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Tenth Grade Vocabulary 
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                              High School OGT Test Information, 9th, 10th Grade
                      10th grade enriched vocabulary words

        • because   lend   borrow   disappear   originally   envious   privacy
        • permission   opposed   encourage   appearance   behavior    generalization
        • prejudice   stereotype   non-verbal communication   convey an impression
        • qualities   image   lack    afford   announce   brag    complain   control    event   extraordinary   insist on   rebellious   refuse   however   enterprising
        • provide (v)    lack    cope with   on request   replace   employ   example
        • rent    hire    common    company   appropriate   aware    contain
        • cooperation
        • encourage
        • increase - decrease
        • observe
        • principle principal
        • respond
        • slightly
        • threaten
        • performance
        • arena, staduim
        • carry out
        • punish a crime
        • reward a virtue
        • trial day
        • on trial
        • guilt
        • found guilty
        • accused
        • justice
        • judgment
        • custom
        • slughter
        • uncertainty
        • case
        • fierce
        • kingdom
        • ceremony
        • audience
        • approach
        • adentify
        • record
        • lower
        • seat
        • withhold evidence
        • protection
        • stubborn
        • familiar
        • protest
        • envy
        • jealousy
        • greed
        • materialistic
        • materialism
        • value
        • valuable
        • depend on
        • investment
        • gamble
        • afford
        • amount

 

Vocabulary List #1
foreshadow
malign
prosaic
* avarice
furtive
tumult
doughty
credulity
fusillade
foreboding
* misinformation

Vocabulary List #2
august
piquancy
* arabesque
cessation
habiliments
disapprobation
loom
apprentice
rake
stupor

Vocabulary List #3
ardent
* vernal
jauntiness
dire
detained
impediments
hindrances
annals

Vocabulary List #4
anguish (adj.): a feeling of great physical or mental pain
bank (n.): the part of land that meets a body of water
bindle (n.): a small bundle of items rolled up inside a blanket
brusquely (adv.): quickly; almost rudely
contemplate (v.) to deeply think about something
debris (n.): the remains after something falls apart
elaborate (adj.): expressed in great detail
juncture (n.): where two things come together
mimicking (v.): imitating
morosely (adv.): in a sad, gloomy manner
mottled (adj.): having a variety of colors mixed together
recumbent (adj.): still; without movement
stake (n.): an amount of money

Vocab #5
abruptly (adv.): suddenly; almost rudely
apprehensive (adj.): anxious; fearful
complacently (adv.): in a pleased, satisfied manner
derogatory (adj.): belittling and insulting
dousing (n): to douse is to be drenched with liquid. A dousing refers to someone having been covered with a liquid, in this case water, during a washing.
mollified (adj.): soothed; pacified
ominously (adv.): in a threatening way
precede (v.): go before or ahead of
pugnacious (adj.): eager and ready to fight
scourges (n.): a scourge is anything that inflicts discomfort or suffering; in this case, any variety of insects and pests
slough (v): get rid of
stocky (adj.): heavily and solidly built

10th Grade Vocabulary List #6
bemused: preoccupied; deep in thought
bleated: the cry usually associated with a goat or sheep
cowering: to tremble with fear
deride: to make fun of a person
orchard: an area where many fruit or nut trees are planted
receptive: able and willing to listen to and accept information and new ideas
criticism: pointing out someone's faults
reprehensible: deserving of criticism
sarcastically: said in a mean or bitter way
migrant: somebody who moves from one place to another, often in search of work

10th Grade Vocabulary List #7
aloof: behaving distantly towards someone; acting cool
appraise: to judge
arouse: to excite; bring about
ego: sense of self; self-awareness
intensity: great strength and sharpness
maul: to treat something roughly or clumsily
meager: of poor quality or small amount
persuasive: convincing
emphasize: to put stress on an idea
gust: a strong, sudden rush of air
monotonous: flat, with no expression
writhed: twisted

10th Grade Vocabulary #8
ford: a shallow place in a river where people can cross
dilapidated: shabby and neglected
sovereigns: British gold coins
sagacity: wisdom
luxury: an item that is desirable but not essential
indignation: anger because somebody seems unfair or unreasonable
inestimable: priceless; beyond measure
disreputable: not respectable
amenable: open to suggestions
edifice: a building
destitute: poverty-stricken; in great need
imperious: commanding; powerful
commiserate: sympathize; to share someone else's suffering

