Etiology: Absence of flow when normally expected is called Amenorrhea.
Scanty flow is known as Oligomenorrhea.
Painful menstruation is Dysmenorrhea.
Excessive loss of blood is termed Menorrhagia.
Loss of blood during intermenstrual periods (between periods) is known as spotting or Metrorrhagia.
In all the above cases, the gynocologist should make the diagnosis and prescribe treatment. Rule out causes, complications, etc.
In addition to the previously mentioned in the definitions, symptoms may include: depression, cramps, water retention, skin eruptions, headaches, bloated abdomen, backache, breast swelling and tenderness, insomnia, fatigue, nervousness, (See also PMS) joint pain, fainting spells, and changes in personality (such as outbursts of anger, violence, and thoughts of suicide).
Menstrual pain in young girls is often severe and relatively long-lasting. Especially at the onset of the menstrual period, the pain usually is experienced as severe. Ideally a gynecologist should be seen at the outset of menstrual periods to determine if everything is normal. If normal, the aches and pains can be eased or cured by a cup of chamomile tea, drunk very warm, or with peppermint tea or even caraway tea. These herbs contain essential oils with antispasmodic effects. Rotate the three teas, if preferred. Prepare the tea: pour 8 oz. boiling water over 2 heaping tbsp. of the herb, let steep, covered, for 10 minutes, then strain. Drink 3 cups of tea daily.
Calcium with magnesium chloride, 1,500 mg. per day, relieves cramping, backache, and nervousness.
Primrose oil, 2 capsules 3 times per day.
Vitamin B complex, 50 mg. 3 times per day, reduces water retention.
Vitamin E, 400 IU at first, increase to 800 IU, helps relieve sore breasts, and improves oxygen utilization.
Kelp, 4 tablets per day, is a good mineral source.
L-Lysine, 500 mg. daily, start 5 days before menstrual period for those who suffer from hypoglycemia and/or herpes.
L-Tyrosine, 500 mg. daily, is needed to reduce anxiety, depression and headache.
Multivitamin and mineral complex with manganese, taken as directed on the label.
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids, 3,000 mg. daily in divided doses, helps in the relief of discomfort and breast swelling, and boosts the immune system.
Vitamin D, taken as directed on the label, is needed for uptake of calcium and magnesium.
The following herbs
are taken in teas for difficult menstruation:
St. John's wort
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