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Generaleneral Psychologysychology


Models of Abnormal Behavior and Resulting Psychotherapies

Salem Witch Trials
Salem Witch Trials
The Supernatural Model of Abnormal Behavior Plus A Few Heroes
  1. Describe the supernatural model.  What is the "Witch Hammer?"  What were some of the negative effects of the supernatural model? 
  2. How did one Florida town recently attempt to free itself from Satan's influence?
  3. What was Pinel's great contribution?  Who was Dorthea Dix?  What is Dix Hill?

The Medical Model of Abnormal Behavior
  1. Summarize the case I described in class of the woman who thought that she was blind.  How did we find out that she could really see?  Do you think that she was consciously faking blindness?  Why or why not?
  2. Describe the case of Anna O.  How did that case influence Freud?  What are five "paths to the unconscious?"  What is the royal road to the unconscious?  What are the latent meanings of some of some psychoanalytic symbols that may occur in your dreams?
  3. How was the discovery of the cause of syphilis related to the development of the medical model? Describe the positive and negative aspects of the medical model.  Be sure to mention symptom substitution.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud

The Behavioral Model of Abnormal Behavior
  1. What is the behavioral model of abnormal behavior?  How does the behavioral model differ from the medical model?  What were the contributions of the following pioneers to behavior modification: Watson, Jones, Wolpe, Eysenck, Skinner, and Bandura?
B.F. Skinner
B. F. Skinner
  3.  Describe a case study representing each of the following behavioral approaches.
    a) What is self-monitoring? Describe Whole Class Self-Monitoring? Why would a teacher choose to implement this program in his or her classroom?
    b) What is systematic desensitization?
    c) Describe the extinction procedure. Why are consistency and patience important in behavior modification?
    d) Describe biofeedback. What is biofeedback and what is it used for?
    e) Describe bibliotherapy. What is bibliotherapy? Does it work? When should bibliotherapy be used?
    f) What is counterconditioning? How is counterconditioning used to treat people with phobias? What is Blennophobia?
    g) Describe covert sensitization?  How could covert sensitization be used to help someone quit smoking?
    h) Describe token economies. What are some of the steps involved in implementing this behavior modification system?

  4.  What are some of the drawbacks to using punishment? What are some characteristics of natural and logical consequences?What are some examples of natural and logical consequences?

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