Vocabulary #9
yearn: to want something very much, often with a feeling of sadness because of the difficulty of getting it
tangible: able to be touched
gaunt: very thin, to the point of starving
derision: mockery or a show of contempt
dismay: to cause somebody to feel discouraged or disappointed
entrepreneur: someone who sets up and finances a new business
perilous: involving great danger
boisterous: full of noisy enthusiasm and energy
remnant: a small part of something that remains after the rest has gone
carouse: to drink and become noisy, especially in a group
pacify: to calm somebody who is angry
vulgar: lacking in courtesy and manners
wrath: full of anger
brandish: to wave something about, especially a weapon

Vocabulary #10
habitable: considered fit to be lived in
sustenance: something, especially food, that supports life
endure: to survive over a period of time, especially when faced with difficulties
subdue: to bring a person or group of people under control using force
resign: to do something reluctantly, but without protest
alluvial: used to describe the environment and sand and rock deposits of rivers or streams
turbulent: full of violent motion
stark: presented in plain and harsh terms
spinster: an old woman who never gets married
excursion: a short trip to a place and back, usually for pleasure
occult: relating to the supernatural or magical
coax: to persuade somebody gently to do something
chignon: a knot or roll of hair
rapt: involved in or concentrating on something completely
exasperation: annoyance caused by an irritation that cannot be stopped
hemorrhage: to experience an uncontrolled and massive loss of something valuable, such as blood
posthumous: occurring after somebody's death

Vocabulary #11
assimilate: to integrate somebody into a larger group, so that differences are minimized
gracious: full of kindness and politeness
immaculate: perfectly clean and neat
rouse: to wake someone up
volition: the ability to make conscious decisions
lethargy: lack of energy, activity, or enthusiasm
amorphous: without a clear shape, form, or structure
inevitable: something that is certain to happen
premonition: a strong feeling, without any explanation, that something is going to happen
benevolent: showing kindness or goodwill
guile: cunning or deceitful behavior
acquiescence: to agree with something passively rather than expressing approval
infuriating: something that causes extreme anger
cow (v): to frighten somebody into submission or obedience
scheme: a secret and cunning plan
potent: very strong, effective, or powerful

Vocabulary #12
stifling: uncomfortably hot and stuffy
commune: to experience a deep emotional or spiritual relationship with something
accumulate: to gather, grow, or increase over a period of time
equivalent: something equal or having the same effect as something else
interim: a period of time between two events or periods
inevitable: something that is certain to happen
validation: proof or support for an argument or feeling
oasis: fertile ground in a desert where plants grow
flourish: to be strong and healthy or to grow well
audible: loud or clear enough to be heard
tolerable: conditions that are good, but not outstanding
incongruous: out of place in a particular setting or context
smolder: to show a strong emotion that is suppressed but liable to flare up at any time
tenacious: to stick firmly to a decision or opinion
pilgrimage: a journey to a place with special significance
rant: to speak in a very loud and aggressive way, usually for some length of time
placate: to make somebody less angry or upset by doing or saying something to please him
laden: weighed down by a problem or an unpleasant feeling
 

 

Dictionary.com - http://www.Dictionary.com/ - includes foreign language dictionaries, Roget's Thesaurus, a translator, writing resources, a word of the day, and more. - This link is courtesy of Neuriel Shore.

Research-It! - Your one-stop reference desk - http://www.itools.com/research-it/ - This site has everything from a dictionary to language translations to stock quotes.

The Virtual Reference Desk - http://thorplus.lib.purdue.edu/reference/index.html - Provides links to a variety of sources including Dictionaries, Thesauri, Acronyms, and tons more.

Yahoo Reference Search - http://www.yahoo.com/Reference/ - Contains tons of sites that will provide useful information such as: Acronyms and Abbreviations, Almanacs, English Language Usage, my personal favorite - Etiquette, and tons more.


Identify the part of speech, provide a complete and culturally accepted definition, and use the word in a sentence of your own. This must be typed and turned in on Wednesday at the beginning of the period and you should be prepared for a quizola on Friday.

 

Week of 5-28 - Ch. 31 | Top

nonaggression pact

blitzkrieg

underground

embargo

genocide

Holocaust

internment camp

Week of 5-07 - Ch. 28 | Top

autocrat

nihilism

collective farm

command economy

soviet

 

Week of 4-30 - Ch. 30 | Top

isolationism

depression

standard of living

fascism

nazism

authoritarian

censor

appeasement

puppet government

negotiation

Week of 4-23 - Ch. 27

total war

rationing

propaganda

abdicated

reparations

mandates

self-determination

armistice

genocide

convoy

 

Week of 4-17 - Ch. 27 | Top

militarism

entente

ultimatum

neutrality

mobilize

Week of 3-19 - Ch. 26

evolution

impressionism

anarchist

pogrom

mass culture

interchangeable parts

assembly line

anesthesia

social insurance

home rule

Week of 3-05 | Top

From the vocabulary lists of 2-05 to 2-26, select any five words. Show your clear understanding of each by appropriately incorporating them into your Art With a Voice Feature Article.

