fortitude. Though sorely distressed his skilful navigation contributed in good measure to the safe return of the aircraft.



HANDKAMER, F/O Paul Joseph (J36228) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 388/46 dated 12 April 1946. Home in Winnieg; enlisted there 1 June 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 20 February 1943), No.7 BGS (graduated 20 August 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 1 October 1943). AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; unit found in McEwen Papers list of recommendations for MiD. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation by W/C J.K. MacDonald dated 16 November 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (118 hours 25 minutes). Recommended with WO A.E. Lawson.

     On the 4th of November, 1944, this officer and airman were members of the crew of an aircraft detailed to attack Essen. While over the
     target the Flight Engineer received severe injuries from "flak". Flying Officer Hamdkamer and Warrant Officer Lawson immediately went to
     the Engineer's aid. Although their efforts to save his life were in vain, due mainly to the fact that he had lost so much blood, they fought
     unceasingly with all means at their disposal to save his life.

     This officer and airman set the highest example of brotherhood and crew loyalty which I recommend be recognized by the award of Mention
     in Despatches (Immediate).



HAY, F/O Colin Maxwell (J39394) - Distinguished Service Order - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Born in Winnipeg; home there (salesman). Enlisted Winnipeg, 29 July 1941. Trained at No.5 AOS (graduated 14
August 1942. Commissioned 1943. Photo PL-40858 shows him.

     One night in September 1944, Flying Officer Hay was the navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack Bottrop. It was his third operational
     mission. Whilst over the target the pilot was severely wounded and lost control of the aircraft which went into a dive. Displaying great
     promptitude, Flying Officer Hay took over the controls and succeeded in levelling out. Although inexperienced as a pilot and despite the fact
     that some of the instruments were unserviceable, he flew the aircraft back ti an airfield and landed it. On touching down the under-carriage
     collapsed and the aircraft caught fire but the crew got clear uninjured. This officer displayed great coolness and resource and was
     undoubtedly responsible for the ultimate safety of his comrades.



HEBERT, F/O Charles Edouard Roger Yvan (J36298) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born in 1914, Maisieville, Quebec; home in Montreal (book keeper). Enlisted Montreal, 7 August 1942). Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 15 May 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned October 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 7 April 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (200 hours 30 minutes),
29 August 1944 to 31 March 1945.

     The above mentioned officer has to his credit thirty-two operational sorties over occupied territory. Included among his targets are Emden,
     Bergen, Stuttgart, Merseburg and Zeitz. On his last sortie Flying Officer Hebert flew with the gaggle leader and displayed outstanding
     navigational ability.

     During a very long tour this officer has at all times set a sterling example of cheerful confidence and devotion to duty. The conscientious
     manner in which he completed every task both on the ground and in the air has been an inspiration to all navigators in the squadron.

     For his outstanding ability and example of zeal and co- operation, Flying Officer Hebert is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non- Immediate).


HEMMING, F/O Cyril George (J35270) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1921, Woodside, New Brunswick; home there (labourer). Enlisted Halifax, 20
September 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 14 February 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 25 April 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 12 September
1942). Commissioned September 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably
displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 10 April 1945 when he
had flown 36 sorties (215 hours 10 minutes), 30 September 1944 to 21 February 1945.

     The above mentioned officer completed thirty-six operational sorties over enemy territory. On several occasions his aircraft was badly
     damaged by flak and was brought back and successfully landed. Flying Officer Hemming displayed outstanding ability as a pilot. His cheerful
     confidence, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of the crew.

     His strong sense of devotion to duty and high degree of ability warrant recognition and Flying Officer Hemming is strongly recommended for
     the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



HENDERSON, P/O Raymond Pennecott (J90879) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette
dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945.Born 1924 in London, Ontario; home there (awning maker); enlisted there, 6 November 1942.
Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 23 December 1943). Commissioned October 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in
the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has
recommendation dated 24 March 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (169 hours 30 minutes) between 3 August and 24 December 1944.

     This officer has shown a high degree of skill as an Air Gunner on his total of thirty-two successful sorties over enemy territory. His
     co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of his crew. His cheerful confidence has inspired all
     Air Gunners in the squadron.

     For his devotion to duty and high degree of ability, Pilot Officer Henderson is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


HENDERSON, F/O Wallace Graham (J37173) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born 1911 in Toronto; home there (accountant); enlisted there 11 August 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS
(graduated 29 May 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 29 October 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against
the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668)
had recommendation dated 13 January 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (161 hours five minutes), 7 August to 24 December 1944.

     During a most successful tour of operational duty, this officer has proved to be a most valuable member of his squadron. He is an
     outstanding navigator and has invariably made the utmost effort to complete his duties. His cheerful confidence and willing co-operation has
     always been apparent in whatever task he was assigned to.

     For his unstinting example, his fine record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



HESS, S/L Clifford Borden (J6720) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 12
November 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Born at Lone Butte, Alberta, 1918; home in Iroquois, Ontario. Enlisted Kingston, 11 November
1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 17 March 1941), No.11 EFTS (graduated 16 May 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 9 August 1941). Staff pilot in
Canada to August 1942. A/S/L, 1943. No citation in AFRO other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill,
fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 19 September 1943 when he had flown 23 sorties (125
hours 30 minutes), 6 February to 30 August 1943.

     Under a calm and quiet manner this officer has shown exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness. During his 23 operational sorties he
     has only once been unsuccessful in not bombing the target. The majority of these trips have been over heavily defended targets in Germany,
     such as Dortmund, Dusseldorf, Krefeld, Mulheim, Wuppertal, Gelsenkircken, Cologne, Hamburg, and Essen. His quiet confidence, which has
     inspired a high standard of morale in his crew, and his co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty warrant a strong recommendation for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



HOLMES, F/L Arthur Peter Rogerson (J25018) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London
Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born in Oporto, Portugal, 1923; home in St. Johns, Newfoundland. Enlisted in
Toronto, 15 November 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 16 April 1943). Commissioned April 1943.

     Flight Lieutenant Holmes has at all times displayed outstanding ability and a high sense of duty. This coupled with his fine navigational skill
     has materially contributed to the successful completion of many missions. In April 1945, during an attack against Montzen, his aircraft was
     badly damaged and he was forced to leave it by parachute. He landed in enemy occupied territory and despite the fact he had forty-eight
     shrapnel wounds in his body he successfully evaded capture for five months and was finally released by the liberating armies. This officer's
     endurance and fine fighting spirit have set an inspiring example to all.

RESEARCH NOTE: Either the date of the above exploit is wrong or the period for which he evaded; a man downed in April 1945 would not have had to evade
capture more than five weeks. Also, he does not appear as an evader in the DLIST register.



HOPKINS, F/O Douglas Bentley (J28985) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated
16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born in Vancouver, 1921; home in Langley Prairie, British Columbia. Enlisted in Vancouver, 20
March 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942), No.2 AOS (graduated 12 March 1943) and No.8 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943).
Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost
fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 28 October 1944 when he had flown 32
sorties (136 hours ten minutes), 27 May to 6 October 1944.

     Flying Officer Hopkins is an above average Air Bomber, who has shown a high degree of skill and courage. This has been demonstrated in
     thirty-two successful sorties over enemy targets. His cheerful disposition, coupled with complete confidence and ability to successfully impart
     his knowledge to others, has been instrumental in developing new crews.

     For his fine record of achievement and strong sense of duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying
     Cross (Non-Immediate).



HORAN, S/L Francis Joseph (J10491) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born in Kenora, Ontario, 1912; home there. Was a storekeeper and bookkeeper prior to
enlistment. Formerly in Royal Canadian Artillery. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 3 May 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 13 September 1941), No.14 EFTS
(graduated 22 November 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Commissioned May 1942. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations
against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24
Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 10 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (191 hours), 27 September 1944 to 31 March 1945.

     The above mentioned officer has had an extensive and useful service career. He flew operationally with No.145 (BR) Squadron on the
     Canadian East Coast for a year prior to coming overseas. He now has to his credit thirty successful operational sorties over Germany.

     In his capacity as Deputy Flight Commander and Flight Commander, his work has at all times been of a high standard. He has inspired all
     crews in the squadron by his example of constancy and coolness at all times.

     For outstanding ability and a keen sense of devotion to duty, Squadron Leader Horan is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non- Immediate).


JACK, S/L Robert Alastair (J12339) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8
December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1922 in Vancouver; home in Powell River, British Columbia (ledger keeper); enlisted Calgary,
31 July 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 5 December 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 13 January 1942) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 19 June 1942). No
citation other than

     "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 9 September 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (131 hours 55 minutes), 18 April to
31 August 1944. Note rank when recommended.

     Flight Lieutenant Jack is a capable and confident captain, whose determination to complete his sorties successfully has been a feature of his
     tour. In his capacity of Flight Commander he has maintained an exceptionally high standard in every branch of activity. His twenty-nine
     sorties have all been successful and include a wide variety of targets.

     For his splendid qualities of leadership, loyalty and an inspiring example to those in his flight, this officer is recommended for the award of
     the Distinguished Flying Cross.



JACQUES, F/L George William (C11201) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also identified as Station Eastmoor) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Enlisted at Camp Borden, 22 May
1930. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served thirteen years in Canada, 18 months
overseas.

     Flight Lieutenant Jacques, as Adjutant of this station, has contributed greatly to its happiness and efficiency. He has at all times worked with
     tireless energy and in so doing has been an inspiration to all serving with or under him. By his cheerfulness and the efficiency of his work, he
     has won the admiration and respect of all members of this station, aircrew and groundcrew alike. The record of Flight Lieutenant Jacques'
     long service career is an exemplary one and he has proved himself in every way to be a very valuable asset to the RCAF.



JEFFERY, F/O Frederick Emmett McGill (J29068) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London
Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 1924 in Vancouver; home there (student); enlisted there 15 July 1942. Trained at
No.2 ITS (graduated 19 December 1942), No.2 EFTS (graduated 19 March 1943) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned August 1943.
No citation other than

     "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 23 November 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (135 hours 40 minutes), 24 July to
18 November 1944.

     This officer has proven himself an outstanding captain of aircraft. Throughout his tour he has displayed great keenness for flying, and his
     willing co-operation has been apparent at all times. His coolness in the face of danger and devotion to duty in completing twenty-six
     successful sorties, is deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



JOHNSTON, F/O Verdun Robert (J27556) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Born 1924, Moorefield, Ontario; home in Toronto; enlisted there 8 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.7 EFTS (graduated 19 February 1943) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other
than

     "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion
     to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 17 October 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (161 hours 50 minutes), 27 May to 26
September 1944.

