WASHINGTON ACADEMY MODEL OF UNITED NATIONS
2. The creation of a protocol for management and development of weapons of mass destruction in order to prevent a Third World War and improve international relations.
Throughout history we have witnessed two World Wars, fought between 1914 and 1945; which, overall, concluded with the deaths of an estimated 75 million people. After these deadly events the world strived to amend the damage and assured that the days of war were over. Unfortunately, concerning conflicts have recently arisen that have opened the possibility of another world war. If a Third World War were to emerge in the 21st century, which many believe has already begun, the damage caused would probably be more than that of the first two combined. Such a conflict would most likely conclude in world annihilation. The key factor in preventing a war is relations between countries: when tensions between nations are relieved, the probabilities of a World War decrease.
Presently, there are 8 nations which have proven to have weapons of mass destruction: the United States of America, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, India, Pakistan, and most recently: North Korea. When only the first 5 had possession of such weapons they had mutual agreements which prevented the possibilities of nuclear detonation in any country. The 5 nuclear powers agreed that possession of weapons of mass destruction should remain as it was, to therefore prevent massive demolition. They created certain measures so that other countries would not obtain these kinds weapons. This agreement brought an aggressive reaction from other nations and created controversy when the recent nuclear powers obtained their weapons.
Nowadays countries with nuclear weapons enforce a strategy called “Nuclear Deterrence” in which nuclear power is used as a threat. If a nation decides to use its weapons against another, then its enemy will use it too, creating mutual destruction. This policy intends to avoid war by threatening to start it.
Nevertheless, more logical solutions have been suggested to prevent nuclear detonation; such as The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), signed in 1968 by more than 180 nations. These efforts, however, do not ensure the prevention of warfare. Many believe that some of the nations with present possession of weapons and those with the possibility of obtaining them could put the world at risk; unless the international community works together to prevent this.