Marijuana: The Truth Uncovered
By Mike Kahl

Many people argue that the marijuana now a days is far more dangerous than 30 years ago. There is no medical evidence that shows high-potency marijuana is more harmful than low-potency marijuana. Marijuana is literally one of the least toxic substances known. High-potency marijuana is actually preferable because less is of it consumed to obtain the desired effect; thereby reducing the amount of smoke that enters the lungs and lowering the risk of any respiratory health hazards. Claiming that high-potency marijuana is more harmful than low-potency marijuana is like claiming that wine is more harmful than beer.

The chance of contracting cancer from smoking marijuana is extremely small. Tobacco smokers usually smoke 20 or more cigarettes a day for decades, but hardly anyone smokes marijuana in the quantity and frequency required to cause cancer. A 1997 UCLA study showed that even extended and heavy marijuana smoking caused no serious lung damage. Respiratory health hazards and cancer risks can be totally eliminated by ingesting marijuana in baked foods.

Many people say that since Marijuana contains over 400 chemicals, it must be dangerous. Coffee contains 1,500 chemicals. Rat poison contains only 30 chemicals. Plus, many common foods contain cancer-causing chemicals. Cancer risks from common foods far super-cede any risk of cancer presented by marijuana use. There is no connection between the number of chemicals something contains and its toxicity.

Marijuana is not physically addicting. Medical studies rank marijuana as a less addictive substance than caffeine. The legal drugs of tobacco and alcohol can be as addicting as heroin or cocaine. Marijuana is one of the least habit forming substances known. There are also little if any withdrawal symptoms.

The efforts of the pharmaceutical industry prove that marijuana has not only recreational properties, but medical ones as well. Sure there are pharmaceutical versions of the main active ingredient, delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol or THC, but that is not the only active ingredient. Others include cannabidiol, cannabinol, cannabigerol, and many more who's combined effects make cannabis such a good medicine. The pharmaceutical industries' versions are not only ineffective, but many users report undesirable side effects such as nausea and upset stomach. They also stated that the drugs, such as Marinol and Sativex, do not work as well as natural marijuana.

Cannabis is an effective analgesic. That means that it is an effective painkiller. It also relieves pressure behind the eyes which makes it ideal for glaucoma patients. It also helps with neurological illnesses such as epilepsy, migraine and bipolar disorder. Sativex has been approved for treating multiple-sclerosis. It is also a great appetite stimulator and is often used by cancer patients not only to help them eat and reduce nausea, but to help with the pain from chemotherapy and radiation treatment.

THC is also a neuroprotector, which means it helps to protect neurons from injury or degeneration. A recent study in Madrid, Spain, proved that marijuana not only does not cause cancer, it can also cure it. The study showed that when mice with malignant tumors were treated with marijuana, the tumors stopped growing and even more remarkably, their size was greatly reduced. The experiment shocked the international community even though it was not widely publicized in the United States.

This was not the first time this type of experiment had been done. In 1974 researchers in Virginia were funded by the National institute od Health to prove that marijuana was harmful. Their actual findings proved otherwise. The government quickly shut down the project and in 1983, the Reagan and Bush administration persuaded universities to destroy and evidence of the study. Now it is impossible to find any information about it. This shows that the government does what's best for its self, not what is right. They lie to the people all the time. Why should this be any different?

This completely contradicted the governments statement saying that marijuana is harmful and causes cancer. In another study done by Donald Tashkin, he found that marijuana smokers were no more likely to get lung cancer than non-marijuana smokers. On the contrary, people who smoked marijuana were less likely to get lung cancer than people who did not smoke.

The use of marijuana dates back thousands of years. The fibers from the stalk of the plants make extremely high quality paper that doesn’t change color with age. One handful of hemp seeds contains all the protein an average male needs for an entire day. The oil is clean burning and it is easily extracted from the seeds.

The Spanish Armada back in the late fifteen hundreds used only hemp for their sails. Flax sails rot after about three months of use. Russia used to produce eighty percent of the world hemp back in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. Each British shit relied heavily on Russian hemp. Each individual ship would go through about fifty tons of hemp every one or two years. Napoleon invaded Russia to stop the Czar from selling hemp to Britain. This part of history is often overlooked and is never taught in the United States.

Now a days, marijuana arrests account for almost half of all drug arrests in the United States, which spends over seven billion dollars a year to catch, prosecute and incarcerate offenders. That is a lot of tax payer's money. Anyway, today, some people say, “its illegal because its bad for your body and it can kill you.”

If this was true then why are cigarettes still legal? Marijuana is illegal only because the government cannot make much money if it is legalized. They make more money from the tobacco industry that pay the people in power. That is why cigarettes are still legal, its legal because the government put a tax on it, so they make money every time somebody buys a pack. Tobacco kills over 470,000 people every year in the United States It is also addictive.

Marijuana is not addictive, and it kills zero people every year. Also, of the 734,000 marijuana arrests in 2000, only six percent resulted in a felony conviction. So they caught all those people, and they could only convict six percent of them.