     During a most successful tour of operational duty, this officer has proved himself a most valuable member of his squadron. He is an
     outstanding operational captain and has invariably made the utmost effort to complete his duties. His cheerful confidence and willing
     co-operation has always been apparent in whatever task he is assigned to.

     For his inspiring example, his fine record of achievement, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying
     Cross (Non-Immediate).


KENDRICK, F/O Reginald Jack (J38387) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 21 September 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11 June 1943), No.7 BGS (graduated2 October 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 12 November 1943). Medal presented 2 May 1948. No citation other than

     "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C K.A. France dated 13 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (197 hours 15
minutes), 1 November 1944 to 8 April 1945.

     The above mentioned officer completed thirty operational sorties over enemy territory. Many of these trips were long and hazardous and on
     several occasions the aircraft was damaged by flak. Throughout his tour this officer has displayed above-average ability as a Bomb Aimer.
     The crew had complete confidence in him. Being the oldest crew member he was a steadying influence and inspired a high standard of morale
     in the crew.

     For outstanding ability and exceptional qualities of coolness and co-operation, Flying Officer Kendrick is strongly recommended for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



KERRY, P/O Ivan Gordon (J92975) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1925 at Strico, Ontario; home in Port Perry, Ontario (labourer); enlisted in Toronto, 22 June 1943. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 25 February 1944). Commissioned November 1944. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty".

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 27 March 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (220 hours 35 minutes) from 28
September 1944 to 12 March 1945.

     This gunner has completed thirty-six sorties over some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany as a rear gunner. This officer could
     have been screened on completion of thirty-four trips, but completed the other two in order to remain with the rest of his crew. Pilot Officer
     Kerry has displayed exceptional keenness and a high standard of professional ability. In his section, the cheerful confidence and strong sense
     of duty shown by him was noticed by all. For his keenness and fine offensive spirit this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non- Immediate).



KIRKHAM, FS Gordon Mertz (R57875) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (identified in AFRO as No.62 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 625/45 dated 12 April 1945. Fitter IIE. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 18 May 1940. DHist file 181.009
D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group HQ, 31 July 1944, when he had served 19 months in Canada, 31 months overseas.

     As NCO in charge of a Servicing Flight, this airman has been instrumental in maintaining the high percentage of serviceable aircraft at this
     unit, mainly due to his skilful direction and personal efforts, infusing a high spirit in the groundcrew under his control.



KRAKOVSKY, F/O Max (J26685) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May
1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1923 at Cobalt, Ontario; home in Toronto (chemist). Enlisted in Toronto, 12 May 1942. Trained at No.6
ITS (graduated 23 October 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 22 January 1943) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1943). Commissioned May 1943. Name
changed to Carson, May 1950. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation dated 16 January 1945 when he had completed 34 sorties (156 hours five minutes), 7 August
to 18 December 1944. Name later changed to Max Carson.

     This officer has completed a lengthy operational tour most successfully. His trips include some of the most difficult targets in Germany. His
     co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of these operations.

     His splendid record and high degree of technical ability warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



KRAKOWSKY, F/O Morris Solomon (J35526) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1921 in Cobalt, Ontario; home in Toronto (aircraft mechanic). Enlisted in Toronto 17 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 7 November 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 21 November when he had flown 31 sorties (147 hours 55 minutes), 1 August to 16
November 1944. Name later changed to Morris Solomon Carson.

     Having completed thirty-one successful sorties over enemy territory, this officer has proven his skill as a most efficient Air Bomber. His
     co-operation, coolness and presence of mind contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his crew. His fine fighting spirit,
     initiative and determination are deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



KROPF, P/O Lorne Edward (J7931) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 February 1943 as per London Gazette dated 5
February 1943 and AFRO 373/43 dated 5 March 1943. Born in Kitchener, Ontario, 1918; home there. Canadian Scots Fusiliers before enlistment. Enlisted in
Hamilton, 30 January 1941. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 14 September 1941) and No.3 BGS (graduated 11 October 1941). NOTE: Flew three sorties with
No.405 Squadron, 8 August to 16 August 1942, shot down, evaded. Later with No.432 Squadron (23 October 1944 to 13 February 1945, 20 sorties, 125 hours 50 minutes).

     As a member of an aircraft crew this officer has displayed great gallantry and determination in attacks against targets in enemy occupied
     territory.



LABARGE, P/O Joseph Andre Roger (J17674) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1943 as per London Gazette
dated 16 November 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Born in Montreal, 1922; home there. Trained at No.3 ITS, No.10 AOS, No.6 BGS
and No.2 ANS. Commissioned 1943. No citation in AFRO other than

     "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 September 1943 when he had flown 30 sorties (151 hours five minutes), 29 January
to 8 September 1943.

     This officer has shown a high degree of skill and initiative. His cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew. Of his
     30 operational sorties, 16 of them have been over heavily defended targets in Germany, such as Essen, Wuppertal, Krefeld, Mulheim,
     Cologne, Hamburg, Frankfurt, and Mannheim. For this fine record of achievement, his outstanding ability and strong sense of duty, this
     officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



LARSON, S/L Gordon Martin (J7438) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1919 at Halborn, Alberta; home in Edmonton; enlisted there 9 January 1941. Served in
Edmonton Fusiliers before joining RCAF. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 8 May 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 13
September 1941). Commissioned 1941. No citation other than

     "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 11 September 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (117 hours 15 minutes), 18 April to
3 September 1944. AFRO gives name (incorrectly) as "Joseph Martin Larson".

     This officer has shown an unconquerable spirit of determination to achieve his objective. On twenty-six trips he has never failed to complete
     his mission successfully. As a Flight Commander his personal ability and instruction has consistently been of the highest order.

     His fine record and untiring efforts in his ground duties warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



LAUZON, F/O Leslie Richard (J19886) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20
February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1922 in Sudbury, Ontario; home in Toronto (stenographer); enlisted there 13 September 1941.
Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 13 February 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 24 April 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 28 August 1942). Commissioned 1944.
Prisoner of War, 12 June 1944.

     Flying Officer Lauzon has proved himself to be a very gallant pilot and captain of aircraft. In June 1944 his aircraft was detailed for an
     attack against Cambrai. On the return flight his bomber was damaged by anti-aircraft fire and fire broke out. Flying Officer Lauzon ordered
     his crew to abandon the aircraft by parachute. All the members did except the mid-upper gunner whose parachute accidentally opened in the
     aircraft. Flying Officer Lauzon told the gunner to try and control the fire but it was impossible. He then offered the gunner his parachute
     which was refused without hesitation. Flying Officer Lauzon attempted an emergency landing. He successfully accomplished this extremely
     difficult feat and he and the gunner escaped from the fiercely burning aircraft uninjured. Flying Officer Lauzon's magnificent courage,
     exceptional skill and devotion to duty are worthy of the highest praise.



LAWRENSON, F/O Ralph Ellwood (J21377) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette
dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1915 in Manitoba; home in Pathlaw, Saskatchewan or Kelvington; enlisted Saskatoon,
25 September 1941 . Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 22 May 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 14 August 1942) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 4 December 1942).
Commissioned 1942. Invested 17 May 1948. No citation other than

     "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 August 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (136 hours 15 minutes), 20 April
to 7 August 1944.

     Throughout his operational career this officer has displayed enthusiasm and keenness for operational flying. He has been an inspiration to
     the members of his crew and at all times has shown a high degree of airmanship and dogged determination, having completed twenty-nine
     successful sorties.

     His calm, quiet manner, qualities of leadership and splendid record warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross.



LAWSON, WO1 (now P/O) Arthur Edward (R164656/J91190) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 21 May 1942. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 1 June 1943) and No.6 BGS (graduated 1 August 1943). AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; unit found in McEwen Papers list of recommendations for MiD. DHist file
181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation by W/C J.K. MacDonald dated 16 November 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (140 hours five
minutes). Recommended with F/O P.J. Handkamer (which see for text).



LOWE, S/L Allister Duncan Ross (C1477) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1915 in Springhill, Nova Scotia; home in Calgary. Educated two years at University of
Alberta; served three years as a Militia Trooper, two years as Militia Lieutenant. Field engineer in civil life. Enlisted in Calgary, 6 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS
(graduated 20 July 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 15 September 1940) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 20 December 1942). Commissioned 1941. Awarded Queen's
Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while commanding (as Wing Commander) No.418 (Auxiliary) Squadron. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty".

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation undated (about 30 July 1944) when he had flown 27 sorties (135 hours ten minutes), 25
February to 25 July 1944.

     Squadron Leader Lowe is a capable and confident captain whose determination to complete his sorties successfully has been a feature of his
     tour. In his capacity of Flight Commander he has maintained an exceptionally high standard in every branch of activity. His 27 sorties have
     been over a wide variety of targets, including some of the most heavily defended in Germany.

     For his splendid qualities of leadership, loyalty and an inspiring example to those in his flight, this officer is recommended for the award of
     the Distinguished Flying Cross.


LYBBERT, F/O Daniel Harden (J24246) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1917 in Glenwoodville, Alberta; home there (butcher); enlisted Calgary 11 April 1942.
Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942) and No.3 AOS (graduated 5 March 1943). Commissioned1943. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 July 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (147 hours 20 minutes), 13 March to 9
August 1944.

     Flying Officer Lybbert is an above average navigator who has always shown a high degree of skill and courage. This has been demonstrated
     in thirty-one successful sorties over many targets. His cheerful disposition, coupled with complete confidence and ability to successfully
     impart his knowledge to others, has been instrumental in developing new crews.

     For his fine record of achievement, intense loyalty and strong sense of duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross.



LYNK, WO (now P/O) John Henry (R104429/C87843) - Mention in Despatches - No.22 Operational Training Unit - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in Canning, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax 28 September 1941. No citation in AFRO. Recommended for MiD, 21 July 1944 when he was an air gunner with No.432 Squadron. Recommendation noted that he had completed 31 1/2 sorties

     "in which he has displayed much ability and skill as an air gunner. Both in the air and on the ground his work is of a consistently high
     standard. He is a most valuable crew member and has set an example for all other gunners of the squadron."



LYNN, F/O John Patrick (J25705) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May
1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born in Capreol, Ontario; home in Ashdod or Mount St.Patrick, Ontario (student); enlisted Ottawa 2 May 1942.
Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 18 December 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 7 March 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 20 April 1943). Commissioned April
1943. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 13 December 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (175 hours 55 minutes), 22 March to
13 September 1944.