Week of 2-26 - Ch. 25

imperialism

colonialism

hegemony

racism

protectorate

condominium

extraterritorial rights

spheres of influence

intervention

cash crop

Week of 2-19 - Ch. 24 | Top

emigration

immigration

socialism

communism

stock

corporation

bourgeoisie

proletariat

realism

manifesto

Week of 2-12 - Ch. 23

On Thursday, we will select three terms from the list below and you will define each by giving two clear examples from the appropriate time period.

diplomacy

conservatism

liberalism

radicalism

romanticism

nationalism

reform movement

Week of 2-05 - Ch. 22 | Top

industrialization

mechanization

economics

mass production

crop rotation

urbanization

entrepreneur

union

output

consumption

Week of 1-15

segregated

amnesty

equality

compassion

solidarity

spontaneity

justice

legality

morality

human rights

Week of 1-08 | Top

apartheid

amnesty

sympathy

empathy

apathy

excuse

reason

segregated

African National Congress

economic sanctions

Week of 1-02

equality

vigilance

handicap

jury

verdict

unanimous

guilt

innocence

compassion

mercy

 

Week of 12-11 | Top

monotheism

covenant

ERA (Equal Rights Amendment)

laissez faire

free trade

glasnost

parliament

papal

solidarity

suffragette

Week of 12-04

(presentation terms)

rehearse

visualization

paraphrase

audience

delivery

gestures

eye contact

focus

spontaneity

effective

Week of 11-27 | Top

(PowerPoint terms)

slide

slide sorter

handout

notes page

background

alignment

spell check

slide show

animation

transition

Week of 11-13

justice

legality

morality

United Nations

Magna Carta

revolution

due process

Enlightenment

expatriate

human rights

Week of 10-29 | Top

Take any five words from the previous weeks' vocabulary and one quote of your choice to create a show, not tell paragraph, poem, character sketch, vignette, or editorial.

Coherent transitions, powerful language, and unexpected twists would inspire us.

See sense web; one true sentence; show, not tell; and using quotes for added insight

Week of 10-23

Analogy - a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.

Review all of the words in the list and be prepared to create an analogy for each one.

See: Analogies - explains analogies and how to solve them on the PSAT or SAT.

From the list of vocabulary words, excluding the words used for the week of 10-16, create two analogy roots and three possible answers for each. Answer (a) represent antonyms, (b) represents synonyms, and (c) respresents the correct choice. For example:

RATIONAL:CRAZY

(a) HAUGHTY:MEEK
(antonyms)

(b) PRIDE:HUBRIS
(synonyms)

(c) SANE:IRRATIONAL
(correct choice)

Week of 10-16 | Top

Analogy - a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.

Review all of the words in the list and be prepared to create an analogy for each one.

See: Analogies - explains analogies and how to solve them on the PSAT or SAT.

Construct a test sentence for each of the following analogy roots. The sentence should show the clear and logical relationship between the two given words. For example:

A crazy person is not rational.

  • ORATORY:RHETORIC
  • RATIONAL:CRAZY
  • PLATFORM:AL GORE
  • PARADOX:"FAIR IS FOUL"
  • TREASON:TRAITOR
  • TYRANT:DESPOT
  • CONFORM:REBEL
  • IMPERIOUS:ROYAL
  • FLOURISHING:HEALTHY
  • ALLITERATION:POETRY
Week of 10-09

tragedy

philosopher

Socratic method

debate

syllogism

logic

pride (hubris)

oratory

rational

abstract

Week of 10-02 | Top

Act, scene, and line references match the New Folger Library Edition, 1992.

anon (i, l.11)

thane (iii, l. 50)

treason (iii, l. 123)

harbinger (iv, l. 51)

rhetoric

platform

aside

soliloquy

paradox

dramatic irony

Week of 9-25

polis

citizen

aristocracy

oppressive

tyrant

spartan

conform

reform

democracy

despot

Week of 9-18 | Top

integrity

rubric

flourishing

hoard

imperious

infest

malice

reproach

skulk

supple

Week of 9-11

Anglo-Saxon

Old English

fate (wyrd)

reparation

alliteration

epithet

oral tradition

epic

lament

pagan

 

 

