Central Asia and the Caucasus Syllabus

UC Santa Barbara History 102DD
Summer 2007 Session A
Beyond Borat: Central Asia and the Caucasus in Modern History
MTWR 9:30-10:45
Room TD 2600

David Reeves
Office: HSSB 3233
Office hours: Tuesday 1-3

“Own only what you can carry with you: know languages, know countries, know people. Let your memory be your travel bag."
-A. Solzhenitsyn

This course will cover the modern history of the two southern regions of the former Russian and Soviet Empires which for the most part obtained independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 (the one exception being the North Caucasus, which includes Chechnya). These include the present states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia in the Caucasus, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The first part of the course will cover the conquest of these regions by the Russian Empire, the incorporation of these regions into the Empire, and the social, cultural, economic, and political changes which ensued. The second part will begin with the Revolutions of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the new Communist state and the radical transformation of all aspects of life. We will finish with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the problems of the post-Soviet period until today. This will be a six-week class, four days a week. For the articles linked here you need to have a subscription to JSTOR and others. You can access all of these at UCSB.

The syllabus is here.

Upload Final Essay Here

Assigned Readings:
Adeeb Khalid Islam after Communism. Berkeley, 2007.
Leo Tolstoy Hadji Murat online copy - e-book
Mathijs Pelkmans Defending the Border: Identity, Religion, and Modernity in the Republic of Georgia. Cornell, 2006
Moshe Gammer The Lone Wolf and the Bear: Three Centuries of Chechen Defiance of Russian Rule. Pittsburgh, 2006.
Kurban Said Ali and Nino
Yuriy Malikov "The Kenesary Kasymov Rebellion (1837 - 1847): A National-Liberation Movement or 'a Protest of Restoration'?" Nationalities Papers vol. 33, no. 4, December 2005
Francine Hirsch "Toward an Empire of Nations: Border-Making and the Formation of Soviet National Identities" Russian Review vol. 69, no. 2 (Apr., 2000), pp. 201-226.
Ronald G. Suny "Constructing Primordialism: Old Histories for New Nations" Journal of Modern History 73 (December, 2001), pp. 862-896.
Bruce Grant "An Average Azeri Village (1930): Remembering Rebellion in the Caucasus Mountains" Slavic Review, vol. 63, no. 4 (Winter, 2004), pp. 705-731.
Douglas Northrop "Languages of Loyalty: Gender, Politics, and Party Supervision in Uzbekistan, 1927-41" Russian Review vol. 59, No. 2 (Apr., 2000), pp. 179-200.
Adrienne Edgar "Emancipation of the Unveiled: Turkmen Women under Soviet Rule, 1924-1929" Russian Review vol. 62, no. 1 (January 2003), pp. 132-149.
Mikhail Lermontov Cossack Lullaby

Other stuff -

List of Russian and Soviet Leaders
Andijan Massacre Timeline

Maps -
Central Asia
Armenian Genocide map

The Great Game:
Great Game Timeline
Captain Grover The Bokhara Victims
Arthur Conolly Journey to the North of India Overland from England Through Russia, Persia, and Afghanistan
Edmund O'Donovan The Turkmen Tribes. 1882.
An American in Turkestan

Crying Sun: The Impact of War in the Mountains of Chechnya
Building a Kazakh Yurt
Chechen Sufi zikr 1; Chechen Sufi zikr 2
Grozny Before the War
Azerbaijani Refugees in Sumgayit
Armenian Parliament Shooting, 27 Oct. 1999