     Having completed thirty-seven successful sorties over enemy territory, this officer has proven his skill as a most efficient Air Bomber. His
     co-operation, coolness and presence of mind contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his crew. His fine fighting spirit,
     initiative and determination are deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



MacDONALD, W/C John Kennedy Francis (C890) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.6 Group (now No.432 Squadron) - Award effective 19 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born 5 January 1917 in Antigonish, Nova Scotia; home there. Enlisted and
commissioned in Halifax, 7 November 1938. Trained at Trenton and Camp Borden, 1938-1939. To No.10 (BR) Squadron, November 1939 (Canteen Officer).
On course at Trenton, February to May 1940. With No.8 (BR) Squadron, May 1940 to December 1942 holding down such diverse tasks as Flight Training
Officer, Photo Officer, and detachment commander. During this time he rose from Flying Officer to Squadron Leader. To No.149 (TB) Squadron, December 1942.
To Halifax, May 1943, reporting in UK, June 1943. Further trained at No.18 (P) AFU (Oxfords, 1 October 1943 to 1 January 1944), No.23 OTU (Wellingtons, 1
January to 28 February 1944), and No.1659 HCU (Halifaxes, 28 February to 29 April 1944). Reported to No.432 Squadron, April 1944 to become familiarized
with bomber operations, commencing operations on 29 April 1944. To No.432 Squadron as Wing Commander and CO, 30 May 1944. Shot down by night
fighter, 26/27 July 1944, evaded, regaining Allied lines on 14 August 1944; returned to UK, 20 August 1944. To No.6 Group Headquarters, September 1944.
Although entitled to leave in Canada, he declined this for early return to operations. There being nothing in his escape that prevented this, he was returned to No.432
Squadron, October 1944, continuing on operations until February 1945 when he was appointed Base Operations Officer, No.63 Base, and subsequently CO
Station Middleton St.George. To Canada, July 1945. DFC presented 2 November 1946. Remained in postwar RCAF; reverting from Group Captain to Wing
Commander. At No.2 Air Command, Winnipeg, November 1945 to March 1947. Attended RCAF Staff College. In September 1947 he was posted to North
West Air Command Headquarters, Edmonton (Staff Officer Personnel Administration). To Station Sea Island, May 1949. To NWAC as Staff Officer Selection and
Manning, July 1949. To Air Transport Command Headquarters, Rockcliffe, July 1950; to Station Lachine as CO, March 1951; to No.426 Squadron as CO,
March 1951 to August 1952. Promoted to Group Captain; to No.1 Air Division, August 1952; to AFHQ (Director Air Plans and Programmes), December 1952 to
February 1956 when he was took refresher flying training at Station Chatham. To No.3 (F) Wing, Zweibrucken, April 1956 to July 1960. AFHQ (Director of Air
Policy), July 1960 to September 1963. Attended National Defence College, Kingston. To AFHQ (Director, Senior Appointments, Air Force), July 1964 to July
1965. Promoted to Air Commodore and assigned supervisory duties over training. To Training Command Headquarters, Winnipeg, January 1966 (Chief of Staff
Support Services); to Maritime Command Headquarters, January 1967 (Commander, Maritime Operation Test and Evaluation Unit); Commenced released
proceedings, May 196; honourably released, January 1970. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 6 November 1953. No citation other than that in air operations
he had "displayed outstanding bravery, fortitude and devotion to duty, setting an example of a high order." DHist file 181.009 D.1513 (RG.24 Vol.20600) has
recommendation for immediate award dated 19 November 1944 when he had flown 22 sorties (98 hours 55 minutes).

     On the night of 25/26 of July 1944, while flying on a bombing mission to Stuttgart, Wing Commander MacDonald and crew were attacked by
     an enemy fighter over France. Their aircraft was set on fire and the flying controls were so badly damaged that the aircraft was almost
     unmanageable. Wing Commander MacDonald, by superb pilotage, and despite intense heat from the fire, managed to keep the aircraft on an
     even keel before his crew took to their parachutes.

     Before this operation, Wing Commander MacDonald has flown many sorties against some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets. He
     has led his squadron in an exemplary manner and has won, by his inspiring leadership, the confidence and great respect of all personnel
     associated with him.

     After skilfully evading the enemy in France, he returned to this country. Waiving aside home leave, he elected to continue with his tour
     immediately. He is now once again commanding his old squadron and, as its commander, is an inspiring example and the personification of
     leadership and spirit.



MACKERROW, F/O Robert East (J36233) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Born 1915 in Toronto; home in Kleinburg, Ontario (lawyer); enlisted in Toronto, 20 February 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 26 September 1942), No.13 EFTS, No.3 AOS (graduated 12 April 1943) and No.8 BGS (graduated 21 August 1943). Commissioned
October 1943. DFC sent by registered mail, 21 December 1949. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725
(PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group Headquarters, 3 February 1945.

     On all operational sorties this officer, in his capacity as Air Bomber, has displayed skilful airmanship and rendered meritorious service. The
     Air Bombers in the squadron have been inspired by his calm and quiet manner and fine offensive spirit in action.

MACKERROW, F/O Robert East (J36233) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. No citation, "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 May 1945 when he had flown 29 sorties (185 hours 50 minutes) between 6 October 1944 and 31 March 1945.

     As Air Bomber, this officer has completed twenty-nine successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Throughout, he has displayed the
     greatest keenness and his example of courage and determination has been of a high order. For his outstanding record of achievement and
     devotion to duty, Flying Officer MacKerrow is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



MacLENNAN, F/O David Bruce (J39392) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Upper Montague, Prince Edward Island; enlisted in Charlottetown, 30 December 1940. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 23 December 1941). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation for a Non-Immediate DFC dated 7 February 1945 when he had flown 13 sorties (76 hours 10 minutes), 25 September 1944 to 16 January 1945.

     This officer has completed thirteen operational sorties over enemy territory after having qualified for the award of the Operational Wing by
     completing 165 operational sorties with a coastal squadron in Canada.

     Flying Officer MacLennan has displayed outstanding ability. His co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure
     to the success of these operations.

     His splendid record and outstanding ability warrant a strong recommendation for the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

However, it is far more likely that his MiD came about through a recommendation submitted on 9 October 1944 for a specific act of gallantry (see F/O G.A. Fox for
details).


MADDOCK, P/O Douglas Beverly (J85614) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1918 in Shellbrook, Saskatchewan; home there; enlisted in Saskatoon, 30 October 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 28 August 1942) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 15 January 1943). Commissioned 1944. Medal sent by registered mail 1950. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 9 September 1944 when he had flown 34 1/2 sorties (193 hours 34 minutes), 2 October 1943 to 28 July 1944.

     Under a calm and quiet manner this officer has always maintained a fine offensive spirit in action which has inspired confidence in his crew
     and other crews in his flight. Eleven of his thirty-four and a half trips have been over some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets,
     such as Berlin, Schweinfurt, Stuttgart (twice), Frankfurt, Essen (twice), Nuremburg and Hamburg. His fine spirit of co-operation and
     devotion to duty warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



MAGUIRE, P/O John Norman (J94106) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1924 in Toronto; home there (clerk); enlisted there 14 January 1943. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 26 November 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 12 March 1944). Presented 22 June 1949.

     In November 1944, during an attack on Dusseldorf, the aircraft in which Pilot Officer Maguire was rear gunner was attacked by enemy
     fighters. By his alertness and timely warnings he enabled his pilot to evade all attacks successfully. This officer has consistently displayed
     courage and devotion to duty of a high order.



MARCUS, FS (now P/O) Norman (R161644/J92470) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. WOPAG. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 27 April 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). WOPAG. DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation drafted by W/C J.K. MacDonald (CO, No.432 Squadron) dated 2 October 1944 for Marcus, Ranson, Stokx, Walker, Wyers, and 1890323 FS Eric Arthur Slaughter (RAF Flight Engineer).

     On September 26th, 1944, these NCOs were members of a crew detailed to attack Calais. The enemy put up effective anti-aircraft fire before
     and after the actual attack. Their aircraft was badly damaged and difficult to control, but as the Flight Engineer had his parachute shot to
     pieces it was decided that they would fight it out and stay with the ship. The effort against great odds was successful and each member of the
     crew proved to be courageous and skilful in his duties under these adverse conditions. For their dogged determination, devotion to duty and
     to their fellow crew members they are strongly recommended for an award of Mention in Despatches.



MARQUIS, LAC Joseph Fortunat Jean Marie (R63837) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also identified as Station Eastmoor) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Rimouski, Quebec; enlisted there 5 September 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 30 months in Canada, 21 months overseas. Fitter IIE.

This airman by his willingness to work hard without stint to complete even the most difficult job has set a high example to all the other airmen in his section. He is
constantly trying out new schemes in his own time to improve the standard of work in his trade and is encouraging his fellow airmen by his outstanding devotion to
duty.


Marshal, LAC William Edward (R12020A) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also identified with Station Eastmoor) - Award effective 14 June
1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Home in Regina; enlisted there 17 December 1936. Re-enlisted 15
August 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 18 months in Canada, 21
months overseas. Fitter IIE.

     This airman has spared neither time nor effort to do an excellent job of work. By his cheerfulness under all circumstances and high sense of
     duty to his section, he has encouraged his comrades to greater efforts.


MAY, F/O John Walter (J16246) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14
November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1910 in Edmonton; home in Vancouver (cashier); enlisted in Edmonton, 11 October 1940.
Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 March 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 23 June 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 4 August 1941) and No..1 ANS (graduated 1
September 1941). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented 22 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course
of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation
dated 12 August 1944 when he had flown 47 sorties (271 hours 25 minutes). First tour was 29 May 1942 to 16 February 1943 (26 1/2 trips - the half trip was
likely an abandoned sortie to Hamburg, 15 October 1942). Second tour was 24 July 1943 to 27 May 1944 (20 1/2 trips - actually 22 sorties of which three were
sea searches).