The myth about marijuana being the gateway drug is also false . In Holland, marijuana was legalized in the 1970s, and hard drug use actually decreased. The main reason it is called a gateway drug is because it is often used along with other drugs. This is because it is so widely used. If someone uses cocaine or heroin, it is very likely that they also use marijuana. That does not mean that every person who uses marijuana is going to go and start using crack-cocaine.

The only crime that marijuana smokers commit is using marijuana. People will kill to get crack, meth, and opioids such as herion. The desire to smoke is just not that great. People will not murder each other just to get a joint, contrary to what the government told people to make it illegal to begin with.

The reasons that marijuana is illegal are completely different than those of the early twentieth century. In the “Reefer Madness Era”, the cigarette, cotton, and alcohol industries spend millions of dollars misleading the public. They knew what a useful plant it is and they also knew that its widespread use would hurt their billion dollar companies.

It was them who came up with the name marijuana. A name which was used by Mexican workers. Everyone else knew it as either hemp or cannabis. They told the public that marijuana would cause people to become violent. Also, the people who were mainly using it at that time where blacks. Of course, all of the people in power were white, racist men who would do anything to cause discomfort to black people.

A media blitz of “yellow journalism” raged in the late 1920s and 1930s. Newspapers ran stories emphasizing the horrors of marijuana. The menace of marijuana made headlines. Readers learned that it was responsible for everything from car accidents to loose morality.

Films like “Reefer Madness” (1936), “Marijuana: Assassin of Youth” (1935), and “Marijuana: The Devil's Weed” (1936) were propaganda designed by these industrialists to create an enemy. Their purpose was to gain public support so that anti-marijuana laws could be passed.

The film, “Reefer Madness” stated that marijuana was a violent narcotic, that it caused acts of shocking violence, incurable insanity and had soul-destroying effects. Also that under the influence of the drug a boy killed his entire family with an ax. They said that it was more vicious, and more deadly even than soul-destroying drugs such as heroin and cocaine. Reefer Madness did not end with the usual 'the end.' The film concluded with these words plastered on the screen: TELL YOUR CHILDREN.

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers grew hemp. Jefferson smuggled hemp seeds from China to France then to America. Benjamin Franklin owned one of the first paper mills in America and it processed hemp. Also, the War of 1812 was fought over hemp. Napoleon wanted to cut off Moscow's export to England. For thousands of years, ninty percent of all ships' sails and rope were made from hemp. The word “canvas” is Dutch for cannabis. Eighty percent of all textiles, fabrics, clothes, linen, drapes, bed sheets, etc. were made from hemp until the 1820s with the introduction of the cotton gin.

The first Bibles, maps, charts, Betsy Ross's flag, the first drafts of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were made from hemp. The first crop grown in many states was hemp. 1850 was a peak year for Kentucky producing forty thousand tons. Hemp was the largest cash crop until the twentieth century. Oldest known records of hemp farming go back five thousand years in China, although hemp industrialization probably goes back to ancient Egypt. Rembrants, Gainsboroughs, Van Goghs as well as most early canvas paintings were principally painted on hemp linen.

In 1916, the U.S. Government predicted that by the 1940s all paper would come from hemp and that no more trees need to be cut down. Government studies report that one acre of hemp equals four point one acres of trees. Quality paints and varnishes were made from hemp seed oil until 1937. fifty-eight thousand tons of hemp seeds were used in America for paint products in 1935. Henry Ford's first Model-T was built to run on hemp gasoline. The car its self was built from hemp. On his large estate, Ford was photographed among his hemp fields. The car, 'grown from the soil,' had hemp plastic panels whose impact strength was ten times stronger than steel.

Of course, lets not forget the recreational benifits either. Why do some many people use marijuana? Mainly because it is fun and relaxing. Sure, there are medical benifits, but they are out numbered by the recreational ones. Just about any advocate for legalization will admit that the use of it medicaly is not the only reason it should be legalized. Marijuana actually saves lives everyday. The world today is full of pressure so succeed. If one fails to do this, then they can become very depressed. Using marijunana helps to relax these people. They have a few hours of peace where they dont have to think about the pressures of everyday life. This is not always a bad thing.

One of the main reasons people argue against legalization is because they say that you should not run away from your problems. Well, why do you think that people drink sometimes? Because then they dont have to think about the fact that they might not be as good at something as the world would like them to be. Cigarette smokers need to constantly smoke in order to be normal. If they get stressed, the only way to effectively releive that stress is by smoking a cigarette.

Marijuana is safer than both of those. Even though it is illegal and not recommended, people can drive while they are high. When someone consumes only small ammounts, they are actually more cautious on the road. Studies compairing drivers under the influence of alcohol, compaired to the influence of marijuana show that drunk drivers are worse drivers. The main reason people smoke marijuana in cars is because it is one of the only safe places for them to do it withour getting caught. If it were legalized, then they could just light up where every they wanted. Then they could wait the hour or two until they were sober again.