Outside readings:
Circassian World
Mikhail Lermontov A Hero of Our Time
Daniel Brower "Russian Roads to Mecca: Religious Tolerance and Muslim Pilgrimage in the Russian Empire" Slavic Review Vol. 55, No. 3 (Autumn, 1996), pp. 567-584.
Jorg Baberowski Der Feind ist Uberall Stalinismus im Kaukasus. Munich, 2003
Michael Khodarkovsky "Of Christianity, Enlightenment, and Colonialism: Russia in the North Caucasus, 1550-1800" The Journal of Modern History vol. 71 no. 2 (June 1999), pp. 394-430.
Lazzerini & Brower Russia's Orient
"Prisoner of the Mountain (Kavkazki Plenik)" movie
Adeeb Khalid The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform
Adrienne Edgar Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan
Shoshana Keller To Moscow not Mecca: The Soviet Campaign Against Islam in Central Asia, 1917-1941
Leo Tolstoy The Cossacks
Peter Hopkirk The Great Game
Daniel Brower Turkestan and the Fate of the Russian Empire
Stephen F. Jones Socialism in Georgian Colors: The European Road to Social Democracy, 1883-1917. Harvard, 2005.
Justin McCarthy Death and Exile, The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821-1922, 1996.
Oliver Roy The New Central Asia
Thomas Goltz Azerbaijan Diary
Susan Layton Russian Literature and Empire: Conquest of the Caucasus from Pushkin to Tolstoy. Cambridge, 2005.
Edward Allworth The Modern Uzbeks: From the 14th Century to the Present. Stanford, 1990.
Adeeb Khalid "Tashket 1917: Muslim Politics in Revolutionary Turkestan" Slavic Review vol. 55, no.2 (Summer 1996), pp. 270-296.
Sascha L. Goluboff "Are They Jews or Asians? A Cautionary Tale about Mountain Jewish Ethnography" Slavic Review, Vol. 63, No. 1. (Spring, 2004), pp. 113-140.
Farideh Heyat Azeri Women in Transition: Women in Soviet and Post-Soviet Azerbaijan. London, 2002.
Human Rights Watch Devastating Blows: Religious Repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang. 2005.
Human Rights Watch Bullets Were Falling Like Rain: the Andijan Massacre, May 13, 2005. 2005.
Human Rights Watch Russia/Chechnya February 5: A Day of Slaughter in Novye Aldi. June 2000.
Marianne Kamp The New Woman in Uzbekistan: Islam, Modernity, and Unveiling under Communism. Seattle, 2006.
Nicholas B. Breyfogle Heretics and Colonizers: Forging Russia's Empire in the South Caucasus. Cornell, 2005.
Audrey Alstadt The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity under Russian Rule. Stanford, 1992.
Taduesz Swietochowski Russia and Azerbaijan. Columbia Press, 1995.
Francine Hirsch, Empire of Nations: Ethnographic Knowledge and the Making of the Soviet Union. Cornell, 2005.
Ronald Grigor Suny and Terry Martin, eds. A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin. Oxford, 2001.
Ronald Grigor Suny The Making of the Georgian Nation. Stanford, 1994
Ronald Grigor Suny Looking Toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History. Indiana, 1993.
Jeff Sahadeo Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent, 1865-1923. Indiana, 2007.
Devin Deweese Islamization and Native Religion in the Golden Horde: Baba Tukles and Conversion to Islam in Historical and Epic Tradition. Penn State, 1994.
Robert D. Crews For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia. Harvard, 2006.
Anna Zelkina In Quest for God and Freedom: Sufi Responses to the Russian Advance in the North Caucasus. New York, 2000.
Douglas Northrop Veiled Empire: Gender and Power in Stalinist Central Asia. Cornell, 2004.
Colette Harris Muslim Youth: Tensions And Transitions in Tajikistan. Westview, 2006.
Benedict Anderson Imagined Communities
Edward Said Orientalism
Seymour Becker Russia's Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865-1924. RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.
Chingiz Aitmatov The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years
Andreas Kappeler The Russian Empire: A Multi-Ethnic History. Longman, 2001.
Robert Geraci and Michael Khodarkovsky, eds. Of Religion and Empire: Missions, Conversion, and Tolerance in Tsarist Russia. Cornell, 2001.

budget press