     Flying Officer May started his operational career in May 1942 and has now twenty and one-half trips on his second tour. His wide variety of
     targets include some of the enemy's most heavily defended, such as Essen, Cologne, Kiel, Stuttgart, Mannheim, along with many mine-laying
     sorties and objectives in France. During his long tour of duty, his loyalty, keenness and fighting spirit has never wavered. A most skilful
     navigator, this officer's cheerful confidence and devotion to duty have always merited the highest praise. He is strongly recommended for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


McCOY, F/L Daniel Albert (J35656) - Croix de Guerre with Silver Star (France) - No.432 Squadron - Award as per Canada Gazette dated 20 September
1947 and AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation for a Military Cross, dated 1 December
1944. He had flown 14 sorties (89 hours 10 minutes), 14 January to 26 April 1944. Text is as follows:

     This officer was a member of a crew which successfully bombed the Marshaling yards at Montsen on the night of 27th April 1944. After
     leaving the target area he was ordered to abandon aircraft as a result of an enemy fighter attack. Although injured on landing, showing
     strong fortitude and exceptional resourcefulness, he evaded capture and obtained civilian clothing with the aid of patriots. On finding return
     to England to continue his operational flying was not possible, with outstanding tenacity of purpose and commendable sense of duty he
     learned to speak their language and joined a section of the patriot army. Flying Officer McCoy set such a fine example of sustained courage
     and unusual initiative in organizing, in obtaining supplies and recruits, and in executing raids against the enemy that he was made assistant
     to the Commanding Officer and later took temporary command of the unit. He took part in many acts of sabotage and raids against the
     enemy, inflicting numerous casualties and impeding their movements. On the approach of the Allied Army, with complete disregard for
     personal danger, he contacted them and supplied valuable information concerning German troop concentrations, and with praiseworthy
     determination rejoined the patriot unit and fearlessly engaged in taking as prisoners a large number of German troops concentrated in a
     wood. For such gallant, outstanding and distinguished service in action on the ground, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of
     the Military Cross (Immediate).



McGILL, FS (now P/O) John Edward (R218209/J94755) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per
London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1923 in Saskatoon. Home in Vancouver or Saskatoon,
Saskatchewan (mechanic); enlisted Saskatoon, 14 April 1943. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 11 February 1944). Commissioned April 1943. No citation other
than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."
DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 16 April 1945 when he had completed 31 sorties (201 hours five minutes) between 27
November 1944 and 10 April 1945. DFM sent by registered mail.

     The above mentioned NCO has completed thirty-one operational sorties over enemy territory; many of the targets were heavily defended and
     a number of the sorties were long and arduous.

     This NCO displayed outstanding co-operation, coolness and force of character. He was an inspiration to the remainder of the crew and they
     all had complete confidence in him.

     For his outstanding ability and cheerful confidence, Flight Sergeant McGill is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Medal (Non-Immediate).



McGUIRE, F/O Lorne Francis (J89084) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25
May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1922 in Montreal; home there (student, ex-COTC); enlisted there 30 June 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS
(graduated 30 December 1942), No.23 EFTS (graduated 2 April 1943) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned July 1944. No citation other
than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."
DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation dated 17 February 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (186 hours 50 minutes), 25 August
1944 to 28 January 1945.

     This officer has completed thirty-two successful operational sorties over enemy territory. During this tour he has proved to be a most
     valuable member of his squadron. His fine record of achievement, exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness have set a fine example to
     his crew.

     For his devotion to duty and high degree of ability Flying Officer McGuire is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



McINNES, P/O Arthur Donald (J92682) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Bon 1918 in Hamwell, England; home in Toronto (labourer); enlisted there, 5 November 1941. Trained at
No.2 WS (graduated 1 January 1943) and No.1 BGS (graduated 8 February 1943). Commissioned November 1944. Recommended 25 March 1945 when he
had completed 34 sorties (195 hours 50 minutes) between 17 September 1944 and 27 February 1945; tour included two trips to Duisburg on 14 October 1944.
The incident described below appears to have been on the night of 14/15 January 1945 during a raid on Grevenbroich when two blips appeared on Fishpond. One
was identified as a Halifax. Then a third blip turned up on port beam, 400-600 yards distant. He warned of its presence just as it moved into Fishpond's blind spot.
The enemy opened fire, scoring a hit on H2S which was rendered unserviceable. He called out evasive action, although aircraft hit again in starboard wing. DFC
presented 1 December 1948.

     This officer has always displayed outstanding zeal and courage in the execution of air operations. On one occasion in January 1945 his
     aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter soon after leaving base. Pilot Officer McInnes' prompt commentary enabled his pilot to take
     immediate action to evade the attack, undoubtedly saving the aircraft from complete destruction. On a large number of other missions this
     officer has displayed outstanding determination and courage.



McINTOSH, P/O James Alexander (J19308) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron- Award effective 22 January 1944 as per London Gazette
dated 4 February 1944 and AFRO 766/44 dated 6 April 1944. Born in Revelstoke, British Columbia; home there. Served in Revelstoke Militia as private. Enlisted
in Calgary, 18 November 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 5
February 1943). Commissioned 1943. Shot down and taken prisoner, 24 March 1944. DFC presented 29 January 1947.

     One night in January 1944, this officer piloted an aircraft which attacked Berlin. Soon after the bombs had been released the aircraft was
     attacked by a fighter. The enemy aircraft was shot down, however, but not before the bomber sustained extensive damage. The elevator was
     hit causing the aircraft to do into a steep dive. Considerable height was lost before Pilot Officer McIntosh regained control. It was extremely
     hard to obtain any altitude, but Pilot Officer McIntosh succeeded in reaching an airfield where he effected a safe landing, although one wheel
     of the aircraft had been smashed. This officer displayed praiseworthy skill, courage and determination.



McKAY, W/C William Arthur (J15175) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 11 April 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21
April 1944 and AFRO 1075/44 dated 19 May 1944. Born 1919 in Edmonton; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 26 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS
(graduated 31 October 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 22 December 1940) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 17 March 1941). Commissioned 1942. Presented 26
September 1944. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to
duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1513 (RG.24 Vol.20600) has recommendation for an immediate DFC dated 22 January 1944. He had flown 30 sorties (174 hours 15
minutes). First tour was 24 July 1941 to 5 April 1942 (22 trips, 124 hours 45 minutes); second tour to date was eight sorties (49 hours 30 minutes), 30 May 1942
to 26 November 1943 (but no sorties between 31 July 1942 and 30 January 1943, and again none from 30 January 1943 to 22 June 1943, or 24 July 1943 to 26
November 1943).



McKAY, F/O William Hugh (J18054) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1822/45 dated 7 December 1945. Born 1921 in Toronto; home there (student); enlisted there 17 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 December 1940), No.1 WS (graduated 26 May 1941) and No.4 BGS (graduated 24 June 1941). Commissioned July 1943. Medal sent by
registered mail, 9 December 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed
the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C K.A. France dated 16 April
1945 when he had flown 12 sorties (78 hours 30 minutes) on a second tour lasting 8 March to 10 April 1945.

     The above-mentioned officer has completed twelve operational sorties with this squadron on his second tour. During a very long tour this
     officer has displayed exceptional coolness and above average ability as a Wireless Operator.

     Many of the sorties in which this officer has participated have been long and hazardous but he has always met and surmounted every
     difficulty. His skill and exceptional tenacity of purpose have inspired the crew and has been an example to all wireless operators in this
     squadron.

     For his keenness and fine offensive spirit, Flying Officer McKay is strongly recommended for an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



McLEOD, WO1 (now P/O) Douglas Ian (R161134/J89333) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per
London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1923 in Orillia, Ontario; home in Hawkstone, Ontario; enlisted in
Hamilton, 6 April 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 5 February 1943). Commissioned 1944. Medal sent by
registered mail 10 March 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the
utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Vol.20603) has recommendation dated 13 August 1944 when he had flown 31
sorties (139 hours 45 minutes), 25 November 1943 to 7 August 1944.

     Warrant Officer McLeod is an above average navigator whose unerring skill has contributed in a large way to the success achieved on many
     sorties, including attacks on Stuttgart (twice), Frankfurt, Essen (twice) and Nuremburg. His cheerful disposition, alertness and strong sense
     of duty in his work has been apparent at all times. Warrant Officer McLeod's splendid record and devotion to duty is deserving of the award
     of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


MEADEN, P/O William Harold David (J18290) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette
dated 30 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born in Edmonton, 8 October 1922; enlisted there 1 September 1941. Trained at No.8 BGS
(graduated 2 March 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 4 January 1942). Commissioned 1943; promoted to Flying Officer, December 1943. Instructed at an OTU
after his tour. In postwar commercial aviation (Hamilton and Yukon), 1945 to 1948, after which he rejoined the RCAF. No citation other than "completed...many
successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has
recommendation dated 16 March 1944 when he had flown 27 1/2 sorties (167 hours 23 minutes), 10 March 1943 to 30 January 1944.

     This officer has shown an unconquerable spirit of determination to achieve his objective. The majority of his many operational sorties have
     been over heavily defended areas, including five against Berlin, and his coolness and his unusual initiative have won him the respect of his
     crew and the whole squadron.

     For his exceptional qualities of leadership, for his coolness in face of danger, for his spirit of determination and devotion to duty, this officer
     is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



MEHLENBACHER, LAC Clarence Melvin (R145659) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also identified with Station Eastmoor) - Award effective
14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Selkirk, Manitoba; enlisted in Hamilton, 6 December
1941. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 15 months in Canada, 21 months
overseas. Fitter IIE.

     This airman has always been foremost in working hard even at the most difficult job. His cheerful acceptance of extra work and his skill in
     the execution of it has fostered an excellent spirit among his fellows.


METCALFE, FS Walter Phillip (R163206) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1924 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 7 October 1942. Sea Cadet, 1939-1941. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943. Later commissioned (J90998). Medal presented 9 April 1948. No citation - "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Vol.20603) has recommendation dated 9 September 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (176 hours 30 minutes), 13 March to 15 August 1944.

     An above average and very efficient Air Gunner who has completed thirty-seven successful trips. During this long tour of duty, Flight
     Sergeant Metcalfe proved to be a most valuable member of this squadron. His will co- operation and helpfulness to other gunners has been
     noticeable on many occasions. For his airmanship, skill and untiring efforts, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the
     award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.



MILLER, F/O Carl Raymond Duncan (J24480) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1918 in Devlin, Ontario; home in Saskatoon; enlisted in Winnipeg, 24 November 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS, No.6 BGS (graduated 23 October 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 19 March 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal sent by registered mail 7 June 1950. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 9 September 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (139 hours 56 minutes), 10 April 1944 to early September 1944 (page torn; last target was Emden).

     Flying Officer Miller has shown a high degree of skill as a navigator. He has made thirty-two operational sorties over a wide variety of
     targets, all of which have been successful in bombing the target. He has inspired a high standard of morale in both his crew and fellow
     navigators. His unconquerable spirit of determination and success in achieving his objective coupled with his unfailing devotion to duty
     warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



MILLER, S/L Wilmer Earl (J8654) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 4
December and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946. Born in Hagersville, Ontario, 1917; home there (Department of Highways employee); enlisted in Hamilton, 20
December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 1 July 1941), No.15 EFTS (graduated 20 August 1941), and No.11 SFTS (graduated 6 November 1941).
Commissioned November 1941. Medal presented 9 April 1948. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in which [he has]
invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 May 1945
when he had flown 27 sorties (179 hours five minutes) between 23 October 1944 and 13 April 1945.