It is not harmful at all. The smoke does not cause cancer, it is a good medicine, research shows that it is an effective painkiller, studies from across the globe prove that it can help reduce the size of tumors, it has been used for thousands of years, the fibers are strong and reliable, and it has great use as a recreational drug. Therefore there is no reason it should remain illegal. If so many people use it, and so many people want it legalized, then the government should do their job and listen to the people.

Julius Caesar Paper
Mike Kahl

“Men at some time are masters of their fates: The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves” Julius Caesar (I,ii,139-140). In “The tragedy of Julius Caesar” by William Shakespeare, there are many controversies. One of the many, but the most important, is whether or not the murder of the most influential man of Rome was justified. It was. It was because Caesar was the hypertension of Rome. Only a select few knew that he was dangerous and ambitious, and they did the right thing to neutralize the threat. Brutus’ motive to kill his dearly beloved friend Caesar were just. Caesar was an ambitious man, and he did not respect or care about the citizens of Rome. When you combine these and the fact that he was the dictator and had total control, you can see why the only option was to kill him. There was no other beneficial option. The only other alternative was to live as bondsman to a ruthless slave owner, and this was no alternative.

Marcus Brutus’ motives to join the conspiracy to kill Julius Caesar are honorable and just. It is normal for man to want to choose him own fate, therefor it is normal for man to fear a dictator, especially when he has as much power and influence as Caesar. Caesar has the power, once he is crowned, to use his authority and army to enforce what ever laws he makes, no matter how bad it could hurt Rome and its citizens. Brutus recognizes this and states that “It is the bright day that brings out the adder, and that craves wary walking. Crown that, and then I grant we put a sting in him that at his will he may do danger with” Julius Caesar (II.i.14-17). The death of one man, no matter his innocence, is an acceptable loss if it can save thousands of Romans from the poison of a possible tyrant. Even though it is not certain that Caesar will become a ruthless dictator, it is not worth waiting to see how he will turn out. Brutus realizes that Caesar will most likely forget where he came from once he climbs the ladder of power. He will forget about the people who elevated him to his current position once they are not of any importance and ignorance leads to hardship. Julius Caesar (II.i.21-27). To pull the ladder out from under a man who will soon reach the top is the best strategy for preventing a deadly plague on Rome. The motives of Brutus are clearly just. His motives are driven by honor, not ambition. If a highly educated, honorable, and much respected Senator such as Brutus believes that this is the right thing to do, and he is supported by many more men held in the same esteem, then it is the right thing to do. Why should the lives of so many innocent people be put in jeopardy when all of those hardships can be eliminated by eliminating once single soon to be tyrant? They should not.

Brutus knew that no Roman’s life should be put in danger. For the general, he could not wait to see how Caesar would act once he had total control. By that time, any action to surpress him would be otiose. He would have no need for the Senate, so they would be terminated. The people of Rome would have no representation as to how they were to be ruled. It became obvious to Brutus that Caesar wanted to be the ruler when Casca said this. “He put it by thrice, every time gentler that other... to my thinking, he would fain have had it.” - Julius Caesar (I, ii, 28). He would happily have had it. Is this not to be considered ambitious? Caesar clearly wanted to be the dictator of the largest and most powerful empire ever created. He obviously wanted the crown. This is a predominant sign that he wanted power. He was blind to all else. After insolently ignoring three warnings that his life would be in danger on the Ides of March, Caesar sat among the men and conspirators and denied their pleas to revoke the exile of Publius Cimber. He then went on to compare himself to the brightest star and finally he compares himself to a god. Julius Caesar (III, i, 60). At that point, the attack began. He was stabbed to death by men who were on their knees begging that he recall Cimber's expulsion. To compare himself to god he must be very arrogant and that leads to ambition because of the notion that he could do anything. Therefore, Caesar was ambitious.

Julius did not have any respect for the people of Rome. Caesar did not care about his people as much as Mark Antony would have liked them to believe. He showed it time and time again. One such time “The entire Senate, armed with an imposing list of honours that they had just voted him, came to where he sat in front of the temple of Mother Venus, he did not rise to greet them” (Suetonius 201). To not even stand when the men that the people elected choose to give you numerous honours shows blatant disrespect. This is the same feeling he had towards the general population. The feeling that he was better than everyone else. He also was a ruthless fighter and general. He would send his and his men's horses away once they reached the battle so that none of them could try and retreat. If his army started giving ground, he would grab his retreating troops by the throat and throw them in the direction of the enemy, towards death (Suetonius 202). This showed how invaluable the lives of his men were. He cared not whether they survived the battle, as long as he won. Any man who is willing to sacrifice his followers does not deserve to lead.

Clearly the best and only option was to crush the egg before it hatched, and that is precisely what Brutus and the other conspirators did. Their reasoning was justified. Their intentions were honorable. They did not kill anyone else other than the treat. That alone proves that none of them committed this act of violence for gain, because if they had, they would have killed Mark Antony who surely would cause problems. The honorable conspirators were willing to accept the consequences of their actions, and they did. They also kept fighting for the people of Rome, even when those people were too dumb to know it. Caesar deserved to die.

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