Words
Definitions
avert   to turn away or aside  
invert   to turn inside out or upside down  
diversify   to give variety to; vary  
irreversible   Incapable of being reversed  
diversion   something that relaxes or entertains  
revert   to return to a former condition or belief  
inadvertent   accidental; unintentional  
versatile   capable of doing many things competently  
incontrovertible   indisputable  
vertigo   the sensation of diziness  
flagrant   extremely or deliberately noticeable  
flaunt   to show off in order to impress others  
furtive   done quickly and with stealth; sly  
latent   capable of coming into existencebut not active  
ostensible   seeming; professed  
salient   standing out and attracting attention  
sequester   to remove or withdraw from public view  
subterfuge   deception by means of a strategy  
surreptitious   done or acting in secret  
unobtrusive   not readily noticeabl  
didactic   intended to teach or instruct  
edify   to instruct in order to improve  
elucidate   to make clear or plain  
erudite   possessing deep and extensive learning  
explicit   expressed clearly and precisely  
imbue   to pervade or permeate as if with a dye  
indoctrinate   to teach a group's beliefs to  
instill   to introduce gradually  
pedagogy   he art or profession of teaching  
pedantic   marked by a concern for minute details  

 

Tenth Grade Language Arts

10-LA

Vocabulary Lists for All Quarters

1st Quarter

psychology

conscious

alienation

repression

ego

scapegoat

predestination

paranoia

chaos

contempt

hypocrisy

resentment

theocracy

Calvinism

objective

subjective

utopia

illusion

crucible

melancholy

introspection

stoic

dogmatic

pragmatism

optimism

pessimism

hysteria

empathy

subtle

philosophy

dilemma

ambiguous

relevant

2nd Quarter

adversary

antithesis

autobiography

conformity

enlightenment

essence

innocence

experience

exploitation

insidious

omen

oppressed

eulogy

idealist

proverb

realist

ritual

romanticism

placid

serene

synthesis

tranquil

intuition

inevitable

transcendentalism

tyranny

contemporary

3rd Quarter

atheist

concise

episode

fatalism

frugal

martyr

mundane

naive

stark

vicarious

4th Quarter

absurd

cynical

compensation

determinism

deferred

epigraph

epitaph

naturalism

tantalize

grotesque

indifferent

10th Grade Root Words*

Teaching timeline: anytime

Tested for mastery: 4th quarter

psyche = mind

theo = god

cracy = government

ism = belief

miso = hatred

pathy = feelings

trans = across

eu = too much, overly

syn = combination, synthesis

epi = the first

graph = to write

ology = study of

* revised root word list.

 

Greek and Latin Root Words*

Root
Meaning
English Words
arch ancient archetype
aster/astra star astronomy
audi hear audible
bene good/well benefit
bio life biology
brev short abbreviation
chloro green chlorophyll
chrono time chronology
derm skin dermatologist
dic/dict speak dictionary
fer carry transfer
fix fasten affix
gen birth generate
geo earth geography
graph write graphic
hemo blood hemoglobin
herb plants herbaceous
hydro water hydrate
jur/just law jury
log/logue word/thought dialogue
luc light lucid
manu hand manual
meter/metr measure thermometer
neg no negate
ocu eye ocular
olig few oligarchy
op/oper work operation
osteo bone osteoporosis
path feeling sympathy
ped child pediatrics
phil love philosophy
phys body/nature physical
pod foot podiatrist
proto first prototype
pseudo false pseudonym
scrib/script write scribble
sect cut dissect
sol alone solitary
struct build construct
tact touch contact
tele far off telephone
ter/terr earth territory
vac empty vacant
ver truth verify
verb word verbal
vid/vis see video

Greek and Latin Prefixes-/-Suffixes*

Prefix/Suffix
Meaning
English Words
ad- to addict
-al relating to maternal
ambi- both ambidextrous
ante- before antecedent
anti- against antifreeze
-arium place of aquarium
auto- self autobiography
centi- hundred centimeter
circum- around circumvent
con- with concert
de- from/down depart
deci- ten decimeter
di- two diameter
dis- opposite disable
-dom quality/state freedom
ex- out exit
hetero- different heterogeneous
hypo- too little hypoactive
-ic relating to poetic
-ile quality/state juvenile
in- not invalid
inter- between interstate
intra- within intramurals
-ism quality/state catholicism
-ist one who practices biologist
macro- large  macrobiologist
micro- small microbiologist
milli- thousand millipede
mis- bad miscarriage
mono- single monotheism
nano-  billion nanosecond
neo- new neonatology
-ology study of biology
omni- all omniscient
-ous quality/state nebulous
pan- all pantheon
per- throughout pervade
peri- all around periscope
poly- many polygon
post- after postpone
pre- before precede
pro- forward progress
re- again reappear
retro- back retrogress
sub- under submarine
super- more than supermarket
sym- together symbol
-tion quality/state preservation
-ular relating to cellular
un- not unwilling

 

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