     The above mentioned officer has completed twenty-seven operational sorties over some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany as
     captain of aircraft. In his capacity as Flight Commander his work has at all times been of a high standard. His cheerful confidence and
     courage has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew and has been an inspiration to those associated with the squadron.



MILLS, F/O Ross Allison (J27429) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May
1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1919 in Chatham, Ontario; home there. (grinder); enlisted in Windsor, 21 April 1942. Formerly in Royal
Canadian Artillery. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 23 October 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 14 May 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943).
Commissioned June 1943. Medal presented 14 June 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he
has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation dated 16
January 1945 when he had completed 34 sorties (156 hours five minutes), 27 April to 27 November 1944.

     As Air Bomber, this officer has completed thirty-four successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Throughout, he has displayed the
     greatest keenness and his example of courage and determination has been of a high order.

     For his outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



MULDOWNEY, F/O William George (J28861) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1918 in Toronto; home there (metal polisher; ex-Royal Canadian Artillery); enlisted there 31 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 20 March 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned August 1943. Medal presented in Toronto 30
November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage
and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 December 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (139 hours 40
minutes), 3 September to 27 November 1944.

     As navigator, this officer has completed twenty-seven successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Throughout, he has displayed the
     greatest keenness and his example of courage and determination has been of a high order.

     For his outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



MYERS, F/O Clyde Vincent (J27470) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1915 in Halifax; home there (teacher); enlisted there 16 May 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS
(graduated 1 January 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to
duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 13 September 1944 when he
had flown 31 sorties (148 hours five minutes), 31 May to 12 September 1944. DFC sent by registered mail, 30 March 1949.

     Having completed thirty-one successful sorties over enemy territory, this officer has proven his skill as a most efficient navigator. His
     co-operation, coolness and presence of mind contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his crew.

     For his outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying
     Cross.



O'GORMAN, F/O John Francis (J26089) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1918 in Perth, Ontario; home there; enlisted in Ottawa, 18 May 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 23 October 1942), No.6 BGS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 5 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 21 May 1949. No citation other than

     "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 12 September 1944 when he had flown 32 1/2 sorties (186 hours 25 minutes), 2
September 1943 to 4 August 1944; the half-trip was a sea search on 24 November 1943.

     This officer has completed a long operational tour most successfully. His trips include Berlin (eight), Hanover, Frankfurt (twice), Stettin,
     Brunswick, Magdeburg, Stuttgart (twice). His co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of
     these operations. Flying Officer O'Gorman's cheerful confidence, reflected in the high standard of morale in his crew, has inspired the whole
     unit.

     For his splendid record and high degree of technical ability, this officer is recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.



PAINTER, WO1 Charles Edward (Can 1980) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.432 Squadron, Eastmoor (AFRO says only "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 21 November 1934. No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 30 April 1945, noting that he was a Master Mechanic who had enlisted 21 November 1934 and had been in UK one year. Medal presented by Governor General, 10 December 1947.

     This Warrant Officer has a very enviable record as Master Mechanic in charge of the Daily Servicing of No.432 Squadron. His effective
     application of excellent technical knowledge and outstanding supervisory ability has caused the high standard of serviceability of his
     squadron aircraft to be maintained. His work has contributed, in no small measure, to permitting the squadron to carry on continuous
     operational and training activities. Due to his valuable trade qualifications and the interest and support given by him in all squadron
     activities, I recommend that he be awarded the "Member of the British Empire".



PALMER, Sergeant (now F/O) Phillip Edward (R197195/J92715) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per
London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Eden, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario, 23 October 1941. Trained at No.9
BGS (graduated 14 January 1944). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). See
F/O G.A. Fox (above) for details.



PANZER, F/O Leon (J27423) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (identified only as "Overseas" in AFRO) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per
London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 4 May 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 6
February 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 9 July 1943). DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 2 December 1944, indicating
he had flown on only one sortie.

     Flying Officer Panzer was forced to bale out over enemy territory on returning from a raid over Haine St.Pierre on the night of May 9th,
     1944, and displayed outstanding initiative in evading capture for an extended period. On being betrayed, taken prisoner, and treated as a
     saboteur he conducted himself in a highly commendable manner. For his devotion to duty and unwavering loyalty under adverse
     circumstances it is recommended this officer be Mentioned in Despatches (Immediate).



PATTERSON, F/O John Purcell (J19724) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1921 at Thorndale, Ontario; home in Oshawa (mechanic); enlisted in Toronto, 3 February 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 22 August 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 2 April 1943).
Commissioned 1944. Medal sent by registered mail. No citation other than

     "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 August 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (143 hours 40 minutes), 22 March to 9
August 1944. P/O, acting F/O at time.

     Throughout his tour of operational duty Pilot Officer Patterson has been an outstanding captain of aircraft, never failing to carry out his
     mission successfully. His twenty-nine successful sorties have been over a wide variety of targets in Germany and France. His cheerful
     confidence and keen aggressive spirit have made him stand out among his fellow pilots and help to maintain a very high standard of morale.

     For his splendid record and outstanding ability, the officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



PATTERSON, F/L Norman Edward (C35269) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 30 October 1945 as per London Gazette
dated 6 November 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born 1920 in Toronto; home in Welland, Ontario (steel inspector); enlisted in Hamilton, 28
May 1941. Commissioned September 1943. In RAF (No.52 Squadron, Singapore) as of 1949. No citation other than

     "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to
     duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 May 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (217 hours 40 minutes) between 25
September 1944 and 12 March 1945.

     The above-mentioned officer completed thirty-six operational sorties over enemy territory. Most of the targets were heavily defended and
     included Duisburg, Hanover, Wanne Eickel. During his tour Flight Lieutenant Patterson proved himself to be an outstanding member of a
     gallant crew. For his fine record of achievement and outstanding ability, Flight Lieutenant Patterson is strongly recommended for an award
     of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



PENNY, FS Douglas Richard (R163541) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 26 September 1944 as per London Gazette of
that date and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born 1923; home at Abernethy, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 23 April 1942. Trained at No.2 WS
(graduated 29 March 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 14 May 1943). Medal presented 2 November 1946.

     As rear gunner this airman has participated in very many sorties, most of which were against targets in Germany. He is a fearless and
     efficient member of aircraft crew whose devotion to duty has been unfailing. One night in July 1944, when returning from Hamburg, his
     aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88. In the ensuing fight his excellent evading directions and good shooting assisted in the destruction of
     the enemy fighter.



PETTIT, S/L Maurice William, DFC (J16060) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London
Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Recommended 28 July 1944 when he had flown 46 sorties (258 hours 25 minutes),
including 20 sorties since the DFC. Tours had been from 10 September 1942 to 11 March 1943 (26 trips, 155 hours 50 minutes) and 18 March to 24 July 1944
(20 sorties, 102 hours 35 minutes). An ink notation added one more sortie on 1 August 1944 (3 hours 30 minutes).

     Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Squadron Leader Pettit has completed many attacks on heavily defended targets. He has
     displayed outstanding qualities of courage, skill and determination. His operational record during both of his tours has set an inspiring
     example to all the members of the squadron.



PHELPS, AC1 Thomas James (R166974) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also given as Station Eastmoor) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 19 June 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 has
recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served nine months in Canada, 21 months overseas. Airframe Mechanic.

     AC1 Phelps has always set an excellent example to all his comrades in his unfailing sense of responsibility to his section. He has worked
     without thought of personal activities to complete any job in an efficient and cheerful manner in spite of adverse circumstances.



PHILLIPS, P/O Gerald Irwin (J19065) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 11 April 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944 and AFRO 1075/44 dated 19 May 1944. Born 1918 in Selkirk, Manitoba; home there; enlisted in Winnipeg, 28 June 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 May 1942) and No.3 AOS (graduated 14 September 1942). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 30 October 1948. No citation other than

     "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 20 January 1944 when he had flown 25 1/2 trips (154 hours two minutes), 16 May
1943 to 14 January 1944.

     This officer has completed 25 1/2 successful operational sorties, sixteen of which have been over strongly defended targets in Germany. He
     has proven himself to be an outstanding navigator and an inspiration to the members of his crew. On all occasions he has shown outstanding
     fortitude and skill and has cheerfully filled every assignment given to him.

     For his fine record of achievement, his superb leadership and his devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross.



PLOMMER, F/O Robert De Lorme (J23469) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born in Princeton, British Columbia; home in Vancouver; served in COTC; enlistedVancouver 29 September 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 19 June 1942), No.6 EFTS (ceased training 9 October 1942) and No.7 AOS (graduated 5 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 29 January 1947. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he
has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 June 1944 when he
had flown 27 sorties (153 hours 40 minutes), 20 January to 14 June 1944.

     This officer has shown a high degree of skill as a navigator on his total of 27 trips over enemy territory without failing to complete a mission
     successfully. The majority of these trips have been over heavily defended targets in Germany, including Berlin (five times), Frankfurt, Essen,
     Dusseldorf, Stettin, Stuttgart, Schweinfurt, Magdeburg and Brunswick. His co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large
     measure to the success of these operations. His cheerful confidence, reflected in the high standard of morale in his crew, has inspired the
     whole unit. For his devotion to duty and high degree of navigational ability, this officer is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying
     Cross.



POTTER, F/O Aurele Louis (J87033) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1924 in Saint John, new Brunswick; home there (bank clerk, formerly in Royal Canadian Artillery); enlisted Moncton, 29 May 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 26 March 1943), No.12 EFTS (graduated 12 June 1943) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned June 1944. Award presented in Toronto, 30 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the
enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24
Vol.20668) had recommendation dated 16 February 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (189 hours 20 minutes), 1 August 1944 (check date, target was La
Hogue) to 14 February 1945.

     At 1155 hours on the 24th December 1944, the above mentioned took off on a daylight sortie. Shortly after leaving Base, trouble was
     experienced with the port inner engine. The engine cut out altogether over the Channel, but was successfully feathered. The pilot pressed on,
     but due to adverse winds, it was impossible to keep up with the stream. Height could not be maintained, and the aircraft dropped to 11,000
     feet. The pilot approached to within fifteen miles of the target (Dusseldorf) but the whole stream had by now passed over. Believing it was
     suicide to attack Dusseldorf, Flying Officer Potter veered to port, identified a town as Krefeld and bombed the Marshaling yards and railway
     lines.

