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Hippos                                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                              

 

 

 

Hippo Facts  

 

                                                                                                              

 

 

Habitat

Behaviour

 Diet

 Families

 Predators

 

 

Habitat

 

Two hippo species are found it Africa.  The large hippo found it east Africa.  This social,  group living mammal is so numerous in some areas that cropping  schemes are used to control populations that have become larger than the habitat can sustain.  A much smaller species of hippo it the pygmy hippo. Limited to a very restricted ranges  in west Africa.  It is a small forist dweller.

 

 

Behavior

 

The large hippo is an aggressive animal;  old scars and  fresh, deep wounds are signs of daily fights  that are accmpained by much bellowing, neighing and snorting.  Hippos have developed some ritualized postures the huge open mouthed yawn that reveals formidable teeth is one of the most aggressive.  With long razors sharp incisors and tusk like canines, the hippo is well armed and dangerous.

 

Hippos move easily in  the water eather by kicking the water or walking in the bottom.  They are well adapted to there aquatic life , with small ears eyes and nostrils set  at the top of the head.  By closing there eyes and nostrils  an adult can stay under for more than 6min .

 

Hippos have a flexible social system defined by hierarchy and by feeding and water conditions.  Usually they are found in mixed groups.  Of about 15 individuals, but in periods of drought large numbers are forced to congregate near limited pools of water. This over crowding disrupts hierarchical system resulting in even higher levels of aggresson. With the oldest and strongest males dominat. Hippos are unpredictable. If they are encountered away from the safety of water. Anthing that gets between them and their refuge may b bettin or trampled.

 

Diet

Amazingly agile for their bulk, hippos are good climbers and often traverse rather steep banks each night to graze on grass. They exit ad enter the water at the same spots and graze for four to five hours each night in loop patterns, covering one or two miles, with extended forays up to five miles. Their modest appetites are due to their sedentary life, which does not require high outputs of energy.

 

Families

A single yong on land borne either  on land or on shallow water.  In water the mother helps the new born to the surface later teaching it how to swim. Newly born hippos are small , weighting 55 to 120 pounds, and are protected by their mothers, not only from ceocodiles and lions but from mail hippos.

 

Young hippos  can only stay under water for  only 30sec.  But adults can stay for 6min.  young hippos begin to eat grass at three weeks, but its mother continues to suckle it for about a year. New borns climb on their mothers back to reast.

 

Predators

Compared to other animals, hippos are  not very susceptible to diseasse, so in sutable haditats, their numbers can incress quickly. Their chief  praditors are people .

 

 

Click to hear a hippo