Hardy Perennial ferns

Hardy perennial ferns of Maryland
Here is a printable order form for mail in orders
Garden Seed: Seed Kits, Plastice Domes-Flats-Inserts-With seed For Your Garden


Hardy Perennial Ferns of Maryland
 The hardy perennial ferns that thrive here in the mountains of Maryland are true surrvivors for your garden.


"Amphibians" of the plant kingdom, ferns for part of the life cycle are, in essence, aquatic.

There are around 12,000 species of ferns, and they include some of the most popular of all nursery plants. They are found throughout the earth. In the United States they are usually found in woodlands, meadows, and along roads or stream banks. Generally they are in moist areas but can also be found in direct sunlight. They have roots, stems, and leaves of all vascular plants. Fern leaves are called fronds. Except for tropical tree ferns (to 80 feet high), the majority are close to the ground, but extrodinary diversity exists on the basic plan, and yet they have so many common characteristics they can be logically discussed as a single group.

Many ferns are epiphytes. In other words, although thier roots grow into the rooting vegetation that collects in the crevices of trees, they do not draw food from the trees upon which they are physically supported. But ferns can also be terrestrial. The terestrial kinds thrive in the shady, humid atmosphere at the base of trees, or anywhere else at ground level where there is an adequate supply of leafmold-enriched soil for thier roots. Both epiphytic and terestrial ferns need high humidity to keep thier fronds firm.

The fronds and feeding roots of most kinds of fern grow from rhizomes, which are fleshy stems that generally serve as storage organs. Rhizomes usually grow horizontally underground, but those ferns of the genera Pyllitis and Polystichum, for instance, are stemlike, short, and branching. Rhizomes of other ferns can creep or cling aboveground, or they can extend horizontally underground, as in the adianthums. Fern rhizomes are always alike, though, in that they are coated, to a greater or lesser degree, in a furry, scaly covering that is black, brown, or silvery white.

The quantity of roots growing from rhizomes depends largely on the form of the rhizome itself. For example, the underground rhizome of a terrestrial fern is certain to have a much denser root system than that of an epiphytic plant. In all types of fern though, the roots tend to be thin and wiry.

The fronds, which are a combination of stalk and leaflike blade, vary enormously in size and shape. Frond size can range in length from a few inches to many feet, and in width from an inch to as much as 3 feet or better. Frond stalks are virtually absent in plants of some genera (for instance Platycerium... Stag Horn), whereas in others, such as the polypodiums, they account for more than half the total length of the frond.

Since ferns are non-flowering plants, it follows that they do not produce seed for propagation. Instead, ferns reproduce themselves by means of spores, wich are carried by the millions on some-not-all-fronds.

Certain ferns reproduce not only by means of spores but also by growing baby ferns on thier fronds. These are generally known as bulbils, although thay are not technically bulbs, and these can be easilly detatched and used for propagation.


Hardy Perennial Fern Files

Here's a printable order form for mail in!
Beech Ferns... One Stems.
Evergreen Christmas Ferns
Cinnamon Ferns
Hayscented Ferns
Interupted Ferns
Male ferns
Lady Ferns
Leatherleaf Ferns
Northern, or Five Fingered Maidenhair Ferns
Ostrich Ferns
Royal ferns

Soil Preperation, Your Garden and Ferns...Ect.

Mixing Flowers and Ferns
Your Garden and Ferns
Garden Tips For Growing Ferns
Soil Preperation For Ferns
Insects and Fern Pests
How To Find Ferns In The Wild
Maryland Ferns
How to Grow Ferns From Spores... The Facts!
Watering House Ferns
Propagating House Ferns
Critical Temperatures for House Ferns
Potting up Your Ferns, ...
Light Requirements For House Ferns
Raising House Ferns

Ground Covers From Ferns Of Maryland

Wild Ginger, Shade Plant
Growing Tips and other ground covers