     For his display of sustained courage and unusual initiative, his coolness and devotion to duty resulting in the success of this operational
     flight, Flying Officer Potter is most strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



POTTS, F/O Ralph Maxwell (J26299) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1919 in Toronto; home there (assistant purchasing agent); enlisted Toronto, 15 December
1941. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.7 BGS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award presented in Toronto
22 June 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file
181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 17 September 1944 when he had flown 35 1/2 sorties; the half- trip is a sea search on 25
November 1943; all others are from 1 March to 15 September 1944.

     As Air Bomber, this officer has completed thirty-five and a half successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Throughout, he has
     displayed the greatest keenness and his example of courage and determination has been of a high order. For his outstanding record of
     achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


QUESNEL, Sergeant Joseph Herve Leonel (R136383) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 25 January 1944 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944. Born in Parry Sound, Ontario, 1922; home in Reading, Berkshire (lathe operator); enlisted in Toronto, 27 October 1941). Trained at No.7 BGS (graduated 2 January 1942). Award sent by registered mail, 22 November 1950.

     As rear gunner Sergeant Quesnel has taken part in several sorties and has proved himself to be a cool and reliable member of aircraft crew.
     During a sortie one night in December 1943, his aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters. In the engagement Sergeant Quesnel fought with
     great resolution and destroyed one of the attackers. On another occasion in November 1943, his aircraft was attacked three times by enemy
     fighters. His turret was rendered unserviceable but he coolly directed his pilot's combat manoeuvres and the attacker was evaded. This
     airman has set a very fine example.


RAILTON, F/L Charles Spencer, DFC (J26609) - Mention in Despatches - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). Another source has given unit as No.432 Squadron. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) gives unit as No.408 Squadron and has recommendation submitted 3 February 1945, when he had served 13 months in Canada, 19 months overseas. Squadron Gunnery Leader.

     A skilful air gunner who has at all times displayed outstanding devotion to duty, Flight Lieutenant Railton has been over many heavily
     defended targets deep in the heart of enemy territory such as Berlin, Schweinfurt, Essen, Dusseldorf and Stuttgart. On all these sorties his
     coolness and fine offensive spirit have been an inspiration to all members of his crew. His promptness in spotting enemy aircraft and his
     alertness have been responsible on many occasions for saving the aircraft from destruction. As Gunnery Leader of the squadron he has been
     an inspiration to one and all and he has been exceptionally competent.



RAINVILLE, FS (now P/O) Guy Henri (R55373/J15751) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 16 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942 and AFRO 1653/42 dated 16 October 1942. Born in Montreal, 1913; home in Quebec (agriculture student); enlisted there 29 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.2 WS, and No.2 BGS. Later served in No.425 Squadron. Invested with award by King George, 18 May 1943. Shot down and taken prisoner, 14 November 1944 while with No.432 Squadron.

     This airman is employed as an air gunner. He has at all times displayed exemplary qualities and his work had been completed in an assuming
     yet forceful manner. By his skill and teamwork he has played a good part in the success of the crews with whom he has flown. He has
     participated in attacks on dockyard installations and industrial targets both in Germany and German occupied territory. His courage and
     tenacity have been noteworthy.



RAMEY, P/O Harold Douglas (J88783) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1915 in Talbotville, Ontario; home there; enlisted Sarnia, Ontario, 20 August 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 25 June 1943. Commissioned 1944. Award presented 28 June 1946. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to
duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 11 September 1944 when he
had flown 33 sorties (176 hours 20 minutes), 27 October 1943 to 25 August 1944. NOTE, recommendation gives number as J87783.

     As rear gunner this officer has participated in a large number of sorties, and has displayed great keenness and devotion to duty throughout.
     His constant vigilance has enabled his pilot to avoid combat on many occasions, and successfully complete many missions. He has proven to
     be a cheerful and willing worker with his fellow men in the gunnery section.

     For his airmanship, fine record and intense loyalty, Pilot Officer Ramey is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.



RANSON, WO1 Ernest Harold (R162125) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Arden, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 31 March 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 26 September
1942), No.3 AOS (graduated 3 December 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 17 April 1943) and No.1 ANS (graduated 28 May 1943). Air Gunner. Unit identified in
AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has
recommendation drafted by W/C J.K. MacDonald (CO, No.432 Squadron) dated 2 October 1944 for Marcus, Ranson, Stokx, Walker, Wyers, and 1890323 FS
Eric Arthur Slaughter (RAF Flight Engineer). See FS Norman Marcus for recommendation text.



ROBERTSON, WO Douglas Furg (R117140) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 2 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1296/44 dated 16 June 1944. Born 1921 in Sault Ste.Marie; home there (millwright). Trained at No.2 ITS, No.15 EFTS and No.4 SFTS. Posted from No.426 Squadron to No.432 Squadron, 9 June 1944; reposted to No.426 Squadron, 16 June 1944; posted from No.426 Squadron to No.24 OTU, 17 August 1944. Cited with F/O N.M. Sharer (RCAF). Incident was 15 March 1944.

     Flying Officer Sharer and Warrant Officer Robertson were mid-upper gunner and pilot respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Stuttgart
     one night in March 1944. When nearing the target area the aircraft was struck by shrapnel. The fuselage was pierced in many places. Two
     more large holes were torn in the airframe, one in the starboard wing and the second near the mid-upper turret. The hydraulic gear was
     damaged and much oil seeped away and caught fire. The flames brilliantly illuminated the aircraft and at this moment a fighter attacked.
     Warrant Officer Robertson took skilful evading action, however, while Flying Officer Sharer, despite a most painful wound in the knee,
     successfully fought the fire. After extinguishing the flames, Flying Officer Sharer returned to his post and, although his turret was
     unserviceable, he maintained constant vigilance. In spite of heavy odds, Warrant Officer Robertson completed a successful attack and
     afterwards flew the badly damaged aircraft back to this country. He displayed great skill, courage and tenacity. Flying Officer Sharer also
     proved himself to be a valiant member of aircraft crew and his efforts contributed materially to the safe return of the aircraft.



RODEN, F/O Thomas Ryland (J36324) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1914 in Toronto; home there (audit clerk). Trained at No.1 ITS and No.4 AOS. Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 28 October 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (132 hours 35 minutes), 1 August to 14 October 1944.

     This officer has shown exceptional navigational ability throughout his tour, consisting of twenty-eight operational sorties over a wide variety
     of targets in France and Germany. His quiet confidence which has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew and his co-operation,
     courage and devotion to duty warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



ROWE, P/O Alfred George (J16574) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17
August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born in Toronto, 1920; home there. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.1 BGS, No.1 AOS and No.2 ANS.
Commissioned 1943. Killed in action, 11 March 1945 in attack on Essen as navigator to F/L R.J. Fern, No.434 Squadron.

     This officer has displayed high courage, ability and efficiency during many operational sorties over enemy territory. His outstanding skill as a
     navigator has been an inspiration to his crew and, in a large measure, responsible for their success on operations. Pilot Officer Rowe, who
     has displayed gallantry and devotion to duty in the face of the heaviest opposition, has set up an excellent operational record.



SAYE, F/O William Paul (J27647) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March
1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 1924 in Toronto; home there (student); enlisted there 29 May 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 5
December 1941), No.13 EFTS (graduated 19 February 1942) and No.17 SFTS (graduated 25 June 1943 (NOTE: Latter date should be checked).
Commissioned June 1943. Award presented 18 October 1947. No citation other than "completed ...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has]
displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 28 October 1944 when he had
flown 31 sorties (147 hours 40 minutes), 3 July to 25 October 1944.

     This officer has made thirty-one successful sorties over enemy territory. During these trips he has shown a high degree of skill and has been
     an outstanding captain of aircraft. At all times he has been a keen, willing worker and an inspiring example to other pilots.

     For his airmanship, intense loyalty and splendid record, Flying Officer Saye is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



SEAMAN, FS (now P/O) Henry Linden (R192298/J90745) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per
London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1922; home in Garrick, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina, 22
October 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 9 July 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned September 1944. Award presented 6
September 1947. No citation -

     "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy...numerous operations against the
     enemy in the course of which [he] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 20 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (163 hours), 22 May to 15
September 1944.

     This NCO has shown a high degree of skill as an Air Gunner on tour of 34 successful sorties over enemy territory. His co-operation, coolness
     and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of his crew. His cheerful confidence, reflected in the high standard of
     morale in his crew, has impressed the whole unit. For his devotion to duty and high degree of ability, Flight Sergeant Seaman is strongly
     recommended for the Distinguished Flying Medal.



SHEARER, F/O Robert Henry (J29530) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 1916 in London, Ontario; home there (clerk, ex-Royal Canadian Artillery). Trained at No.1 ITS and
No.5 AOS. Commissioned May 1943. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill,
fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 December 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (155
hours 40 minutes), 3 July to 6 December 1944.

     During a most successful tour of operational duty, this officer has proved to be a most valuable member of his squadron. He is an
     outstanding navigator and has invariably made the utmost effort to complete his duties. His cheerful confidence and willing co-operation has
     always been apparent in whatever task he is assigned to.

     For his inspiring example, his fine record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



SHERLOCK, F/L George Thomas (J87336) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born 1921 in Saskatchewan; home in Regina (farmer). Served in Royal Canadian Artillery. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.15 EFTS and No.10 SFTS. Commissioned June 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has
recommendation dated 15 May 1945 when he had flown 34 sorties (216 hours 50 minutes) between 5 August 1944 and 8 March 1945.

     This officer has completed thirty-four successful operational sorties over enemy territory. On several occasions his aircraft was hit by flak,
     but Flight Lieutenant Sherlock always displayed great courage and his cheerful confidence inspired a high standard of morale in his crew.
     His splendid example and outstanding ability as Captain of aircraft proved a great asset to the squadron...



SINTON, S/L Clive Baldwin (C1491) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 11 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 27
August 1943 AFRO 2322/43 dated 12 November 1943. Born 1915; home in Pembroke, Bermuda; enlisted in Ottawa, 2 January 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS
(graduated 19 April 1940), No.1 SFTS (graduated 12 August 1940) and Station Trenton (graduated 15 June 1940). Commissioned 1943. Invested with award by
King George VI, 11 August 1944.

     One night in July 1943, this officer piloted an aircraft detailed for an operation against Essen. Whilst over the target the bomber was hit by
     anti-aircraft fire, one of its engines was put out of action while the port petrol tank was damaged. Despite this, Squadron Leader Sinton flew
     the damaged bomber home to an airfield near the coast. Whilst circling the airfield it became apparent that a safe landing could not be
     effected. The aircraft was rapidly losing height but Squadron Leader Sinton coolly headed the bomber towards the sea where it came down
     on the water about a mile from the shore. After ensuring that all his comrades were safely out of the aircraft, Squadron Leader Sinton
     supported one of them until they were rescued half a mile from the shore. This officer displayed great skill and determination through- out
     and was mainly responsible for the ultimate safety of his crew.



