Hardy Perennial Ferns of Maryland
The hardy perennial ferns that thrive here in the mountains of Maryland are true surrvivors for your garden.
Many ferns are epiphytes. In other words, although
thier roots grow into the rooting vegetation that collects in the crevices
of trees, they do not draw food from the trees upon which they are physically
supported. But ferns can also be terrestrial. The terestrial kinds thrive
in the shady, humid atmosphere at the base of trees, or anywhere else at
ground level where there is an adequate supply of leafmold-enriched soil
for thier roots. Both epiphytic and terestrial ferns need high humidity
to keep thier fronds firm.
The fronds and feeding roots of most kinds
of fern grow from rhizomes, which are fleshy stems that generally serve
as storage organs. Rhizomes usually grow horizontally underground, but
those ferns of the genera Pyllitis and Polystichum,
for instance, are stemlike, short, and branching. Rhizomes of other ferns
can creep or cling aboveground, or they can extend horizontally underground,
as in the adianthums. Fern rhizomes are
always alike, though, in that they are coated, to a greater or lesser degree,
in a furry, scaly covering that is black, brown, or silvery white.
The quantity of roots growing from rhizomes
depends largely on the form of the rhizome itself. For example, the underground
rhizome of a terrestrial fern is certain to have a much denser root system
than that of an epiphytic plant. In all types of fern though, the roots
tend to be thin and wiry.
The fronds, which are a combination of stalk
and leaflike blade, vary enormously in size and shape. Frond size can range
in length from a few inches to many feet, and in width from an inch to
as much as 3 feet or better. Frond stalks are virtually absent in plants
of some genera (for instance Platycerium... Stag Horn), whereas in others,
such as the polypodiums, they account for
more than half the total length of the frond.
Since ferns are non-flowering plants, it follows
that they do not produce seed for propagation. Instead, ferns reproduce
themselves by means of spores, wich are carried by the millions on some-not-all-fronds.
Certain ferns reproduce not only by means of
spores but also by growing baby ferns on thier fronds. These are generally
known as bulbils, although thay are not technically bulbs, and these can
be easilly detatched and used for propagation.
Hardy Perennial Fern Files
Here's a printable order form for mail in!
Beech Ferns... One Stems.
Evergreen Christmas Ferns
Northern, or Five Fingered Maidenhair Ferns
Soil Preperation, Your Garden and Ferns...Ect.
Mixing Flowers and Ferns
Your Garden and Ferns
Garden Tips For Growing Ferns
Soil Preperation For Ferns
Insects and Fern Pests
How To Find Ferns In The Wild
How to Grow Ferns From Spores... The Facts!
Watering House Ferns
Propagating House Ferns
Critical Temperatures for House Ferns
Potting up Your Ferns, ...
Light Requirements For House Ferns
Raising House Ferns
Ground Covers From Ferns Of Maryland
Wild Ginger, Shade Plant
Growing Tips and other ground covers