SMITH, F/L Hilliard Harrison (J22257) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born in Manitoba, 1917; home in Clandeboye, Manitoba; enlisted i Winnipeg, 6 June 1940. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 30 December 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail 16 October 1950. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 June 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (171 hours ten minutes), 5 January to 16 June 1944.

     This officer has, by his superb captaincy and airmanship, completed a total of 30 trips as pilot over enemy territory and has never yet failed
     to carry out his mission. The majority of these trips have been over heavily defended targets in Germany, including Berlin (five times),
     Frankfurt, Essen, Dusseldorf, Stettin, Stuttgart, Schweinfurt, Magdeburg and Brunswick. By his fine record of achievement, together with his
     exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness, he has inspired a high standard of morale in both his crew and squadron under a calm and
     quiet manner. His unconquerable spirit of determination and success in achieving his objective under any circumstances warrant a strong
     recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



SMITH, F/O Victor Eugene (J27259) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1922 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 8 July 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 6
November 1942), No.23 EFTS (graduated 5 February 1943), and No.10 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award sent by registered mail
20 April 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009
D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 September 1944 when he had flown 36 1/2 sorties (158 hours 20 minutes), 12 April to 3 September
1944.

     This officer has shown remarkable skill as a pilot and an inspiring example of courage and determination to his crew. During his long tour of
     thirty-six and a half operational sorties he has never failed to successfully bomb the target. For his splendid record of achievement and fine
     offensive spirit, Flying Officer Smith is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



SNAPE, FS Gordon (R52977) - British Empire Medal - No.432 Squadron (Station East Moore in AFRO, but see below) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1219/45 dated 27 July 1945. 81.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 2 February 1945,
submitted by W/C J.K. MacDonald, Commanding Officer, No.432 Squadron. Had then served 45 months in Canada, 18 months in UK. Award presented.

     Flight Sergeant Snape, throughout his long term of service as NCO in charge the Daily Servicing crews of No.432 Squadron, has shown
     exceptional organizing ability. By his untiring efforts and splendid example of devotion to duty, he has been an inspiration to all ground
     personnel attached to the squadron. His zeal and efficiency have proved a major factor in ensuring that aircraft under his care were
     mechanically perfect to set out on a successful mission against the enemy, with the full confidence of the aircrew in the work carried out
     under his supervision. For the high standard of determination and results achieved under his direction, Flight Sergeant Snape is strongly
     recommended for the award of the British Empire Medal.



SPINK, P/O Thomas Benson (J18812) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 22 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 4
February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born in Vancouver, 1919; home there; enlisted there 26 June 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11
April 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 23 October 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award sent by registered mail 11 March
1949; served in postwar force.

     This officer was a pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Berlin one night in January 1944. On the outward flight the aircraft was hit by bullets
     from a fighter. The oxygen supply began to leak. Despite this Pilot Officer Spink continued his mission although the target was still some 200
     miles distant. In spite of much physical discomfort caused by the lack of oxygen, Pilot Spink reached and bombed his objective and
     afterwards flew the damaged aircraft back to base. He displayed great determination, fortitude and devotion to duty.


STEDMAN, P/O Leslie Brine (J89623) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Home in Simcoe, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario, 10 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 2
April 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 29 April 1943) and No.17 SFTS (graduated 17 September 1943). Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. No citation
other than

     "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 21 November when he had flown 26 sorties (131 hours 35 minutes), 7 August to 18
November 1944.

     This officer has participated in twenty-six sorties, involving attacks on a wide variety of important and well defended targets in Germany.
     Throughout his tour he has displayed great skill and determination, pressing home his attacks with vigour, often in the face of heavy
     opposition. He is a most efficient captain, whose fine fighting qualities have impressed all.

     For his airmanship, skill and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



STEPHENSON, G/C John Gay (C860) - Air Force Cross - No.2 SFTS - Award effective 18 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO
1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. As of then he had 1,845:05 hours flying (1,681:20 as instructor, 29 hours in past six months). Born in Windsor, Ontario, 4 April
1914. Educated there and RMC. Enlisted in RCAF, 4 July 1938; qualified for pilot's flying badge at Trenton, 17 June 1939. Became CFI at Trenton, then CO at
No.2 SFTS. Posted overseas in 1944; shot down and made POW while flying with No.432 Squadron (January 1945). After the war he was with Maritime
Command, CJS (Washington), AFHQ (1948-51), Imperial Defence College, CO at Rockcliffe, SASO Training Command HQ (Trenton) from 1954 to 1957, and
then to AFHQ. Also awarded MiD (1 January 1946) and OBE (13 June 1946). Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while a Group Captain at
Rockcliffe. Killed in air accident, 29 April 1960 while an Air Commodore. AFC presented 10 January 1946.

     This officer has been actively employed in flying instructional duties for some years and is now, with exceptional capability, commanding a
     Service Flying Training School. His sound judgement and pleasing personality have gained the respect of all personnel under his supervision.
     His devotion to duty and exceptional knowledge of his work have made him an outstanding officer in flying training.



STOKX, Flight Sergeant (now F/O) Gordon Lyle (R164356/J92420) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per
London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Windsor, Ontario; enlisted there 9 July 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated
1 May 1943), No.6 BGS (graduated 23 July 1943) and No.10 AOS (graduated 10 December 1943). Navigator. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas";
proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation drafted by
W/C J.K. MacDonald (CO, No.432 Squadron) dated 2 October 1944 for Marcus, Ranson, Stokx, Walker, Wyers, and 1890323 FS Eric Arthur Slaughter (RAF
Flight Engineer). See FS Norman Marcus for recommendation text.



STRACHAN, S/L William Watson (J9863) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 25 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born Arbroath, Angus, 1916; home in Trail, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 11 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 15 September 1940) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 20 December 1940). Commissioned 1941. Attained Squadron Leader rank in 1943. Killed in flying accident with No.432 Squadron, 16 February 1944 (Halifax LK761); buried in Britain. Award presented by Governor General to next of kin, 12 December 1944.

     This officer has taken part in many attacks against targets in Germany and has displayed commendable skill, courage and determination.
     One night in January 1944, Squadron Leader Strachan piloted an aircraft which attacked Brunswick. Shortly after the bombs had been
     released the aircraft was hit by bullets from an enemy fighter. Much damage was sustained but Squadron Leader Strachan skilfully
     outmanoeuvred the attacker and afterwards flew the damaged aircraft to base. Squadron Leader Strachan is a model captain whose
     example has inspired all with whom he has flown.



STUNDEN, F/O George Robert (J26456) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1923 in Ottawa; home in Carleton Place, Ontario (time keeper); enlisted in Toronto, 11 March 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.12 EFTS (graduated 8 January 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award sent by registered mail 30 March 1949. No citation other than

     "completed ...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and
     devotion to duty."

DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 17 October 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (142 hours 40 minutes), 3 July to 14
October 1944.

     This officer has shown remarkable skill as a pilot and an inspiring example of courage and determination to his crew. During his thirty
     operational sorties he has never failed to successfully complete his mission. His cool, quiet manner and fine fighting qualities have impressed
     all. For his intense loyalty and splendid record this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



TANNER, P/O Frederick Earle (J90838) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born November 1922 in Apsley, Ontario; home in Peterborough, Ontario (surveyor); enlisted in Toronto, 18 January 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 10 December 1943. Commissioned October 1944. Decoration presented 22 June 1949. No citation other than
"completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist
file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 24 March 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (168 hours 30 minutes) from 3 August 1944 to
24 December 1944.

     This officer, as Air Gunner, has participated in thirty- two sorties over enemy territory. The bulk of these raids have been over heavily
     defended targets in Germany. His cheerful confidence and strong sense of devotion to duty, particularly in the face of enemy fire, has
     contributed largely to the efficiency and accuracy with which his crew have completed their attacks.

     For this example of cheerful courage and quiet but dogged determination this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non- Immediate).



TAYLOR, Flight Sergeant Ralph Edgar (R98213) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 10 March 1943 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1943 and AFRO 757/43 dated 30 April 1943. Born at Broomville (Boonville ?), Indiana, 1916; home there (farm hand); enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 22 November 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 15 July 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 31 August 1941), and No.12 SFTS (graduated 22 November 1941). Award presented at Buckingham Palace, 18 May 1943. Killed in action, 288 May 1943 (Wellington HE294, No.432 Squadron). Name on Runnymede Memorial. Had been commissioned (J18109).

     One night in February 1943, this airman was the pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Wilhelmshaven. Although the constant speed unit of
     one of the propellers became unserviceable early on the outward journey, Flight Sergeant Taylor flew on to the target and bombed it. Shortly
     afterwards, while [when ?] the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire, trouble developed in the port engine and it went out of control. Flight
     Sergeant Taylor quickly regained control and a few minutes later, when the bomber was attacked by an enemy fighter, he skilfully evaded its
     fire and enabled his own rear gunner to deliver a damaging burst. Sometime later the port engine ceased to function but Flight Sergeant
     Taylor succeeded in flying the damaged aircraft back to this country. He displayed great courage and devotion to duty throughout.



THOMPSON, P/O William Almer (J19187) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 11 April 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944 and AFRO 1075/44 dated 19 May 1944. Born 1923 at Lipton, Saskatchewan; home there; enlisted in Regina, 23 July 1941. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 17 July 1942) and No.3 WS (graduated 22 December 1941). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 20 January 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (168 hours five minutes), 14 January to 29 December 1944.

     This officer has completed 29 successful operational trips, twenty of which have been over strongly defended targets in Germany. He has
     always shown a very high degree of skill and alertness and exceptional qualities of coolness. In addition to his flying duties he has shown
     good leadership and a strong sense of duty in his work in the Gunnery Section. For his fine record of achievement, his intense loyalty and his
     devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



THOMSON, F/L Haughton Gimby (J27498) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born 1914 in Coronation, Alberta; home in Edmonton, Alberta (chartered accountant); enlisted there 8 June 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 22 January 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 26 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than
"completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist
file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation dated 16 January 1945 when he had completed 23 sorties (115 hours 45 - minutes), 9 May 1944 to
16 January 1945.

     An above average and efficient officer who has shown such exceptional navigation ability that he has won the confidence and respect of all
     aircrew under him. At present he is employed as Squadron Navigation Leader and has demonstrated in his work an excellent example of
     loyalty and devotion to duty. Flight Lieutenant Thomson is an inspiring leader whose outstanding ability and splendid record warrant a
     strong recommendation for the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



THOMSON, P/O James Scholes (J17743) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943 and AFRO 2322/43 dated 12 November 1943. Born in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, 1920; home in Vancouver, British Columbia; enlisted in Toronto, 15 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 19 August 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 7 November 1941). Commissioned 1943.

     During many operational flights Pilot Officer Thomson displayed exceptional skill as a pilot. He has successfully bombed most of the major
     targets in enemy territory including Cologne, Essen and other industrial objectives in the Ruhr. Throughout all his missions his determination
     and confidence has been most commendable. Pilot Officer Thomson can always be relied upon to press his attacks with the utmost vigour.



TINEVEZ, F/O Frank Leon Joseph (J29336) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1919 in Pathlow, Saskatchewan; home there (labourer, ex-Royal Canadian Artillery; enlisted Saskatoon, 9 December 1941). Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 1 January 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 20 August 1943. Commissioned August 1943. Award presented 6 November 1948. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 28 October 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (140 hours 50\ minutes), 17 July to 24 October 1944.

     During a most successful tour of operational duty, this officer has proved to be a most valuable member of his squadron. He is an
     outstanding navigator and has invariably made the utmost effort to complete his duties. His cheerful confidence and will co-operation has
     always been apparent in whatever task he is assigned to.

     For his inspiring example, his fine record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the
     Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).



TITUS, WO1 (now P/O) John Sidney (R124267/J98712) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1918 in Wildwood, Manitoba; home there (clerk, ex-Army); enlisted in Winnipeg 29 August 1941. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 15 March 1942) and No.8 BGS (graduated 26 October 1942). Commissioned 1944. Award
presented 11 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost
fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 August 1944 when he had flown 34
sorties (123 hours 30 minutes), 26 July 1943 to 5 August 1944). NOTE: the large number of sorties vs.small total of hours is odd; the sortie list includes many trips
to France, 26 July 1943 to 9 September 1943, where flying is only 2-3 hours, suggesting something other than heavy bombers. There is a break in his flying, which
resumes on 3 June 1944, obviously on heavy bombers.

     Warrant Officer Titus has completed thirty-four successful sorties in a most commendable manner. He has inspired complete confidence in
     his ability among other members of his crew. Throughout a long tour his fine fighting spirit has never wavered. His cheerful disposition and
     keenness for knowledge in carrying out his ground duties has set a splendid example for other wireless operators.

     This officer's splendid record, initiative and determination is deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



TOBIAS, F/L William Verne (J18651) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16
January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1921 in Morden, Manitoba; home there; formerly one year in Manitoba Mounted Rifles; enlisted in
Winnipeg, 6 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 July 1941, No.1 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 19
December 1941). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 12 September 1947. Recommended 26 October 1944 at which time he had flown 34 sorties (157:20
hours). No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage
and devotion to duty." Recommendation read as follows:

     Flight Lieutenant Tobias is a capable and confident captain whose determination to complete his sorties successfully has been a feature of his
     tour. In his capacity as Deputy Flight Commander he has maintained an exceptionally high standard in every branch of activity. This
     thirty-four sorties have all been successful and include a wide variety of targets.



TRAYNOR, F/L Charles John (J22854) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 4 December and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946. Born December 1918 at Sydenham, Ontario; home in Owen Sound (clerk, ex- Royal Canadian Artillery); enlisted in Halifax, 13 November 1941. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.4 BGS (graduated 11 January 1943). Commissioned January 1943. Served in postwar RCAF. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 16 May 1945 when he had flown 29 sorties (185 hours 50 minutes) between 6 October 1944 and 31 March 1945.

     This officer has completed twenty-nine operational sorties over enemy territory. After completing many hours of operational flying in
     Canada, he has completed a most successful tour with this squadron, setting a fine example of courage and devotion to duty which served as
     an inspiration to the rest of the crew. The work performed by Flight Lieutenant Traynor in his section helped to set a high mark of efficiency
     for the squadron.

     For his co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty, Flight Lieutenant Traynor is strongly recommended for an award of the Distinguished
     Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


WALKER, Sergeant (now P/O) Cecil John (R140056/J92702) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Crossfield, Alberta; enlisted Calgary, 30 October 1941. Trained at No.9 BGS
(graduated 28 January 1944. Air Gunner. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067).
DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation drafted by W/C J.K. MacDonald (CO, No.432 Squadron) dated 2 October 1944 for
Marcus, Ranson, Stokx, Walker, Wyers, and 1890323 FS Eric Arthur Slaughter (RAF Flight Engineer). See FS Norman Marcus for recommendation text.



WALKER, F/L Stewart John (J12623) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Newmarket, Ontario; enlisted North Bay, 10 July 1941. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 8 June 1942) and No.5 BGS (graduated 6 July 1942). Award sent by registered mail 21 December 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 28 December 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (124 hours 45 minutes), 28 June to 12 October 1944.

     Flight Lieutenant Walker has completed twenty-six successful operational sorties. Many of these have been accomplished in the face of heavy
     opposition. As Wireless Operator he has displayed great courage and skill and has at all times co-operated in the highest possible degree with
     the other members of his crew.

     For his splendid record, loyalty and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross
     (Non-Immediate).



WALLACE, F/L John Maurice (J14453) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 May 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Award presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949.

     This officer is a most efficient and resolute captain. He has participated in many sorties and throughout has set a fine example of devotion to
     duty. On one occasion in January 1945 Flight Lieutenant Wallace piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Grevenbroitch. On the outward flight
     one of his engines failed. In spite of this Flight Lieutenant Wallace continued to the target and executed a good attack within a few minutes
     of the planned time of arrival. This officer displayed exceptional skill and his determination was in keeping with that which he has shown on
     all occasions.



WEBB, P/O Joseph Leroy (J19885) - Distinguished Service Order - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Hamilton; enlisted there 11 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.9 EFTS
(graduated 5 March 1943), and No.10 SFTS (graduated 9 July 1943). Invested with award by King George VI, 11 August 1944.

     One night in April 1944, this officer was the pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Montzen. It was his first sortie as captain. When crossing
     the enemy coast the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and several large holes were torn in the fuselage. Nevertheless, Pilot Officer Webb
     continued to the target. In the bombing run it was discovered that the hydraulic system had been damaged and the bomb doors could not be
     opened. Thereupon, he made another circuit of the target whilst his engineer worked to open the doors manually. On the second run in the
     bomber was attacked by a fighter. It was driven off, however, and a successful bombing attack was made. After leaving the target three
     more fighters were encountered. Two of them were successfully evaded, but in the third fight Pilot Officer Webb's aircraft was hit by the
     enemy's bullets. One engine was put out of action, and damaged was sustained to the port aileron and mainplane. Despite this, this intrepid
     pilot flew the aircraft back to an airfield in this country and executed a masterly landing. This officer displayed superb skill and exceptional
     devotion to duty and was largely responsible for the safe return of the aircraft and its crew. His conduct in the face of heavy odds was
     exemplary.



WRIGHT, Sergeant Duane Harris (R207740) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 9 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1660/44 dated 4 August 1944. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 19 January 1943. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 3 September 1943). Cited with Sergeant W.J. Ziomko. Invested with award by King George, 11 August 1944.

     These airmen were rear and mid-upper gunners respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack a target in Belgium one night in February 1944.
     On the outward flight the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and sustained damage but this did not deter the pilot from continuing his
     mission. Whilst over the target area the bomber was attacked by an enemy aircraft. Sergeants Wright and Ziomko used their guns to great
     effect, however, and the attacker was seen to fall towards the ground and is believed to have been destroyed. A little later, these resolute
     gunners fought off three more fighters, whilst their skilful directions to their pilot enabled him to evade yet another fighter. Sergeants Wright
     and Ziomko proved themselves to be fearless members of aircraft crew and defended their aircraft with great skill and determination.



WYERS, Sergeant (now F/O) John Thomas (R223500/J92517) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 3 March 1943. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 28 January 1944. Air Gunner. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation drafted by W/C J.K. MacDonald (CO, No.432 Squadron) dated 2 October 1944 for Marcus, Ranson, Stokx, Walker, Wyers, and 1890323 FS Eric Arthurt Slaughter (RAF Flight Engineer). See FS Norman Marcus for recommendation text.


YARD, WO2 William Leonard (R189484) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award as per London Gazette of 6 November 1945 and AFRO155/46 p.3. Born in Hurley, Alberta, 1922. Home in Princeton, B.C. Former printer. Enlisted in Vancouver, 14 September 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 31 May 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 15 October 1943. Award sent by registered mail 7 June 1950. No citation other than "Completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


YOUNG, FS Richard Edward (R146488) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born in Chilliwack, B.C., 1923, home in Sardis, B.C. Student. Enlisted in Vancouver, 21 February 1942.
Award presented by Governor General in Winnipeg, 20 May 1955. Served in postwar RCAF. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the
enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has
recommendation dated 24 March 1945 when he had completed 34 sorties (162 hours 30 minutes) between 24 June and 6 December 1944.

     In the completion of thirty-four successful operational sorties this NCO has contributed to the success of his crew by his co-operation,
     coolness and strong sense of duty. His cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in the crew.

     For his excellent example and operational ability, Flight Sergeant Young is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying
     Medal (Non-Immediate).


ZACHARUK, WO1 Alexander (R159388) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Awarded as per London Gazette of 1 January 1946 and AFRO
497/46. Home in Mirror, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton, 8 May 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 24 October 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 5 March 1943),
and No.1 AOS (graduated 16 April 1943. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; unit found in McEwen Papers list of recommendations for MiD.



ZIOMKO, Sergeant Walter John (R207226) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 9 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1660/44 dated 4 August 1944. Born in Poland, 1924, home in Montreal. Enlisted there 26 November 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 17 September 1943). Award presented by King George VI 11 August 1944. Cited with Sergeant D.H. Wright (which see above for citation)

Aces

FLIGHT LIEUTENANT HARVEY ALEXANDER CRAWFORD, D.F.C., of Revelstoke, B.C., was a Canadian who participated in the 'Torch' landings. F/L Crawford destroyed 5 enemy aircraft while serving with Nos. 412, 403, 432, 414 and 411 Squadron". In addition, he destroyed over 50 enemy motor vehicles and 3 locomotives.


Other Links

 Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum - Mount Hope Ontario, Canada

 DS740 - QO-Z Remembered

 Wikipedia - 432 Squadron

 National Air Museum of Canada - Trenton Ontario

 Lancaster-archive

 Wartime Memories Project

 Unimaginable Task



Lest we forget..................

Last modified by Glen Carruthers - September 2, 2016
email address:   g.carruthers@rogers.com

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